Karen Lee Portrait

Karen Lee

Labour - Former Member for Lincoln


Division Voting information

Karen Lee has voted in 412 divisions, and 2 times against the majority of their Party.

27 Mar 2019 - EU: Withdrawal and Future Relationship Votes - View Vote Context
Karen Lee voted No - against a party majority and in line with the House
One of 42 Labour No votes vs 143 Labour Aye votes
Tally: Ayes - 188 Noes - 283
25 Jun 2018 - National Policy Statement: Airports - View Vote Context
Karen Lee voted No - against a party majority and against the House
One of 94 Labour No votes vs 119 Labour Aye votes
Tally: Ayes - 415 Noes - 119
View All Karen Lee Division Votes

All Debates

Speeches made during Parliamentary debates are recorded in Hansard. For ease of browsing we have grouped debates into individual, departmental and legislative categories.

Sparring Partners
Nick Hurd (Conservative)
(25 debate interactions)
John Bercow (Speaker)
(12 debate interactions)
Jonathan Ashworth (Labour (Co-op))
Shadow Secretary of State for Health and Social Care
(9 debate interactions)
View All Sparring Partners
Department Debates
Department of Health and Social Care
(67 debate contributions)
Cabinet Office
(24 debate contributions)
Home Office
(21 debate contributions)
HM Treasury
(17 debate contributions)
View All Department Debates
View all Karen Lee's debates

Latest EDMs signed by Karen Lee

24th June 2019
Karen Lee signed this EDM on Tuesday 25th June 2019

THE CONTRIBUTION OF THE TEMPLE OF BOOM VENUE TO LEEDS

Tabled by: Richard Burgon (Labour - Leeds East)
That this House notes the significant contribution that live music makes to the UK's cultural life and economy; recognises that in the past decade the UK has seen nationwide closures of music venues; further notes the concerns raised and recommendations made in the Digital, Culture, Media and Sport Committee report, …
26 signatures
(Most recent: 4 Jul 2019)
Signatures by party:
Labour: 24
Democratic Unionist Party: 1
Scottish National Party: 1
14th March 2019
Karen Lee signed this EDM on Tuesday 19th March 2019

IPSA AND MPs STAFF PAY

Tabled by: John Cryer (Labour - Leyton and Wanstead)
That this House recognises the vital role that hon. Members' staff play and the hard work they do in supporting the work of hon. Members; notes with alarm that the Independent Parliamentary Standards Authority's increase to hon. Members staffing budgets of 1.5 per cent for 2019-20 falls below the rate …
123 signatures
(Most recent: 2 Jul 2019)
Signatures by party:
Labour: 86
Scottish National Party: 15
Conservative: 7
Independent: 6
Liberal Democrat: 3
Plaid Cymru: 3
Democratic Unionist Party: 1
Crossbench: 1
The Independent Group for Change: 1
Non-affiliated: 1
View All Karen Lee's signed Early Day Motions

Commons initiatives

These initiatives were driven by Karen Lee, and are more likely to reflect personal policy preferences.

MPs who are act as Ministers or Shadow Ministers are generally restricted from performing Commons initiatives other than Urgent Questions.


Karen Lee has not been granted any Urgent Questions

Karen Lee has not been granted any Adjournment Debates

72 Bills introduced by Karen Lee


A bill to make provision establishing a new financial guidance body; to make provision about the funding of debt advice in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland; and to make provision about the regulation of claims management services.

This Bill received Royal Assent on Thursday 10th May 2018 and was enacted into law.

Introduced: 20th November 2017

A Bill to impose and regulate a duty of customs by reference to the importation of goods into the United Kingdom; to confer a power to impose and regulate a duty of customs by reference to the export of goods from the United Kingdom; to make other provision in relation to any duty of customs in connection with the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the EU; to amend the law relating to value added tax, and the law relating to any excise duty on goods, in connection with that withdrawal; and for connected purposes.

This Bill received Royal Assent on Thursday 13th September 2018 and was enacted into law.

Introduced: 28th June 2017

A Bill to make provision for members of the Regular Forces to serve part-time or subject to geographic restrictions

This Bill received Royal Assent on Thursday 8th February 2018 and was enacted into law.


The Bill failed to complete its passage through Parliament before the end of the session. This means the Bill will make no further progress. A Bill was introduced to authorise the making of provision by reference to certain EU financial services legislation adopted on or before, or no later than two years after, the United Kingdom's withdrawal from the EU


Last Event - Committee Debate: House Of Commons
Tuesday 26th February 2019
(Read Debate)
Next Event - Report Stage: House Of Commons
Date TBA

The Bill failed to complete its passage through Parliament before the end of the session. This means the Bill will make no further progress. A Bill to make provision about identifying and supporting victims of modern slavery; and for connected purposes


Last Event - 1st Reading: House Of Commons
Thursday 17th May 2018
(Read Debate)
Next Event - 2nd Reading: House Of Commons
Date TBA
Introduced: 12th June 2019

A Bill to give effect to Law Commission recommendations relating to commencement of enactments relating to sentencing law and to make provision for pre-consolidation amendments of sentencing law


Last Event - Report Stage : House Of Lords
Wednesday 16th October 2019
(Read Debate)
Next Event - 3rd Reading: House Of Lords
Date TBA

A Bill to amend the House of Lords Act 1999 so as to abolish the system of by-elections for hereditary Peers.


Last Event - Report Stage Minutes Of Proceedings): House Of Lords
Friday 15th March 2019
(Read Debate)
Next Event - Report Stage: House Of Lords
Date TBA

A Bill to clarify the extent to which a medical practitioner with a conscientious objection may refrain from participating in certain medical activities; and for connected purposes


Last Event - Committee: 1st Sitting : House Of Lords
Friday 23rd March 2018
(Read Debate)
Next Event - Report Stage: House Of Lords
Date TBA

A Bill to make provision for clinical commissioning groups to ensure that persons in their area have access to specialist and generalist palliative care and appropriate support services; and for connected purposes


Last Event - 2nd Reading : House Of Lords
Thursday 14th June 2018
(Read Debate)
Next Event - Committee Stage: House Of Lords
Date TBA

A Bill to confer relief from non-domestic rates for hereditaments in England and Wales that consist wholly or mainly of public lavatories; and for connected purposes


Last Event - 2nd Reading : House Of Lords
Wednesday 10th July 2019
(Read Debate)
Next Event - Committee Stage: House Of Lords
Date TBA

A Bill to make provision for specifying new statutory rights and entitlements for victims of crime under the Code of Practice for Victims of Crime; to require elected local policing bodies to assess victims services; to increase the duties of the Commissioner for Victims and Witnesses; to grant victims the right to request a review of a decision not to prosecute; to establish reviews in homicides where no criminal charge has been made; to create an obligation on professions to notify cases of possible victims of child sexual abuse; and for connected purposes


Last Event - 2nd Reading : House Of Lords
Friday 19th July 2019
(Read Debate)
Next Event - Committee Stage: House Of Lords
Date TBA

A Bill to amend the Immigration Act 1971 to grant indefinite leave to remain in the United Kingdom to all EEA nationals, their family members and extended family members who are resident in the United Kingdom on the date of exit from the European Union


Last Event - 2nd Reading : House Of Lords
Friday 19th July 2019
(Read Debate)
Next Event - Committee Stage: House Of Lords
Date TBA

A Bill to make provision for Members of the House of Lords to vote in elections to the House of Commons


Last Event - 2nd Reading : House Of Lords
Friday 19th July 2019
(Read Debate)
Next Event - Committee Stage: House Of Lords
Date TBA

A Bill to provide certain protections for persons who live together as a couple or have lived together as a couple as cohabitants; to make provision about the property of deceased persons who are survived by a cohabitant; and for connected purposes


Last Event - 2nd Reading : House Of Lords
Friday 15th March 2019
(Read Debate)
Next Event - Committee Stage: House Of Lords
Date TBA

A Bill to prohibit the publication of certain information regarding persons who have been arrested until they have been charged with an offence; to set out the circumstances where such information can be published without committing an offence; and for connected purposes


Last Event - 2nd Reading : House Of Lords
Friday 1st March 2019
(Read Debate)
Next Event - Committee Stage: House Of Lords
Date TBA

A Bill to make provision to enhance the protection available for bat habitats in the vicinity of a building site and to limit the protection for bat habitats in buildings used for public worship


Last Event - 2nd Reading : House Of Lords
Friday 27th April 2018
(Read Debate)
Next Event - Committee Stage: House Of Lords
Date TBA

A Bill to amend the succession to the title of the Duke of Cornwall, to remove various powers, exemptions and immunities from the Duchy of Cornwall, to make provisions relating to the Treasury Solicitor and any solicitor or attorney appointed in the affairs of the Duchy, and for connected purposes


Last Event - 2nd Reading : House Of Lords
Friday 26th October 2018
(Read Debate)
Next Event - Committee Stage: House Of Lords
Date TBA

A Bill to make provision for information and statistics to be available in various public places about the European Union; and to provide information to further the establishment of twinning arrangements between towns in the United Kingdom and elsewhere in the European Union in accordance with the European Union’s town twinning support scheme


Last Event - 2nd Reading : House Of Lords
Friday 20th July 2018
(Read Debate)
Next Event - Committee Stage: House Of Lords
Date TBA

A Bill to amend the Civil Partnership Act 2004 to include sibling couples


Last Event - 2nd Reading : House Of Lords
Friday 20th July 2018
(Read Debate)
Next Event - Committee Stage: House Of Lords
Date TBA

A Bill to amend the length of time for which an individual may have a criminal record under the Rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974.


Last Event - 2nd Reading : House Of Lords
Friday 23rd February 2018
(Read Debate)
Next Event - Committee Stage: House Of Lords
Date TBA

A Bill to make provision for marriages taking place in any Church of England chapel licensed for the solemnization of marriages under sections 20 and 21 of the Marriage Act 1949 to be solemnized according to the rites and ceremonies of Christian denominations other than the Church of England.


Last Event - 2nd Reading : House Of Lords
Friday 23rd February 2018
(Read Debate)
Next Event - Committee Stage: House Of Lords
Date TBA

A Bill to promote continued membership of the Open Skies Agreement.


Last Event - 2nd Reading : House Of Lords
Friday 26th January 2018
(Read Debate)
Next Event - Committee Stage: House Of Lords
Date TBA

A Bill to make provision for the holding of referenda in relation to voting systems in local government elections


Last Event - 2nd Reading : House Of Lords
Friday 15th December 2017
(Read Debate)
Next Event - Committee Stage: House Of Lords
Date TBA

A Bill to enable the Secretary of State, or an immigration officer to refuse entry, or to vary or curtail leave to enter or remain already granted, to a person who is a non-UK or non-EEA national who is known to be, or to have been, involved in gross human rights abuses


Last Event - 2nd Reading : House Of Lords
Friday 15th December 2017
(Read Debate)
Next Event - Committee Stage: House Of Lords
Date TBA

A Bill to amend the Equality Act 2010 to improve access to public buildings by introducing six-inch and 12-inch rules for step-free access


Last Event - 2nd Reading : House Of Lords
Friday 24th November 2017
(Read Debate)
Next Event - Committee Stage: House Of Lords
Date TBA

A Bill to make provision for the regulation of funding and expenditure of political parties; to make provision for the phased introduction of a cap on donations to political parties; to make provision for affiliation fees from trades unions and membership organisations to political parties to be counted as individual donations in prescribed circumstances; to make provision for the public funding of political parties; to make provision for the modification of rights of candidates and parties to election addresses; to make provision for limits on political parties’ expenditure between regulated periods; to confer powers on the Electoral Commission, and for connected purposes


Last Event - 2nd Reading : House Of Lords
Friday 27th October 2017
(Read Debate)
Next Event - Committee Stage: House Of Lords
Date TBA

The 2017-2019 session of Parliament has prorogued and this Bill will make no further progress. A Bill to make provision for the holding of a referendum in the United Kingdom and Gibraltar on whether the United Kingdom should accept the outcome of negotiations between the Government and the European Union regarding the United Kingdom’s exit from the European Union


Last Event - 1st Reading : House Of Lords
Tuesday 11th July 2017
(Read Debate)
Next Event - 2nd Reading: House Of Lords
Date TBA

A Bill to make provision for ensuring that police forces in England and Wales have sufficient resources to deliver police services; and for connected purposes


Last Event - 1st Reading : House Of Lords
Thursday 6th July 2017
(Read Debate)
Next Event - 2nd Reading: House Of Lords
Date TBA

A Bill to amend the arrangements for making regulations, and provision for commencement of changes to the law, on abortion in Northern Ireland


Last Event - 1st Reading : House Of Lords
Thursday 25th July 2019
(Read Debate)
Next Event - 2nd Reading: House Of Lords
Date TBA

A Bill to provide that the Secretary of State’s powers in relation to the management of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, include the power to grant a lease in respect of land for a period of up to 150 years


Last Event - 1st Reading : House Of Lords
Thursday 13th July 2017
(Read Debate)
Next Event - 2nd Reading: House Of Lords
Date TBA

A Bill to make it an offence to provide or advertise cheating services for Higher Education assessments


Last Event - 1st Reading : House Of Lords
Wednesday 10th July 2019
(Read Debate)
Next Event - 2nd Reading: House Of Lords
Date TBA

A Bill to make provision for children adopted from overseas to receive the same priority for admission to maintained schools as children looked after or previously looked after by a local authority in England


Last Event - 1st Reading : House Of Lords
Wednesday 26th June 2019
(Read Debate)
Next Event - 2nd Reading: House Of Lords
Date TBA

A Bill to amend the Digital Economy Act 2017 in respect of TV licence fee concessions by reference to age


Last Event - 1st Reading : House Of Lords
Thursday 20th June 2019
(Read Debate)
Next Event - 2nd Reading: House Of Lords
Date TBA

A bill to provide for a review by the Secretary of State of the regulations governing gamete storage periods.


Last Event - 1st Reading : House Of Lords
Thursday 6th June 2019
(Read Debate)
Next Event - 2nd Reading: House Of Lords
Date TBA

The Bill failed to complete its passage through Parliament before the end of the session. This means the Bill will make no further progress. A Bill to provide that the Health and Care Professions Council be the regulatory body for counsellors and psychotherapists; to prohibit conversion therapy; to make related provision for the protection of children and adults; and for connected purposes.


Last Event - 1st Reading: House Of Commons
Wednesday 18th July 2018

A Bill to make provision to establish elections for Members to the House of Lords; to restrict the number of voting Members in the House of Lords to 292; to exclude all remaining hereditary Peers; and for connected purposes


Last Event - 1st Reading : House Of Lords
Tuesday 5th March 2019
(Read Debate)
Next Event - 2nd Reading: House Of Lords
Date TBA

The Bill failed to complete its passage through Parliament before the end of the session. This means the Bill will make no further progress. A Bill to make provision about transport services for patients travelling to and from hospital appointments, including requiring the Government to review the current provision of public and private transport services for such purposes; and for connected purposes.


Last Event - 1st Reading: House Of Commons
Tuesday 6th March 2018

A Bill to require Her Majesty’s Government to negotiate with the European Union for the United Kingdom to remain in the European Union, with enhanced voting rights and immigration controls


Last Event - 1st Reading : House Of Lords
Monday 10th December 2018
(Read Debate)
Next Event - 2nd Reading: House Of Lords
Date TBA

A Bill to make provision for the next election to the Scottish Parliament to take place in 2020


Last Event - 1st Reading : House Of Lords
Wednesday 5th December 2018
(Read Debate)
Next Event - 2nd Reading: House Of Lords
Date TBA

A Bill to make provision for a new form of non-possessory security which may be created over goods owned by individuals; to repeal the Bills of Sales Acts 1878 and 1882; and for connected purposes


Last Event - 1st Reading : House Of Lords
Thursday 29th November 2018
(Read Debate)
Next Event - 2nd Reading: House Of Lords
Date TBA

The Bill failed to complete its passage through Parliament before the end of the session. This means the Bill will make no further progress. A Bill to allow the production, supply, possession and use of cannabis and cannabis resin for medicinal purposes; and for connected purposes.


Last Event - 1st Reading: House Of Commons
Tuesday 10th October 2017
(Read Debate)
Next Event - 2nd Reading: House Of Commons
Date TBA

A Bill to provide a renewed constitutional form for the peoples of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, to continue to join together to form the United Kingdom, to affirm that the peoples of those nations and parts have chosen, subject to and in accordance with the provisions of this Act, to continue to pool their sovereignty for specified purposes, and to protect social and economic rights for citizens


Last Event - 1st Reading : House Of Lords
Tuesday 9th October 2018
(Read Debate)
Next Event - 2nd Reading: House Of Lords
Date TBA

A Bill to provide for a review by the Lord Chancellor of the law of England and Wales relating to divorce and judicial separation and to the dissolution of civil partnerships and the separation of civil partners


Last Event - 1st Reading : House Of Lords
Wednesday 18th July 2018
(Read Debate)
Next Event - 2nd Reading: House Of Lords
Date TBA

A Bill to establish the right to breathe clean air; to require the Secretary of State to achieve and maintain clean air in England and Wales; to involve Public Health England in setting and reviewing pollutants and their limits; to enhance the powers, duties and functions of the Environment Agency, the Committee on Climate Change, local authorities (including port authorities), the Civil Aviation Authority, Highways England, Historic England and Natural England in relation to air pollution; to establish a Citizens’ Commission for Clean Air with powers to institute or intervene in legal proceedings; to require the Secretary of State and the relevant national authorities to apply environmental principles in carrying out their duties under this Act and the clean air enactments; and for connected purposes


Last Event - 1st Reading : House Of Lords
Thursday 5th July 2018
(Read Debate)
Next Event - 2nd Reading: House Of Lords
Date TBA

A bill to make provision for the marriage of same sex couples in Northern Ireland; to make provision for the legal recognition of the same sex marriage of armed forces personnel overseas and of other same sex marriages solemnised outside Northern Ireland; to make provision in the law of Northern Ireland for the conversion of civil partnerships to marriages and for the review of civil partnerships; to make provision for rights to pensions and social security contributions for same sex married couples and civil partners; to make provision for gender change by married persons and civil partners; and for connected purposes


Last Event - 1st Reading (Minutes Of Proceedings): House Of Lords
Tuesday 27th March 2018
(Read Debate)
Next Event - 2nd Reading: House Of Lords
Date TBA

A Bill to repeal the International Development (Official Development Assistance Target) Act 2015.


Last Event - 1st Reading : House Of Lords
Wednesday 24th January 2018
(Read Debate)
Next Event - 2nd Reading: House Of Lords
Date TBA

A bill to impose certain duties upon Her Majesty’s Government to ensure the accuracy, completeness and utility of electoral registers; to make provision for the sharing of data for the purposes of electoral registration; and for connected purposes.


Last Event - 1st Reading : House Of Lords
Tuesday 18th July 2017
(Read Debate)
Next Event - 2nd Reading: House Of Lords
Date TBA

A Bill to amend the target for reducing net carbon emissions in the UK to 100% by 2050.


Last Event - 1st Reading : House Of Lords
Tuesday 18th July 2017
(Read Debate)
Next Event - 2nd Reading: House Of Lords
Date TBA

A Bill to make provision for the resolution of disputes concerning the location or placement of boundaries and private rights of way relating to the title of an estate in land; and for connected purposes


Last Event - 1st Reading : House Of Lords
Thursday 13th July 2017
(Read Debate)
Next Event - 2nd Reading: House Of Lords
Date TBA

A Bill to provide for the High Court of England and Wales to make a preliminary finding on cases of alleged genocide; and for the subsequent referral of such findings to the International Criminal Court or a special tribunal


Last Event - 1st Reading : House Of Lords
Thursday 13th July 2017
(Read Debate)
Next Event - 2nd Reading: House Of Lords
Date TBA

A Bill to amend the Civil Partnership Act 2004 to make provision for mixed sex couples to enter into a civil partnership


Last Event - 1st Reading : House Of Lords
Thursday 13th July 2017
(Read Debate)
Next Event - 2nd Reading: House Of Lords
Date TBA

A Bill to make further provision for transparency in supply chains in respect of slavery and human trafficking


Last Event - 1st Reading : House Of Lords
Wednesday 12th July 2017
(Read Debate)
Next Event - 2nd Reading: House Of Lords
Date TBA

A Bill to prohibit the wearing of medals or insignia awarded for valour, with the intent to deceive


Last Event - 1st Reading : House Of Lords
Wednesday 12th July 2017
(Read Debate)
Next Event - 2nd Reading: House Of Lords
Date TBA

A Bill to make provision to include medical practitioners specialising in cosmetic surgery in the Specialist Register for medical practitioners


Last Event - 1st Reading : House Of Lords
Wednesday 12th July 2017
(Read Debate)
Next Event - 2nd Reading: House Of Lords
Date TBA

A Bill to establish the BBC Licence Fee Commission to make recommendations to the Secretary of State on a settlement for BBC funding from 1 April 2022, after conducting public and parliamentary consultation


Last Event - 1st Reading : House Of Lords
Wednesday 12th July 2017
(Read Debate)
Next Event - 2nd Reading: House Of Lords
Date TBA

A Bill to permit young persons to carry out voluntary work on a heritage railway or tramway


Last Event - 1st Reading : House Of Lords
Tuesday 11th July 2017
(Read Debate)
Next Event - 2nd Reading: House Of Lords
Date TBA

A Bill to make provision for disability equality and for the provision of balanced information in respect of abortions


Last Event - 1st Reading : House Of Lords
Tuesday 11th July 2017
(Read Debate)
Next Event - 2nd Reading: House Of Lords
Date TBA

A Bill to amend the Political Parties, Elections and Referendums Act 2000 to improve transparency in respect of election and referendum material


Last Event - 1st Reading : House Of Lords
Tuesday 11th July 2017
(Read Debate)
Next Event - 2nd Reading: House Of Lords (No Debate)
Date TBA

A Bill to make provision about the surrender, production or other delivery up of driving licences, or test certificates, in relation to certain offences; to make provision in relation to identifying persons in connection with fixed penalty notices, conditional offers and the payment of fixed penalties under the Road Traffic Offenders Act 1988; and for connected purposes


Last Event - 1st Reading : House Of Lords
Tuesday 11th July 2017
(Read Debate)
Next Event - 2nd Reading: House Of Lords (No Debate)
Date TBA

A Bill to make provision for the Secretary of State to undertake a public consultation reviewing the provision of comprehensive and integrated services for adults with learning disabilities


Last Event - 1st Reading : House Of Lords
Monday 10th July 2017
(Read Debate)
Next Event - 2nd Reading: House Of Lords
Date TBA

A Bill to create a right to die at home


Last Event - 1st Reading : House Of Lords
Monday 10th July 2017
(Read Debate)
Next Event - 2nd Reading: House Of Lords
Date TBA

A Bill to make amendments to the Marriage Act 1949 to make provision for all religious marriages to be solemnized on the authority of a superintendent registrar


Last Event - 1st Reading : House Of Lords
Monday 10th July 2017
(Read Debate)
Next Event - 2nd Reading: House Of Lords
Date TBA

A Bill to amend the definition of extreme pornography in the Digital Economy Act 2017


Last Event - 1st Reading : House Of Lords
Monday 10th July 2017
(Read Debate)
Next Event - 2nd Reading: House Of Lords
Date TBA

A Bill to make provision for the sale of adjustable focus spectacles


Last Event - 1st Reading : House Of Lords
Monday 10th July 2017
(Read Debate)
Next Event - 2nd Reading: House Of Lords
Date TBA

A Bill to make provision for a certificate to be issued to mothers in respect of miscarried and stillborn children not eligible for registration under the Births and Deaths Registration Act 1953; for establishing a database for archiving the certificate and recording information about the miscarriage or still birth; and for connected purposes


Last Event - 1st Reading : House Of Lords
Thursday 6th July 2017
(Read Debate)
Next Event - 2nd Reading: House Of Lords
Date TBA

A Bill to make provision for state-maintained schools to promote the mental health and well-being of their pupils alongside academic attainment


Last Event - 1st Reading : House Of Lords
Thursday 6th July 2017
(Read Debate)
Next Event - 2nd Reading: House Of Lords
Date TBA

A Bill to lower the gestational time limit for abortion to 12 weeks


Last Event - 1st Reading : House Of Lords
Wednesday 5th July 2017
(Read Debate)
Next Event - 2nd Reading: House Of Lords
Date TBA

A Bill to extend the franchise for parliamentary and other elections to all citizens over the age of 16 years


Last Event - 1st Reading : House Of Lords
Wednesday 5th July 2017
(Read Debate)
Next Event - 2nd Reading: House Of Lords
Date TBA

A Bill to provide for the independence of the British Broadcasting Corporation


Last Event - 1st Reading : House Of Lords
Tuesday 4th July 2017
(Read Debate)
Next Event - 2nd Reading: House Of Lords
Date TBA

A Bill to replace the current regime of limits on local housing authorities’ debt with limits determined by the existing prudential regime for local authority borrowing for non-housing-related purposes


Last Event - 1st Reading : House Of Lords
Tuesday 4th July 2017
(Read Debate)
Next Event - 2nd Reading: House Of Lords
Date TBA

A Bill to restrict membership of the House of Lords by virtue of a peerage; to make related provision about disqualifications for voting at elections to, and for membership of, the House of Commons; and for connected purposes


Last Event - 1st Reading : House Of Lords
Wednesday 28th June 2017
(Read Debate)
Next Event - 2nd Reading: House Of Lords
Date TBA

A Bill to amend the law regarding the succession to Peerages; and for connected purposes


Last Event - 1st Reading : House Of Lords
Monday 26th June 2017
(Read Debate)
Next Event - 2nd Reading: House Of Lords
Date TBA

Karen Lee has not co-sponsored any Bills in the current parliamentary sitting


160 Written Questions

(View all written questions)
Written Questions can be tabled by MPs and Lords to request specific information information on the work, policy and activities of a Government Department
24th Apr 2018
To ask the Minister for the Cabinet Office, which contracts Capita administers in (a) Lincoln constituency and (b) Lincolnshire.

Capita operates a number of national contracts that may provide services to individuals or cover areas in Lincolnshire. In addition, there are individual contracts with local contracting authorities. Details of contracts with a value over £10,000 are published on the Contracts Finder website. https://www.contractsfinder.service.gov.uk/Search

Oliver Dowden
Minister without Portfolio (Cabinet Office)
8th Jan 2019
What steps he is taking to tackle fuel poverty.

This Government made a clear Manifesto commitment to tackle fuel poverty by committing to upgrading all fuel poor homes to EPC Band C by 2030.

We are making progress in particular by tackling the most energy inefficient homes. Since 2010 there are almost 800,000 fewer fuel poor households living in homes rated E, F or G.

The average fuel poverty gap has also dropped 6 per cent in real terms since 2010 and last year I refocused the whole of the £630m ECO annual budget on tackling fuel poverty without the help of her party I might add who voted against the measures.

10th Sep 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, when the Minister for Small Business, Consumers and Corporate Responsibility plans to respond to the letter to her dated 31 July 2018 from the hon. Member for Lincoln on small businesses and the contract tending process.

I responded to the hon. Member on Wednesday 12 September.

16th Apr 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what assessment he has made of the adequacy of the transparency of publicly-funded medical research and development.

On 1 April the Government launched a UK Research and Innovation, a new body that brings together nine councils including the Medical Research Council (MRC), Innovate UK and Research England into a single organisation. UK Research and Innovation aims to ensure the UK maintains its world-leading position in research and innovation.

UK Research and Innovation is one of the main means by which the Government funds medical research. It is committed to transparency in the medical research it funds. Information on all research projects funded by MRC, including information on outcomes and research publications will continue to be published on the Gateway to Research. By publishing this information, the research councils help to improve the public view of the progress of research, down to the individual project level. The Research Councils UK Open Access policy aims to ensure that ideas and knowledge derived from publicly funded research are made available and accessible for public use.

The National Audit Office published a report on cross-government funding of research and development in November 2017. This found that, for research in human health, coordination mechanisms and leadership arrangements are well established and functioning, consolidated data on funding and capability is used to support decision-making, and steps are being taken towards consolidated evaluation of research outcomes

26th Feb 2019
To ask the Secretary of State for Education, whether additional funding will be provided for supply teachers while permanent staff undertake the accelerated teaching programme.

Through the Teaching and Leadership Innovation Fund, the Department for Education is funding Accelerate – a professional development programme that will provide specialist support for early career teachers.

Accelerate, delivered by the Education Development Trust, is free to eligible teachers in their first five years of teaching. As a part of the programme, schools will be remunerated for teachers or leaders who are involved in aspects of delivery, for example, for coaching participants. No additional funding is provided to cover supply staff costs for staff undertaking the programme.

5th Nov 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for Education, what assessment he has made of local authorities’ ability to (a) identify (i) current and (ii) future demand for children’s services and (b) supply the services demanded.

As set out in the Children Act 1989, local authorities are responsible for delivering children’s social care services. Ofsted is responsible for the Inspection of Local Authority Children’s Services (ILACS) and these inspections provide a robust assessment of the quality and outcomes of local services. The department publishes a range of statistics on activity rates, timeliness and costs of children’s services and these data are available to all local authorities to help benchmark their services. The department has no current plans to develop a national outcomes framework for children’s services.

Nadhim Zahawi
Secretary of State for Education
5th Nov 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for Education, what assessment he has made of the potential merits of developing a national outcomes framework to benchmark all children’s services provision on (a) value, (b) quality, (c) cost and (c) outcomes.

As set out in the Children Act 1989, local authorities are responsible for delivering children’s social care services. Ofsted is responsible for the Inspection of Local Authority Children’s Services (ILACS) and these inspections provide a robust assessment of the quality and outcomes of local services. The department publishes a range of statistics on activity rates, timeliness and costs of children’s services and these data are available to all local authorities to help benchmark their services. The department has no current plans to develop a national outcomes framework for children’s services.

Nadhim Zahawi
Secretary of State for Education
5th Nov 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for Education, if his department will make an assessment of the potential merits of developing guidance on achieving permanence for (a) looked after children and young people and (b) people with special educational needs and disabilities; and whether such permanence is defined as a core purpose of children’s social care.

The government recognises the importance of securing permanence for looked after children and young people. Planning for permanence is central to children and families social work.

The Care Planning, Placement and Case Review Regulations 2010 and the supporting statutory guidance set out clear expectations on planning for permanence to ensure that children have a secure, stable and loving family to support them through childhood and beyond and to give them a sense of security, continuity, commitment, identity and belonging. This includes those children identified as having special educational needs.

Nadhim Zahawi
Secretary of State for Education
5th Nov 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for Education, how his department defines good outcomes for (a) children and young people with special educational needs and disabilities and (b) looked after children and young people; and if he will develop guidance on those outcomes for local authorities and providers.

The government wants all children and young people with special educational needs and disabilities (SEND), and looked after children, to achieve well in early years, at school, in further and higher education and be prepared for adulthood.

We have put in place a number of programmes to support improved outcomes for children and young people with SEND, including, from September 2014, introducing the largest reforms to the SEND system in a generation.

We assess outcomes for children and young people with SEND through external measures. For example, GSCE exam results (including attainment 8 and Progress 8 measures), the early years foundation stage profile; phonics screening check, key stage 1, key stage 2, numbers of tribunal cases (including the number decided in the appellant’s favour), and destinations data (the numbers going into further and higher education, and employment), absence and exclusions data.

We have also started looking at longer-term outcomes for special educational needs (SEN) pupils. This has been possible through analysis of the longitudinal educational outcomes (LEO) dataset. This dataset, for the first time, brings together information about learners including: personal characteristics such as gender and ethnicity; education, including schools, colleges and higher education institution attended, courses taken and qualifications achieved; PAYE and self-assessed employment and income data from Her Majesty’s Revenue and Customs; and data on benefits claims from the Department of Work and Pensions.

Initial analysis relating to longer term employment and benefit outcomes of SEN pupils was published in July 2018. This analysis was based on those who completed key stage 4 in academic years 2002/03 and 2003/04. The data can be accessed via: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/school-and-labour-market-outcomes-by-pupil-characteristics.

The corporate parenting principles, which local authorities must have regard to, require them to secure the best possible outcomes for looked after children and young people. The principles include promoting high aspirations, their health, stability in their homes lives and preparing them for adulthood and independence. Statutory guidance on applying the corporate parenting principles is available via https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/applying-corporate-parenting-principles-to-looked-after-children-and-care-leavers. Data on the outcomes of looked after children and care leavers is available in the statistical first release on ‘Children looked after in England including adoption’ (https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/children-looked-after-in-england-including-adoption-2016-to-2017) and on ‘Outcomes for children looked after by local authorities’ in England (https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/outcomes-for-children-looked-after-by-las-31-march-2017).

Nadhim Zahawi
Secretary of State for Education
5th Nov 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for Education, what assessment he has made of the potential merits of reinstating the Commissioning Support Programme; and whether his Department plans to develop an improved programme to support children’s services commissioners.

The department currently has no plans to reinstate the Commissioning Support Programme.

We are providing funding through our £200 million Children’s Social Care Innovation Programme to test new commissioning arrangements so that children and young people are matched to the right care placements to meet their needs.

We are developing central commissioning arrangements for secure children’s homes placements and will be providing seed funding for fostering partnerships to introduce new or expanded collaborative approaches for commissioning, sufficiency planning and integrated models of care.

We have set up a Residential Care Leadership Board to drive forward improvements in commissioning and share learning and best practice across the sector.

Nadhim Zahawi
Secretary of State for Education
10th Sep 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for Education, when the Minister of State for Apprenticeships and Skills plans to respond to the letter of 9 July 2018 from the hon. Member for Lincoln on apprenticeships.

A response to the letter was sent to the hon. Member for Lincoln on 11 September 2018.

19th Apr 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for Education, whether his Department plans to introduce the teaching of menstrual wellbeing in schools.

The national curriculum for science includes content on puberty and the menstrual cycle in key stages 2 and 3. The government also provides guidance on Sex and Relationship Education which outlines how and when schools can prepare girls and boys for puberty and menstruation.

Under reforms in the Children and Social Work Act 2017, all primary schools will be required to teach Relationships Education and all secondary schools to teach Relationships and Sex Education (RSE). We are also considering compulsory status for Personal, Social, Health and Economic Education.

To help reach evidence-based decisions on what these subjects may look like, the government has been conducting a thorough engagement process with a wide range of expert stakeholders. Departmental officials are currently analysing the evidence gathered during this process and intend to put new statutory guidance and regulations out for public consultation later in the year.

Nadhim Zahawi
Secretary of State for Education
13th May 2019
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, what guidance his Department provides to local authorities on their legal obligation to assess and quantify contaminated land within their local authority area.

The Government has published contaminated land statutory guidance which explains how local authorities should implement the contaminated land regime under Part 2A of the Environmental Protection Act 1990.

Thérèse Coffey
Secretary of State for Work and Pensions
1st May 2019
What recent assessment she has made of the humanitarian situation in the Occupied Palestinian Territories.

We continually monitor the humanitarian situation in the Occupied Palestinian Territories, and in particular the major pressure on Gaza’s health sector. Last month DFID announced a new aid package of £2 million to the International Committee for the Red Cross to support delivery of vital medicines, equipment and rehabilitation services.

Penny Mordaunt
Minister of State (Department for International Trade)
1st Feb 2019
To ask the Secretary of State for International Development, what recent assessment she has made of the level of humanitarian need in Yemen.

Yemen remains the world’s largest humanitarian crisis with nearly 80 per cent of the entire population – 24 million people – requiring some form of humanitarian assistance and protection. The number of food insecure people has also risen from 17 million to over 20 million and for the first time, there are people (almost 240,000) in the most severe food security category, IPC 5 - at high risk of death.

The UK is providing £170 million in response to the humanitarian crisis in Yemen this financial year, including food for the equivalent of 4 million Yemenis for one month. Our funding over the next three years will screen 2.2 million children under the age of five for malnutrition and provide urgent treatment for 70,000 of the most vulnerable children. However, a political settlement is the only way to address the worsening humanitarian crisis and we encourage further constructive engagement from all parties to achieve this.

24th Jan 2019
To ask the Secretary of State for International Trade, what plans he has to support British companies that trade with Cuba in the event of the United States lifting the suspension of Title III of the Helms-Burton legislation.

We oppose the US embargo on the grounds of its damaging impact on the Cuban economy, its counterproductive effect in achieving positive change in Cuba, and the negative extra-territorial effects that it has on UK business. We oppose any possible tightening in the future for these reasons.

The EU and UK have already passed legislation – the EU Regulation 2271/96 (“The EU Blocking Regulation”) and the Extraterritorial US Legislation (Sanctions against Cuba, Iran and Libya) (Protection of Trading Interests) Order 1996 that makes it illegal to comply with the extraterritorial effects of the embargo. We will continue to work together with our EU partners to provide UK companies with the support they need to be able to trade with Cuba. Officials in London and the British Embassy in Havana provide a range of bespoke assistance to companies and regularly raise our objections to trade restrictions on Cuba with US counterparts.

24th Jan 2019
To ask the Secretary of State for International Trade, what recent discussions he has had with his Cuban counterpart.

During the recent high level and historic visit led by the Cuban President Miguel Diaz-Canel to London in November 2018, the Secretary of State for International Trade met with the Cuban Vice President Ricardo Cabrisas Ruiz to discuss Cuba’s trade and investment plans, and the trading relationship between the UK and Cuba.

10th Jan 2019
What recent assessment he has made of trends in the number of bus journeys in England.

Local bus journeys remain central to transport choices, accounting for around 59% of all public transport journeys. The number of local bus passenger journeys in England fell by 1.5% to 4.44 billion in the year ending March 2017.

16th May 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, whether the east coast main line change in ownership will affect the new train services to Lincoln scheduled to begin in 2019.

The change of operator is not expected to have any impact on this issue. We expect to provide additional services between London and Lincoln from May 2019.

2nd Sep 2019
To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions, what the timeline is for launching a review into access to benefits for people that are terminally ill.

On 11 July the Secretary of State launched an in depth evaluation of how the benefits system supports people nearing the end of their life and those with severe conditions.

The Department is taking this work forward as a priority and will be seeking input from a range of stakeholders including those who have first-hand experience of the special rules, whether clinicians or others supporting people applying for benefit, in due course.

4th Jul 2019
To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions, what steps her Department is taking to increase the take-up of pension credit among people without internet access.

Pension Credit is an important benefit specifically intended to help the poorest pensioners. There are over 1.6m pensioners already claiming Pension Credit worth over £5billion a year. However, the Government wants to ensure that all pensioners eligible can claim the Pension Credit to which they are rightly entitled.

We also welcome and encourage initiatives to promote take up of Pension Credit by national and local organisations who may often be best placed to understand the local circumstances and needs in the community. For this reason we have developed the Pension Credit toolkit, as an on-line tool for agencies and welfare rights organisations to use in order to encourage Pension Credit take-up. It can be found at: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/pension-credit-toolkit

The toolkit contains resources for anyone working with pensioners and includes guides to Pension Credit. It also contains publicity material and guidance designed to help older people understand how they could get Pension Credit and help organisations support someone applying for Pension Credit as well as ideas for encouraging take-up. The toolkit also provides links to information about disability and carers benefits.

Organisations can use the Pension Credit calculator https://www.gov.uk/pension-credit-calculator to help people check if they are likely to be eligible and get an estimate of what they may receive.

In addition, the DWP targets activity on engaging with people who may be eligible to benefits at pivotal stages, such as when they claim State Pension or report a change in their circumstances. The DWP uses a wide range of channels to communicate information about benefits to potential customers; including information on https://gov.uk/, but also in leaflets and by telephone. DWP staff in Pension Centres and Jobcentres including visiting officers are able to provide help and advice about entitlement to benefits, as are staff in Local Authorities who administer Housing Benefit.

In Lincoln there are just under 3,000 pensioners already claiming Pension Credit. The easiest way to make a claim is by telephone. People can telephone either the Pension Service helpline for general enquiries on 0800 731 0469 or those wishing to claim Pension Credit can do so by calling 0800 99 1234.

Guy Opperman
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Work and Pensions)
4th Jul 2019
To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions, what the average amount of unclaimed pension credit is per eligible claimant in the constituency of Lincoln in the most recent period for which figures are available.

The information requested on the number of potentially eligible claimants of pension credit who have not claimed the benefit and the average amount of unclaimed pension credit per eligible claimant in the constituency of Lincoln is not available at constituency level.

Official statistics on the take-up of income related benefits at Great Britain level, including pension credit, can be found in the ‘Income-related benefits: estimates of take-up 2016 to 2017’ publication.

https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/income-related-benefits-estimates-of-take-up-financial-year-2016-to-2017

Guy Opperman
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Work and Pensions)
4th Jul 2019
To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions, what estimate she has made of the number of potentially eligible claimants of pension credit who have not claimed that benefit in the constituency of Lincoln in the most recent period for which figures are available.

The information requested on the number of potentially eligible claimants of pension credit who have not claimed the benefit and the average amount of unclaimed pension credit per eligible claimant in the constituency of Lincoln is not available at constituency level.

Official statistics on the take-up of income related benefits at Great Britain level, including pension credit, can be found in the ‘Income-related benefits: estimates of take-up 2016 to 2017’ publication.

https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/income-related-benefits-estimates-of-take-up-financial-year-2016-to-2017

Guy Opperman
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Work and Pensions)
4th Jul 2019
To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions, what steps her Department is taking to engage with local organisations in Lincoln to increase the take-up of pension credit in that city.

Pension Credit is an important benefit specifically intended to help the poorest pensioners. There are over 1.6m pensioners already claiming Pension Credit worth over £5billion a year. However, the Government wants to ensure that all pensioners eligible can claim the Pension Credit to which they are rightly entitled.

We also welcome and encourage initiatives to promote take up of Pension Credit by national and local organisations who may often be best placed to understand the local circumstances and needs in the community. For this reason we have developed the Pension Credit toolkit, as an on-line tool for agencies and welfare rights organisations to use in order to encourage Pension Credit take-up. It can be found at: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/pension-credit-toolkit

The toolkit contains resources for anyone working with pensioners and includes guides to Pension Credit. It also contains publicity material and guidance designed to help older people understand how they could get Pension Credit and help organisations support someone applying for Pension Credit as well as ideas for encouraging take-up. The toolkit also provides links to information about disability and carers benefits.

Organisations can use the Pension Credit calculator https://www.gov.uk/pension-credit-calculator to help people check if they are likely to be eligible and get an estimate of what they may receive.

In addition, the DWP targets activity on engaging with people who may be eligible to benefits at pivotal stages, such as when they claim State Pension or report a change in their circumstances. The DWP uses a wide range of channels to communicate information about benefits to potential customers; including information on https://gov.uk/, but also in leaflets and by telephone. DWP staff in Pension Centres and Jobcentres including visiting officers are able to provide help and advice about entitlement to benefits, as are staff in Local Authorities who administer Housing Benefit.

In Lincoln there are just under 3,000 pensioners already claiming Pension Credit. The easiest way to make a claim is by telephone. People can telephone either the Pension Service helpline for general enquiries on 0800 731 0469 or those wishing to claim Pension Credit can do so by calling 0800 99 1234.

Guy Opperman
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Work and Pensions)
1st Apr 2019
To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions, from what date pensioners will no longer have to undertake regular personal independence payment reassessments.

As announced, all Personal Independence Payment claimants of State Pension age and above will be placed on an ongoing award with a light touch review at 10 years, unless notified of a change of circumstance. We are working to implement this change as soon as possible and expect this to occur by late spring 2019.

28th Mar 2019
To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions, how many people with multiple sclerosis have made a new application for personal independence payments in each year since these payments were introduced; and how many of those people have received those payments in each nation of the UK.

The latest available data on Personal Independence Payment (PIP) clearances split by geographical area within Great Britain (region), by type of clearance (i.e. whether the claim was awarded, disallowed or withdrawn) and by main disabling condition for both new claims and Disability Living Allowance (DLA) reassessment claims for each month from the introduction of PIP in April 2013 to the last available data in January 2019, can be found at https://stat-xplore.dwp.gov.uk/

Guidance on how to use Stat-Xplore can be found here: https://sw.stat-xplore.dwp.gov.uk/webapi/online-help/index.html

Please note that a PIP claimant’s disability is not recorded until they attend an assessment so the Department does not hold data on how many claimants with a particular condition made an application for PIP. Data on the number of registrations (applications) to PIP each month from April 2013 to January 2019 is available on Stat-Xplore.

Please note that the Department of Work and Pensions (DWP) is only responsible for benefits in Great Britain. Social security benefits including PIP are a devolved matter in Northern Ireland and your questions regarding PIP in Northern Ireland should be directed at the Department of Communities in Northern Ireland who are responsible for PIP.

28th Mar 2019
To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions, how many people with multiple sclerosis in receipt of disability living allowance have been reassessed for personal independence payment in each year since those payments were introduced; and how many of those people have received those payments in each nation of the UK.

The latest available data on Personal Independence Payment (PIP) clearances split by geographical area within Great Britain (region), by type of clearance (i.e. whether the claim was awarded, disallowed or withdrawn) and by main disabling condition for both new claims and Disability Living Allowance (DLA) reassessment claims for each month from the introduction of PIP in April 2013 to the last available data in January 2019, can be found at https://stat-xplore.dwp.gov.uk/

Guidance on how to use Stat-Xplore can be found here: https://sw.stat-xplore.dwp.gov.uk/webapi/online-help/index.html

Please note that a PIP claimant’s disability is not recorded until they attend an assessment so the Department does not hold data on how many claimants with a particular condition made an application for PIP. Data on the number of registrations (applications) to PIP each month from April 2013 to January 2019 is available on Stat-Xplore.

Please note that the Department of Work and Pensions (DWP) is only responsible for benefits in Great Britain. Social security benefits including PIP are a devolved matter in Northern Ireland and your questions regarding PIP in Northern Ireland should be directed at the Department of Communities in Northern Ireland who are responsible for PIP.

10th Oct 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions, what plans her Department has in place to avoid unnecessary repeat assessments for benefit applicants with special needs.

Since September 2017, Employment and Support Allowance claimants who have the most severe/lifelong conditions and that meet the Severe Conditions Criteria are not required to attend further routine reassessments. Furthermore, in August 2018, we introduced updated guidance for Personal Independence Payment (PIP) case managers which will ensure that those who receive the highest level of support under PIP, and whose needs are unlikely to change or may get worse, will now receive an ongoing award with a light touch review at the ten year point.

19th Jun 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions, whether he plans to implement a helpline number for hon. Members' constituency offices for casework inquiries relating to Universal Credit.

I refer the Hon. Member to the answer provided to Question 6374 on 5 September 2017 by the then Minister of State for Employment, Damian Hinds.

Alok Sharma
COP26 President (Cabinet Office)
16th Mar 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions, what assessment her Department has made of the effect of the changes made to the Widowed Parent's Allowance on the long-term financial security of widowed spouses.

Current recipients of Widowed Parent’s Allowance will continue to receive that benefit for the natural lifetime of their award. There will be no change in payments of Widowed Parent’s Allowance to these claimants.

Bereavement Support Payment (BSP) replaced Widowed Parent’s Allowance for those whose spouse or civil partner died on or after 6 April 2017.

BSP is designed to provide targeted support to help with the immediate costs of bereavement without affecting access to financial help towards everyday living costs.

It is for this reason that BSP is paid in addition to income related benefits, is not taxable and is not taken into account when calculating income for the benefit cap. These measures protect the financial security of the least well off families and ensure that they are not disadvantaged by the reform.

Kit Malthouse
Minister of State (Ministry of Justice) (jointly with Home Office)
15th Mar 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions, if she will make an assessment of the effect of the reduction in funding for Lincoln’s Citizens Advice on the provision of advice to claimants of Universal Credit in Lincoln.

The Department does not directly fund Lincoln’s Citizens Advice to provide Universal Support.

For 2017/18, we estimated the City of Lincoln Council’s funding to help them provide Universal Support to Universal Credit claimants to be £4,107, and for 2018/19 we are increasing this funding to £11,131 to reflect that the City of Lincoln went live with Universal Credit full service on 7 March 2018.

The City of Lincoln Council has full discretion as to whether they provide this Universal Support themselves or contract out to another organisation, such as Citizens Advice.

Any such sub-contraction is a matter between the council and the sub-contractor.

Alok Sharma
COP26 President (Cabinet Office)
26th Sep 2019
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, what steps he is taking to improve ophthalmology services.

Clinical commissioning groups are responsible for commissioning secondary care ophthalmology services to meet local need. We would expect services to be commissioned in line with National Institute for Health and Care Excellence guidance where it is available or best available evidence and for patients to receive treatment, in line with their clinical priority, without any undue delay at any stage of their referral, diagnosis or treatment.

Getting It Right First Time (GIRFT) is a national clinical improvement programme, working with frontline clinicians to identify and reduce unwarranted variations in service delivery and clinical practice. NHS England advises the GIRFT report into ophthalmology, which will contain recommendations for service improvement, is due for publication shortly.

Jo Churchill
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
22nd Jul 2019
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, what recent estimate he has made of the number of cancer clinical nurse specialist vacancies in the NHS.

NHS Improvement collects vacancy data for three staff groups; doctors, nurses and ‘other staff’. These vacancy statistics are published for England and at the regional level of North, Midlands and East, London and South.

NHS Digital published the latest NHS Improvement vacancy data which can be found at the following link:

https://digital.nhs.uk/data-and-information/publications/statistical/nhs-vacancies-survey/february-2015---march-2019-provisional-experimental-statistics

The large majority of vacancies are filled by a combination of bank and agency staff.

Jo Churchill
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
22nd Jul 2019
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, what plans he has to tackle cancer workforce shortages in the NHS people plan.

The interim NHS People Plan, published on 3 June 2019, puts the workforce at the heart of the National Health Service and will ensure we have the staff needed to deliver high quality care. A final People Plan will be published soon after the conclusion of the 2019 Spending Review.

The Cancer Workforce Plan for England, published in December 2017 by Health Education England (HEE), set out plans to expand capacity and skills in the cancer workforce, including targeting additional training support for seven priority professions which are key to cancer prevention, diagnosis and treatment, such as clinical radiology, histopathology, oncology and diagnostic and therapeutic radiography. HEE will now work with NHS England and NHS Improvement to understand the longer-term workforce implications of further development of cancer services. This work will inform the final People Plan.

Jo Churchill
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
17th Jun 2019
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, what steps he is taking to ensure that primary care professionals are adequately trained to spot the early signs of rheumatoid arthritis.

The Royal College of General Practitioners’ (RCGP) curriculum statement, ‘Professional & Clinical Modules’, makes clear the importance of a prompt diagnosis and treatment of inflammatory arthritis, such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

The condition is identified as a key area of clinical knowledge in the RCGP Advanced Knowledge Test (AKT) content guide. The AKT is a summative assessment of the knowledge base that underpins general practice in the United Kingdom within the context of the National Health Service and is a key part of GPs’ qualifying exams.

The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence’s (NICE) Quality Standard ‘Rheumatoid arthritis in over 16s’, updated in July 2018, emphasises the need for early for urgent referral to a specialist rheumatologist on suspicion of rheumatoid arthritis within three weeks.

17th Jun 2019
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, with reference to NICE Guideline CG91, what steps he is taking to ensure that people with rheumatoid arthritis have access to (a) cognitive behavioural therapy and (b) other appropriate psychological interventions.

The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) Guidance ‘Rheumatoid Arthritis in Adults: management’, published in July 2018, sets out best practice on the diagnosis, treatment, care support of people living with the condition. The guidance recommends patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are managed by a multidisciplinary team and have access to non-pharmacological management including physiotherapy, occupational therapy and psychological support. Psychological interventions (for example, relaxation, stress management and cognitive coping skills) can be used to help adults with RA adjust to living with their condition. NICE has also published guidance on ‘Depression in adults with a chronic physical health problem: recognition and management’, which provides advice and guidance for the appropriate use of cognitive behavioural therapy in the management of a long-term condition. Both sets of guidance can be found via the following links:

www.nice.org.uk/guidance/ng100

www.nice.org.uk/guidance/cg91

13th May 2019
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, what plans his Department has to introduce blood tests for effluents in public health checks after large-scale fires.

Public Health England has no plans to introduce blood tests for effluents in public health checks after large-scale fires.

3rd Apr 2019
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, when he plans to respond to the letter of the hon. Member for Lincoln of 23 January 2019 on the Health Surgery in Bracebridge Heath reference KL6342.

I replied to the hon. Member’s letter on 1 April 2019.

29th Jan 2019
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, when scoping is planned to start for the review of NICE technology appraisal methods set out in the 2019 voluntary scheme for branded medicines pricing and access.

The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence will begin scoping what will be considered in the review of its technology appraisal methods in the 2019/20 business year.

15th Jan 2019
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, what assessment he has made of the adequacy of the provision of dedicated Clinical Nurse Specialists for patients with secondary breast cancer.

The NHS Cancer Programme aims to improve access to cancer Clinical Nurse Specialists (CNS) for all cancer patients when they need it, including those with secondary breast cancer. Health Education England is also working to expand the number of CNS and develop clear CNS competencies and routes into training.

8th Jan 2019
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, what steps his Department is taking to facilitate patient access to off-patent drugs.

Off patent drugs are widely used every day in the National Health Service, and there are no barriers to their use.

11th Dec 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, whether the £50 million committed to long-term mental and physical health checks and treatment for people affected by the Grenfell Tower will include the emergency service personnel who responded to that disaster.

NHS England announced on 9 October 2018 that up to £50 million will be available over five years to ensure that adequate and ongoing physical and mental health services are available for those affected by the Grenfell fire. This includes the victims, the bereaved, neighbouring residents, the wider local population and the first responders.

31st Oct 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, what responsibility clinical commissioning groups have for funding family history clinics for people with a family history of breast cancer.

As set out in the Manual for Prescribed Specialised Services 2018/19, NHS England commissions inherited cancer services. This includes genetic testing for inherited cancer through the Genomic Laboratory Hubs and the genetic clinical service through the Regional Clinical Genetics Services.

NHS England does not hold data on access to family history clinics for people with a family history of breast cancer across England.

31st Oct 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, what recent assessment his Department has made of the accessibility of family history clinics for people with a family history of breast cancer across England.

As set out in the Manual for Prescribed Specialised Services 2018/19, NHS England commissions inherited cancer services. This includes genetic testing for inherited cancer through the Genomic Laboratory Hubs and the genetic clinical service through the Regional Clinical Genetics Services.

NHS England does not hold data on access to family history clinics for people with a family history of breast cancer across England.

8th Oct 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, if his Department will allocate funding for new Clinical Nurse Specialist posts to support secondary breast cancer patients in Hospital Trusts that do not have that post.

NHS England is committed to ensuring that more patients have access to a Clinical Nurse Specialist (CNS) or other specialist from diagnosis onwards to guide them through treatment options and ensure they receive appropriate information and support. 91% of patients reported having access to a CNS in the 2017 Cancer Patient Experience Survey.

In December 2017, Health Education England published its first ever cancer workforce plan which commits to the expansion of CNSs so that every patient has access to a CNS or other support worker by 2021. They will do this by developing national competencies and a clear route into training, with a more detailed report on nursing and cancer in the light of new census data in spring 2018.

13th Sep 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, what assessment he has made of the adequacy of the supply of Choline C-11 injection to meet the demand for PET scans for people with prostate cancer.

NHS England intends to review access to tracers that have a short half-life, such as 11C Choline, following the conclusion of the national Phase II Positron Emission Tomography- Computed Tomography procurement. It is expected that this work will be undertaken in early 2019.

The clinical commissioning policy statement can be found at the following link:

https://www.england.nhs.uk/wp-content/uploads/2018/08/Positron-emission-tomography-Computed-tomography-guidelines-all-ages.pdf

11th Sep 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, whether he plans to bring forward legislative proposals to tackle the fire risk to (a) vulnerable adults and (b) young children in hospitals.

Guidance on fire safety, including patients with specific dependencies such as vulnerable adults and young children, is provided to National Health Service organisations in the Health Technical Memorandum 05 publications, generally referred to as Firecode. All Firecode guidance will be reviewed in the light of the recommendations of the Grenfell Inquiry.

Steve Barclay
Minister for the Cabinet Office and Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
4th Sep 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, what the rate of (a) age-standardised premature mortality from breast cancer and (b) uptake of screening for that cancer was in each clinical commissioning group area in the last period for which figures are available.

The Office for National Statistics has published data on the number of deaths and age-standardised mortality rates where breast cancer (ICD-10 code: C50) was the underlying cause of death, in those aged 0 to 74 years, by sex, England and Wales, 2012 to 2016 at the following link:

https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/healthandsocialcare/causesofdeath/adhocs/008966deathsandagestandardisedmortalityrateswherebreastcancerwastheunderlyingcauseaged0to74yearsbysexenglandandwales2012to2016

Data on the uptake of breast cancer screening are not available by clinical commissioning group level. Figures for uptake for screening during 2016/17 (screening year of 1 April 2016 to 31 March 2017) are published by NHS Digital. The information for each area is provided at a breast screening service level is attached.

3rd Sep 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, how many hospital trusts are providing access to a patient education and support event for breast cancer patients.

Information collated by NHS England in 2017 indicates that around half of hospital trusts were delivering patient education and support events for breast cancer patients. However, it is important to note that in the same information collection, almost all trusts indicated they are providing health and wellbeing information and support through various methods, including one-to-one conversations. Additionally, the recovery package, a set of four interventions designed to help patients and clinicians assess a patient’s holistic needs and plan appropriately for their care and support, is being commissioned and delivered in full or in part by many clinical commissioning groups and providers across England.

3rd Sep 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, what criteria are used by NHS Trust employees to request proof of an individual’s eligibility to receive free hospital healthcare.

The National Health Service is a residency-based healthcare system, with a requirement to be ordinarily resident in the United Kingdom in order to access NHS-funded healthcare. Providers of relevant NHS services are required to make and recover charges from overseas visitors where relevant services have been provided to them and no exemption applies.

There is no requirement on NHS staff to check a patient’s identification and asking for, or providing, ID is not a requirement of the National Health Service (Charges to Overseas Visitors) (Amendment) Regulations 2017. It is up to providers of NHS care to assure themselves that they do everything reasonable to determine a patient’s eligibility for NHS-funded healthcare. National guidance advises them to be flexible in terms of accepting evidence to demonstrate a patient’s residence or chargeable status, including considering the position of particularly vulnerable patients who may struggle to provide documentation.

Steve Barclay
Minister for the Cabinet Office and Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
3rd Sep 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, what assessment his Department has made of the financial effect on young cancer patients and their families of the costs of travelling to and from hospital for treatment.

NHS England has stated that there is work underway to review the service specifications for children and young people with cancer services. This will provide an opportunity to consider how some aspects of the patient pathway may be provided more locally to reduce the travel burden for patients and their families.

Currently the Healthcare Travel Costs Scheme which is part of the NHS Low Income Scheme allows for patients (and in certain circumstances their carers) to receive reimbursement of travel if they are in receipt of a qualifying benefit or on a low income. The NHS Low Income Scheme has helped 337,000 applicants to receive financial help with their National Health Service treatment.

3rd Sep 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, if he will make an assessment of the implications for his Department's policies of the findings and recommendations of CLIC Sargent’s report, Are we nearly there yet?, published in September 2018.

I will consider the recommendations of this report carefully. As part of the Recovery Package, the holistic needs assessment and care plan includes a focus on financial concerns that patients may have. The holistic needs assessment questions can be adapted for teenagers and young people specifically. The Recovery Package also recognises the needs of parents/carers of children living with and beyond cancer such as their circumstances to ensure that the right support is in place. More generally, last year through our NHS Low Income Scheme, the Department helped over 337,000 applicants on a low income to pay for health costs, including the cost of travelling to receive National Health Service treatment.

3rd Sep 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, if he will publish the most recent data on breast cancer (a) mortality rates and (b) stage detection rates by clinical commissioning groups.

The most recent data on breast cancer diagnosis and mortality are from 2016, and are available in the following table.

Directly age-standardised2 rates per 100,000 population of registrations of deaths from breast cancer (ICD-10 code: C50) between 2012 and 2016, England

ICD-10 code

Sex

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

C50

Males

0.3

0.4

0.3

0.3

0.3

Females

36.4

35.3

34.5

34.3

34.1

Source: Office for National Statistics

https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/healthandsocialcare/conditionsanddiseases/datasets/cancerregistrationstatisticscancerregistrationstatisticsengland

Notes:

  1. According to the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10), breast cancer is defined as a malignant neoplasm of breast (ICD-10 code: C50).
  2. Directly age-standardised using the 2013 update of the European Standard Population with an upper age band of 90+.

Data on stage at diagnosis for breast cancer at clinical commissioning group level is attached.

16th Jul 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, what assessment he has made of trends in the average time that patients waited to receive cervical screening results in Lincolnshire in each of the last three years.

No assessment has been made of trends in the average time that patients waited to receive cervical screening results.

The NHS Cervical Screening Programme has a quality measure referred to as cervical screening turnaround time. This is a quality measure which recommends that the optimal turnaround time for which a woman should receive her screening result in writing is 14 days from the date the sample is taken. This data is provided monthly and is shared with the cervical screening programme boards and NHS England commissioners that oversee services so that performance and trends can be monitored locally.

26th Jun 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, with reference to the recent Jo's Cervical Cancer Trust report Computer says no, whether he plans to undertake a review of the cervical screening IT infrastructure; and if he will make a statement.

The outcomes of the independent review announced on 2 May 2018, following the breast screening incident, will help to inform IT system proposals for other national screening programmes such as cervical screening. This review is due to report by November.

NHS England and Public Health England are committed to the introduction of a primary human papillomavirus screening test as part of the national cervical screening programme in 2019. This includes working with Primary Care Support England on a new IT system to support cervical screening.

22nd Jun 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, what plans he has to fund patient access to Ibrutinib.

NHS England has advised that, since January 2017, it has commissioned ibrutinib for relapsed / refractory chronic lymphocytic leukaemia and chronic lymphocytic leukaemia with 17p deletion or TP53 mutation. Prior to this, ibrutinib was funded via the Cancer Drugs Fund.

NHS England is currently reviewing its treatment criteria for ibrutinib and is willing to receive, by the end of July 2018, any further evidence that patients and clinicians may wish to submit on this matter.

7th Jun 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, with reference to the press release entitled PM to announce new research and funding in drive to fight prostate cancer, published by the Prime Minister's Office on 10 April 2018, whether the £75 million for prostate cancer research funding will be ring-fenced and spent only on prostate cancer research; and whether there are plans to invite bids for research funding restricted to prostate cancer.

The £75 million announced in April for prostate cancer research will be spent through the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) over the next five years. This investment will continue to fund and support innovative new research within the NIHR’s research infrastructure, particularly the NIHR Biomedical Research Centres. It will also fund the NIHR Clinical Research Network to support delivery and recruitment into prostate cancer research and trials funded by partner research funders including charities; and fund prostate cancer research projects and trials under the NIHR research programmes such as the Health Technology Assessment programme.

High-quality research proposals on prostate cancer are welcome across all relevant NIHR funding streams. We anticipate that researchers will continue to submit such proposals. As with other Government funders of health research, the NIHR does not allocate funding for specific disease areas. The level of research spend in a particular area, such as prostate cancer, is driven by factors including scientific potential and the number and scale of successful funding applications.

18th May 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, what assessment he has made of the potential implications for the effectiveness of the National Cancer Patient Experience Survey of moving data from NHS trusts to (a) a central point of collection within the NHS and (b) an external survey provider.

Since its inception, the Cancer Patient Experience Survey has followed the same model – whereby trusts provide contact information for those patients eligible to receive the survey. This information is passed to a centrally procured external survey supplier who then runs the survey, receives survey responses from patients and produces the national set of results (with support from central analytical colleagues, particularly in terms of quality assurance of the output). There are no current plans to change the model.

16th May 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, whether private clinics will be used to carry out additional mammograms following the failure to invite women aged 68 to 71 to breast screening appointments; and if he will make a statement.

NHS England is taking major steps to put in place additional capacity of screening services to respond to the breast screening incident working with existing staff, including over evenings and weekends, and advise that they are also working closely with all local services and commissioners to ensure that they can co-ordinate any extra screening required across the programme.

NHS England has advised that private capacity will only be used if necessary and where it meets national standards.

8th May 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, whether (a) mobile screening units and (b) other additional equipment will need to be purchased to increase the capacity of the breast screening programme to meet increased demand as a result of the computer error.

NHS England is taking major steps to put in place additional capacity of screening services to respond to the breast screening incident.

NHS England is unable to state whether additional equipment will be required at this stage, however existing equipment will be used over evenings and weekends.

8th May 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, what role charities will play in the planned inquiry into the failure to invite women aged 68-71 to breast screening since 2009.

The planned inquiry (independent review) will be chaired by Lynda Thomas, Chief Executive of Macmillian Cancer Support and Professor Martin Gore, Consultant Medical Oncologist and Professor of Cancer Medicine at the Royal Mardsen, with Peter Wyman, Chair of the Care Quality Commission as vice-chair.

The terms of reference for the review are still to be agreed with the Chairs.

26th Apr 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, if he will ensure that NICE clarifies its guidance on the entitlement of patients of varying risk to Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation.

The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) is an independent body and is responsible for the wording of its recommendations. NICE published final interventional procedures guidance in July 2017 on the use of transcatheter aortic valve implantation for aortic stenosis that recommends the procedure, provided that standard arrangements are in place for clinical governance, consent and audit.

NICE interventional procedures guidance makes recommendations about the safety of procedures and how well they work and does not constitute a direction to National Health Service trusts to provide the interventions; it provides information on the circumstances in which to do so might be the right course of action for an individual patient. Decisions about whether to provide a treatment are taken locally.

16th Apr 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, what steps his Department is taking to ensure that medicines developed from public research are (a) accessible and (b) affordable.

The National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) provides support for the development of new drugs, medical devices, diagnostics and treatments, primarily through its investment in research infrastructure in the National Health Service and through a range of research funding programmes. NIHR-supported research supports the early translational and clinical development of new medicines and generates high quality evidence which is made available to inform decisions about the NHS and patients on the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of medicines, including through National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guidance. There is no explicit link between the terms of NIHR research grants and the price the NHS pays for medicines.

NICE technology appraisal guidance, and the associated funding requirement, play an important role in ensuring that patients have access to cost-effective new medicines, including medicines developed from public research. NICE assesses important new medicines through a robust evaluation process.

The NHS is required by law to ensure that all medicines recommended by NICE are generally funded within three months, ensuring patient access to cost-effective medicines in England. New medicines are not subject to payments under the voluntary Pharmaceutical Price Regulation Scheme, and NHS England monitors access to innovative medicines via the Innovation Scorecard in recognition of the value this Government places on innovation.

The Accelerated Access Review made recommendations to get transformative drugs and treatments to patients faster, while ensuring that the NHS gets value for money and remains at the forefront of innovation. The Department’s response sets out how it will work with industry and healthcare organisations to create an approvals system to ensure this happens. A total of £86 million of funding has already been committed to make the vision a reality.

22nd Mar 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, what assessment he has made of the level service accessibility for patients requiring long-term mental health care in (a) Lincolnshire and (b) Lincoln constituency.

Lincolnshire Partnership NHS Foundation Trust is currently working with partners to complete a Multi-Agency Review of Mental Health Crisis Services.

The Trust is working with its commissioners, South West Lincolnshire Clinical Commissioning Group and Lincolnshire County Council, on a number of improvement programmes to support local and national priorities for mental health.

The Trust also works with a number of local mental health groups and organisations to provide care and support to people with long term mental health needs.

15th Mar 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, what steps his Department is taking to ensure geographical equality in the level of breast cancer care in (a) Lincoln constituency and (b) Lincolnshire.

Lincolnshire West Clinical Commissioning Group offer a triple assessment to all patients referred on the two week wait breast cancer pathway. This means that during an appointment the patient will see a surgeon, a mammography radiographer and a radiologist. This is in line with accepted best practice.

15th Mar 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, whether NHS England has the power to prevent the implementation of minimum waiting times for routine elective care.

NHS England does not encourage commissioners to apply minimum waits across their contracts but rather to concentrate on interventions that help manage the demand for elective care.

It remains the case that all patients should receive high quality and safe care in the right place at the right time within the 18-week Referral to Treatment standard.

Clinical priority remains the main determinant of when patients should be treated followed by the chronological order of when they were added to the waiting list.

Steve Barclay
Minister for the Cabinet Office and Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
15th Mar 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, what assessment his Department has made of the effect of the closure of Lincoln’s walk-in centre on people’s access to care in (a) Lincoln constituency and (b) Lincolnshire.

Following a review of the users and treatments provided at the Lincoln Walk in Centre (WiC), the West Lincolnshire Clinical Commissioning Group (CCG) determined that alternative provision, including out of hours general practitioner (GP) access, NHS 111 and Clinical Assessment Service, community hubs, increased primary capacity, and use of local pharmacy walk-in facilities would better meet the health needs of the local population in Lincoln.

The CCG worked in partnership with Lincolnshire Community Health Service, which provided the WiC services, to ensure an effective plan was in place to facilitate transition. This plan incorporated the introduction of triage at the WiC to direct the public to appropriate, alternative provision. The 33 GP practices within the CCG area have arrangements in place to support any increased demand following the WiC closure, including provision of nearly 200 additional GP appointments per day across the area. As a safeguard, the CCG is also supporting additional GP out of hours provision at weekends during March to mid-April, to enable the new service to become established. Since the weekday closure of the WiC, West Lincolnshire CCG report no adverse impact.

Steve Barclay
Minister for the Cabinet Office and Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
15th Mar 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, what assessment his Department has made of the effect of wholly owned subsidiary companies in the NHS on (a) joined-up care and (b) staff (i) coordination, (ii) retention and (iii) morale.

It is for National Health Service organisations locally to assess the effect of establishing wholly owned subsidiaries. The aim of organisations who have established wholly owned subsidiaries is to support the efficient and effective delivery of healthcare locally while providing value for the taxpayer. In doing so, these organisations would have to engage fully with existing staff transferring to the wholly owned subsidiary, protecting their terms and conditions of service as well as ensuring that any newly recruited staff are offered terms and conditions that attract the skills they need, promote retention and improve morale. The legislation enabling wholly owned subsidiaries companies in the NHS was first passed in 2003 through the Health and Social Care (Community Health and Standards) Act 2003, which came into force on April 1 2004. That power was re-enacted into s46 of the NHS Act 2006, as the 2006 Act consolidated various pre-existing Acts.

Steve Barclay
Minister for the Cabinet Office and Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
7th Mar 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, when he plans to respond to the letter of 31 January 2018 from the right hon. Member for Lincoln on the closure of Lincoln's walk-in centre.

I responded to the hon. Member’s letter on 5 March 2018.

23rd Feb 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, what estimate his Department has made of the total sleep-in back pay liability for care providers in the (a) Lincoln constituency and (b) Lincolnshire County Council.

I refer the hon. Member to the answer I gave to the hon. Member for Worsley and Eccles South (Barbara Keeley) on 26 February 2018 to Question 128962.

30th Jan 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, what steps he is taking to reduce the average waiting time of people making emergency telephone calls to the East Midlands Ambulance Service.

The achievement of ambulance response time standards is a matter for the local National Health Service.

Following a rigorous and independent evaluation of the clinically-led Ambulance Response Programme, in July 2017 the Department agreed NHS England’s recommendations to implement an improved ambulance performance framework. These changes improve responses to patients and the efficiency and resiliency of the ambulance service in the face of rising demand. All mainland NHS ambulance trusts are now operating against this new framework, and the ambulance service on the Isle of Wight will do so from April 2018.

NHS England and NHS Improvement are working closely with the service to assist them to effectively perform against these new requirements, and NHS England will undertake a review of the framework in spring 2018.

Steve Barclay
Minister for the Cabinet Office and Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, whether he plans to bring forward legislative proposals to tackle the fire risk to (a) vulnerable adults and (b) young children in hospitals.

Guidance on fire safety, including patients with specific dependencies such as vulnerable adults and young children, is provided to National Health Service organisations in the Health Technical Memorandum 05 publications, generally referred to as Firecode. All Firecode guidance will be reviewed in the light of the recommendations of the Grenfell Inquiry.

Steve Barclay
Minister for the Cabinet Office and Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
9th Jul 2019
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, if he will make an assessment of the potential merits of imposing sanctions under Section 1(2)(f) of the Sanctions and Anti-Money Laundering Act 2018 on officials from Oman involved in human rights abuses against the Shuhuh 6.

My Rt Hon Friend The Minister of State for the Middle East has raised these cases with the Omani authorities, as has our Ambassador in Muscat. They have given us the strongest assurances that the individuals concerned were given full legal assistance and treated in accordance with Oman’s constitution and international laws and conventions. There is no evidence of any discrimination against the Shihuh more generally, many of whom occupy senior positions in the Omani state and wider society. Our current assessment of the situation means that we see no merit in considering any action.

With regard to the use of the powers under Section 1(2)(f) of the Sanctions and Anti-Money Laundering Act, the government is actively considering establishing a human rights sanctions regime to support the UK’s work in promoting and defending human rights around the world. Any potential listings would need to be consistent with the purposes of the regime and thresholds for evidence. As the sanctions regime is not yet established we are not able to provide any comment on possible designations.

18th Jun 2019
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, pursuant to the Answer of 14 June to Question 261149, what assessment the Government has made the accuracy of claims by Amnesty International that at least one member of the Shuhuh Six, Mohammed Abdullah al-Shahi, has been unjustly imprisoned.

As outlined in the answer to Question 261149 of 14 June, our Ambassador in Muscat raised the arrests with the Omani authorities on 27 May. We have received strong assurances from the Omani Government that the individuals arrested were prosecuted in accordance with Oman’s Penal Code and human rights commitments enshrined in Oman’s Basic Law (the Omani constitution). We continue to monitor developments in this case closely.

22nd May 2019
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, what response his Department has had from the Omani authorities since raising the case of the Shuhuh 6.

I raised the allegations with the Omani Ambassador on 21 May who gave assurances that there is no discrimination against members of the Shihuh tribe. Our Ambassador in Muscat has also raised the arrests with the Omani authorities, most recently on 27 May with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs who have also confirmed that there is no discrimination against any tribe or community in Oman. They have also conveyed assurances from the Oman Human Rights Commission that the individuals arrested in Musandam were treated with respect for their human rights and given full access to legal assistance.

19th Feb 2019
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, if will make representations to his counterpart in Bahrain on the failure of prison authorities in Isa Town Prison and local oversight bodies to facilitate a mammogram for political prisoner Hajer Mansoor Hassan who is being denied access to medical care for a lump in her breast.

The British Embassy and the Foreign and Commonwealth Office continue to follow the case of Ms Mansoor and have raised the issue of access to medical care with the Government of Bahrain at a senior level.

The Government of Bahrain have given categorical assurances that Ms Mansoor has had a mammogram and is awaiting the results, and will continue to receive access to appropriate medical care, as guaranteed by the constitution of Bahrain.

We encourage those with concerns about treatment in detention to report them to the appropriate Bahraini human rights oversight body. We continue to encourage these oversight bodies to carry out swift and thorough investigations into any such concerns or allegations.

19th Feb 2019
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, with reference to the Answer of 11 February 2019 to Question HL13338 on Sheikh Ali Salman, whether the Minister for the Middle East called for the release of Bahraini opposition leader Sheikh Ali Salman during his meeting with the Ambassador of the Kingdom of Bahrain to London on 5 November 2018.

The Honourable Lady will have seen my statement of 4 November where I expressed my concerns on the further sentencing of Sheikh Ali Salman. On 5 November I discussed these concerns with the Ambassador of the Kingdom of Bahrain to the UK and again with the Bahrain Minister of Foreign Affairs on 20 February 2019. We will continue to closely monitor the case. The UK has raised this case at senior levels with the Government of Bahrain.

24th Jan 2019
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, what discussions he has had with his US counterpart on the potential lifting of suspension of Title III of the Helms-Burton legislation.

Officials in London and the British Embassy in Havana regularly raise our objections with US counterparts on trade restrictions on Cuba. We consider the US embargo to be counterproductive and we oppose any possible tightening of it in the future.

6th Dec 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, whether he has filed the case of Bahraini death-row inmate and victim of torture Zuhair Ebrahim under his Department's torture and mistreatment reporting guidance.

We are aware of the case of Zuhair Ebrahim, and we are seeking further information.

The Foreign and Commonwealth Office registers details of alleged torture whenever this comes to the attention of a UK official in the course of their duties, in line with the UK Torture and Mistreatment Reporting Guidance.

We encourage those with concerns about treatment in detention to report these to the relevant human rights oversight bodies.

6th Dec 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, what representations he has made to the Bahraini Government on the case of Zuhair Ebrahim who was sentenced to death on 29 November 2018.

The Foreign and Commonwealth Office monitors events in Bahrain closely. We are aware of the case of Zuhair Ebrahim and are seeking further information. It is the UK's longstanding position to oppose capital sentences in all circumstances and countries. We continue to make this clear to the Government of Bahrain.

5th Nov 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, what representations his Department has made to authorities in Bahrain on the restrictions on (a) phone calls, (b) family visits and (c) allocated time outside the cell imposed on female political prisoners in Isa Town Prison.

I refer the Honourable Lady to the answer I gave to question 188257. Our Embassy in Bahrain and the Foreign and Commonwealth Office continue to monitor the cases of Hajer Mansoor, Najah Ahmed Yusuf and Medina Ali. We have raised the cases at a senior level with the Government of Bahrain.


We encourage those with concerns about treatment in detention to report these to the appropriate oversight body. We urge these oversight bodies to carry out swift and thorough investigations into any such claims. We understand that the National Institution for Human Rights and the Ministry of Interior Ombudsman are aware of these cases and have been in contact with the three individuals.

5th Nov 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, what steps have been taken to help ensure that Bahraini female political prisoners Hajer Mansoor, Medina Ali, and Najah Yusuf will be protected from reprisals when their case is raised at the (a) UK Parliament and (b) United Nations.

The Honourable Lady will be aware from previous answers to questions and from my reply to the Westminster Hall Debate on 11 September that our Embassy in Bahrain and the Foreign and Commonwealth Office continue to monitor the cases of Hajer Mansoor, Najah Ahmed Yusuf and Medina Ali and that we have raised the cases at a senior level with the Government of Bahrain.


We encourage those with concerns about treatment in detention to report these to the appropriate oversight body. We urge these oversight bodies to carry out swift and thorough investigations into any such claims. We understand that the National Institution for Human Rights and the Ministry of Interior Ombudsman are aware of these cases and have been in contact with the three individuals.

31st Oct 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, whether the Special Investigation Unit in Bahrain receives training from organisations funded by the UK Government.

​The Government works with a number of implementation partners and beneficiaries to support Bahraini-led reform. These programmes aim to support progress on building effective and accountable institutions, strengthening the rule of law, and justice reform. All of our work is in line with international standards, and aims to share the UK's expertise and experience. Any training provided by, or on behalf of, the British Government fully complies with our domestic and international human rights obligations. As many projects and programme activities deliver across the region, it is not possible to provide a breakdown according to each beneficiary state.

31st Oct 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, whether the case of Bahraini death row inmate and torture victim Maher Al-Khabbaz has been recorded in line with his Department's torture and mistreatment reporting guidance.

​The Foreign and Commonwealth Office registers details of alleged torture whenever this comes to the attention of a UK official in the course of their duties, in line with the UK Torture and Mistreatment Reporting Guidance.

We continue to follow the case of Maher al-Khabbaz and, where we have concerns, we raise them at a senior level with the Government of Bahrain.

31st Oct 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, what plans he has to allocate unused money from the Integrated Activity Fund.

The Integrated Activity Fund is intended to be both flexible and responsive, able to support Her Majesty's Government (HMG's) needs in the Gulf Region in the achievement of regional strategic objectives. In the event that there is likely to be unused money at the end of the financial year it will, with the agreement of Her Majesty's Treasury, be used to support HMG strategic objectives elsewhere.

12th Jul 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, what representations have been made to the Government of Bahrain on the denial of access to adequate medical treatment of imprisoned Bahraini political leader Hassan Mushaima.

We have raised the case of Hasan Mushaima at a senior level. The UK encourages those with concerns about treatment in detention to report these to the relevant human rights oversight bodies. We urge those bodies to carry out swift and thorough investigations. The UK continues to encourage the Government of Bahrain to deliver on its international and domestic human rights commitments.

To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, what plans he has to allocate unused money from the Integrated Activity Fund.

The Integrated Activity Fund is intended to be both flexible and responsive, able to support Her Majesty's Government (HMG's) needs in the Gulf Region in the achievement of regional strategic objectives. In the event that there is likely to be unused money at the end of the financial year it will, with the agreement of Her Majesty's Treasury, be used to support HMG strategic objectives elsewhere.

22nd Nov 2018
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, whether he has estimated the cost to the public purse of reducing VAT on safety products and services from 20 per cent to 5 per cent; and if he will make a statement.

The government keeps all taxes under review and any future decisions on VAT will continue to be taken in line with the normal Budget process.

The government does not hold information on VAT revenues that can be broken down to assess the cost of reducing VAT on safety products.

The government does make available some VAT reliefs for certain safety products including a zero rate of VAT for installations as part of the construction of new residential buildings and a reduced rate for installations as part of a residential conversion.

22nd Nov 2018
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, whether he has plans to reduce VAT on safety products and services.

The government keeps all taxes under review and any future decisions on VAT will continue to be taken in line with the normal Budget process.

The government does not hold information on VAT revenues that can be broken down to assess the cost of reducing VAT on safety products.

The government does make available some VAT reliefs for certain safety products including a zero rate of VAT for installations as part of the construction of new residential buildings and a reduced rate for installations as part of a residential conversion.

3rd Sep 2018
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, what assessment his Department has made of the adequacy of the service provided by the Financial Ombudsman Service to victims of identity fraud.

The Government recognises that it is vitally important that the Financial Ombudsman Service (FOS) is accountable for the performance and quality of its work. The FOS answers to a Board of Directors, appointed by the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA), and must make a report each year on the discharge of its functions.

Whilst the FOS can investigate a range of complaints, it may not be able to consider some complaints involving identity fraud if these fall outside of its jurisdiction, which is set out in the FCA’s Dispute Resolution (DISP) rules.

The Information Commissioner’s Office (ICO) provides guidance to victims of identity fraud on its website.

John Glen
Economic Secretary (HM Treasury)
16th Apr 2018
To ask Mr Chancellor of the Exchequer, what assessment he has made of the clarity of Government guidance for private companies on the charging of VAT on loans.

Guidance on the VAT treatment of loans and other credit is set out in “VAT Notice 701/49: finance”, available on the gov.uk website. As provided for in the VAT Act 1994, the guidance sets out that loans and grants of credits are exempt from VAT.

3rd Jul 2019
To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, how much the Government spent on legal costs on the court case on reforms to firefighters pensions.

Following the Court of Appeal’s recent judgment which deemed transitional protection in the 2015 firefighters’ pension scheme to be unlawful, the claims will now be referred back to the Employment Tribunal for remedy. To date the legal costs for Government are in the region of £495,000.

1st Jul 2019
To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, what assessment he has made of the potential implications the proposed cuts to Devon and Somerset Fire and Rescue Service will have on the safety of the area that service covers; and if he will make a statement.

It is the responsibility of each Fire and Rescue Authority to determine the resources required to deliver fire and rescue services to local communities.


In 2019/20, Devon and Somerset Fire and Rescue Authority will receive £75.6 million in core spending power. This is an increase of 2.6% compared with 2018/19. In addition, at March 2018, the authority held £37.3 million in reserves, equivalent to 50.4% of core spending power

1st Jul 2019
To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, whether he plans to implement the recommendations in the report of Her Majesty’s Inspectorate of Constabulary and Fire and Rescue Services on Fire and Rescue Service Inspections 2018/19.

The Home Office will give the inspectorate’s findings, and in particular the recommendations which have been made to Government, detailed consideration as we engage with sector leaders to continue to improve performance in fire and rescue services.

1st Jul 2019
To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, what assessment he has made of the implications for his policies of the conclusion in the report of Her Majesty’s Inspectorate of Constabulary and Fire and Rescue Services on Fire and Rescue Service Inspections that there are too few firefighters to meet the foreseeable fire risk.

Fire services have the resources they need to do their important work. Overall fire and rescue authorities will receive around £2.3 billion in 2019/20.

Operational decisions are for each fire and rescue authority to make as part of the integrated risk management planning process, drawing on the professional advice of their Chief Fire Officer.

1st Jul 2019
To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, with reference to the findings in the report of Her Majesty’s Inspectorate of Constabulary and Fire and Rescue Services’ on Fire and Rescue Service Inspections 2018/19, what recent assessment he has made of the adequacy of the resources available to fire service inspection programmes; and if he will make a statement.

Her Majesty’s Inspectorate of Constabulary and Fire and Rescue Services has the resources it requires to deliver the fire and rescue services’ inspection programme.

1st Jul 2019
To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, whether he has made a recent assessment of the adequacy of the day crewing plus duty system in place at Leicestershire Fire and Rescue Service; and if he will make a statement.

It is the responsibility of fire and rescue services to ensure that they organise their resources effectively to deliver their core functions across prevention, protection and response. This includes decisions relating to duty systems.

3rd Jun 2019
To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, what recent assessment he has made of regional disparities in the preparedness of fire services to respond to high-rise fires.

Nothing is more important than keeping the public safe and the Government recognise the vital role firefighters continue to play in protecting communities. All fire and rescue services have a capability to fight high rise fires. Regular engagement takes place with the National Fire Chiefs Council (NFCC) which represents the fire and rescue sector to Government.

They are also required to have integrated risk management plans, which target resources to best protect their communities. Fire & Rescue Authorities have a statutory requirement to have mutual assistance arrangements in place to provide additional support in the event of a major incident occurring. This is augmented by Home Office supported national resilience capabilities.

Fire and rescue services have the resources they need to do their important work and will receive around £2.3 billion in 2019/20. Single purpose fire and rescue authorities will see an increase in core spending power of 2.3% in cash terms in 2019/20 and an overall increase of 0.3% from 2015/16 to 2019/20.

3rd Jun 2019
To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, what plans he has to implement national standards for the pre-determined attendance of firefighters and fire engines for fires in high-rise blocks.

Decisions on crewing and attendance at incidents are for each Chief Fire Officer as part of their Integrated risk management plan, although Government has specifically asked Fire & Rescue Authorities to include the risk of high rise fires in their planning.

3rd Jun 2019
To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, how many fire and rescue services outside of London he has had discussions with on their preparedness for tackling high-rise fires.

Nothing is more important than keeping the public safe and the Government recognise the vital role firefighters continue to play in protecting communities. All fire and rescue services have a capability to fight high rise fires. Regular engagement takes place with the National Fire Chiefs Council (NFCC) which represents the fire and rescue sector to Government.

They are also required to have integrated risk management plans, which target resources to best protect their communities. Fire & Rescue Authorities have a statutory requirement to have mutual assistance arrangements in place to provide additional support in the event of a major incident occurring. This is augmented by Home Office supported national resilience capabilities.

Fire and rescue services have the resources they need to do their important work and will receive around £2.3 billion in 2019/20. Single purpose fire and rescue authorities will see an increase in core spending power of 2.3% in cash terms in 2019/20 and an overall increase of 0.3% from 2015/16 to 2019/20.

3rd Jun 2019
To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, what assessment he has made of the effect of the 15 per cent reduction in central government funding for English fire services over the period 2016-17 to 2019-20 on the ability of those services to respond to high-rise fires.

Nothing is more important than keeping the public safe and the Government recognise the vital role firefighters continue to play in protecting communities. All fire and rescue services have a capability to fight high rise fires. Regular engagement takes place with the National Fire Chiefs Council (NFCC) which represents the fire and rescue sector to Government.

They are also required to have integrated risk management plans, which target resources to best protect their communities. Fire & Rescue Authorities have a statutory requirement to have mutual assistance arrangements in place to provide additional support in the event of a major incident occurring. This is augmented by Home Office supported national resilience capabilities.

Fire and rescue services have the resources they need to do their important work and will receive around £2.3 billion in 2019/20. Single purpose fire and rescue authorities will see an increase in core spending power of 2.3% in cash terms in 2019/20 and an overall increase of 0.3% from 2015/16 to 2019/20.

23rd May 2019
To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, what steps his Department is taking to increase ethnic diversity in the fire and rescue service.

Diversity in fire and rescue services is not an optional extra and Government has been active in driving reform in this vital area.

As well as publishing workforce diversity data, we have established a new inspection regime which is shining a light on local fire and rescue services. In August 2018 the Home Office launched a national campaign to highlight fire and rescue as a career for underrepresented groups, working with sector leaders who are ultimately responsible for recruitment.

21st May 2019
To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, whether he has had discussions with the Secretary of State for Defence on awarding the Long Service and Good Conduct medal to firefighters working for the Ministry of Defence who are contracted to an external organisation; and if he will make a statement.

No discussions on this specific issue have taken place.

14th May 2019
To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, whether he has had discussions with the Secretary of State for Defence on awarding the Long Service and Good Conduct medal to firefighters working for the Ministry of Defence; and if he will make a statement.

Operational firefighters working for the Ministry of Defence are eligible for the Fire Brigade Long Service and Good Conduct medal unless they have been awarded an Imperial Service medal, Civil Defence Long Service medal or Women’s Voluntary Service medal or clasp for any of the same qualifying period.

13th May 2019
To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, what assessment he has made of the adequacy of health screening procedures to protect firefighters from carcinogen-related diseases.

It is the responsibility of individual fire and rescue authorities, as employers, to ensure that health screening and blood tests, suitable for the risks faced, are available to their firefighters.
There have been no discussions between the Home Secretary and the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care on the inclusion of effluents and carcinogens in public health checks after large-scale fires.

13th May 2019
To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, what assessment he has made of the ability of firefighter health screening to detect cancers at an early stage.

It is the responsibility of individual fire and rescue authorities, as employers, to ensure that health screening and blood tests, suitable for the risks faced, are available to their firefighters.
There have been no discussions between the Home Secretary and the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care on the inclusion of effluents and carcinogens in public health checks after large-scale fires.

13th May 2019
To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, what assessment he has made of the adequacy of the regularity of blood tests for firefighters.

It is the responsibility of individual fire and rescue authorities, as employers, to ensure that health screening and blood tests, suitable for the risks faced, are available to their firefighters.
There have been no discussions between the Home Secretary and the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care on the inclusion of effluents and carcinogens in public health checks after large-scale fires.

13th May 2019
To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, what discussions he has had with the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care on the inclusion of effluents and carcinogens in public health checks after large-scale fires.

It is the responsibility of individual fire and rescue authorities, as employers, to ensure that health screening and blood tests, suitable for the risks faced, are available to their firefighters.
There have been no discussions between the Home Secretary and the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care on the inclusion of effluents and carcinogens in public health checks after large-scale fires.

4th Feb 2019
To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, what assessment he has made of the effect of Fire and Rescue services choosing to re-engage fire service staff following their retirement on that service’s commitment to equality and diversity.

In May 2018, revisions were made to the Fire and Rescue National Frame-work for England to discourage fire and rescue services from re-engaging staff following retirement except in exceptional circumstances when such a decision is necessary in the interests of public safety. Any such appointment must be transparent, justifiable and time limited.

No specific assessment has been made of the effect of this practice on equality and diversity, however we have been clear with fire and rescue service leaders that the current lack of diversity amongst firefighters is unacceptable and must be tackled.

22nd Nov 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, whether he has plans to amend the immigration visa application process to allow the use of printed bills as acceptable documentation.

UK Visas and Immigration has made changes to evidential requirements and its front end service arrangements so that customers no longer need to send paper evidence by post, but will either have their evidence scanned at an application centre, or upload their own digital image of their evidence as part of the application process. For many, customers, these changes mean they will be able to retain their key documents while their application is considered.

8th Oct 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, whether the fire service response times of each fire authority in England are recorded from the same point after receiving an incident call.

Home Office published statistics are recorded from the same point.

Each time a fire and rescue service (FRS) attends an incident in England, details of that incident are uploaded to the Home Office’s Incident Recording System (IRS) by the FRS and this is used as the source for all the statistics in the response times publication https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/response-times-to-fires-attended-by-fire-and-rescue-services-england-april-2016-to-march-2017

The response time is defined as the duration from time of call to time of arrival of the first vehicle at the scene of the incident and is standard for all FRSs. FRSs set their own targets for local response times which may not include the call time, however this should not affect records in the IRS and hence the statistics published by the Home Office.

10th Sep 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, what assessment he has made of the benefits of standardising the method for recording fire service response times in England.

Each time a fire and rescue service (FRS) attends an incident in England, details of that incident are uploaded to the Home Office’s Incident Recording System (IRS) by the FRS and this is used as the source for all the statistics in the response times publication https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/response-times-to-fires-attended-by-fire-and-rescue-services-england-april-2016-to-march-2017

The response time is defined as the duration from time of call to time of arrival of the first vehicle at the scene of the incident and is standard for all FRSs. FRSs set their own targets for local response times which may not include the call time, however this should not affect records in the IRS.

10th Sep 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, if the Government will provide additional funding to Fire Authorities for firefighter mental health services.

It is the responsibility of each fire and rescue authority in England to ensure that they have appropriate support and wellbeing provisions in place which reflect the specific needs of their workforce.

However, since 2014, the Government has provided £7m to pay for mental health support through Mind’s Blue Light Programme to ensure our emergency services workers, including fire service employees, have the counselling and emotional support they require.

3rd Sep 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, whether his Department provides financial support to people on low incomes to apply for indefinite leave to remain.

The Home Office does not provide direct financial support for people applying for indefinite leave to remain. However, no fee is payable for Indefinite Leave to Remain children in Local Authority care and children are also eligible for fee waivers in a set of specified Human Rights cases.

16th Jul 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, whether he has made an assessment of the capacity of his Department's workforce to produce a new statutory fire regulatory framework.

Dame Judith Hackitt’s report calls for major reform of the regulatory system and for culture change across the construction and fire safety industries. The government agreed with the broad principles of the report and committed to bring forward legislation.

The Home Office and Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government are working with partners to consider the detail of Dame Judith’s recommendations and will set out an implementation plan in the autumn.

26th Jun 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, what assessment he has made of the adequacy of the support provided to British witnesses who are interviewed by foreign police forces in the UK.

Foreign law enforcement officers have no powers in the UK and cannot interview witnesses here without the consent of the individual. If the witness does consent, the foreign law enforcement officer is subject to the law of the UK in the same way as any other foreign visitor, so any such interview must be conducted accordingly.

An interview of a witness in the UK is, in the vast majority of cases requested via mutual legal assistance or joint investigation teams, but can be requested through police to police cooperation for voluntary witness interviews – though the latter is an unusual route which is not used very often. How an interview is conducted would be a matter for agreement between the UK police and foreign law enforcement officer but it is a routine requirement that UK police are present when anyone is interviewed by foreign police in the UK.

25th Jun 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, whether it is his Department's policy to assess the (a) economic and (b) social costs of all fires.

In 2011 the Department of Communities and Local Government published the Economic Cost of Fire: estimates for 2008, Fire research report 3/2011, see:
http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20121105004836/http://www.communities.gov.uk/documents/corporate/pdf/1838338.pdf
The Home Office will review the economic and social costs of fire as and when necessary to assist in the development of policy.

22nd Jun 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, what assessment his Department has made of the effectiveness of the Incident Reporting System in capturing the major causes of fire in domestic properties.

The web-based Incident Recording System (IRS) provides a standard template, supported by detailed guidance on how to complete the form, used by all Fire and Rescue Services in England, Wales and Scotland. It captures a range of detailed information on fires attended by FRSs, including the cause of fire, source of ignition, power of ignition, the item first ignited and the item(s) responsible for the main spread of fire.
It is recognised that changing interests and technologies may not be explicitly reflected in the IRS. The Home Office regularly considers how best to review both the IRS functionality and data collection, to ensure they continue to meet the needs of FRSs and other data users, particularly in light of the Fire Reform Agenda.
Home Office officials have regular discussions with fire and rescue services about the data collected through the IRS and collect feedback about the IRS to feed into future reviews.

14th Jun 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, what criteria his Department uses to decide on proposals from Police and Crime Commissioners to take over Fire and Rescue Services.

The Policing and Crime Act 2017 introduced measures enabling PCCs to submit proposals to the Secretary of State to take on responsibility for the governance of fire and rescue in their area. The Secretary of State can only give effect to such a proposal where it appears to him that the transfer of responsibility would be in the interests of economy, efficiency and effectiveness, or public safety. The Secretary of State cannot give effect to a proposal where he thinks it would have an adverse effect on public safety.

If in response to a consultation a relevant local authority indicates that it does not support the PCC’s proposal, the Secretary of State would be required to obtain, and have regard to, an independent assessment of the proposal and the PCC’s consultation documents.

14th Jun 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, when accepting Police and Crime Commissioner’s applications to take over the fire service, whether his Department makes an economic assessment of the merits of the merger.

The Policing and Crime Act 2017 introduced measures enabling PCCs to submit proposals to the Home Secretary to take on responsibility for the governance of fire and rescue in their area. The Government is clear that this does not entail a takeover of the fire service by police. The important distinction between operational policing and fire-fighting will be maintained.

The Secretary of State can only make an order transferring governance to a PCC if it appears to him that it would be in the interests of economy, efficiency and effectiveness, or public safety, to do so. The Secretary of State cannot approve a proposal where a transfer of governance would have an adverse effect on public safety. Part of this assessment involves consideration of the economic basis of the proposal.

14th Jun 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, how much and what proportion of each fire authority's financial reserves is (a) earmarked expenditure and (b) unearmarked expenditure.

The Ministry for Housing, Communities and Local Government (MHCLG) publishes reserves data for fire and rescue authorities. This data includes both ‘unallocated financial reserves’ and ‘earmarked financial reserves’ These can be found by following the link below.

https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/local-authority-revenue-expenditure-and-financing

19th Apr 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, what recent discussions her Department has had with the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial strategy on reducing the number of electrical fires in the home caused by faulty white goods.

The Home Office has collaborated with the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy to support and promote the Register My Appliance initiative, run by the Association of Manufacturers of Domestic Electrical Appliances. This is designed to improve product recall rates and ensure a greater number of faulty products can be traced and either repaired or removed from homes.

Home Office officials will continue to work closely with product safety officials, following the creation of the Office of Product Safety and Standards, to explore what else can be done to support their work around faulty white goods.

19th Apr 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, what recent discussions her Department has had with the National Fire Chiefs Council on reducing fires in the home with an electrical source of ignition.

As a standing member of the National Fire Chiefs Council (NFCC) Home Safety Committee, Home Office officials routinely discuss electrical safety issues with the NFCC to ensure opportunities to drive down electrical fires and promote electrical safety are utilised.

The Department has facilitated close links between the NFCC, product safety officials at the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy and the sector-led Register My Appliance initiative to encourage fire and rescue services to increase the focus on electrical and product safety within their engagement with members of the public.

The Home Office’s national fire safety campaign, run in partnership with the NFCC, collaborates with Electrical Safety First to run the annual Electrical Fire Safety Week. The Week is used by fire and rescue services and others to promote electrical fire safety messages.

16th Apr 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, if she will make an assessment of the adequacy of response times to 999 calls in (a) Lincoln, (b) Lincolnshire and (c) the UK.

The handling of 999 calls is an operational matter for the police. It is for elected Police and Crime Commissioners and Chief Constables to decide how their force’s resources are deployed and how best to manage their communications with the public.

In March 2018, as part of its annual effectiveness reports on all police forces in England and Wales, HMICFRS briefly assesses the police’s response to calls.

The report for Lincolnshire can be found at: https://www.justiceinspectorates.gov.uk/hmicfrs/wp-content/uploads/peel-police-effectiveness-2017-lincolnshire.pdf. (page 6)

The national overview can be found at: https://www.justiceinspectorates.gov.uk/hmicfrs/wp-content/uploads/peel-police-effectiveness-2017-1.pdf (pages 13-14, 48-49)

16th Mar 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, what the level of debt has been for each fire authority in each of the last eight financial years.

The Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government publish data on local authority debt. This can be found at the following link:

https://www.gov.uk/government/statistical-data-sets/live-tables-on-local-government-finance#borrowing-and-investment

22nd Mar 2019
To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, when he plans to publish the results of the Red Arrows feasibility study.

As announced in summer 2018, the RAF intends to close RAF Scampton, the home of the Red Arrows by 2022, as part of wider Defence Estate rationalisation. The MOD are currently undertaking a number of feasibility studies in relation to the Red Arrows basing, the outcome of which will be announced to Parliament in due course.

3rd Jun 2019
To ask the Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government, whether he plans to implement a national review of fire compartmentation in residential buildings.

There are no plans to implement a national review of compartmentalisation in residential buildings


However, I would refer the honourable Member to the Secretary of State's written statement on 6 June announcing a consultation on our proposals for a new system of building and fire safety which puts residents’ safety at its heart.​ The documents are published at:

www.gov.uk/government/consultations/building-a-safer-future-proposals-for-reform-of-the-building-safety-regulatory-system

Kit Malthouse
Minister of State (Ministry of Justice) (jointly with Home Office)
13th May 2019
To ask the Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government, what discussions he has had with representatives of the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea on their decontamination of the Grenfell Tower Fire site.

The Government is leading a programme of additional environment checks to be carried out in and around the Grenfell Tower site. This is to reassure the bereaved, survivors and wider community that any environmental risks to public health will be fully assessed and appropriate action taken. The programme is being coordinated by the Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government, who have established a Multi-Agency Partnership to provide the relevant expertise to oversee the design and delivery of the additional environmental checks, assess risks to public health and advise health partners on any additional health monitoring and treatment options for residents, should these be required. The Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea is a member of the Multi-Agency Partnership.

The environmental checks programme is regularly discussed with the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea, and other Government departments, at Ministerial Recovery Group meetings, chaired by the Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government.

Kit Malthouse
Minister of State (Ministry of Justice) (jointly with Home Office)
13th May 2019
To ask the Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government, what plans his Department has to bring forward legislative proposals to introduce a statutory requirement for industry to quantify the carcinogenic contents of combustible materials used in construction.

My Department issued a call for evidence to inform potential changes to fire safety guidance, which included asking for evidence on the issue of the release of toxic fumes from building materials as a result of fires. That call for evidence closed on the 15 March 2019, and we are currently analysing the responses.

Kit Malthouse
Minister of State (Ministry of Justice) (jointly with Home Office)
9th May 2019
To ask the Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government, when the Government plans to introduce mandatory five yearly electrical checks in the private rented sector.

We are working to bring into force regulations on mandatory electrical safety checks in the private rented sector as soon as possible, subject to parliamentary approval and timetable. As outlined in the Government response to the consultation on Electrical Safety in the Private Rented Sector, published on 29 January 2019, we are working with industry to produce guidance for landlords setting out the skills and qualifications relevant to determining competence of those carrying out electrical inspections. We have also been working with local authorities in England to develop the range of sanctions for non-compliance with the upcoming regulations.

Kit Malthouse
Minister of State (Ministry of Justice) (jointly with Home Office)
11th Dec 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government, what information his Department holds on the number of buildings that have been constructed or refurbished which has lead to combustible materials being installed since (a) 14 June 2017, (b) 1 January 2018 and (c) 3 October 2018.

MHCLG does not hold information on the dates cladding was installed on buildings.

Kit Malthouse
Minister of State (Ministry of Justice) (jointly with Home Office)
11th Dec 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government, with reference to the Independent Review of Building Regulations and Fire Safety: final report, published in May 2018,, which recommendations from that report his Department plans to implement.

I refer the Hon Member to the statement made on 18 December 2018 by the Secretary of State (HCWS1201).

Kit Malthouse
Minister of State (Ministry of Justice) (jointly with Home Office)
11th Dec 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government, with reference to the Independent Review of Building Regulations and Fire Safety: final report, published in May 2018, what the timescale is for the implementation of the recommendations in that report.

I refer the Hon Member to the statement made on 18 December 2018 by the Secretary of State (HCWS1201).

Kit Malthouse
Minister of State (Ministry of Justice) (jointly with Home Office)
3rd Dec 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government, whether his Department has plans to issue a public consultation on the rules governing permitted development in relation to the installation of commercial rooftop solar.

There are extensive permitted development rights for the installation or alteration of solar equipment on non-domestic premises. They are set out in Class J of Part 14, Schedule 2 of the Town and Country Planning (General Permitted Development) (England) Order 2015. These rights are subject to limitations as well as conditions on where the equipment can be installed. There are no plans to consult on any changes to these permitted development rights.

Kit Malthouse
Minister of State (Ministry of Justice) (jointly with Home Office)
10th Sep 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government, what assessment he has made of the effectiveness of the fire regulatory framework in ensuring fires do not spread beyond the room of origin in (a) high-rise flats, (b) medium-rise flats, (c) low-rise flats, (d) houses and (e) bungalows.

Last year, the Government commissioned Dame Judith Hackitt to carry out an Independent Review of Building Regulations and Fire Safety. We are considering Dame Judith’s recommendations for strengthening the system and will set out plans to take them forward in the autumn.

Separately, we have consulted on banning combustible materials for use in the external wall systems of high rise residential buildings and on restricting the use of assessments in lieu of tests and are analysing the responses to these consultations.

We are also consulting on a clarified version of the Building Regulations fire safety guidance and have announced that in the autumn we will publish a call for evidence to inform a technical review of the provisions in the guidance.

Kit Malthouse
Minister of State (Ministry of Justice) (jointly with Home Office)
16th Jul 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government, what plans his Department has to introduce a more robust regulatory framework for fire conditions during tests of combustibility of materials.

Dame Judith Hackitt’s review recommended that test methods and standards should be regularly reviewed in order to drive continuous improvement. The Government has invited views on the Dame Judith’s findings and recommendations, and will set out an implementation plan in the autumn.

Kit Malthouse
Minister of State (Ministry of Justice) (jointly with Home Office)
16th Jul 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government, what the cost to the public purse has been of the (a) consultation into the banning combustible cladding and (b) the Independent Review of Building Regulations and Fire Safety led by Dame Judith Hackitt Review.

A number of staff across the Department contributed to the work on the consultation into banning combustible cladding and the Independent Review of Building Regulations and Fire Safety. The Department does not hold information centrally on the staff time or costs taken to prepare the consultation or carry out the review. Dame Judith Hackitt chaired the Independent Review of Building Regulations and Fire Safety on a pro bono basis – she was not remunerated and only received reimbursement for exceptional travel expenses.

Kit Malthouse
Minister of State (Ministry of Justice) (jointly with Home Office)
16th Jul 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for the Housing, Communities and Local Government, whether the Government plans to require the removal of combustible cladding and insulation from (a) schools, (b) care homes and (c) hospitals.

As of 12 July, 2018, fourteen publicly-owned buildings (including schools and hospitals) have failed large-scale system tests on their cladding systems. One building has now completed the remediation process, including removal and replacement of its aluminium composite material cladding. The other building owners are working with the relevant fire and rescue service and other specialists to consider remedial work, and are taking account of building users’ needs when they do so. We are not aware of any high-rise care homes with aluminium composite material cladding systems.

We are working with the Department of Health and Social Care, NHS Improvement and Department for Education to ensure that appropriate remediation steps are being taken on public buildings.

Kit Malthouse
Minister of State (Ministry of Justice) (jointly with Home Office)
16th Jul 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government, what the timetable is for (a) the remedial work on all high-rise buildings with combustible cladding and (b) the implementation of a ban on combustible cladding.

The latest data available was published on 12 July 2018. Of the 159 social sector buildings that have combinations of Aluminium Composite Material (ACM) cladding and insulation judged to have failed the large-scale tests 114 or 72 per cent have started the process of remediation. Of these, 13 buildings have finished remediation. Of the 301 private sector residential buildings with cladding systems that are unlikely to meet current Building Regulations guidance, local authorities have told us about plans for remediating 77 buildings. Of these, 23 buildings have started remediation, of which 4 have completed.

A new minister-chaired taskforce has been established to oversee the remediation of private sector buildings with aluminium composite material cladding systems. The taskforce is charged with ensuring that remediation plans are put in place swiftly across all private sector buildings with aluminium composite material cladding systems, and addressing any barriers or identifying any additional support required to achieve this.

The consultation on banning the use of combustible materials in the external walls of high-rise residential buildings closes on 14 August. Consultation responses will be analysed over the summer, with the outcome of the consultation to follow.

Kit Malthouse
Minister of State (Ministry of Justice) (jointly with Home Office)
11th Jun 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government, what steps he is taking to ensure that the fire risks associated with properties built using modern methods of construction are fully assessed in the (a) design, (b) construction and (c) inhabitation phase of those properties.

New buildings constructed using modern methods of construction must comply with Building Regulations’ requirements. These are written in performance terms to allow for different methods of construction. The developer is responsible for ensuring compliance with Building Regulations. The independent review of Building Regulations and fire safety has made a series of recommendations about the regulatory system. The Government supports the principles behind those recommendations and will set out in the Autumn how it intends to implement the new regulatory system.

Dominic Raab
Lord Chancellor and Secretary of State for Justice
11th Jun 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government, what proportion of housing fires in England and Wales involved properties constructed using Modern Methods of Construction; and what estimate he has made of the cost of those fires to the public purse.

This information is not held centrally. Fire Statistics are collected by fire brigades and collated centrally by the Home Office. These statistics do not record the detailed form of construction of each building unless the building is timber framed.

Dominic Raab
Lord Chancellor and Secretary of State for Justice
1st Jun 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government, with reference to the BBC Panorama programme of 21 May 2018 on fire safety testing, if the Government will introduce regulations to ensure that testing a building's cladding system involves testing the cladding and insulation together for safety and combustibility.

We will ensure there is no room for doubt over what materials can be used safely in cladding systems on high rise residential buildings. Having listened carefully to the arguments for banning combustible materials in cladding systems on high rise residential buildings, the Government intends to introduce a ban and will consult accordingly. We will publish a consultation document as early as practicable.

Dominic Raab
Lord Chancellor and Secretary of State for Justice
1st Jun 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government, if he will take steps to ensure that combustible products which produce cyanide when burned are banned from buildings on the grounds of fire safety.

We will ensure there is no room for doubt over what materials can be used safely in cladding systems on high rise residential buildings. Having listened carefully to the arguments for banning combustible materials in cladding systems on high rise residential buildings, the Government intends to introduce a ban and will consult accordingly. We will publish a consultation document as early as practicable.

Dominic Raab
Lord Chancellor and Secretary of State for Justice
1st Jun 2018
To ask the Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government, what steps he is taking to ensure that cladding and building insulation will use only Euroclass A1 and A2 materials that are graded as non-combustible.

We will ensure there is no room for doubt over what materials can be used safely in cladding systems on high rise residential buildings. Having listened carefully to the arguments for banning combustible materials in cladding systems on high rise residential buildings, the Government intends to introduce a ban and will consult accordingly. We will publish a consultation document as early as practicable.

Dominic Raab
Lord Chancellor and Secretary of State for Justice
To ask the Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government, whether his Department has plans to issue a public consultation on the rules governing permitted development in relation to the installation of commercial rooftop solar.

There are extensive permitted development rights for the installation or alteration of solar equipment on non-domestic premises. They are set out in Class J of Part 14, Schedule 2 of the Town and Country Planning (General Permitted Development) (England) Order 2015. These rights are subject to limitations as well as conditions on where the equipment can be installed. There are no plans to consult on any changes to these permitted development rights.

Kit Malthouse
Minister of State (Ministry of Justice) (jointly with Home Office)
10th Jul 2019
To ask the Secretary of State for Justice, with reference to the Annual Report of the Independent Monitoring Board at HMP Lincoln for reporting Year 1 February 2018 to 31 January 2019, published on 8 July 2019, what plans his Department has to reduce the 30 per cent of prisoners that leave HMP Lincoln to homelessness or to no fixed abode.

I am currently considering the content and recommendations of the report from the IMB at HMP Lincoln which was published on 8 July 2019. I will respond to the report as soon as that process is completed, and I will ensure a copy of the response is sent to the Hon Member for Lincoln.

10th Jul 2019
To ask the Secretary of State for Justice, with reference to the Annual Report of the Independent Monitoring Board at HMP Lincoln for reporting Year 1 February 2018 to 31 January 2019, what plans his Department has to tackle the 49 per cent increase in incidents of self-harm recorded at HMP Lincoln between 2017 and 2019.

I am currently considering the content and recommendations of the report from the IMB at HMP Lincoln which was published on 8 July 2019. I will respond to the report as soon as that process is completed, and I will ensure a copy of the response is sent to the Hon Member for Lincoln.

10th Jul 2019
To ask the Secretary of State for Justice, with reference to the Annual Report of the Independent Monitoring Board at HMP Lincoln for reporting Year 1 February 2018 to 31 January 2019, what representations has he made to that Board on its statement that there was an extremely tardy manner in which the numerous repair and maintenance jobs across the establishment were dealt with.

I am currently considering the content and recommendations of the report from the IMB at HMP Lincoln which was published on 8 July 2019. I will respond to the report as soon as that process is completed, and I will ensure a copy of the response is sent to the Hon Member for Lincoln.

10th Jul 2019
To ask the Secretary of State for Justice, with reference to the Annual Report of the Independent Monitoring Board at HMP Lincoln for reporting Year 1 February 2018 to 31 January 2019, what assessment has he made of the adequacy of the provision of rehabilitative programmes and courses offered to prisoners upon their release by HMP Lincoln.

I am currently considering the content and recommendations of the report from the IMB at HMP Lincoln which was published on 8 July 2019. I will respond to the report as soon as that process is completed, and I will ensure a copy of the response is sent to the Hon Member for Lincoln.

10th Jul 2019
To ask the Secretary of State for Justice, with reference to the Annual Report of the Independent Monitoring Board at HMP Lincoln for reporting Year 1 February 2018 to 31 January 2019, published on 8 July 2019, what representations has he made to that Board on its statement that there was an apparent lack of co-ordination across government departments to tackle the high level of homelessness of discharged prisoners.

I am currently considering the content and recommendations of the report from the IMB at HMP Lincoln which was published on 8 July 2019. I will respond to the report as soon as that process is completed, and I will ensure a copy of the response is sent to the Hon Member for Lincoln.

10th Jul 2019
To ask the Secretary of State for Justice, what recent assessment he has made of the effect of the stay of six weeks or less for 60 per cent of prisoners in HMP Lincoln on the ability of that prison to provide adequate rehabilitative services.

I am currently considering the content and recommendations of the report from the IMB at HMP Lincoln which was published on 8 July 2019. I will respond to the report as soon as that process is completed, and I will ensure a copy of the response is sent to the Hon Member for Lincoln.

7th May 2019
To ask the Secretary of State for Justice, when the Parliamentary Under Secretary for Courts and Justice plans to respond to the letter of 14 March 2019 from the hon. Member for Lincoln on economic domestic abuse.

I apologise to the honourable Member for Lincoln for the delay in responding to her letter dated 14 March. I understand that a response was sent to her office by my predeccesor, Minister Frazer, on 8 May.

16th Jan 2019
To ask the Secretary of State for Justice, when he plans to respond to the letter of the hon. Member for Lincoln, of 5 October 2018, on issues at HMP Lincoln, reference MC062204.

The response was sent to you on 6 November 2018 and a further copy has been sent to your office.