Bim Afolami Portrait

Bim Afolami

Conservative - Hitchin and Harpenden

Consolidation, &c., Bills (Joint Committee)
5th Mar 2018 - 6th Nov 2019
Consolidation Bills (Joint Committee)
5th Mar 2018 - 6th Nov 2019
Regulatory Reform
6th Nov 2017 - 6th Nov 2019
Public Accounts Committee
11th Sep 2017 - 22nd Oct 2018


There are no upcoming events identified
Division Votes
Wednesday 9th June 2021
Information Commissioner (Remuneration)
voted Aye - in line with the party majority
One of 359 Conservative Aye votes vs 0 Conservative No votes
Tally: Ayes - 369 Noes - 2
Speeches
Tuesday 13th July 2021
International Aid: Treasury Update

This is a very difficult debate, because all of us, on both sides of the House, know what good UK …

Written Answers
Monday 12th July 2021
Telecommunications: Infrastructure
To ask the Secretary of State for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport, whether the Government plans to reform the Electronic …
Early Day Motions
None available
Bills
Wednesday 5th February 2020
British Library Board (Power to Borrow) Act 2021
A Bill to provide the British Library Board with a power to borrow money.
Tweets
Wednesday 21st July 2021
20:30
MP Financial Interests
Monday 4th January 2021
1. Employment and earnings
Payment of £1,000 expected from DMG Media Ltd/Associated Newspapers Ltd, Northcliffe House, 2 Derry St, Kensington, London W8 5TT, for …
EDM signed
Thursday 22nd February 2018
FLY TIPPING AND COMMUNITY PAYBACK
That this House calls on the Secretary of State for Justice to simplify the court process for the prosecution of …

Division Voting information

During the current Parliamentary Session, Bim Afolami has voted in 339 divisions, and never against the majority of their Party.
View All Bim Afolami Division Votes

Debates during the 2019 Parliament

Speeches made during Parliamentary debates are recorded in Hansard. For ease of browsing we have grouped debates into individual, departmental and legislative categories.

Sparring Partners
Boris Johnson (Conservative)
Prime Minister, First Lord of the Treasury, Minister for the Civil Service, and Minister for the Union
(7 debate interactions)
John McDonnell (Labour)
(7 debate interactions)
David Linden (Scottish National Party)
Shadow SNP Spokesperson (Work and Pensions)
(6 debate interactions)
View All Sparring Partners
Department Debates
HM Treasury
(33 debate contributions)
Cabinet Office
(20 debate contributions)
View All Department Debates
View all Bim Afolami's debates

Hitchin and Harpenden Petitions

e-Petitions are administered by Parliament and allow members of the public to express support for a particular issue.

If an e-petition reaches 10,000 signatures the Government will issue a written response.

If an e-petition reaches 100,000 signatures the petition becomes eligible for a Parliamentary debate (usually Monday 4.30pm in Westminster Hall).

Petitions with highest Hitchin and Harpenden signature proportion
Petitions with most Hitchin and Harpenden signatures
Bim Afolami has not participated in any petition debates

Latest EDMs signed by Bim Afolami

5th February 2018
Bim Afolami signed this EDM on Thursday 22nd February 2018

FLY TIPPING AND COMMUNITY PAYBACK

Tabled by: Mike Penning (Conservative - Hemel Hempstead)
That this House calls on the Secretary of State for Justice to simplify the court process for the prosecution of fly-tippers; and to introduce community payback sentencing for fly-tippers to help address the increase in illegal fly tipping.
45 signatures
(Most recent: 21 May 2018)
Signatures by party:
Labour: 25
Conservative: 13
Democratic Unionist Party: 4
Independent: 1
Liberal Democrat: 1
Crossbench: 1
25th October 2017
Bim Afolami signed this EDM on Thursday 23rd November 2017

DISABILITY EMPLOYMENT

Tabled by: Daniel Zeichner (Labour - Cambridge)
That this House notes the findings published by Leonard Cheshire Disability, as part of its Untapped Talent campaign on disability employment, that 60 per cent of young disabled people said they did not receive the right support in order to move towards employment; encourages the Government to do more to …
59 signatures
(Most recent: 24 Jan 2018)
Signatures by party:
Labour: 29
Scottish National Party: 17
Independent: 4
Conservative: 3
Democratic Unionist Party: 2
Liberal Democrat: 2
Crossbench: 1
The Independent Group for Change: 1
Green Party: 1
View All Bim Afolami's signed Early Day Motions

Commons initiatives

These initiatives were driven by Bim Afolami, and are more likely to reflect personal policy preferences.

MPs who are act as Ministers or Shadow Ministers are generally restricted from performing Commons initiatives other than Urgent Questions.


Bim Afolami has not been granted any Urgent Questions

Bim Afolami has not been granted any Adjournment Debates

3 Bills introduced by Bim Afolami


A Bill to provide the British Library Board with a power to borrow money.

This Bill received Royal Assent on Thursday 29th April 2021 and was enacted into law.


The Bill failed to complete its passage through Parliament before the end of the session. This means the Bill will make no further progress. A Bill to make provision about substance testing in prisons and similar institutions.


Last Event - 1st Reading: House Of Commons
Tuesday 17th April 2018
(Read Debate)

The Bill failed to complete its passage through Parliament before the end of the session. This means the Bill will make no further progress. A Bill to make provision for a single compensation scheme for passengers across train operators; to require train operators to pay automatic compensation to season ticket holders and certain other passengers where certain standards of service are not met; to allow train operators to recover compensation paid to passengers from Network Rail in certain circumstances; to establish a body to administer rail compensation; and for connected purposes.


Last Event - 1st Reading: House Of Commons
Wednesday 4th July 2018

Bim Afolami has not co-sponsored any Bills in the current parliamentary sitting


22 Written Questions in the current parliament

(View all written questions)
Written Questions can be tabled by MPs and Lords to request specific information information on the work, policy and activities of a Government Department
6th Jul 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport, whether the Government plans to reform the Electronic Communications Code to make it easier for companies to install infrastructure to support full fibre gigabit broadband in blocks of flats and rural land.

My Department published a consultation in January 2021 asking whether further reforms to the Electronic Communications Code are needed in order to ensure the Code provides the right legislative framework to promote fast, cost effective network provision. The consultation covered a range of issues, including matters relating to negotiations and dispute resolution, rights to upgrade and share apparatus and problems relating to the renewal of expired agreements.

This consultation closed on 24 March 2021. It would not be appropriate for me to comment on the possible outcomes of the consultation at this stage, as responses are being considered. The consultation response will be published in due course and we will bring legislation forward as soon as parliamentary time allows.

The Telecommunications Infrastructure (Leasehold Property) Act gained Royal Assent in March 2021. This Act aims to address one stated policy barrier: making it easier for telecoms companies to access multi-dwelling buildings (such as blocks of flats) where a tenant has requested a new connection, but the landlord has not responded to requests for access rights.

The Act inserts a new Part 4A to the Electronic Communication Code which provides a process that telecommunications operators could use to gain code rights to multi-dwelling premises for a defined period. This only applies where:

  • a lessee in occupation in a multi-dwelling building has requested a telecommunications service from an operator

  • to connect the property the telecoms operator requires an access agreement with another person such as the landlord

  • the landlord has not responded to the telecoms operator’s request for access

My Department has also recently launched a consultation which seeks views on the terms which will accompany the interim Code rights provided to operators who have successfully applied for an order made under Part 4A of the Electronic Communications Code. This consultation closes on Wednesday 4 August. Responses will be considered and the consultation response will be published in due course.

Matt Warman
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport)
2nd Mar 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport, what assessment the Government has made of the potential merits of increasing the allocation of funding for (a) VE and (b) VJ day to be equal to that allocated to Remembrance Sunday.

As for Remembrance Sunday, VE and VJ Day events are funded and delivered by a wide range of organisations. As well as central Government support for the National commemorations, local communities are delivering projects and events across the nation to commemorate both VE and VJ Day.

Nigel Huddleston
Assistant Whip
30th Oct 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, how much money has been disbursed by each local authority out of the £63 million that the Government allocated in June 2020 to be distributed by local authorities to help those struggling to afford food and other essentials as a result of the covid-19 outbreak.

Local Authorities (LAs) are best placed to understand the needs of the people they serve and respond in the most appropriate way. My officials worked closely with colleagues in the Ministry for Housing, Communities and Local Government (MHCLG) and Local Authorities to design the grant scheme in a way that ensured support was delivered quickly to those in need while maintaining appropriate controls and oversight. They did this through issuing guidance on what the money should be used for in general terms (for example, vouchers for food and essential supplies). Reporting requirements were designed to be light touch to make sure the money was spent on supporting people not administration. LAs are reporting expenditure to MHCLG as part of their normal processes and Defra will be collecting further evidence on how the money was spent.

Victoria Prentis
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
15th Jul 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, what plans the Government has to help ensure that the (a) Convention on Biological Diversity framework and (b) COP 26 are coordinated in (i) work on and (ii) approach to tackling biodiversity loss and climate change.

Biodiversity loss and climate change are interlinked crises and cannot be tackled in isolation. This is why nature will be one of the key areas of focus at UNFCCC COP26 in Glasgow and why we will be pushing for the agreement of ambitious global targets for biodiversity at CBD COP15 in China.

To amplify the linkages between the two agendas, at COP26 we will be encouraging countries to use nature based solutions as a way to tackle biodiversity loss and climate change including mobilising more finance for nature, investing in sustainable and resilient agriculture and protecting important ecosystems such as forests. We will work with China to ensure that the outcomes of both COPs are mutually supportive.

Rebecca Pow
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
15th Jul 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, what steps he is taking to help ensure that the UK is a global leader in policy advocacy for the conservation of nature.

We are committed to ensuring that the UK leads the world to promote a green, fair and resilient global recovery from the impacts of Covid-19 and central to that is the importance of resetting the global relationship with nature.

We will support the adoption of ambitious and practical targets on nature at the UN Convention on Biological Diversity Summit (COP15) in China next May, strengthened by coherent implementation mechanisms that will deliver a new global biodiversity framework that is commensurate with the scale of the challenge. Nature is also a top priority for our upcoming Presidency of UN Framework Convention on Climate Change Conference (COP26) next year and we are pushing for tangible and ambitious commitments from partner governments to champion nature and nature-based solutions. Given this, and the multi-faceted benefits of nature-based solutions, we are working with the Chinese Government, who are hosting COP15, to press for mutually reinforcing outcomes at the two Conferences. In addition, we will continue leading global ambition on conserving endangered species, following our hosting of the international Illegal Wildlife Trade Conference in 2018.

On marine biodiversity, we are driving forward efforts to protect and enhance the ocean and eliminate harmful fisheries practice as we have done domestically and in 2018 we launched the Commonwealth Clean Ocean Alliance with Vanuatu, which now convenes 34 Commonwealth countries to tackle plastic pollution. We have also committed to a new, £500 million Blue Planet Fund, and are building on the ‘30by30’ campaign which the UK launched at the UN General Assembly in 2018, leading the Global Ocean Alliance calling to protect 30% of the world’s global ocean by 2030. This ambitious target is underpinned by domestic commitments through the Blue Belt Programme, which is on course to deliver over 4 million square kilometres of protected ocean around the British Overseas Territories by the end of 2020.

Our international leadership on nature must be underpinned by credible action at home. In England, our 25 Year Environment Plan marked a step change in ambition for nature and the natural environment. We are taking action to fulfil this ambition by introducing bold new legislation and new funding to support nature’s recovery.

Rebecca Pow
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
22nd Oct 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, with reference to paragraph 109 on page 20 of the Clean Air Zone Framework, published in February 2020, what support his Department is providing to local authorities setting up Clean Air Zones to help encourage the upgrade of refrigeration units on cold chain vehicles to the least polluting options.

The Government does not provide any specific advice or support to local authorities with regard to this issue. It is for local authorities to determine their own local measures and exemptions as part of their local plan submitted to the Government.

We are also supporting the development of cleaner alternatives that affected businesses can switch to by doubling the funding provided for the energy innovation programme, accelerating the design and production of clean energy technologies.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
22nd Oct 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, how his Department monitors the level of emissions caused by transport refrigeration units; and what steps his Department is taking to reduce such emissions to achieve the target of net zero by 2050.

Emissions from transport refrigeration units are governed by Regulation (EU) 2016/1628, which controls gaseous and particulate pollutants from engines of Non-Road Mobile Machinery (NRMM). This Regulation implements legislative requirements that an engine for NRMM must be approved against before it can be marketed within the UK.

The Department will be working closely with DEFRA and BEIS to ensure the emissions of NRMM, such as transport refrigeration units, reduce in line with the Government’s net zero commitments.

To improve air quality, the UK Government announced its intention to remove the entitlement to use red diesel from April 2022, except for non-commercial heating, agriculture, fish farming and rail. This will ensure that the tax system incentivises users of polluting diesel fuel to change practices or pay for their harmful emissions. The Government has recently consulted on this and is currently analysing responses.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
22nd Oct 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, for what reason transport refrigeration units are exempt from the Clean Air Zone Framework in England.

Individual refrigeration units can cause significant levels of pollution; however the standards set out for charging Clean Air Zones (CAZs) set out in the CAZ framework are focussed on vehicle tailpipe emissions, which are the greatest source of roadside pollution by a significant margin.

There are also technical limitations to using CAZs to control such vehicles. CAZs rely on Automated Number Plate Recognition to identify the Euro class of a vehicle but cannot identify whether or not they are a refrigerated vehicle; it would not, at present, be possible to use a CAZ in this way.

Rachel Maclean
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
20th Apr 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, whether the Government plans to continue Public Health England's abdominal cancer symptoms awareness campaign that included the ovarian cancer symptom of bloating.

Evaluation of the latest national campaign on abdominal cancer symptoms which ran between November 2020 and January 2021 is currently underway.

Jo Churchill
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department of Health and Social Care)
2nd Mar 2021
What plans he has to ensure that the UK and other donors contribute funding to the Global Partnership for Education replenishment in 2021.

The UK helped found the GPE and we have been its largest donor, having contributed $1.6 billion since 2002. Since its creation, the GPE has contributed to the largest expansion of primary and lower secondary schooling in history.

Global education will be a key focus of the UK’s G7 Presidency and we call on all donors to step up with ambitious pledges to help the GPE secure its target of up to $5 billion. No decision has been taken yet on the UK’s next contribution to GPE, and details will follow in due course.

Wendy Morton
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
13th Jul 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, what plans the Government has to [demonstrate global leadership] at the (a) UN General Assembly Leader’s Biodiversity Summit, (b) over the next year and (c) during the UK's presidency of COP26.

The UK is committed to tackling climate change, which is why we bid to host COP26 in Glasgow in partnership with Italy. Through diplomatic effort, in both bilateral and multilateral fora, and working with governments, businesses, and civil societies, we are calling for all countries to bring forward long-term climate strategies and are leading the world's response to tackle climate change. As the first country to legislate to end our contribution to global warming, the UK is leading by example as a global force for good. We have also committed to doubling the UK's International Climate Finance funding to at least £11.6 billion between 2021/22 and 2025/26. Humanity faces the twin threats of climate change and biodiversity loss. These are two sides of the same coin; it is impossible to solve one without fixing the other. The conventions on biological diversity (COP15) and climate (COP26) provide excellent opportunities to take effective action on climate change and biodiversity loss and deliver a step change on both of these global crises.

We will support the adoption of ambitious and practical targets on nature at the UN Convention on Biological Diversity Summit (COP15) in China next year, strengthened by coherent implementation mechanisms that will deliver a new global biodiversity framework that is commensurate with the scale of the challenge. Nature is also a top priority for our upcoming Presidency of COP26 next year and we are pushing for tangible and ambitious commitments from partner governments to champion nature and nature-based solutions. Given this, and the multi-faceted benefits of nature-based solutions, we are working with the Chinese Government, who are hosting COP15, to press for mutually reinforcing outcomes at the two Conferences. In addition, we will continue leading global ambition on conserving endangered species, following our hosting of the international Illegal Wildlife Trade Conference in 2018.

James Duddridge
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
30th Oct 2020
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, what Barnett consequentials have arisen as a result of the £63 million that the Government allocated in June 2020 to be distributed by local authorities in England to help people struggling to afford food and other essentials as a result of the covid-19 outbreak.

To?give?the?devolved administrations?the?upfront?certainty to plan and deliver their coronavirus response, the UK Government have guaranteed they will receive at least £14bn in additional funding this year on top of their Spring Budget?funding.

The Barnett consequentials associated with the funding the UK Government allocated to English local authorities in June 2020 will contribute towards this guarantee.

Steve Barclay
Chief Secretary to the Treasury
13th Oct 2020
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, what assessment his Department has made of the effect on the expected number of returns to the Exchequer of the level of deferred VAT payments under the Deferral Scheme for VAT.

As part of the Government’s support for businesses during COVID-19, businesses were given the option to defer their VAT payments between 20 March and 30 June in order to manage their cash flow through the initial stages of the pandemic. Approximately 500,000 businesses deferred £30 billion in VAT. Approximately £16 billion of VAT was received into the Exchequer covering the deferral period, as some businesses continued to pay VAT as normal.

Jesse Norman
Financial Secretary (HM Treasury)
13th Oct 2020
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, what assessment his Department has made of the likely combined effect on lending to UK businesses of the partial reintroduction of crown preference (secondary preferential creditor status) from 1 December 2020 and the amount of deferred VAT under the Deferral Scheme for VAT.

The recent legislative change gives HMRC second preferential creditor status for certain taxes. This change is designed to ensure that when a business enters insolvency, more of the taxes paid in good faith by its employees and customers, but held temporarily by the business, go to fund public services as intended, rather than be distributed to other creditors.

This change is not expected to have a significant impact on financial institutions, the lending market or wider economy. This measure is forecast to raise up to £220 million a year. To put this into perspective, bank lending to small and medium-sized businesses alone in 2019 was £57 billion.

This reform will have no direct impact on VAT deferral as it only applies to businesses that become insolvent. Like HMRC’s Time to Pay scheme, the VAT deferral supports businesses with their cashflow pressures, making them less likely to be insolvent.

Jesse Norman
Financial Secretary (HM Treasury)
13th Oct 2020
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, what recent estimate his Department has made of the expected additional returns to the Exchequer as a result of the introduction of secondary preferential creditor status in conjunction with the Deferral Scheme for VAT.

The recent legislative change gives HMRC second preferential creditor status for certain taxes. This change is designed to ensure that when a business enters insolvency, more of the taxes paid in good faith by its employees and customers, but held temporarily by the business, go to fund public services as intended, rather than be distributed to other creditors.

This change is not expected to have a significant impact on financial institutions, the lending market or wider economy. This measure is forecast to raise up to £220 million a year. To put this into perspective, bank lending to small and medium-sized businesses alone in 2019 was £57 billion.

This reform will have no direct impact on VAT deferral as it only applies to businesses that become insolvent. Like HMRC’s Time to Pay scheme, the VAT deferral supports businesses with their cashflow pressures, making them less likely to be insolvent.

Jesse Norman
Financial Secretary (HM Treasury)
13th Oct 2020
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, what assessment his Department has made of the likely effect on business insolvencies of reintroducing secondary preferential creditor status in December 2020.

The recent legislative change gives HMRC second preferential creditor status for certain taxes. This change is designed to ensure that when a business enters insolvency, more of the taxes paid in good faith by its employees and customers, but held temporarily by the business, go to fund public services as intended, rather than be distributed to other creditors.

This change is not expected to have a significant impact on financial institutions, the lending market or wider economy. This measure is forecast to raise up to £220 million a year. To put this into perspective, bank lending to small and medium-sized businesses alone in 2019 was £57 billion.

This reform will have no direct impact on VAT deferral as it only applies to businesses that become insolvent. Like HMRC’s Time to Pay scheme, the VAT deferral supports businesses with their cashflow pressures, making them less likely to be insolvent.

Jesse Norman
Financial Secretary (HM Treasury)
27th Feb 2020
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, what assessment he has made of the effectiveness of the Financial Conduct Authority's powers to stop the promotion of unregulated investment schemes and scams in online advertising.

The Treasury has given the FCA strong powers to ensure that products are regulated and promoted effectively. In May last year, following the collapse of London Capital and Finance, I launched a review of the regulatory regime for the issuance of non-transferable debt securities – often known as mini-bonds. This review has also encompassed the way that these products are marketed to consumers through the financial promotions regime. The Government will be announcing the results of this review shortly.

The Government takes fraud very seriously and continues to work closely with industry to close down the vulnerabilities that fraudsters exploit and ensure members of the public have the information they need to spot a scam and stand up to fraudsters.

I recognise that issuers of fraudulent online financial promotions have no regard for the regulatory protections we have in place. I have therefore asked my officials to work with the FCA as a priority to consider how best to respond to fraudulent financial services activity online.

John Glen
Economic Secretary (HM Treasury)
1st Sep 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government, whether the increase in the period of notice required to be served on a tenant (private, domestic property) from three months to six months applies to notices served and effective before the increased period was announced.

The legislation requiring landlords to provide six months’ notice to their tenants in most circumstances, apart from the most egregious cases, will be in force from 29 August 2020 until 31 March 2021. Notices served on and before 28 August are not affected by these changes.

If a landlord serves a second notice of the same type under these new requirements, both notices will stand, but it is good practice to withdraw an earlier notice if a second notice is issued.

Christopher Pincher
Minister of State (Housing, Communities and Local Government)
4th Feb 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government, what assessment he has made of the effectiveness of regulations used by local authorities in relation to changing the classification of assets of community value.

The Government has committed to improving the assets of community value scheme which was introduced through the Localism Act 2011. As part of this, we will assess the overall the effectiveness of the regulations for local authorities, asset owners and voluntary and community groups to ensure that any legislation the Government introduces will meet our objective of supporting communities to protect those assets that are under threat.

27th Apr 2020
What assessment he has made of the level of compliance with social distancing measures by (a) criminal and (b) civil courts during the covid-19 outbreak.

Levels of compliance with social distancing by criminal and civil courts are high. HMCTS are following PHE guidance to ensure that our courts and tribunals support proper social distancing measures for everyone who uses and works in them.

Working with the judiciary, we have agreed how to prioritise the most urgent cases. For example, in crime we are prioritising cases in custody, in family we are dealing with cases to protect vulnerable children such as Emergency Protection Orders, Interim Care Orders and Issue Resolution Hearings in care proceedings.

With the judiciary, we have also moved to hear many more cases remotely by telephone or video wherever possible and appropriate – so that people are able to stay at home.

Jury trials are currently paused for a short time to put appropriate arrangements in place to maintain social distancing for jurors.

I also want to thank the judiciary for their continued work in courts and tribunals to keep the wheels of justice turning and keeping the public safe during these unprecedented times.

Chris Philp
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office)
13th Jan 2020
To ask the Secretary of State for Justice, what discussions he has had with Cabinet colleagues on the effect of criminal records acquired by minors on their life opportunities.

We believe that that children who offend should have the opportunity to learn from their mistakes and move ahead positively with their lives while ensuring ensure the public are adequately protected.

The criminal records disclosure regime is designed to help employers make informed recruitment decisions through the disclosure of appropriate and relevant information, particularly for roles involving children and vulnerable adults.

We have noted the Supreme Court judgment in P and others and my department is working closely with the Home Office to reform the existing regime.

Wendy Morton
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)