Marquess of Lothian Portrait

Marquess of Lothian

Conservative - Life peer

Marquess of Lothian is not a member of any APPGs
Intelligence and Security Committee of Parliament
21st Sep 2017 - 8th Oct 2019
Intelligence and Security Committee of Parliament
14th Sep 2015 - 12th May 2016
Intelligence and Security Committee of Parliament
7th Dec 2010 - 30th Mar 2015
Joint Committee on Security
7th Dec 2010 - 5th Sep 2011
Intelligence and Security Committee of Parliament
26th Jan 2006 - 6th May 2010
Shadow Secretary of State for Defence
10th May 2005 - 6th Dec 2005
Deputy Leader of the Conservative Party
18th Sep 2001 - 6th Dec 2005
Shadow Foreign Secretary
18th Sep 2001 - 10th May 2005
Shadow Minister without Portfolio
2nd Dec 1998 - 18th Sep 2001
Party Chair, Conservative Party
2nd Dec 1998 - 18th Sep 2001
Deputy Chair, Conservative Party
2nd Jun 1998 - 2nd Dec 1998
Shadow Secretary of State
11th Jun 1997 - 2nd Jun 1998
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Northern Ireland Office)
27th May 1993 - 5th Jan 1994
Public Accounts Committee
27th Apr 1992 - 26th Jul 1993
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Scottish Office)
13th Jun 1983 - 14th Jun 1987


There are no upcoming events identified
Division Votes
Thursday 10th June 2021
Town and Country Planning (General Permitted Development etc.) (England) (Amendment) Order 2021
voted No - in line with the party majority
One of 202 Conservative No votes vs 1 Conservative Aye votes
Tally: Ayes - 260 Noes - 229
Speeches
Thursday 27th February 2020
Israel and Palestine: United States’ Proposals for Peace

My Lords, it is always a pleasure to follow the noble Lord. I am grateful to the noble Baroness for …

Written Answers
Monday 29th November 2021
Foreign Relations: Russia
To ask Her Majesty's Government when the Prime Minister last spoke to the President of Russia.
Early Day Motions
None available
Bills
None available
Tweets
None available
MP Financial Interests
None available

Division Voting information

During the current Parliamentary Session, Marquess of Lothian has voted in 134 divisions, and never against the majority of their Party.
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Debates during the 2019 Parliament

Speeches made during Parliamentary debates are recorded in Hansard. For ease of browsing we have grouped debates into individual, departmental and legislative categories.

Department Debates
Ministry of Defence
(1 debate contributions)
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Legislation Debates
Marquess of Lothian has not made any spoken contributions to legislative debate
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Commons initiatives

These initiatives were driven by Marquess of Lothian, and are more likely to reflect personal policy preferences.

MPs who are act as Ministers or Shadow Ministers are generally restricted from performing Commons initiatives other than Urgent Questions.


Marquess of Lothian has not been granted any Urgent Questions

Marquess of Lothian has not been granted any Adjournment Debates

Marquess of Lothian has not introduced any legislation before Parliament

Marquess of Lothian has not co-sponsored any Bills in the current parliamentary sitting


321 Written Questions in the current parliament

(View all written questions)
Written Questions can be tabled by MPs and Lords to request specific information information on the work, policy and activities of a Government Department
19th Nov 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government when the Prime Minister last spoke to the President of Russia.

The Prime Minister last spoke to President Putin of Russia on Monday 25 October.

Details of their call were published on GOV.UK (https://www.gov.uk/government/news/pm-call-with-president-putin-of-russia-25-october-2021) and stated that:

“The Prime Minister spoke to Russian President Putin this afternoon ahead of the COP26 Summit.

He welcomed the steps Russia has taken in recent days to commit net zero by 2060. The Prime Minister expressed his hope that Russia will raise that target to achieving net zero by 2050 as well as making further progress on ending deforestation and an ambitious Nationally Determined Contribution.

President Putin expressed his regret that he would not be able to attend the COP26 Summit in person in the light of the coronavirus situation in Russia.

The Prime Minister was clear that the UK’s current relationship with Russia is not the one we want. He said significant bilateral difficulties remain, including the poisonings in Salisbury in 2018. The Prime Minister also underscored the importance of Ukrainian sovereignty.

The Prime Minister said that as fellow permanent members of the UN Security Council and major world economies with a long, shared history, the UK and Russia have a responsibility to work together to tackle shared challenges like climate change and safeguard international agreements like the Iran Nuclear Deal.

The leaders also discussed the current situation in Afghanistan. The Prime Minister stressed the importance of any recognition of the Taliban being conditional on their behaviour, including respect for human rights.”

Lord True
Minister of State (Cabinet Office)
10th Sep 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government how often the taskforce set up with the United States of America to discuss the establishment of a travel corridor has met; and what progress has been made on agreeing a date to open such a corridor.

The Prime Minister and US President announced the establishment of a UK/US Expert Working Group on international travel following their meeting on 10 June 2021. Since then, the group met in full regularly over the summer to discuss the reopening of travel between the UK and US, as well as further engagement between the UK and US chairs, our embassy in Washington, and technical discussions.

Facilitated by the UK/US Working Group, the UK reopened travel for double vaccinated US residents on 2 August, meaning that they no longer need to self isolate on arrival into the UK.

On 20 September, the US announced that they will allow double vaccinated British nationals to enter the US from November, completing the fully vaccinated travel corridor. Travellers will need proof of full vaccination and a negative COVID test taken three days before departure and will not need to quarantine.

Lord True
Minister of State (Cabinet Office)
22nd Apr 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what plans they have, if any, to reform the Ministerial Code to take greater account of ministerial communication by (1) text, (2) Signal, (3) WhatsApp, and (4) other encrypted messaging services.

Ministers’ formal meetings with external organisations are published quarterly on gov.uk.

Ministers will have informal conversations from time to time, in person or remotely, and significant content relating to government business from such discussions is passed back to officials.

Ministers will use a range of digital forms of communication for discussions in line with relevant guidance on information handling and security.

The Cabinet Office has previously published guidance on how information is held for the purposes of access to information, and how formal decisions are recorded for the official record. Ministers are also given advice on the security of electronic communications.

Lord True
Minister of State (Cabinet Office)
16th Apr 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government when they intend to appoint a new Independent Adviser on Ministers’ Interests; and why that post has remained vacant since the resignation of Sir Alex Allan in November 2020.

The Prime Minister yesterday announced the appointment of Rt Hon Lord Geidt to serve as the Independent Adviser on Ministers’ Interests. Lord Geidt is a Crossbench Member of the House of Lords, a Privy Councillor and a former Private Secretary to The Queen. He brings a distinguished record of impartial public service and experience of Government to bear on the appointment.

The Prime Minister has agreed Terms of Reference for the role with Lord Geidt. These have been published on Gov.uk and will be deposited in the House libraries.

As part of these new Terms of Reference, and taking into account the recommendations of the Chair of the Committee on Standards in Public Life, the Independent Adviser will now have the authority to advise on the initiation of investigations.



Lord True
Minister of State (Cabinet Office)
11th Feb 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government how many Freedom of Information (FOI) requests they have not responded to within 20 working days; and whether they have any plans to improve the efficiency of the FOI request system.

The Cabinet Office publishes information on the handling of Freedom of Information (FOI) requests across Government on a quarterly basis on Gov.uk.

Covid-19 has put particular pressures on public officials, but as the published figures demonstrate that between July and September 2020, departments received around 8,000 freedom of information requests and responded to almost 90% of them within 20 working days or with a permitted extension. This reflects the Government’s commitment to fulfill its freedom of information obligations, despite the pressures of responding to COVID-19.

Lord True
Minister of State (Cabinet Office)
14th Jan 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they are taking to enable further Parliamentary scrutiny of the UK–EU Trade and Cooperation Agreement

The Government is committed to facilitating appropriate parliamentary oversight of the UK’s relationship with the EU and is carefully considering appropriate scrutiny processes.

The House of Lords scrutinised the TCA further in an extensive debate on 8 January, and Ministers will continue to engage with the appropriate Select Committees in the coming weeks.

Lord True
Minister of State (Cabinet Office)
4th Jun 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to the fourth factsheet of the UK COVID-19 news and information project published by Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism on 1 June, what assessment they have made of the results of the survey fielded from 21–27 May which reported that trust in Her Majesty's Government as a source of information about COVID-19 had “declined substantially since April”, and which showed a “significant increase in the percentage of people who say they are concerned about false or misleading information about coronavirus from the UK government”; and how they intend to tackle the issue of the loss of public trust in their response to the COVID-19 pandemic.

In responding to this unprecedented pandemic, the Government has been guided by the very best scientific and medical advice from our world-leading experts, and we believe their advice to be trustworthy. This approach is illustrated in the advice received and followed from the Scientific Advisory Group for Emergencies (SAGE). Protecting the health and safety of the British public is, and must always be, our number one priority. Minutes of SAGE meetings have been published and are available to view here: https://www.gov.uk/government/groups/scientific-advisory-group-for-emergencies-sage-coronavirus-covid-19-response

Lord True
Minister of State (Cabinet Office)
5th Feb 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what final budget has been agreed for the cost of hosting the COP26 Summit in Glasgow in November 2020.

The Prime Minister demonstrated his focus on climate action on Tuesday 4 February 2020 by launching the COP26 Climate Summit. The text of the speech is available at https://www.gov.uk/government/speeches/pm-speech-at-cop-26-launch-4-february-2020

Regarding meetings of the Cabinet, it is a long established precedent that information about the discussions that have taken place in Cabinet and its Committees, and how often they have met, is not shared publicly.

The negotiations timetable for COP26 will be set by the UK, as President of COP26, including the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change Secretariat. The timetable will be informed by the outcome of negotiations, including at the intersessional meeting in Bonn in June. Details of the timetable for high level and public events will be announced by the Government in due course.

The UK Government is working closely with the Scottish Government and with operational delivery partners, including Police Scotland and Glasgow City Council, to ensure the successful delivery of COP26 in Glasgow. The security plan for the COP26 venue will be jointly developed and agreed on by the United Nations security team and UK counterparts. Discussions with delivery partners regarding costs for COP26 are ongoing, and final budgets and details are yet to be confirmed.

The UK Government is committed to working with the Scottish Government, Welsh Government and Northern Ireland Executive to deliver an ambitious and successful summit for the whole of the UK. Details of Ministerial meetings are published quarterly on GOV.UK

Earl Howe
Deputy Leader of the House of Lords
10th Jun 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government how many job vacancies there are in England; what assessment they have made as to whether there are sufficient workers available to fill those vacancies, particularly in the (1) IT and computing, and (2) hospitality, sectors; and what plans they have to address any skills gaps.

The Government actively monitors the UK labour market. The latest ONS statistics suggest that, between March and May 2021, there were 758,000 vacancies in the economy, only 27,000 below the pre-pandemic level.

We are actively supporting the hospitality sector on its road to recovery. We are offering generous incentives to employers to recruit staff, with hundreds of young people starting work every day through the Kickstart Scheme. We are providing employers with a hiring incentive for each new apprentice they hire and have increased the payment to £3,000 for each newly hired apprentice of any age, helping more people to kick start or upskill their career across a broad range of industries. We are also investing £126 million in additional support to help create 40,000 more traineeships in England, funding high-quality work placements and training for 16-24-year olds in 2021-22.

The digital transformation is driving rises in the number of tech and digital jobs advertised, providing an opportunity to get people into good quality work. According to Adzuna estimates, there were 132,000 tech job vacancies in the UK in May, making up 12% of all open vacancies. There are nearly three million jobs in the digital tech economy, more than either Construction (1.9m) or Financial Services (1.2m) and the sector accounts for 9% of the UK’s workforce.

The 10 Tech Priorities, launched by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS) in March, includes ‘’building a tech savvy nation’’. Our apprenticeships and digital bootcamps will help set people up for highly skilled, highly paid roles of the future.

Encouraging many more skilled people to enter digital roles is vital if the UK is to have the digital skills it requires. In order to coordinate industry support for the teaching of computing in English schools, DCMS created the Digital Skills Partnership Schools group. In order to raise the awareness of interesting digital roles and routes into them, the Digital Skills Partnership Schools Group is working with industry to test how best to do this. The pilot, funded by DCMS, is being run by the South West Local Digital Skills Partnership.

Lord Callanan
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy)
22nd Apr 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government, having secured Associate Status to the Horizon Europe programme, whether they will fund participation in that programme in full; and whether there will be a consequential impact on the UK Research and Innovation budget.

Association to Horizon Europe will bring huge benefits to the UK. The Government has announced an additional £250 million in 2021/22 for Horizon Europe. An additional £400 million, earmarked at Spending Review for 2021/22 to help support government priorities, will help to pay for association to Horizon.

Government investment in R&D will reach £14.9billion in 2021/22, its highest level in four decades. UK scientists will now have access to more public funding than ever before.

Lord Callanan
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy)
25th Mar 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to their report Global Britain in a Competitive Age: the Integrated Review of Security, Defence, Development and Foreign Policy, published on 16 March, and their stated aim to secure the UK’s status as a ‘Science and Tech Superpower’ by 2030 by redoubling the commitment to research and development, whether they intend to reverse funding cuts to research and development programmes; and if so, to which programmes they intend to provide increased funding.

Our commitment to research and development has been clearly demonstrated through the Spending Review announcement to increase investment in R&D across government to £14.6bn in 2021/22. This increase in investment will help deliver our ambition to increase total UK R&D investment to 2.4% of GDP by 2027.

The increased investment will put research and development at the heart of economic and social recovery from the impacts of COVID-19, enabling us to build back better for a greener, healthier and more resilient UK.

As the custodian of the R&D system, BEIS was allocated £11.1 billion for R&D in 2021/22. Funding for each individual programme is subject to our Departmental allocations process, which is under way. We will provide an update in due course.

Lord Callanan
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy)
11th Mar 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the impact of job losses and business closures as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic on (1) women, and (2) ethnic minorities; and what action they are taking as a result.

Throughout this crisis, the Government has sought to protect people’s jobs and livelihoods whilst supporting businesses and public services across the UK. The Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme (CJRS) is specifically designed to protect jobs, and it has been used by 1.3m employers to support 11.2m jobs. Since July, more than half of the jobs that have been furloughed were held by women, and we have ensured that women will not lose Statutory Maternity Pay if their roles have been furloughed.

We recognise that unfortunately it has not been possible to protect every business and every job and our thoughts are with those who have been impacted by this virus. While the pandemic has had a significant impact across the whole labour market, certain groups have been more affected than others. For example, the latest official statistics show that individuals from ethnic minority backgrounds are more likely to be out of work. Existing Covid-19 support measures and the measures announced at Budget 2021 seek to address this.

The new Restart Grants will provide up to £6k for non-essential retail businesses and up to £18k for hospitality, accommodation, leisure, personal care and gyms, for example. The hospitality and personal care sectors have a higher proportion of employees that are young, female, BAME and without qualifications when compared to other industries. By contributing to business survival, these grants will therefore benefit these groups as a result.

Moreover, VAT reductions and extending business rates relief for businesses in the hospitality sector will continue to protect both the UK economy and the livelihoods of people across the country, in particular BAME employees and women.

Lord Callanan
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy)
9th Jul 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to reports by the Copernicus Climate Change Service that there was a heatwave in March, April and May in the Arctic Circle, what recent discussions they have had with other parties to the 2015 Paris Climate Agreement on the impact of prolonged high temperatures in the Arctic on the global climate.

Government officials hold regular discussions with climate scientists and negotiators from arctic nations and others, including through the Cryosphere High Urgency group run by the International Cryosphere Climate Initiative.

Lord Callanan
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy)
12th Nov 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government whether they have any evidence from social media analytics that QAnon is gaining support in the UK; what discussions they have had with social media companies about removing content which promotes conspiracy theories which breaches community guidelines; and what action they are taking to combat such misinformation online.

The Government is focused on addressing disinformation or misinformation by any actor. During the Covid-19 pandemic, it continues to be vitally important that the public has accurate information about the virus, and DCMS is leading work across Government to tackle disinformation.

That is why we stood up the Counter Disinformation Unit up on 5 March to bring together cross-Government monitoring and analysis capabilities. The Unit’s primary function is to provide a comprehensive picture of the extent, scope and impact of disinformation and misinformation regarding Covid-19 and to work with partners to ensure appropriate action is taken.

Throughout the pandemic, we have been working closely with social media platforms to quickly identify and help them respond to potentially harmful content on their platforms, including removing harmful content in line with their terms and conditions, and promoting authoritative sources of information.

Baroness Barran
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Education)
27th May 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the possible number of appeals to Teacher Assessed Grades by (1) A-Level, and (2) GCSE, students this summer; and what steps they have taken to ensure processes and resources are in place to deal with such appeals in a timely manner.

Centres will be expected to allow students to see the evidence used to determine their grade in advance of that grade being submitted. This, along with the internal and external quality assurance processes and the guidance provided to teachers, should ensure students can have confidence in their grades which will reduce the number of instances in which students need to appeal.

The Department is unable to estimate the exact number of appeals in advance, we have and will continue to work with awarding bodies to ensure they are prepared to respond to a range of scenarios in dealing with any appeals that arise. A clear process will be in place for students who wish to appeal their grade, and we have also been clear that appeals for those students whose higher education places are dependent on the outcome of an appeal should, as far as possible, be concluded in early September. Further guidance on the appeals process will be published in due course.

20th May 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what plans they have to reform the adoption process to safely manage potential early contact between adopted children and their birth families, in view of the increased opportunities for such contact created by social media.

Local authorities have a legal duty to provide a comprehensive adoption service.

This specifically includes “Assistance, including mediation services, in relation to arrangements for contact between an adoptive child and a natural parent, natural sibling, former guardian or a related person of the adoptive child”.

We will be working with local authorities and regional adoption agencies to improve support around contact with birth relatives, including that which has started via social media.

13th May 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government how many independent schools have (1) withdrawn, or (2) announced their intention to withdraw, from the Teachers’ Pension Scheme, since the September 2019 announcement of an increase in required employer contributions.

163 independent schools withdrew from the England and Wales Teachers’ Pension Scheme (TPS) between September 2019 and 30 April 2021. 59 independent schools withdrew from the TPS prior to September 2019, following confirmation of the increased employer contribution rate in April 2019.

A further 23 independent schools have provided notice of leaving the TPS which has not yet taken effect.

4th Mar 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what contingency planning they undertook between August 2020 and January 2021 to prepare for the possibility that A-Level and GCSE examinations might be cancelled in 2021.

It was right that the department planned for exams to go ahead because they are the fairest method of assessing what students know and can do. Despite education remaining a national priority, the department remained conscious that the course of the virus and the subsequent extent of necessary public health restrictions would be unknown. We therefore worked closely with Ofqual and the exam boards to plan for a range of scenarios between August 2020 and January 2021. This allowed the department to launch the joint Department for Education and Ofqual consultation on alternative arrangements to exams on 15 January, soon after my right hon. Friend, the Secretary of State’s statement to the house on 6 January that, given the further disruption to education, exams could not go ahead as planned.

The department has now confirmed further details on alternative arrangements to exams, which can be found here: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/awarding-qualifications-in-summer-2021/awarding-qualifications-in-summer-2021.

14th Jan 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they are taking (1) to mitigate the transmission of COVID-19 in (a) primary, and (b) secondary, schools, (2) to ensure such schools are COVID-19 secure, and (3) to expedite the safe re-opening of such schools.

The department has worked closely with other government departments throughout its response to the COVID-19 outbreak, including Public Health England (PHE) and the Department of Health and Social Care (DHSC), as well as stakeholders across the sector, to ensure that our policy is based on the latest scientific and medical advice, to develop comprehensive guidance based on a PHE-endorsed ‘system of controls’ and to understand the impact and effectiveness of these measures on staff, pupils and parents.

The system of control measures as outlined in our guidance has been developed with PHE, with whom we continue to work closely to ensure that these measures are based on the latest medical and scientific advice: https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/952443/210114_School_national_restrictions_guidance_FINAL_14012021.pdf.

When implemented in line with a thorough risk assessment, these measures create an inherently safer system for staff and pupils where the risk of transmission of the infection is substantially reduced. For example, this includes important measures such as, but not limited to, minimising contact with individuals who are not well, maintaining social distancing wherever possible, regularly cleaning hands and introducing enhanced cleaning measures, as well as the use of personal protective equipment where recommended. All elements of the system of controls are essential in effectively minimising risks. Schools must cover them all, but the way different schools implement some of the requirements will differ based on their individual circumstances. PHE advises that the implementation of the system of controls based on a thorough risk assessment is a sufficient and appropriate way to reduce risk in schools.

Limiting attendance does not suggest that schools and colleges have become significantly less safe for young people. Instead, limiting attendance is about supporting the reduction of the overall number of social contacts in our communities. We have resisted restrictions on attendance at schools since the first lockdown but, in the face of the rapidly rising numbers of cases across the country and intense pressure on the NHS, we now need to use every lever at our disposal to reduce all our social contacts wherever possible.

We know that receiving face to face education is best for children’s mental health and for their educational achievement. We will continue to review the restrictions on schools, colleges and universities and will ensure that children and young people return to face to face education as soon as possible.

3rd Sep 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the number of children during the COVID-19 pandemic and the resultant school closures who (1) had no digital devices in their household, (2) whose only available device was a smartphone, (3) had access to a single device in their household which was shared with more than one other family member, and (4) the total number of children who were unable to access remote education consistently as a result.

The department has already invested over £100 million to support remote education and has delivered over 220,000 laptops and tablets to local authorities and academy trusts for children who would not otherwise have access.

The department allocated devices to local authorities and academy trusts based on its estimates of the number of eligible children that did not have access to a device through other means, such as a private device or through school. Local authorities and academy trusts were responsible for distributing the devices, being best placed to know which children and young people need access to a device delivered through the programme.

Where local authorities and academy trusts identified a need greater than their initial allocation, they could provide evidence and request more devices. No valid request for additional devices for eligible children was denied.

We are now supplementing this support by making an initial 150,000 available additional devices in the event face-to-face schooling is disrupted as a result of local COVID-19 restrictions or local lockdowns, and children become reliant on remote education.

15th Nov 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they are taking to reduce confusion regarding recycling in England; what plans they have to require companies to simplify recycling instructions on their packaging; and whether they have plans to legislate to standardise local authority rules over what can and cannot be recycled.

As part of our Resources and Waste Strategy, we want to make recycling easier and ensure that there is a comprehensive and consistent service across England. This will help to reduce confusion with recycling, ensure that there is more recycled material in the products we buy, and that the UK recycling industry grows.

Following support at public consultation, the Environment Act 2021 requires that all waste collection authorities in England must make arrangements for a core set of materials to be collected for recycling from households. This core set includes: paper and card; plastic; glass; metal; food waste and garden waste. The Environment Act 2021 also requires that all businesses and non-domestic premises in England must make arrangements to recycle the same set of recyclable materials, with the exception of garden waste.

In our recent consultation on ‘Consistency in Household and Business Recycling in England’, we consulted on defining these waste streams in greater detail in secondary legislation. We are currently analysing stakeholder responses and will publish the result of these decisions in our government response in early 2022.

Earlier this year we consulted on proposals to introduce Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) for packaging in the UK, these proposals include a mandatory requirement for producers to label packaging to indicate whether it is or isn’t recyclable. This will ensure that consumers are provided with clear and consistent information and will help to make it easier for them to recycle. We are currently analysing stakeholder responses to the consultation and will set out further details in the Government Response which will be published in early 2022.

Lord Goldsmith of Richmond Park
Minister of State (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
18th Aug 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the recommendations of the Climate Change Committee in its report Independent Assessment of UK Climate Risk, published on 16 June, which highlighted a growing gap between the level of climate change risk the UK faces and the level of adaptation underway; and what steps they are taking (1) to increase UK biodiversity, and (2) to ensure the restoration and protection of wildlife habitats.

The Climate Change Committee's (CCC) Independent Assessment of UK Climate Risk presented a detailed and up to date insight into the growing risks and opportunities to the UK from climate change. It will help inform greater ambition and action on enhancing resilience and inform the third Climate Change Risk Assessment Government Report, which we will lay in Parliament in January 2022. This report will state our position relative to the CCC's evidence and advice and set out a forward look for adaptation in the UK, including to the third National Adaptation Programme.   We welcome the evidence the CCC has presented and recognise the need to go further in preparing for the impacts of climate change.

Domestic biodiversity policy is devolved in the UK, and this response refers to action in England. Our 25 Year Environment Plan marked a step-change in ambition for biodiversity and the natural environment and we are already taking action to fulfil this ambition.

We have committed to protect 30% of our land and sea by 2030, and will be extending protections on land and piloting Highly Protected Marine Areas in English waters to boost biodiversity recovery. Since 2010 we have already established over 100 new marine protected sites. We have also brought forward the first Environment Bill in over 20 years with ambitious measures to address the biggest environmental priorities of our age, including restoring and enhancing nature. The Bill requires a new, historic legally binding target to be set to halt the decline in species abundance by 2030. This will help us to deliver our commitment to leave the environment in a better state for future generations.

Furthermore, we are investing in nature restoration and in nature-based solutions to tackle biodiversity loss and climate change and to support new green jobs, for example through our £640 million Nature for Climate and £80 million Green Recovery Challenge funds.

Lord Goldsmith of Richmond Park
Minister of State (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
4th Mar 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they are taking to improve the application process for licences from the Environment Agency to collect and transport waste in order to prevent illegal fly-tipping.

Fly-tipping is a crime which blights local communities and the environment, and the Government is committed to tackling this unacceptable behaviour.

The Government is committed to improving the carrier, broker and dealer (CBD) regime in England and we plan to consult later this year. We want to enhance the background checks needed to operate as a waste carrier, broker or dealer and introduce an element of technical competence as a requirement. We also plan to make it easier for regulators to enforce against non-compliant operators and to make it harder for un-registered operators to find work in the sector. We are working with industry and the regulator as we develop our consultation.

We also intend to consult on the introduction of mandatory electronic waste tracking. This will reduce the ability of waste criminals to hide evidence of the systematic mishandling of waste and make it easier for enforcement authorities to identify material dropping out of the system, and therefore make it easier to protect against fly-tipping. Together these measures will ensure all businesses will be made more accountable for the waste they handle, help to ensure that waste is dealt with appropriately and therefore help to reduce the incidence of waste crime and fly-tipping.

Lord Goldsmith of Richmond Park
Minister of State (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
28th Jan 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what safeguards they have put in place to ensure that the authorisation for the emergency use of pesticides containing thiamethoxam for use on sugar beet crops will not put pollinators at risk.

The Government remains committed to the restrictions put in place in 2018 on the outdoor use of three neonicotinoid pesticides to protect bees and other pollinators. The emergency authorisation that was recently granted for the exceptional use of Cruiser SB (containing the neonicotinoid thiamethoxam) has been issued with strict conditions attached to ensure that potential risks to pollinators will be minimised. It only allows use on the 2021 sugar beet crop in England, which is a non-flowering crop.

A threshold of predicted disease level must be met before the use of treated seeds is allowed and the application rate of the product will be below the previously authorised commercial rate. Conditions are also imposed on the planting of any flowering crops within 22 months of the sugar beet crop, and no oilseed rape is to be planted within 32 months of the sugar beet crop because of its attractiveness to bees. Additionally, an industry-recommended herbicide programme must be followed to limit flowering weeds in and around any treated sugar beet crops.

Protecting pollinators remains a priority for this Government. The National Pollinator Strategy is a 10-year plan which sets out how Government, conservation groups, farmers, beekeepers and researchers can work together to improve the status of pollinating insect species in England.

2nd Dec 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the impact on endangered species of (1) the economic impact of, and (2) the travel restrictions put in place to address, the COVID-19 pandemic; and what action they are taking as a result.

No formal assessment has been made of the impact on endangered species of the economic impact of, and travel restrictions put in place to address, the COVID-19 pandemic.

Lord Goldsmith of Richmond Park
Minister of State (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
16th Sep 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the conclusions of the report by the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds A lost decade for nature, published on 14 September; and what steps they are taking to address the conclusion that "the UK will need to show precisely how it plans to fill the gap between rhetoric and reality in its own backyard".

In 2019, the UK Government published its assessment of progress with the goals and targets set under the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). In common with the RSPB’s assessment, this highlighted ongoing declines in biodiversity in the UK, and despite progress, a clear need to do more. Both reports point to success stories on which we can build, and the UK Government is determined to do just that.

Domestic biodiversity is a devolved matter in the UK. In England, our 25 Year Environment Plan marked a step change in ambition for wildlife and the natural environment. We are already taking steps to meet this ambition in our own backyard and in support of wider global efforts.

We have brought forward the first Environment Bill in over 20 years with ambitious measures to address the biggest environmental priorities of our age, including restoring and enhancing nature. The Bill will set the framework for establishing long-term, legally-binding environmental targets, for air quality, for water, for waste and at least one target on biodiversity. We are investing in restoring nature, for example through our £640m Nature for Climate fund to restore peatland and plant new woodland. We are developing a new Environmental Land Management scheme that will reward farmers and land managers for delivering environmental public goods. The UK is also at the forefront of marine protection with 357 Marine Protected Areas protecting 25% of UK waters, and we are examining ways to pilot Highly Protected Marine Areas.

Biodiversity loss is a global problem that requires a global solution. Our international spending on biodiversity has been growing and was over £200 million per year as of 2017/18. We are playing a leading role in developing an ambitious post-2020 global framework under the CBD and putting nature at the heart of our COP26 Presidency, paving the way for transformative action to tackle climate change and biodiversity loss holistically.

Lord Goldsmith of Richmond Park
Minister of State (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
15th Jul 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they are taking to work with international partners to protect oceans and seas from the impact (1) of rising temperatures, (2) of melting sea ice, and (3) of the depletion of fish stocks.

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Special Report on the Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate provides the definitive assessment of climate change impacts on the ocean and cryosphere (icecaps). It shows that many of the changes that have taken place, such as ocean warming and the melting of sea ice, will continue if greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions continue. Accelerated and ambitious global GHG reductions are critical to reduce the impact of climate change on the ocean, alongside protecting our marine environment to build greater resilience.

As incoming president of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) COP26, the UK is committed to engaging with international partners, encouraging every country to develop ambitious new Nationally Determined Contributions to limit emissions. The UK is also engaging with Parties through the UNFCCC Ocean Dialogue on how to strengthen mitigation and adaptation action for the ocean under the Convention.

The UK is encouraging countries to join the UK-led Global Ocean Alliance, in support of a new Convention on Biological Diversity target to protect at least 30% of the global ocean within marine protected areas and other effective conservation measures by 2030. Scientific evidence indicates effective protection of at least 30% of the global ocean will help to reverse adverse impacts, preserve fish populations, increase resilience to climate change and sustain ocean health. There are currently 25 members of the Global Ocean Alliance from across the globe.

Through our Blue Belt programme, we are on track to protect 4 million square kilometres of ocean around the UK mainland and Overseas Territories within MPAs by 2020.

On the depletion of fish stocks, the UK has always been a strong advocate for setting harvest rates at or below a stock's maximum sustainable yield (MSY), to progress over-exploited stocks towards MSY and restore them to healthy conditions as quickly as possible, both through international agreements and in negotiations over catch limits for stocks of interest to UK fishers.

The Fisheries Bill provides the legal framework for making progress towards MSY in its precautionary objective (clause 1) and further details about how the fisheries administrations will achieve sustainable fishing will be outlined in the legally binding Joint Fisheries Statement and Fisheries Management Plans.

As we leave the EU, the UK will take its seat in regional fisheries management organisations and engage proactively with international counterparts, driving forward a sustainability agenda and helping to ensure sustainable management of high seas fisheries as an independent coastal state. The UK also plays a leading role in the global fight to prevent, deter and eliminate illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing.

The UK is also engaging internationally on science. For example, we are collaborating on research on the changes in the arctic ocean through a £16 million National Environmental Research Council funded programme and we will be participating in the UN Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development (2021-30), which through international collaboration will target a number of societal and research outcomes, including how climate change affects the ocean and coastal communities.

Lord Goldsmith of Richmond Park
Minister of State (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
21st May 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what plans they have, following World Bee Day on 20 May, to raise awareness of the (1) importance of bees in the survival of ecosystems, and (2) role they play in the process of pollination; and what impact the COVID-19 pandemic is having on the beekeeping sector.

Awareness raising

This is a devolved matter and the information provided relates to England only. Protecting pollinators is a priority for the Government. Pollinators are an essential part of our environment and play a crucial role in food production through pollination. The Government supports two major events to raise awareness of the importance of bees and other pollinators and to encourage people to take action.

Firstly, there is our ‘Bees’ Needs’ campaign, which we run with our many partners to raise awareness of the steps we can all take to protect pollinators. Under current circumstances, we shall celebrate Bees’ Needs Week online this year, from 13 to 19 July. We encourage everyone across the country to get involved, to share their own stories and to find out more about the importance of pollinators and how they can support them.

Defra also organises, in partnership with the Green Flag Awards, Championing the Farmed Environment and the Bee Farmers’ Association, an annual Bees’ Needs Champions Awards to recognise and celebrate examples of exemplary initiatives undertaken by schools, local authorities, community groups, farmers and businesses to support pollinators.

Our awareness-raising work is a key objective of the National Pollinator Strategy, a ten-year plan which sets out how the Government, conservation groups, farmers, beekeepers and researchers can work together to improve the status of pollinating insects in England.

Beekeeping sector

Honey bee hives in the UK are managed by hobbyist beekeepers and bee farmers. Guidance with respect to beekeeping in relation to COVID-19 was published on the National Bee Unit’s BeeBase website in March. The guidance highlighted the importance of beekeepers acting responsibly and ensuring that they continued good beekeeping practices, effective stock management and health checks while respecting Government guidance on social distancing. Some beekeepers rely on being able to import queens and current indications are that COVID-19 does not appear to have had a significant impact on imports.

Training courses and beekeeping events provided by the Government and beekeeping groups have been cancelled. It is difficult to mitigate the effects of this but we are making efforts to develop additional online resources available to beekeepers. Our inspectors are able to continue their vital work of inspecting apiaries to target bee pests and diseases. Social distancing can be maintained as inspectors work outdoors and do not have to be in close proximity to the beekeeper.

24th Feb 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what increase there has been in fly-tipping in the last five years; what estimate they have made of the cost of dealing with any such increase; what assessment they have made of any link between fly-tipping and criminal gangs; and what new measures they are proposing to address fly-tipping.

Defra publishes annual fly-tipping statistics for England, with the most recent publication on 7 November 2019 detailing the number of fly-tipping incidents reported by local authorities in the year to 31 March 2019. These can be found at https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/fly-tipping-in-england. The statistics show that incidents of fly-tipping have gradually increased over the last five years, albeit with a decrease reported between 2016/17 and 2017/18. The 2018/19 figures reported an increase of 8% from 2017/18. However, this most recent increase in recorded incidents does not necessarily mean the number of fly-tipping incidents has increased. Local authorities have reported that as they make it easier for citizens to report fly-tipping, for example through mobile apps, they see an increase in the number of incidents recorded.

Since 2017/18 we have changed the way that we present the costs of dealing with fly-tipping. The standard unit costs used for the majority of clearance and enforcement categories in previous statistical releases are now more than 10 years out of date. Defra therefore took the decision to cease using these costs from the 2017/18 fly-tipping statistical release onwards and total cost estimates for fly-tipping clearance and enforcement are not currently produced. However, we do report the clearance costs for ‘tipper lorry load’ and ‘significant/multi load’ incident categories, and enforcement costs for ‘prosecutions’, as these are reported directly by local authorities.

In 2018/19, 3% of all fly-tipping incidents were of ‘tipper lorry load’ size or larger, compared with 4% in 2017/18. This is consistent with the 3% of these incidents reported in 2014/15. The cost of clearance to local authorities in England have shown an increase however, costing £12.9 million in 2018/19, compared with £12.2 million in 2017/18 and £7.3 million in 2014/15.

Local authorities carried out a total of 2,397 prosecutions for fly-tipping offences in England in 2018/19, an increase of 7% on 2017/18 and 32% on 2014/15. Costs of prosecution actions have subsequently increased, from £288,037 in 2014/15 to £1,002,000 in 2018/19. The success rates for prosecution actions against fly-tipping are consistently above 95% and have been since records began in 2007/08.

In 2018, Defra commissioned a review into serious and organised criminality in the waste sector. This considered the operation of organised criminal gangs in the waste industry, including in relation to illegal dumping and fly-tipping. The recommendations of this review were included within our Resources and Waste Strategy (RWS), published in December 2018, which set out an ambitious package of commitments to modernise the way waste is regulated, in order to prevent, detect, and deter waste crime, including fly-tipping. In recent years, we have bolstered local authorities’ powers to tackle fly-tipping and we committed to further reforms in the RWS.

We are taking forward the commitment in the RWS to develop proposals for the reform of the waste carrier, broker, and dealer regime. We are working with industry and the regulator and we intend to consult later this year. At the same time, we intend to consult on the introduction of mandatory electronic waste tracking. This will reduce the ability of waste criminals to hide evidence of the systematic mishandling of waste and make it easier for enforcement authorities to identify material dropping out of the system, and therefore make it easier to protect against fly-tipping.

The Environment Bill provides a significant step forward in delivering a number of the commitments set out in the RWS. The provisions in the Environment Bill will work to ensure waste criminals, such as illegitimate waste operators reliant on fly-tipping for income, are held accountable for their actions.

Defra has previously worked with the Sentencing Council to amend sentencing guidance for fly-tipping offences and will continue this work to help to secure tougher penalties in line with the Government’s manifesto commitment.

As well as legislative changes, Defra is developing a fly-tipping toolkit, following a commitment in the RWS. The toolkit will be a web-based tool to help local authorities and others work in partnership to tackle fly-tipping. It will cover, for example, the use of new technology to report fly-tipping, the presentation of cases to court, the sharing of intelligence within and between partnerships and promoting the duty of care to individuals and businesses.

Lord Goldsmith of Richmond Park
Minister of State (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
24th Feb 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to reports of an increase in the number of thefts of endangered plant species, whether they have any plans to stregthen the provisions of the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981.

The Government takes all crime seriously and there are strong penalties in place for those found guilty of offences committed against wild plants and animals.

Wild plants are protected under section 13 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981, with additional protection afforded to wild plants listed on Schedule 8.

Where there is evidence to suggest that illegal activity is occurring, we encourage all relevant authorities to ensure that sufficiently robust action is taken. Enforcement of all offences, however, including those against wild plants, is an operational matter for the police.

Those found guilty of offences under the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 already face strong sanctions, including an unlimited fine and imprisonment. We have no plans to alter these sanctions. Decisions on sentencing in individual cases are taken independently of Government.

There are currently no plans to review the relevant provisions of the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981.

Lord Goldsmith of Richmond Park
Minister of State (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
22nd Jul 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to reports by the World Health Organisation that there has been a significant decline in the global vaccination of children against diphtheria, tetanus, and whooping cough in the first four months of this year, what urgent action they are taking (1) to reverse this decline, (2) to minimise the disruption of immunisation programmes in adversely impacted areas, and (3) to prevent further deterioration in vaccine coverage.

COVID-19 lockdown measures have disrupted routine immunisation services in the poorest countries with the weakest health systems, reducing access to vaccines for vulnerable children. The World Health Organisation estimates that coverage of the third dose of diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis may have declined by 25-50% in May 2020 in Gavi-supported countries as compared to baseline levels.

Routine immunisation is the strongest shield against outbreaks of vaccine preventable diseases. The UK is Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance's largest donor. Through UK support, Gavi, UNICEF and the World Health Organisation are working closely with countries to maintain and restore coverage levels, through catch up immunisation campaigns and strengthened routine immunisation programmes.

Through our support to Gavi and DFID’s bilateral health programmes, we are advocating for the importance of immunisation within countries’ COVID-19 primary health care recovery plans, with an unrelenting focus on equity at the sub-national level and reaching zero-dose children. The $8.8 billion raised by the UK at the Global Vaccine Summit on 4th June, will enable Gavi to immunise 300 million more children and save up to 8 million lives.

15th Jul 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they are taking in response to the briefing by Oxfam The hunger virus: how COVID-19 is fuelling hunger in a hungry world, published on 12 July, on potential deaths from hunger globally caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, particularly in Yemen, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Afghanistan.

The UK is concerned about food security in 2020. At the end of last year, 135 million people were facing acute food insecurity in 55 countries. This is set to increase, driven partly by COVID-19. We are working with international partners to monitor the situation and have adapted our social protection, agriculture and food security programmes, to support the most vulnerable.

In Yemen, food insecurity is increasing, substantially impacted by COVID-19 and ongoing conflict. Food prices have risen by 15% since the start of the year. In response, UK aid is supporting at least 300,000 vulnerable people each month to help buy food and treat 40,000 children for malnutrition.

In the Democratic Republic of Congo, people experiencing acute food insecurity has increased from 15.6 million in 2019, to approximately 19.5 million in 2020. We are at the forefront of the humanitarian response, and our £262 million humanitarian programme will have provided lifesaving assistance to over 3 million people over 3 years.

In Afghanistan, an estimated 12.4 million people are facing ‘crisis’ or ‘emergency’ levels of food insecurity. DFID is working to provide life-saving support through the Multi-year Humanitarian Response Programme and the Afghanistan Reconstruction Trust Fund, to support the COVID-19 response. This will enable responders to implement the most urgent parts of the WHO plan, and provide vital water, sanitation and food assistance.

21st May 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government whether the COVID-19 pandemic is progressing in Africa at a slower rate than they expected; and if so, what assessment they have made of why that is the case.

The number of confirmed cases of COVID-19 is currently increasing more rapidly in Africa today than many other regions in the world. Currently cases in Africa are growing by approximately 5% each day compared with 3% in Asia and 1% in Europe. Cases continue to rise in Africa and while overall it took 52 days to reach the first 10,000 cases, it took only 11 days to move from 30,000 to 50,000 cases, and Africa now has over 100,000 cases.

However, confirmed cases of COVID-19 are growing at a slower rate than was the case in Europe and Asia at the same stage of their epidemics. This slower growth in Africa may be explained by under-reporting due to low testing rates. For example, as of 7 May, an average of 69 tests were carried out in Africa per 100,000 people compared to over 30 times this rate in Europe. It is possible that the lower mortality to date could be as a result of Africa being the youngest continent demographically, with a lower proportion of older people who are at higher risk of death. It is important to remain vigilant for the potential increase in cases that Africa could see in the coming months. Africa is also likely to see disproportionate indirect impacts of COVID-19 on wider health, economic, and social outcomes, which will be important to mitigate.

So far, the UK has pledged £764 million of UK aid to help end this pandemic as quickly as possible. This includes support to Imperial College London and the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine to model the future trajectory of the pandemic in low- and middle-income countries. This will help understand how COVID-19 is progressing in Africa and help to inform governments in the region on how best to respond to the pandemic.

30th Apr 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assistance they have provided to the Palestinian authorities in Gaza to assist with the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, in particular in regard to living conditions, COVID-19 testing and the provision of healthcare; and what discussions they have had with the government of Israel about ensuring that Gaza is able to cope with the COVID-19 pandemic.

The UK has pledged £744 million to support the global humanitarian response to COVID-19. We?have?delivered?additional vital support in the Occupied Palestinian Territories by providing £840,000?to WHO and UNICEF to purchase and co-ordinate the delivery of?medical equipment,?treat critical care patients, train frontline public health personnel and scale up laboratory testing capacity.

The UN assesses that although the current number of detected cases remains relatively low, the capacity of the Palestinian health system to cope with an expected increase in COVID-19 cases is poor. The situation is particularly severe in Gaza, where the health system has shortages in specialised staff, drugs and equipment. The UK is engaging with the Israeli Government on the COVID-19 response, including the response in Gaza. I most recently discussed the situation with the Israeli Ambassador to the UK at the end of April.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
30th Apr 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what international responses they are initiating with partners in the UN to provide assistance to those states which are the least prepared to address the health and economic crises arising from the COVID-19 pandemic.

We are using UK aid to its full effect to counter the health, humanitarian, and economic risks and impacts of COVID-19. The UK strongly supports the United Nations Global Humanitarian Response Plan and continues to work with international partners, including the United Nations and its agencies, to ensure aid reaches those most in need.

Up to £744 million of UK aid funding has been committed so far to support the global efforts to combat COVID-19. Of that, £145 million is for United Nations appeals, including:

  • £75 million for the World Health Organization;
  • £20 million for UNICEF and £5 million to Education Cannot Wait to help refugee, migrant and displaced children proving basic suppliers and lessons;
  • £20 million for the UN Refugee Agency providing access to handwashing stations and drinking water for displaced people;
  • £15 million for the World Food Programme; and
  • £10 million to United Nations Population Fund to provide lifesaving sexual and reproductive health and rights and gender-based violence prevention.

The UK is also providing up to £150 million of UK aid funding which will go the International Monetary Fund’s Catastrophe Containment and Relief Trust to help developing countries meet their debt repayments so that they can focus their available resources on tackling COVID-19.

2nd Mar 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what practical assistance they have offered the government of Iran to help it to manage the COVID-19 outbreak.

The UK, jointly with E3 partners, have offered Iran a comprehensive package of both material and financial support to combat the rapid spread of the disease. This includes financial support of up to €5 million through the WHO or other UN agencies to fight the COVID-19 epidemic affecting Iran, and equipment for laboratory tests, as well as other equipment, including protective body suits and gloves.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
5th Feb 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what information they have on the current humanitarian situation in Idlib province.

We are gravely concerned about escalating Syrian Regime and Russian military action and its humanitarian impact in Idlib. As of 6 February, the UN reports that 586,000 people have been displaced since 1 December 2019, and many more are at risk of imminent further displacement. This financial year DFID has already allocated £103 million to organisations delivering aid cross border from Turkey primarily into North West Syria, including Idlib. This has helped to provide hundreds of thousands of vulnerable people with food, clean water, shelter, and healthcare including psychosocial support.

Given the rapidly deteriorating conditions in North West Syria, we have put options in place to increase our funding further to address the pressing needs of those displaced by the conflict. We have provided funding to response partners including the UN to preposition essential supplies to support innocent families and civilians displaced by conflict and we are supporting all our partners to respond to this humanitarian crisis. The Minister for the Middle East and North Africa visited Turkey on 5-6 February and discussed the crisis in North West Syria with UN agencies and humanitarian NGOs, as well as with Turkish authorities. DFID partners on the ground are working tirelessly to provide aid to those affected by the military offensive.

10th Sep 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government how many arms export licences to Afghanistan they approved in (1) 2020, and (2) 2021; and what was their total financial value.

In 2020, 16 Standard Individual Export Licences (SIELs) were granted for military rated items to Afghanistan, with a value of £21,710,485. In addition, one Open Individual Export Licence (OIEL) was granted for military rated items. Because OIELs are open-ended, they are not restricted by quantities or values for the specific items the licence is granted for.

For the period 1st January to 31st March 2021, four SIELs were granted for military rated items, with a value of £533,350; and one OIEL was granted.

Information on licences granted between 1st April to 30th June 2021 will be published as Official Statistics GOV.UK on 12th October 2021; and information on licences granted from 1st July to 30th September 2021 in January 2022.

Lord Grimstone of Boscobel
Minister of State (Department for International Trade)
15th Jul 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government when the planned review of the trade envoy programme will be completed; and what that review will cover.

The review of the future of the Prime Minister’s Trade Envoy Programme has been completed. We expect to make a written statement on the Programme in the near future.

Lord Grimstone of Boscobel
Minister of State (Department for International Trade)
9th Jul 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what are the implications of the government of Israel’s planned annexation of parts of the West Bank on the UK–Israel trade and partnership agreement, in particular UK preferential imports from Israel; and whether any such implications have been discussed with the government of Israel.

The United Kingdom does not recognise the Occupied Palestinian Territories, including settlements, as part of Israel.

For this reason, goods imported from the settlements are not entitled to benefit from trade preferences under the United Kingdom-Israel Trade and Partnership Agreement. We will maintain this approach. HM Government has maintained a dialogue with Israel and we will continue to work towards a negotiated two-state solution, using the diplomatic means we have at our disposal.

Lord Grimstone of Boscobel
Minister of State (Department for International Trade)
24th Feb 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government when the Prime Minister will meet the President of the United States to discuss a trade deal between the UK and the USA; and when it is proposed that formal trade negotiations will commence.

Now that our negotiating objectives for a UK US Free Trade Agreement have been published, we are in a position to negotiate and are in discussions with the United States about when those negotiations will commence.

The Prime Minister values the UK’s relationship with the United States, our closest defence and security ally and largest single trading partner. He speaks regularly to the President and will discuss the progress of negotiations in his discussions with the President over the coming months.

Viscount Younger of Leckie
Lord in Waiting (HM Household) (Whip)
4th Nov 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government when they plan to calculate the casualty rates per mile travelled for e-scooters; and what assessment they have made of the casualty rates involving e-scooters.

The Department is running trials of rental e-scooters to assess their safety and wider impacts, and has in place a monitoring and evaluation programme. The Department is collecting evidence on rental e-scooter casualties (including frequency and injury severity) through its national evaluation, and will be disclosing preliminary findings in its interim report, to be published in winter 2021. A full set of safety findings on rental e-scooters from our national evaluation, will be included in our final report, due in spring 2022.

Outside of the trials, e-scooters remain illegal to use, unless ridden on private land with the permission of the landowner. However, incidents involving them will be captured more widely in road safety statistics, which are reported on a calendar year basis. The latest annual published statistics are for 2020. Data on reported personal injury road accidents in Great Britain for 2021, will be published in 2022. More information on e-scooter road accidents can be found in the Reported road casualties Great Britain: e-Scooter factsheet 2020.

Baroness Vere of Norbiton
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
14th Oct 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government (1) what steps they are taking to ensure that HGV drivers are not being asked to exceed their daily legal driving limits during the current driver shortage, (2) what record they are keeping of accident statistics involving HGVs, and (3) whether they have recorded an increase in the number of accidents involving HGVs in the past six months.

The Driver and Vehicle Standards Agency (DVSA) is responsible for enforcement of the HGV drivers’ hours rules, which includes checking that drivers are not exceeding their daily driving limits. For the period 12 July to 3 October, the DVSA undertook a total of 11,457 targeted checks across both UK and overseas based hauliers. 6,962 offences were identified for non-compliance with the drivers’ hours rules of which 2,286 were serious enough to warrant a fixed penalty. The vast majority (2,099) were committed by foreign hauliers, with only 187 fixed penalties for drivers’ hours offences issued to UK hauliers. Some DVSA enforcement has been targeted specifically towards operators using the drivers’ hours relaxation.

Data on reported road casualties reported to the police, including accidents involving HGVs, are collected through the STATS19 system and published in the Department’s reported road casualties statistics according to a regular annual timetable that reflects the time required for reporting, collation and validation of the data from police forces.

High-level provisional statistics for the first 6 months of 2021 are scheduled for publication in November; figures for the whole of 2021 are scheduled for publication in June 2022 (provisional) and September 2022 (final).

Baroness Vere of Norbiton
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
27th May 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government how many accidents involving e-scooters that required medical treatment have been reported since July 2020.

Data on personal injury road accidents is collected via the STATS19 system of accidents reported by the police. Although e-scooters are not currently one of the designated vehicle types in STATS19, guidance has been issued to police forces to identify them using the free text field for other vehicles.

Data for 2020 are currently being collated and validated. Subject to the data recorded in the free text field being of sufficient quality, we intend to publish data on e-scooters and other vehicle types which can be reliably identified from the free text field alongside the annual Reported Road Casualties Great Britain statistics publication in September 2021.

Baroness Vere of Norbiton
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
28th Jan 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what criteria they used to determine which countries should be placed on the list of countries from which they have banned travel as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic; what plans they have to add further countries to that list; and what steps they are taking to ensure that any arrivals from those countries who cannot be refused entry to the UK quarantine in hotels.

The decision to introduce travel bans is in direct response to new scientific and medical data, which represents an increased risk to UK public health and an increased risk of community transmission of the new COVID-19 variants identified in other countries. These are temporary measures and the government keeps data for countries and territories under constant review.

The Government has made it consistently clear that it will take decisive action to contain the virus, including imposing travel bans if the public health risk of people returning from a particular country without self-isolating becomes too high.

The introduction of additional measures including hotel quarantine will be an important measure in the Government’s border response. Plans are urgently in development and the Government will set out a detailed implementation plan in due course.

Baroness Vere of Norbiton
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
2nd Dec 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what discussions they have had with President-elect Biden about opening an air travel corridor between London and New York.

The Government believes that air connectivity between the UK and US is very important.

The Government engages regularly with its international partners, both on a bilateral basis and through international forums, to discuss issues pertaining to international travel during the COVID-19 pandemic.

This includes how testing schemes may be used to allow for greater levels of travel between countries, and more flexibility for passengers with regards to self-isolation requirements following travel.

Travellers from the US will be able to opt into the Government’s ‘Test to Release’ scheme from 15 December.

Baroness Vere of Norbiton
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
15th Jul 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government how long the consultation period on a national ban on pavement parking, announced on 12 March, is planned to be; and when there will be a detailed plan with a time frame for action to address issues caused by pavement parking.

The Department is committed to launch the public consultation over the summer which will run for 12 weeks. Ministers will decide the appropriate course of action in light of the consultation findings, which will determine the timeframe for delivering a solution to this problem.

Baroness Vere of Norbiton
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
29th Jun 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what guidance they have given to local authorities about carrying out consultations with local communities ahead of the implementation of travel schemes funded from their emergency active travel fund for local authorities due to the COVID-19 pandemic announced by the Secretary of State on 23 May, in view of the eight week deadline for the implementation of such schemes; and what steps they are taking to ensure that the use of Experimental Traffic Regulation Orders by local authorities in such schemes does not bypass local democratic accountability.

To help authorities deliver at pace, new emergency legislation came into force on 23 May 2020 to help speed up the Emergency Traffic Order process in cases where measures are being introduced to deal with the effects of coronavirus. The main change is to how orders are advertised, which can now be done via digital means. It is for the Traffic Authority to decide which type of Order to use to introduce changes and to comply with the relevant regulations. Orders can be Emergency, Permanent, Temporary or Experimental.

The Department has reminded local authorities of the need to consult businesses and other stakeholders before introducing road space reallocation measures in their proforma for Tranche 1 of the Emergency Active Travel Fund. It is for local authorities, to take decisions at the local level, on where and how to consult wider local communities.

Baroness Vere of Norbiton
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
18th Jun 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they are taking to ensure that rail companies communicate effectively with passengers about the season ticket refund process; and whether the length of time it is taking to refund such claims is acceptable in view of the Secretary of State for Transport’s commitment to such refunds on 23 March so that "no one is unfairly out of pocket for doing the right thing".

Since 17 March over 160,000 season ticket holders have received refunds totalling over £260 million in response to COVID-19 travel restrictions. We are monitoring train operators’ refund processing times to ensure that refunds are paid as quickly as possible. Train operators have allocated additional resources to process the unprecedented number of refund requests, and the majority are being paid within the industry standard processing time of one month.

We have worked with train operators to ensure they are providing clear information on their websites about the season ticket refund process including estimates of the expected claim processing time and a refund calculator, so passengers know when they should receive their refund and are reassured that the time taken to process their claim will not affect the amount refunded.

Baroness Vere of Norbiton
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
20th May 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government how many people have taken part in the Job Entry: Targeted Support scheme since it was launched on 5 October 2020; and how many of those have returned to permanent employment.

Up to the end of April 2021 there have been 94,560 starts on the Job Entry: Targeted Support (JETS) scheme in England and Wales (launched 5 October 2020), and 3,800 starts on the scheme in Scotland (launched 25 January 2021).

So far there have been 12,665 job outcomes in England and Wales and 160 job outcomes in Scotland (a job outcome is defined as when an individual achieves £1000 cumulative earnings within eight months of starting). It should be noted that JETS provides support for up to six months and many people who have started on the scheme will not yet have had time to achieve a job outcome.

Baroness Stedman-Scott
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Work and Pensions)
20th Jan 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government how many disabled benefits claimants were sanctioned in (1) 2019, and (2) 2020; how those figure compare to the number of non-disabled such claimants who were sanctioned; how many of those sanctions were appealed and upheld; and what steps they have taken to ensure that disabled people claiming benefits are not discriminated against.

The information requested for Universal Credit is not readily available and to provide it would incur disproportionate cost.

Statistics are available on the number of self-identified disabled people who have received an adverse sanction decision whilst in receipt of Employment and Support Allowance (ESA), Income Support or Jobseeker’s Allowance and these are published by decision type online.

To ensure our approach to sanctions is fair those who are not expected to look for work, those with severe health conditions are not in scope of sanctions. For those who we do expect to look for work, conditionality requirements are tailored to the claimant’s circumstances so they are reasonable, achievable and are agreed between the claimant and their Work Coach. Should there be a doubt, the Decision Maker will take into account all the claimant’s individual circumstances, such as health conditions, and any evidence of good reason they have provided, before deciding whether a sanction is warranted. Claimants have the right to a Mandatory Reconsideration and appeal should they wish to dispute the decision.

Baroness Stedman-Scott
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Work and Pensions)
15th Nov 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what is the current average ambulance waiting time across all NHS ambulance trusts in England; which NHS ambulance trusts in England have the longest waiting times; how this compares to ambulance waiting times in 2019; and how many safety incidents there have been in NHS ambulance trusts in England in 2021 as a result of waiting times.

The following table shows the mean average waiting times in hours, minutes and seconds in each category for ambulance trusts in England in October 2021 and compared to October 2019.

Category 1

Category 2

Category 3

Category 4

October 2019

00:07:23

00:23:47

01:14:48

01:28:57

October 2021

00:09:20

00:53:54

03:09:58

03:37:00

Change

+00:01:57

+00:30:07

+01:55:10

+02:08:03

Source: NHS England

South Western Ambulance Service (SWAS) has the longest mean waiting times across England for Categories 1 and 2. West Midlands Ambulance Service (WMAS) has the longest mean waiting times across England for Categories 3 and 4. The following table shows the mean average waiting times in hours, minutes and seconds for SWAS in Categories 1 and 2 and WMAS for Categories 3 and 4 in October 2021 and compared to October 2019.

SWAS

WMAS

Category 1

Category 2

Category 3

Category 4

October 2019

00:07:02

00:28:19

00:54:03

01:15:37

October 2021

00:11:48

01:24:25

03:59:45

04:47:07

Change

+00:04:46

+00:56:06

+03:05:42

+03:31:30

Source: NHS England

The information requested on the number of safety incidents in National Health Service ambulance trusts as a result of waiting times is not held centrally.

Lord Kamall
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department of Health and Social Care)
14th Oct 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government (1) how many midwives have left the NHS in England in the past 12 months, and (2) what steps they plan to take to ensure safe NHS midwife staffing levels.

In the 12 months to the end of June 2021, 2,875 midwives left service in the National Health Service in England. This includes midwives on maternity leave and those moving to work in healthcare roles in non-NHS providers.

The Government has committed to increasing the number of available midwifery training places in England by more than 3,650 in the four years from 2019, with an initial additional 650 training places made available and increases of 1,000 in each year since then.

NHS England is providing £95 million for the recruitment of 1,200 more midwives and 100 more obstetricians and to support multi-disciplinary team training.

Lord Kamall
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department of Health and Social Care)
27th May 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what plans they have (1) to investigate the origins of COVID-19, and (2) to call for a stronger multilateral investigation on the topic, following the announcement of such plans by the President of the United States of America.

We have been clear that a transparent, independent and science-led investigation is an important part of the international effort to understand how Covid-19 started and how it spread. Phase one of the World Health Organisation-convened COVID-19 origins study reported on 30 March and was always meant to be the beginning of the process, not the end. Our priority now is to ensure a timely, transparent, evidence-based, and expert-led Phase Two study.

13th May 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what progress they have made towards their 2019 target to increase GP numbers by 6,000 by 2024–25; and whether they expect to meet this target.

NHS England and Health Education England are working with the profession to increase the general practice workforce in England. This includes measures to boost recruitment, address the reasons why doctors are leaving the profession, and encourage them to return to practice. As of March 2021, there were 536 more full time equivalent (FTE) doctors and 2,237 more FTE primary care professionals, such as physiotherapists, social prescribers and pharmacists, working in general practice compared to March 2019. The highest ever number of doctors accepted a place in general practitioner specialty training in 2020/21 and from 2021, the Government has committed to increasing the number of training places to 4,000 a year.

4th Feb 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government whether there has been an increase in the number of children arriving in accident and emergency departments with mental health issues since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic in England; what evidence they have collected that severe mental health conditions, including self-harm, eating disorders and overdoses, are now affecting children more severely and at younger ages; and what will be the priorities for Dr Alex George, the Youth Mental Health Ambassador, appointed by the Prime Minister on 3 February.

Provisional data for 2020/21 show that the number of children and young people attending accident and emergency departments in England with a diagnosis category of ‘psychiatric conditions’ fell substantially from 2,094 in March 2020 to 930 in April 2020. The latest information shows that they have since risen to 2,899 in November 2020 and that the levels of attendances between June and November 2020 remain broadly equivalent to the same period in the year before.

We continue to work closely with the Department for Education, the National Health Service, Public Health England and a wide range of stakeholders to monitor the situation and support children and young people’s mental health and wellbeing. Dr Alex George will be joining the Department for Education’s mental health action group, which will look specifically at how young people’s mental health and wellbeing can be supported as they return to schools, colleges and universities.

8th Jan 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what is the average length of time between (1) the delivery of COVID-19 vaccine doses manufactured outside the UK and their arrival at the facility in the UK at which they will be administered, and (2) between such vaccine doses arriving at the facility in which they will be used and their actual administration; and how many doses of a COVID-19 vaccine have gone to waste to date in the UK.

Vaccine suppliers are required to deliver to the UK against a contract delivery schedule and this will vary depending on the vaccine. Once the vaccine has reached the UK’s central holding facility, the vaccine is stored at the required temperature until the vaccine is packed against an order from the National Health Service (NHS). The following factors determine how quickly the vaccine is delivered into NHS administration sites: how much vaccine is held centrally; how many orders are received from the NHS; and, how frequently orders are received. . The average time cannot be calculated because of these variables. There have been no incidents of wastage reported through Public Health England’s vaccine ordering system thus far.

NHS England recommend that administration of the vaccine is planned from the day after receipt of the vaccine. The number of COVID-19 vaccine doses that have gone to waste to date within the NHS in England is not available in the requested format.

7th Jan 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what action they are taking to stop the distribution of messages that purport to offer people access to a COVID-19 vaccine in an attempt to steal personal and financial information.

NHS England and NHS Improvement are working with Google, Twitter, Instagram and Facebook to help the public access to accurate National Health Service information and avoid myths and misinformation. This includes ensuring Google provides easy access to verified NHS guidance when someone searches for COVID-19; working to verify or ‘blue tick’ over 800 social media accounts belonging to NHS organisations including hospital trusts and local commissioning groups; and working with Twitter to suspend false accounts posing as trusted institutions.

The National Cyber Security Centre is also asking the public to report suspect emails to its Suspicious Email Reporting Service. All emails forwarded to the service are analysed and if they are found to link to malicious content, they will be taken down or blocked, helping prevent future victims of crime. In addition, the Advertising Standards Authority taking action to ban fraudulent adverts.

NHS England, the Head of Action Fraud, the National Crime Agency and the National Cyber Security Centre have issued joint advice that the COVID-19 vaccine is only available for free on the NHS and health service staff will never ask for payment for it.

2nd Dec 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what progress the Community Investment Scheme run by NHS Blood and Transplant is making in engaging all communities to address health inequalities related to blood and organ donation.

The Community Investment Scheme was launched in September 2018 and is run by NHS Blood and Transplant on behalf of the Government. Currently, fifty organisations have been funded to address concerns, barriers and misconceptions about organ donation, with a total investment of £345,000. The funded projects cover Muslim, Sikh, Christian, Hindu and Jain faith organisations and within Indian, South Asian, Chinese, African and Caribbean communities. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic and restrictions on face-to-face contact, many organisations are now delivering educational material online.

An attitudinal survey was carried out twelve months after the launch of the scheme, which showed increasing support for organ donation including in black, Asian and minority ethnic communities. The scheme for 2020/21 has been extended to fund projects to increase participation and engagement in blood donation as well as organ donation.

3rd Nov 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government whether the R rate needs to be below 1 by 2 December in order for the national COVID-19 restrictions to be lifted.

‘R’ is just one of the many indicators the Government takes into account when making a decision on national COVID-19 restrictions. These include indicators related to National Health Service pressures and the weekly case rate.

7th Oct 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the human cost of misinformation spread by social media during the COVID-19 pandemic; and what estimate they have made, if any, of the number of people who did not follow public health guidance as a result of social media posts which shared misinformation about the pandemic who subsequently required treatment for COVID-19.

The Department has made no specific assessment.

7th Oct 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the supply and use of blood in transfusions in England; whether the current reduction in donor numbers continues to match a reduction in the demand for transfusions; whether they anticipate any critical imbalances in the blood supply chain over the next year; and if so, whether they plan to review mitigation options.

NHS Blood and Transplant is accountable to the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care and is responsible for the provision of a safe, reliable, efficient supply of blood to hospitals in England.

NHS Blood and Transplant aims to retain around six days’ supply of blood at any one time. This is in addition to the stock held within hospitals, which is typically five to six days’ stock. As at 2 December, NHS Blood and Transplant had eight days’ supply of blood, including donations being processed.

24th Sep 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what is the cost of a single NHS COVID-19 swab test.

We are unable to provide the information requested as the costs involved are commercially sensitive, as they vary between supplier. The cost will also vary depending on the cost of the delivery channel used, the logistics involved, and the laboratory that processes the test results.

16th Sep 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what plans they have to conduct an inquiry into the use of Do Not Resuscitate orders in care homes for (1) elderly people, and (2) people with learning or cognitive disabilities, during the COVID-19 pandemic; whether NHS England and NHS Improvement plan to publish national guidance on the use of such orders; and if so, when such guidance will be published.

The Department has asked the Care Quality Commission (CQC) to review how Do Not Attempt Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (DNACPR) decisions were used during the coronavirus pandemic, building on concerns that the CQC reported earlier in the year. Interim findings are expected to be reported later this year with a final report in early 2021.

NHS England and NHS Improvement are working on revised, patient-facing guidance on DNACPRs and where to get support. The guidance will be published shortly following consultation with key stakeholders and people with lived experience.


9th Jul 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government whether they have sought guarantees that, further to the government of the United States' formal notice of withdrawal from the World Health Organization (WHO) from 2021, that government will meet the conditions for withdrawal set out in the 1948 Joint Resolution Providing for membership and participation by the United States in the WHO; and in particular the stipulation that the financial obligations of that government to the WHO must be met in full for the WHO's current fiscal year.

The Department is regularly in discussions with other countries including the United States on a wide range of issues relating to the international response to COVID-19. The United States continues to play an important role on global health, and we will continue to work with the United States and other international partners to tackle the current crisis. The specific conditions of the United States’ withdrawal from the World Health Organization are a matter for the United States and the WHO. The United Kingdom has a strong and committed relationship with the WHO and, as the second largest Member State donor, continues to work closely with the WHO. The UK has already contributed £75 million to help the WHO-led international efforts to stop the spread of the virus and end the pandemic and the UK has no plans to stop funding the WHO, which has an important role to play in leading the global health response to COVID-19.

4th Jun 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government who is responsible for setting the COVID-19 alert level.

The Alert Level is currently determined and set by the Chief Medical Officers of the United Kingdom. The Chief Medical Officers consider advice from the Joint Biosecurity Centre (JBC), which is a part of the Department, in setting the level. In time the JBC is expected to take on responsibility for independently setting the Alert Level.

10th Mar 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government when they expect the Vaccines Manufacturing Innovation Centre, which was announced in December 2018, to be operational.

The Vaccines Manufacturing Innovation Centre in Oxford is scheduled to be fully operational in 2022. We are assessing whether it should be accelerated.

24th Feb 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what action they are taking to improve MMR vaccination rates.

NHS England and NHS Improvement, Public Health England and key stakeholders are implementing actions from the Measles and rubella UK elimination strategy 2019, to increase take-up of the measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccine. This includes:

- Implementing a catch-up vaccination programme for 10 and 11-year olds through general practices, to continue into 2020/21;

- Notifications from Child Health Information Services to help general practices identify children with due and overdue vaccinations; and

- Initiatives led by local teams to address inequalities in vaccine uptake, such as a targeted MMR catch-up campaign with 16 universities in October 2019.

29th Jan 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what statistics they have about the prevalence of e-cigarette use, particularly among young people; what evidence they are collecting to determine whether e-cigarettes and vaping devices are an effective way to stop smoking; and what action they are taking to ensure that there is full awareness of the health risks of using e-cigarettes and vaping devices amongst young people.

Data from nationally representative surveys indicate that, in England, current vaping among young people remains low and concentrated among those who have already smoked. Among adults, vaping prevalence is 6.3%, with almost all vapers being smokers or ex-smokers. This data can be found in the attached Office for National Statistics statistical bulletin, Adult smoking habits in the United Kingdom: 2018.

Smoking rates continue to decline among both adults and youth. Public Health England (PHE) monitors the developing evidence on effectiveness of e-cigarettes for quitting smoking. A major UK randomised control trial has found e-cigarettes to be twice as effective as nicotine replacement therapy products when combined with behavioural support.

Data from English stop smoking services indicate that people who use an e-cigarette in their attempt to quit have the highest success rates. UK regulation of e-cigarettes includes measures to protect young people, including a ban on most forms of advertising, a minimum age of sale of 18 years and a ban on proxy purchasing.

PHE provides evidence-based information to healthcare professionals, teachers and the public about the relative harmfulness of e-cigarettes, vaping devices and smoked tobacco.

16th Jan 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they are taking to encourage more men to donate blood.

NHS Blood and Transplant is responsible for the collection, manufacturing and issuing of blood products to the National Health Service in England.

There is always a need for new blood donors, of all blood types, to replace those donors who can no longer give blood. There is a high demand for male blood as only men’s blood can be used for some specialist transfusions and blood products. NHS Blood and Transplant also needs new blood donors from a black African or black Caribbean background to treat sickle cell disease.

In November 2019, NHS Blood and Transplant and BT Sport joined forces to recruit more male blood donors as, in 2019, 41% of new donor recruits were male. The campaign is being shown on live television, video on demand and social media.

7th Jan 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what research they have undertaken into the correlation between reductions in Public Health England's anti-smoking budget and the number of smokers in England; and what are their projections for the future costs to the NHS of treating smoking-related illnesses as a result of any such reductions.

The Department has not conducted any such research and has therefore made no projections on future costs. Public Health England’s Stoptober campaigns have continued to achieve positive anti-smoking outcomes. For example, in 2018 19% of smokers reported making a Stoptober-related quit attempt in comparison to 16% in 2017. Adult smoking rates in England are at their lowest level since records began, currently at 14.4%.

We remain determined to achieve our 2019 Green Paper ambition of a smoke-free society by 2030. Prevention remains at the heart of the NHS Long Term Plan, with clear commitments for smoking cessation services in secondary care, and we continue to fund stop smoking services provided by local authorities.

15th Nov 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government whether they have reduced aid to the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees (UNRWA); if so, (1) by how much, and (2) for what reasons; and what plans they have to ensure that Palestinian refugees continue to be provided with UNRWA services.

The United Kingdom (UK) is a long-term supporter of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA). We recognise UNRWA's unique mandate from the United Nations General Assembly, to provide protection and core services including health and education to Palestinian refugees across the Middle East. The UK's annual contribution to UNRWA's programme budget helps UNRWA to provide basic education to more than 533,000 children a year (half of whom are girls), access to health services for 3.5 million Palestinian refugees and social safety net assistance for around 255,000 of the most vulnerable across the region. The UK is working with UNRWA and other donors to improve UNRWA's financial viability. This includes broadening UNRWA's donor base, encouraging the full disbursement of pledges and encouraging support through multi-year funding.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
15th Nov 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they are taking with international partners (1) to protect the pangolin population globally, and (2) to prevent the criminal export and trafficking of pangolin products to East Asia from (a) Nigeria, and (b) other parts of Africa; and what representations they have made to the government of Nigeria regarding such issues.

The UK Government is at the forefront of international efforts to protect endangered animals, including pangolins, from poaching and illegal trade. We are investing over £46 million between 2014 and 2022 on work to directly counter the illegal wildlife trade (IWT) in animals and plants, including counter-poaching initiatives and efforts to reduce demand for pangolin and pangolin products, to benefit wildlife and communities. The UK is also making a significant contribution to halting biodiversity loss and tackling IWT through funding the Global Environment Facility, totalling £250 million (2018-2022).

UK Border Force and National Crime Agency officers based in Nigeria are working closely with Nigerian law enforcement agencies at Lagos' port to tackle IWT. This has resulted in three major seizures totalling over 18 tonnes of pangolin scales in 2021 alone. The British Deputy High Commission in Lagos has also established a "Friends of Nigeria Wildlife" group and is supporting a number of grass-roots initiatives to protect the pangolin, from opening a rehabilitation centre for pangolins freed from the illegal wildlife trade, to supporting a conservation Non-Governmental Organisation (NGO) that teaches school children about Nigeria's diverse wildlife. The British High Commissioner and her team raise IWT with the Nigerian Government regularly, including in quarterly meetings (alongside US and German counterparts) with the Comptroller-General of Nigerian Customs, the key Nigerian Government agency responsible for this issue.

More broadly, through our £4 million contribution to of the International Consortium for Combatting Wildlife Crime (ICCWC) strategic programme, we are building capability in law enforcement and customs officials to tackle the illegal wildlife trade in key countries, including countries across Africa and Asia.

Lord Goldsmith of Richmond Park
Minister of State (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
15th Nov 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to the UN Security Council's decision on 29 October to extend the mandate of the UN Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara until 31 October 2022, what representations they have made to the UN Secretary General's Personal Envoy regarding his role in (1) de-escalating tensions in the region, and (2) working towards a political solution for the region over the next 12 months.

The UK supports UN-led efforts to reach a just, lasting, and mutually acceptable political solution that provides for the self-determination of the people of Western Sahara. We have regular discussions with the UN, both in New York and in the region, as well as with the parties regarding the situation in Western Sahara. We welcome the appointment of Staffan de Mistura as Personal Envoy to Western Sahara and UK senior officials have met with him in New York. We encourage the parties, neighbouring states, and international partners to make the most of this opportunity for a renewed political process, including a return to a ceasefire.
Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
15th Nov 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they are taking to avert a humanitarian crisis in Afghanistan this winter; and what plans they have to send urgent assistance to the civilian population in that country.

The UK will spend £286 million on humanitarian and development needs in Afghanistan this year. On 31 October the Prime Minister announced that £50 million would be allocated to provide over 2.5 million Afghans with life-saving food, emergency health services, shelter and warm clothing to prepare for winter.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
4th Nov 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what discussions they have had with Olusegun Obasanjo since his appointment as High Representative for the Horn of Africa Region by the Commission of the African Union, in order to offer (1) support, and (2) assistance, in seeking a resolution to the conflict in the Tigray region of Ethiopia.

The Foreign Secretary and international colleagues spoke with Olusegun Obasanjo on 12 October and offered our full support to his efforts. The Minister for Africa spoke with him on 4 November to discuss the situation in Ethiopia and reiterate our full support. Whilst he is in Addis Ababa, our ambassador is keeping in close contact with him.

Lord Goldsmith of Richmond Park
Minister of State (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
4th Nov 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the current (1) political, and (2) security, situation in Haiti; and what assessment they have made of reports of an increase in (a) gang-related violence, (b) strikes, and (c) mass protests, in Port-au-Prince.

The UK is deeply concerned at the deteriorating security situation in Haiti and the impact this is having on both the Haitian people and attempts to return to political stability following the assassination of President Moise. We are closely following developments. We encourage all actors to work in cooperation with the international community and the United Nations to tackle these serious challenges. The UK continues to use our platform both in country and at the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) to support the Special Representative of the Secretary General for Haiti, Helen Meagher La Lime and the United Nations Integrated Office in Haiti, BINUH, in their ongoing diplomatic engagement with, and support to, the Haitian authorities and civil society.

Lord Goldsmith of Richmond Park
Minister of State (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
4th Nov 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the current (1) political, and (2) security, situation in Nicaragua, ahead of the general election in that country on 7 November.

The presidential election that took place in Nicaragua on 7 November was an election in name only. It was neither free, nor fair. The abuses committed by the Ortega-Murillo regime have prevented the Nicaraguan people from making the democratic choice they have the right to make. The UK calls for the immediate and unconditional release of all opposition leaders and other political prisoners in Nicaragua and for the full restoration of all of their civil and political rights.

Prior to the election, we raised our concerns repeatedly in London, Managua and at multilateral fora. On 8 November, the day after the presidential election, Her Majesty's Government published a statement highlighting the UK's deep concern over the deterioration of political and human rights in Nicaragua and the subversion of democratic processes. We will continue to work closely with our partners to promote democracy, human rights and the rule of law in Nicaragua.

Lord Goldsmith of Richmond Park
Minister of State (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
28th Oct 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they are taking to provide assistance to the government of Libya to manage a (1) peaceful, and (2) transparent, election process in the lead-up to the presidential elections scheduled for December.

Free, fair and inclusive Parliamentary and Presidential elections on 24 December 2021, including women's full, equal and meaningful participation, is one of the top priorities for the UK in Libya. They are captured in UK-drafted UN Security Council Resolution 2570, and in the communiqué agreed by the Berlin II Conference on 24 June. The UK is working with international and Libyan partners, including the interim Government of National Unity, to pursue these priorities, restoring Libya's sovereignty and putting the country on a path to sustained peace, security and prosperity. We have spent £1.4 million to support the long-term delivery of credible elections, through building the capacity of the Libyan local and national electoral commissions, and £347,000 on increasing women's engagement in the electoral process.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
28th Oct 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of (1) the current political situation in Iraq, and (2) the progress towards forming a new government of that country.

We applaud the efforts of Prime Minister Kadhimi and the Independent High Electoral Commission to run smooth elections with unprecedented support from the UN. The technical processes show a clear improvement on previous elections, and the lack of any major security incidents is testament to the hard work of the security forces. We call on all parties to respect the rule of law and the integrity of the electoral process.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
28th Oct 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what discussions they have had with the government of Israel regarding settler violence against Palestinians and their property in October.

We condemn any incidence of violence by settlers against Palestinians. The UK regularly raises the issue of settler violence with the Government of Israel, most recently with Israel's Ministry of Defense on 19 October. We welcome the efforts of Israeli authorities to address settler violence, and urge them to investigate thoroughly every instance to bring those responsible to justice. We also continue to stress the importance of the Israeli security forces providing appropriate protection to the Palestinian civilian population, in particular the need to protect children, and urge restraint in the use of live fire.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
28th Oct 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the joint statement by the ambassadors of Canada, France, Finland, Denmark, Germany, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden and the United States of America, issued on 18 October, calling on the government of Turkey to release Osman Kavala.

We note the joint statement issued on 18 October by the ten Ambassadors calling for the release of Osman Kavala. We are concerned that Turkey has not yet complied with the European Court of Human Rights judgment concerning Osman Kavala. We will continue to raise his case with the Turkish Government and expect Turkey to fulfil its international legal obligations.

Lord Goldsmith of Richmond Park
Minister of State (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
28th Oct 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of (1) the current political situation in Sudan, and (2) the prospects for that country's transition to civilian rule; what assurances have they sought, if any, that the safety of acting Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok will be guaranteed; and what was the outcome of the discussions at the United Nations regarding this situation.

We strongly condemn the actions of the Sudanese military on 25 October, including to detain Prime Minister Hamdok and members of the civilian government and declare a state of emergency. Over the past two years, the UK has taken a leading role to support Sudan on their delicate path from oppressive autocratic rule to freedom and democracy; the acts of the military represents a betrayal of the Sudanese people and that journey. Hamdok remains under house arrest. As a signal of support, our Ambassador and other senior members of the diplomatic community in Khartoum met with Hamdok on 27 October and were able to ascertain that he is well. The whereabouts and condition of other civilian members of the transitional government are still unknown.

With our Sudan Quad partners (Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and US) we issued a statement on 3 November calling for the release of all those unlawfully detained and restoration of the civilian-led transitional government. We expressed our condemnation at a meeting of the UN Security Council meeting on 26 October, which was followed by a statement from members of the Council. We also secured a Special Session at the UN Human Rights Council on 5 November to discuss the situation.

Lord Goldsmith of Richmond Park
Minister of State (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
21st Oct 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they have taken, if any, with international partners to encourage all parties involved in separatist insurgency activity in the western provinces of Cameroon to find a peaceful solution to the conflict.

The UK Government remains deeply concerned about the crisis in the North-West and South-West (Anglophone) regions of Cameroon, including the disturbing reports of human rights abuses and violations by both armed separatists and the security forces.

We work with international partners, including France and the United States, to raise the crisis in multilateral fora. At the UN Human Rights Council in September, the UK called for an end to violence and impartial investigations to hold the perpetrators of human rights violations and abuses to account.

At the UN Security Council briefing on UN Regional Office for Central Africa (UNOCA) on 7 June, the UK reiterated the UN Secretary General's call for an end to violence and for all actors to refrain from attacks against civilians. We urge all parties to remain engaged with the Swiss-led process to facilitate talks.

Lord Goldsmith of Richmond Park
Minister of State (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
21st Oct 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they have taken, if any, in response to the outbreak of renewed conflict in the Tigray region (1) bilaterally with the government of Ethiopia, and (2) multilaterally through the UN and the African Union; and what plans they have, if any, to advocate for penalties or sanctions against those obstructing humanitarian efforts in Tigray.

The Minister for Africa expressed her deep concern at escalating fighting and airstrikes in Northern Ethiopia on 20 October. The conflict in Tigray has taken a terrible toll on the people of Tigray and also civilians in neighbouring Afar and Amhara regions. There can be no military solution to this crisis and political negotiation is the only way to resolve this and other conflicts in Ethiopia. The former Foreign Secretary raised the need for a political dialogue to bring a lasting peace to Tigray directly with Prime Minister Abiy on 5 August. The Minister for Africa also raised these issues in her first meeting with the Ethiopian Ambassador on 22 September.

We regularly discuss the conflict in Ethiopia with our partners, and both the Minister for Africa and the Secretary of State raised their concerns about the continued obstruction of humanitarian efforts in discussions with the US, EU, African Union and other counterparts on 12 October. We continue to push both sides of the conflict to prioritise the wellbeing of people in need in Ethiopia and allow the flow of badly needed humanitarian assistance. It is longstanding practice not to speculate on future sanctions designations as to do so could reduce the impact of the designations.

Lord Goldsmith of Richmond Park
Minister of State (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
21st Oct 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what representations have they made, if any, to the government of Lebanon to urge them to ensure that the judicial investigation into the causes of the Beirut port explosion on 4 August 2020 is transparent, independent and supported by all parties

The UK has consistently pressed the Lebanese authorities on the need for a transparent conclusion of the investigation into the tragic Beirut explosion. The Minister for the Middle East and North Africa raised this when he met the new Lebanese Prime Minister Najib Mikati on 25 September.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
21st Oct 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they plan to take as a permanent member of the UN Security Council to prevent further violence in Yemen, with a particular focus on the areas of Shabwa and Marib; and whether they have requested that the UN Secretary General’s new Special Envoy to Yemen, Hans Grunberg, travel to Yemen to support regional peace efforts.

The Houthis' offensive on Marib and Shabwa and their intensifying of cross-border attacks on Saudi Arabia worsens the crisis and risks derailing the peace process. On 20 October the UK supported a UN Security Council Press Statement calling for an immediate end to the Houthi escalation in Marib. The Foreign Secretary also raised Yemen with Saudi counterparts on her visit to Riyadh on 20 October. We fully support the Yemen peace process led by the UN Special Envoy Hans Grundberg. An inclusive political settlement is the only way to bring long-term stability to Yemen and end the humanitarian suffering. We urge the parties to engage constructively with this process and call on all states to release humanitarian funding commitments promptly.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
21st Oct 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they are taking, if any, to secure the release of Nazanin Zaghari-Ratcliffe following the loss of her appeal against a second jail sentence.

Iran's decision to proceed with these baseless charges against Nazanin Zaghari-Ratcliffe is an appalling continuation of the cruel ordeal she is going through.We are doing all we can to help Nazanin get home to her young daughter and family and the Foreign Secretary will continue to press Iran on this point, most recently discussing it with Foreign Minister Amir-Abdollain on 22 September. Our Ambassador in Tehran continues to regularly raise our detainees with the Iranian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
21st Oct 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the political and humanitarian situation in Myanmar following the military coup in February; and what steps they will take, if any, to support the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) in their efforts to end violence and restore democracy in that country.

The UK is clear in its condemnation of the coup and the appalling violence by the military, which has left over 1000 people dead. We regularly monitor the situation in Myanmar and assess there is a continued political, Covid and humanitarian crisis. We're deeply concerned about escalating conflict across the country, particularly in Chin State. The UK is calling for a peaceful and inclusive resolution to the crisis which is extremely serious. We continue to call publicly for a return to democracy and the release of all those in arbitrary detention.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
14th Oct 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government (1) why they have reduced funding for mine clearance and unexploded bombs, (2) by how much this funding has reduced, and (3) what assessment they have made of the impact of these funding reductions.

We are prioritising our aid to be more strategic and remain a force for good across the world, and are working towards finalising funding and country allocation for GMAP3. We have welcomed feedback from our partners in the mine action sector. The UK remains committed to our international treaty obligations and our mine action work will continue to promote peace and conflict recovery while saving the lives of those most in need.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
14th Oct 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government whether they have held bilateral discussions with the governments of Kosovo and Serbia to help de-escalate tensions between the two countries.

The UK supports the EU-facilitated Dialogue between Serbia and Kosovo, with the aim of a comprehensive and sustainable normalisation agreement to the benefit of both countries' people. During the recent period of heightened tension, the UK, alongside international partners, held bilateral discussions with the Governments of Kosovo and Serbia to help de-escalate tensions and encourage the resolution of issues through the EU-facilitated process. We welcome the news of an interim agreement on the licence plate issue and encourage both sides to find a permanent solution that ensures freedom of movement.

Lord Goldsmith of Richmond Park
Minister of State (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
14th Oct 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government (1) what steps they have taken to urge President Roderigo Duterte to cooperate with the ICC’s investigation into crimes allegedly committed in the Philippines’ ‘war on drugs’ between 2011 and 2019, and (2) what steps they have taken to urge President Duterte to allow ICC investigators into the country.

The UK remains concerned about reports of human rights abuses in the Philippines, particularly the conduct of the "war on drugs" campaign and the treatment of some human and land rights defenders and journalists. We are aware of the International Criminal Court (ICC) investigation and urge the Philippines to cooperate. My Right Honourable Friend, the Minister for Asia, visited the Philippines on 7 to 10 October, where she raised our human rights concerns with the Philippine Secretary of Foreign Affairs, Teodoro Locsin on 9 October. The former Foreign Secretary raised human rights concerns with Secretary Locsin on 20 July.
Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
16th Sep 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what discussions they have had with the governments of (1) Tajikistan, (2) Uzbekistan, and (3) Turkmenistan, about the situation in Afghanistan following the takeover by the Taliban.

I most recently visited Uzbekistan on 14 September, after also visiting Uzbekistan and Tajikistan in the week of 30 August for discussions on Afghanistan. The former Foreign Secretary also had telephone conversations with the Uzbek Foreign Minister on 6 September and the Tajik Foreign Minister on 2 September. I called the Deputy Foreign Minister of Turkmenistan, on 3 September, the Foreign Minister of Uzbekistan on 25 August and Deputy Foreign Minister of Tajikistan on the same day. We held discussions with counterparts on securing safe passage for those fleeing Afghanistan and advancing the government's international priorities.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
16th Sep 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they have taken (1) to support the new government of Lebanon, and (2) to urge immediate reforms to address the crises in that country.

The UK is a long-standing friend of Lebanon and the Lebanese people. On 10 September, the former Foreign Secretary said: "The formation of a new Lebanese government must be followed by implementation of urgent reforms, a transparent conclusion of the investigation into the tragic Beirut explosion and timely elections next year. The UK supports Lebanon, but we must see concerted action". We continue to press the new government to implement the reforms needed set the country on a more sustainable footing.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
16th Sep 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they are taking to support the peace process in Yemen; and when they last discussed the situation in that country with the government of Oman.

We support fully the UN-led peace process in Yemen and urge the parties to engage constructively with the new UN Special Envoy, Hans Grundberg. UK Ministers engage with their regional counterparts on Yemen regularly to encourage efforts towards a political solution and end the humanitarian suffering. We welcome the recent diplomatic activity by Oman. On 14 September, the UK Ambassador to Yemen met Omani Foreign Minister Sayd Badr to discuss how best to coordinate our efforts.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
16th Sep 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what are their priorities for global action at the UN General Assembly high-level session taking place on 21 September.

Her Majesty's Government's priorities for the UN General Assembly High Level Week from 20 to 27 September were to secure further climate commitments ahead of the 26th UN Climate Change Conference (COP 26) in Glasgow from 31 October to 12 November, to work with our partners to respond to the Afghanistan crisis, to strengthen and establish new international partnerships particularly in the Indo-Pacific region, and to improve global access to vaccines

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
16th Sep 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the report by Human Rights Watch that there have been “arbitrary and politically motivated acts of repression” in Tunisia since that country’s parliament was suspended; and what discussions they have had with the government of that country about these issues.

We are aware of this report and we continue to closely monitor the situation in Tunisia. We recognise the legitimate demands of the Tunisian people for a better standard of living and honest, effective governance. We believe that the solution to Tunisia's challenges can only be achieved through the principles of democracy, transparency, respect for human rights, and free speech. Minister Cleverly spoke to Tunisian Foreign Minister Jerandi on 11 August. G7 Ambassadors in Tunis, led by the UK, issued a joint statement on 6 September setting out our joint position, which can be found at: https://www.gov.uk/government/news/g7-ambassadors-in-tunisia-issue-joint-statement-6-september-2021

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
16th Sep 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the (1) political, and (2) security, situation in Somalia; and what discussions they have had with international partners in order to prevent political instability in that country.

On 18 September, the Minister for Africa published a national statement setting out the UK's deep concern for the escalation of the current political crisis, which risks the safety and future of the Somali people. We are working closely with international partners, including in Mogadishu, to discourage Somalia's leaders from unilateral actions that could deepen tensions or increase the risk of violence and instead to encourage meaningful mediation. As penholder on Somalia at the UN Security Council, the UK tabled a discussion on the ongoing situation on 17 September, following which the UN Security Council issued a joint press statement.

The UK is also concerned by the impact of this crisis on the broader political and security situation. It is vital that all stakeholders maintain peace to avoid any risks to Somalia's stability and security. We have underlined the need to restore focus on the priority of conducting peaceful elections, as agreed on 27 May, without further delay to prevent further insecurity and avoid exacerbating the grave humanitarian challenges the country is facing. Likewise, it is important that Somalia's security forces remain focused on countering the common threat from Al Shabaab, who stand to gain from this ongoing political crisis, and progress discussions on a successor mission to the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) to support the transition to Somali-led security, in accordance with the Somalia Transition Plan.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
10th Sep 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what support they are providing to the HALO Trust's humanitarian work in Afghanistan, including financial support for landmine clearing equipment.

In Afghanistan, we will continue to provide life-saving humanitarian support and assistance to those most in need. We will also continue to support humanitarian demining and to support agencies to collect data to map emergency humanitarian needs and respond effectively.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
10th Sep 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government how many of their diplomats possess advanced language qualifications in Mandarin Chinese.

Over the past 5 years 63 FCDO staff have achieved qualifications in Mandarin at C1 or C2 level (in the Common European Framework Reference scale). FCDO language qualifications are valid for 5 years.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
10th Sep 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what representation they sent to the Crimea Platform summit hosted by President Volodymyr Zelensky of Ukraine in Kyiv on 23 August.

At the Prime Minister's request, the Minister for European Neighbourhood and the Americas led the UK delegation to the International Crimea Platform summit on 23 August. She was accompanied by the Minister for Defence Procurement, who also represented the UK at the military parade commemorating 30 years since Ukraine's declaration of independence on 24 August.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
10th Sep 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the political and security situation in South Sudan and, in particular, the impact on the peace process of the reported attempt to oust Vice President Riek Machar.

South Sudan remains one of the world's most fragile states, with 7.2 million people facing acute food insecurity and high levels of sub-national violence. The full and inclusive implementation of the 2018 Peace Agreement remains South Sudan's best chance for sustainable peace and stability and recent progress, such as the formation of a new national legislature is welcome. Overall implementation however, is slow and inconsistent: important tasks such as the unification of armed forces have been significantly delayed, contributing to increased instability and a worsening humanitarian situation.

This slow and partial implementation of the Peace Agreement has generated discontent among several parities in recent months. This includes a split within the Sudan People's Liberation Movement 'In Opposition' (SPLM-IO) but 1st Vice President Riek Machar remains in post. In a Troika statement (with Norway and the US) on 13 August we called for all parties to abide by the Peace Agreement, for signatories to show a greater sense of unity, and for an end to the fostering of divisions and splits that risk further delays to the peace process and violence. Where there are legitimate grievances, however, we have made clear that it is important for voices to be heard and for freedom of expression to be protected.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
18th Aug 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what information they have on the whereabouts of former Afghan President Ashraf Ghani; and whether they have had any contact with him since he fled Afghanistan on 15 August.

Media reporting indicates Ashraf Ghani was in the UAE following his departure from Kabul on 15 August.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
18th Aug 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what discussions they have had with the governments of (1) Russia, and (2) China, in regard to the current situation in Afghanistan and at what ministerial and diplomatic level; and when the Prime Minister last spoke to US President Biden in regard to the current situation in Afghanistan.

The Prime Minister spoke to US President Biden on 23 August and at the G7 on 24 August. The Foreign Secretary spoke to Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi on 18 August. We are in regular contact at an official level with the Russian government through our Ambassador and her team at the British Embassy in Moscow. This is also the case through our missions in New York, where we convened a meeting of P5 representatives on 23 August. We are planning further Ministerial engagement in the coming days.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
18th Aug 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the current political situation in Tunisia.

The UK is closely monitoring the situation in Tunisia. We believe that the solution to Tunisia's core challenges can only be achieved through the principles of democracy, transparency, human rights, and free speech. We call on all parties to uphold Tunisia's reputation as a tolerant and open society and to protect the democratic gains of the 2011 revolution.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
18th Aug 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government when the Foreign Secretary last spoke to the Foreign Minister of Iran to secure the release of Nazanin Zaghari-Ratcliffe to allow her to return to her family in the UK.

We remain committed to doing all we can to secure Mrs Zaghari-Ratcliffe's return home. Iran has put her through a cruel and intolerable ordeal and we have called on them, in the strongest possible terms, to end her suffering and allow her to be reunited with her family. The Foreign Secretary continues to raise the UK's serious concerns about Iran's practice of detaining foreign and dual nationals with his Iranian counterpart. Our Ambassadors in Tehran have regularly raised our detainees with the Iranian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
10th Jun 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what explanation, if any, they have sought from the government of Russia for the treatment of Andrei Pivovarov, who was arrested on 31 May and subsequently charged with belonging to an ‘undesirable’ organisation.

The UK Government is concerned about the arrest and detention of Andrei Pivovarov. The British Ambassador to Russia raised Mr Pivovarov's case with authorities in St Petersburg on 3 June. We continue to raise our concern about the deteriorating human rights situation with the Russian Government and make clear that Russia must fulfil its international commitments to ensure respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms.

Lord Goldsmith of Richmond Park
Minister of State (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
10th Jun 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the humanitarian situation in South Sudan; by how much UK aid to South Sudan will be cut as part of the reduction in the Official Development Assistance budget; how any such cut will represent value to UK taxpayers; and whether the details of any such cuts have been provided to the government of South Sudan.

According to figures released by the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), 8.3 million people in South Sudan are in need of humanitarian assistance. An estimated 7.2 million face high levels of acute food insecurity (including over 100,000 in famine-like conditions), and 1.4 million children are expected to be acutely malnourished in 2021. The Minister for Africa, James Duddridge, witnessed the dire humanitarian situation first hand when he visited South Sudan with the UK Special Envoy for Famine and Humanitarian Affairs in October 2020.

We remain in regular contact with the Government of South Sudan and implementing partners on our assistance programme and any impacts of reductions in ODA. While we are still working through what the reduction to UK ODA means for individual programmes, our aid budget will be allocated according to the UK's strategic ODA priorities: global health security, girls' education, humanitarian preparedness and response, open societies, and conflict resolution.

Lord Goldsmith of Richmond Park
Minister of State (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
10th Jun 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of reports of the detention of Uighurs in (1) Egypt, (2) the UAE, and (3) Saudi Arabia; and their forced deportation to China at the request of the government of China since 2017.

The UK continues to take a global leadership role in standing up for the rights of Uyghurs and other ethnic minorities in Xinjiang. We have repeatedly called on countries to respect their obligations not to force persons to return to a country where there are substantial grounds for believing they would be in danger of fundamental rights violations.

We also encourage all states, including the UAE, Egypt and Saudi Arabia, to uphold international human rights obligations. Most recently, the Foreign Secretary discussed the situation in Xinjiang with the Saudi Foreign Minister on 19 May.

Lord Goldsmith of Richmond Park
Minister of State (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
27th May 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the current humanitarian situation in Venezuela; and what steps they are taking to contribute to the improvement of the lives of Venezuelan citizens.

The UK is extremely concerned by the ongoing humanitarian crisis in Venezuela. Since 2019, HMG has spent £37 million in humanitarian aid in response to the Venezuelan crisis, focusing on health, nutrition, and water and sanitation, both inside Venezuela, and with refugees in countries in the region. Inside Venezuela, our funds have also made an important contribution to childhood vaccinations, and strengthening the capacity of the country to provide COVID-19 vaccinations to the entire population. As a result of the economic contraction, the UK will not be funding new bilateral humanitarian programmes in response to the Venezuela crisis in 2021. Our remaining programmes will end in July 2021 as planned.

We will still be spending around £10 billion in Official Development Assistance (ODA) globally, meaning that we will remain one of the largest donor countries in the world. The UK continues to be the largest contributor to the United Nations' Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF), and provides considerable funding to other multilateral humanitarian agencies. We are proud to be a founding donor of the Venezuela Humanitarian Fund, which is increasing funding to national NGOs, and are exploring whether we might be able to provide some additional funding to the Venezuela Humanitarian Fund for work inside Venezuela. We will continue to work with others through diplomatic channels in addressing the root causes of the humanitarian crisis in Venezuela.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
20th May 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the situation in Moldova regarding the separatist region of Transnistria after the disputed result of last year’s presidential election and the early elections called for 11 July; and what discussions they have had with the government of Russia concerning their position on the issue, particularly given recent expressions of concern by the presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov.

The UK supports the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Moldova, and a sustainable resolution of the Transnistrian conflict, with a special status for the Transnistrian region. Since Moldovan Presidential elections in 2020, which were assessed by international observers to have been 'well-managed', we do not assess that the security situation in Transnistria has worsened. However, we are concerned by recent reports of human rights abuses and limitations placed on freedom of movement by the de facto Transnistrian authorities. There have been no recent bilateral discussions between the UK and Russian governments on the status of this issue. Minister Morton discussed Transnistria with Moldovan President Maia Sandu, and Interim Prime Minister Aureliu Ciocoi on 12 May during her visit to Chisinau. The UK raises Transnistria regularly in international fora, and we will continue to press for the withdrawal of illegally-stationed Russian forces from the Transnistrian region, in accordance with UN General Assembly Resolutions.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
20th May 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government, following attacks by Islamic State in the last month, what assessment they have made of the security situation in (1) the Kirkuk Governorate, and (2) Iraq’s disputed territories; and what support to counter such terrorism is being offered to (a) the government of Iraq, and (b) the Kurdistan Regional Government.

The recent attacks in Kirkuk Governorate demonstrated that Daesh still remains active and represents a continuing threat to the safety and security of the people of Iraq and the wider region, particularly in the disputed territories such as Kirkuk. We work closely with the UN and international partners to encourage the Government of Iraq and the Kurdistan Regional Government to resolve their issues, including on disputed territories.

As a leading member of the Global Coalition against Daesh, the UK continues to support the Iraqi and Iraqi Kurdish Security Forces in maintaining capacity and capability to tackle the threat from Daesh.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
20th May 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government whether the Prime Minister has spoken to President al-Sisi of Egypt since the recent outbreak of violence between Israeli forces and Palestinian militants in Gaza; and, if so, whether they discussed the possibility of Egyptian mediation between the government of Israel and Hamas to secure a ceasefire.

The UK worked actively to urge the parties to work with mediators towards an immediate ceasefire. The Minister for the Middle East and North Africa engaged the Egyptian Ambassador in London, and the British Embassy Cairo worked closely with the Government of Egypt. We fully supported Egyptian, Qatari and UN efforts to mediate, working closely with the US.

The UK welcomes the announcement of a ceasefire in Israel and Gaza on 20 May, which is an important step to ending the cycle of violence and loss of civilian life. Hamas must end all attacks on Israel. It is also now important for Israel to facilitate rapid humanitarian access in and out of Gaza. As the Prime Minister and Foreign Secretary have made clear, this cycle of violence must stop, and every effort must be made to avoid loss of life.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
20th May 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they are taking with international partners to support a resolution of the al-Fashaga border dispute between Ethiopia and Sudan.

We are concerned about the increase of tensions on the Sudanese/Ethiopian border in the al-Fashaga territory and have stressed the need for de-escalation on both sides. We are also concerned by the numbers of people displaced and the impact this will have in the region.

We are working with our international partners to encourage all parties to de-escalate and engage in a political process. The Foreign Secretary has discussed the issue with both Prime Minister Abiy of Ethiopia and Prime Minister Hamdok of Sudan, and our Embassies in Addis Ababa and Khartoum have raised with host governments.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
13th May 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to the escalation of anti-government protests in Colombia, what assessment they have made of the political situation in the country.

The UK remains concerned about ongoing protests in Colombia. We are clear that we support the right of all Colombians to protest peacefully, and that the right to peaceful assembly and association must be guaranteed. We call on all actors to continue to engage in dialogue in order to deescalate tensions.

We have raised our concerns with the Colombian government on several occasions during the past two weeks. Most recently, Minister Morton spoke with acting Foreign Minister Adriana Mejía on 14 May, where she welcomed the Colombian Government's commitment to transparent investigations into allegations of excessive use of force, and their commitment to continued dialogue.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
13th May 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to recent clashes between Israeli forces and Palestinian militants, (1) what action they are taking to encourage restraint on both sides; and (2) what discussions they have had with the government of the United States on how to de-escalate the situation.

The UK welcomes the announcement of a ceasefire in Israel and Gaza on 20 May. As the Prime Minister has made clear, leaders in the region must now work to find a durable solution to the Israeli Palestinian conflict that prevents terrorism, ends the cycle of violence, and delivers a sustainable and just peace based on a two state solution. We continue to fully support Egyptian and UN mediation efforts.

The Foreign Secretary visited Israel and the Occupied Palestinian Territories on 25 and 26 May for talks with senior leaders and reiterated the UK's firm commitment to the two-state solution as the best way to deliver Palestinian self-determination and ensure Israel's status as a Jewish, democratic state.

Ministers and Ambassadors throughout the Middle East are also engaging regional partners, including Egypt, Jordan and Turkey, while we remain in close contact with the US administration.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
13th May 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what representations they have had made (1) to representatives of the government of Palestine, and (2) to President Abbas, regarding the decree on 29 April postponing the 22 May legislative elections and the 31 July presidential elections.

We are disappointed that elections in the Occupied Palestinian Territories have been postponed. The Palestinian people should be allowed to enjoy their democratic rights - and Israel must allow voting for Palestinians in East Jerusalem, in line with the Oslo Accords. Elections are long overdue and we urge the swift setting of a new date.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
13th May 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what criteria they used to decide to reduce UK funding to the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) by 60 per cent; what assessment they have made of the statement by UNICEF of 1 May criticising this decision; and whether they consulted with (1) UNICEF, and (2) other international donors to UNICEF, (i) before, and (ii) after, taking this decision.

We have prioritised our aid to be strategic, and remain a force for good across the world. Following a thorough review, the FCDO's aid budget has been allocated in accordance with UK strategic priorities against a challenging financial climate caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. The UK remains an important donor to UNICEF and the UN, Ministers and officials have been engaging directly with UNICEF. The FCDO will be maintaining all its assessed contributions to the UN, including upholding our share of the UN Regular Budget, the UN Peacekeeping Budget, and payments to the budgets of UN specialised agencies of which we are a member.

We are also working with partners to help them assess and manage the impact of UK funding reductions on individual programmes and we will share further details on this in due course. We continue to look to UN leadership in finding multilateral solutions to global challenges, including poverty, insecurity, girls' education, climate change, and pandemics. Our continued leadership on COVAX with the WHO and other partners is evidence of our multilateral approach.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
22nd Apr 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what practical assistance they are providing to the government of India to address the COVID-19 pandemic, including in relation to the supply of oxygen.

It has not proved possible to respond to this question in the time available before Prorogation. The Minister will write directly to the Member with a response shortly.
Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
22nd Apr 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government how much Official Development Assistance (ODA) to (1) the Democratic Republic of the Congo, (2) Lebanon, (3) Libya, (4) Nigeria, (5) Syria, and (6) Somalia, will be reduced as a result of the plan to reduce the commitment to spend 0.7 per cent of gross national income (GNI) on ODA to 0.5 per cent.

It has not proved possible to respond to this question in the time available before Prorogation. The Minister will write directly to the Member with a response shortly.
Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
22nd Apr 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what, if any, response they have received from the government of Russia to the statement by the Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office on 18 April reiterating their call for Alexey Navalny’s “immediate release from his politically motivated imprisonment”; and what information they have on Alexey Navalny’s health since that date.

The UK is deeply concerned by reports of Mr Navalny's hospitalisation and the continued deterioration of his health. Mr Navalny must be given immediate access to independent medical care and we reiterate our call for his immediate release from his politically motivated imprisonment. We note recent media reporting that Mr Navalny has ended his hunger strike and will continue to monitor closely reports about his health.

We raise Mr Navalny's case regularly with the Russian Government. Most recently, our Embassy in Moscow raised it with the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs on 15 April.

Lord Goldsmith of Richmond Park
Minister of State (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
22nd Apr 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government when they last discussed (1) the conflict in Yemen, and (2) Iranian support for the Houthis, with the government of Iran; and what assessment they have made of the statement by the US Special Envoy on Yemen, Tim Lenderking, on 21 April, calling Iran's support for the Houthi militia “quite significant” and “lethal”.

The Foreign Secretary speaks regularly with Iranian Foreign Minister Zarif. He and his officials take every opportunity to discuss a wide range of issues with Iran, including regional stability and security. We are clear Iran must end its destabilising interference in Yemen, which has stoked further conflict in Yemen and the Houthis' reckless cross-border strikes into Saudi Arabia. We have raised this concern with the Iranian government. Iran's provision of weapons to the Houthis is widely documented, including in reports by the UN Panel of Experts, and is in violation of UN Security Council Resolution 2216.

While Iran has stated that it supports UN-led efforts to bring peace to Yemen, we urge Iran to ensure its actions are consistent with this commitment. Iran should fully support the proposals by the UN Special Envoy for Yemen, including for an urgent nationwide ceasefire.

Lord Goldsmith of Richmond Park
Minister of State (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
16th Apr 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they are taking with (1) international partners, and (2) Association of Southeast Asian Nations member countries, to encourage the government of Myanmar to allow the UN Special Envoy for Myanmar to access that country.

We welcome the strong statements from the UN Secretary General in response to the coup and subsequent violence. We are working with his office, and with partners including ASEAN, to explore all options such as a high-level UN Special Envoy visit to seek a peaceful resolution to the crisis. The Minister for Asia has met the United Nations Special Envoy to Myanmar to discuss the UK's concern at the coup and how we can ensure a coordinated international response.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
16th Apr 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what plans they have to ensure that the rights of women in civil society in Afghanistan, including the right to education for girls, are protected following the withdrawal of UK and NATO troops in September.

The UK remains committed to supporting Afghanistan on its path to a more peaceful and positive future. We will continue to work closely with the UN, Afghanistan and our international partners to intensify peace efforts as NATO forces drawdown.

The UK has assisted in the significant improvement in the rights of all Afghans, including women and minorities. There are 8.2 million more children in school now than in 2002, including 3.7 million girls. However, only a negotiated and inclusive settlement will safeguard the rights and freedoms that Afghans want and deserve. We will continue to make clear to all sides that any political settlement must protect progress, including protection for women and minorities.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
16th Apr 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government, what discussions they have had with the government of Iran following its announcement that it intends to produce 60 per cent enriched uranium in retaliation for the cyberattack on the Natanz nuclear plant on 11 April.

Iran's announcement on 16 April that they have started uranium enrichment up to 60% using advanced centrifuges is a serious and deeply worrying development in violation of its nuclear commitments under the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPoA). This is the latest step in Iran's continued and systematic non-compliance with the JCPoA. The production of highly enriched uranium is an important step in the production of a nuclear weapon. Iran has no credible civilian need for enrichment at this level.

The UK has made multiple official level representations to the Iranians on this issue, both bilaterally and as part of the E3 alongside the governments of France and Germany. As the E3 said in a statement on 14 April, this step is contrary to the constructive spirit and good faith of discussions in Vienna that have the objective of finding a rapid diplomatic solution to revitalise and restore the JCPoA.

We continue to work with the parties to the JCPoA and the US Administration to seize the diplomatic opportunity for a full return to the JCPoA. We call upon Iran to avoid any escalatory measures which make a return to mutual compliance harder to achieve.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
25th Mar 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of (1) the remarks made by the Prime Minister of Ethiopia on 23 March that “reports indicate that atrocities have been committed in Tigray region”, and (2) the humanitarian situation in northern Ethiopia.

We welcome Prime Minister Abiy's statement on 23 March that the perpetrators of human rights atrocities in Ethiopia's Tigray region should face justice - whoever they are. We need to see action now to stop further atrocities and to allow for the independent investigation of those that have occurred. Since the conflict started, the UK has consistently called for an end to fighting, and for all parties to the conflict to prioritise the protection of civilians.

The UK has also been consistent in calling for free and unfettered humanitarian access to the 4.5 million people in Tigray in need. The Foreign Secretary raised the need for humanitarian access to Tigray with Prime Minister Abiy during his visit to Ethiopia and pressed for a political dialogue to bring lasting peace to the region. The Minister for Africa re-enforced the urgency of the need for humanitarian access when he spoke with the Ethiopian Ambassador on 24 February. The presence of Eritrean troops in Tigray is one the main barriers to humanitarian access and they should leave Ethiopia immediately. Humanitarian providers must be protected to ensure they can help those in need. UK-funded aid agencies in Tigray are delivering support in challenging circumstances, including food, shelter, water and healthcare. A joint humanitarian and political team from the British Embassy in Addis Ababa visited Mekelle on 5 March. They heard harrowing accounts of human rights violations, the challenges of aid delivery and how some of the £15.4m of UK Aid is helping to support those affected by the Tigray conflict. The Government of Ethiopia must act now to protect its people.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
25th Mar 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of (1) reports that the Prime Minister-designate of Lebanon and the President of Lebanon are yet to agree on the formation of the government of Lebanon’s cabinet, and (2) the political situation in Lebanon

This government continues to urge Lebanon's leaders to urgently form a government willing to implement the reforms needed to stabilise the economy and meet the basic needs of its citizens. The UK stands in support of the Lebanese people.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
25th Mar 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they are taking to show support for the new National Unity-led government of Libya; and what discussions the Prime Minister has had with the interim Prime Minister of Libya.

The UK welcomes the inauguration of the interim Government of National Unity in Libya, charged with leading the country to elections. This is an important step towards the unification of Libyan institutions and a comprehensive political solution that ultimately makes Libya more stable, secure and prosperous. On 12 Feb, the Prime Minister spoke to then Prime Minister designate Dabaiba to express UK support for the new government. The UK is working with international partners, including through the UN Security Council and the Berlin Process, to support the interim Government of National Unity to hold national elections in December 2021, improve the delivery of services to the Libyan people, and prioritise implementation of the 23 October 2020 ceasefire agreement, including the withdrawal of foreign fighters and mercenaries.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
25th Mar 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the (1) security situation in Mozambique, and (2) the statement by Save The Children, published on 16 March, highlighting atrocities that have occurred in the Cabo Delgado province, including the beheading of children; and what steps they are taking with international partners to prevent Islamic State from gaining influence in (a) Mozambique, and (b) the Democratic Republic of Congo.

The UK is deeply concerned by the deteriorating security situation in northern Mozambique, and the increasing attacks by groups with links to Islamist extremism. As the Minister for Africa set out publicly on 17 March, we are appalled by reports of beheadings of children in the Cabo Delgado province. We have been particularly concerned by recent attacks in Palma, which we utterly condemn, and are in close contact with the local authorities in Cabo Delgado. We regularly engage with our international partners, including the US, France, Portugal and South Africa, to discuss a shared approach to the situation in Cabo Delgado.

We are working with the Governments of Mozambique and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to address the root drivers of conflict and instability. In Mozambique we are providing targeted assistance under the framework of a Defence Memorandum of Understanding and £19m of humanitarian and development support to support those displaced by the conflict. In DRC we are contributing to the UN Peacekeeping Mission MONUSCO (£52m in 2020/21 and the provision of three military staff officers), while our seven-year peace and stability programme is supporting local-level peace building initiatives and helping communities to secure land access, construct critical infrastructure and access income-generation opportunities in the east. We continue to urge the UN and the DRC Government to work closely together to protect civilians from ongoing violence and address the root causes of conflict. The Minister for Africa discussed the importance of addressing these issues with President Tshisekedi during his visit to DRC in November last year and during a telephone call on 10 March.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
11th Mar 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what progress has been made on re-engaging with the government of Iran on the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action.

Iran's continued systematic non-compliance with its nuclear commitments under the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPoA) is undermining the non-proliferation benefits of the deal and jeopardising our efforts to preserve it. On 23 February 2021, the Foreign Secretary, alongside his French and German counterparts, expressed our deep regret at Iran's suspension of the Additional Protocol and urged Iran to return to compliance with its JCPoA commitments.

On 10 March 2021 the Prime Minister in his call with President Rouhani of Iran stressed that while the UK remains committed to making the Iran nuclear deal a success, Iran must stop all nuclear activity that breaches the terms of the JCPoA and come back into compliance. The Prime Minister stressed the importance of Iran seizing the opportunity presented by the United States' willingness to return to the deal if Iran comes back into compliance. Our priority is now, with the parties of the JCPoA and the new US Administration, to find a diplomatic way forward that realises the benefits of the deal.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
11th Mar 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the report by the United States' Office of the Director of National Intelligence Assessing the Saudi Government’s Role in the Killing of Jamal Khashoggi, declassified on 26 February, and what discussions they have had with the government of Saudi Arabia about the conclusions of that report.

The UK has always been clear that Khashoggi's murder was a terrible crime. We condemn his killing in the strongest possible terms, which is why we have sanctioned twenty Saudi nationals involved in the murder under the global human rights regime.

The Foreign Secretary raised the killing of Khashoggi during his visit to Riyadh last year, and we continue to raise it in our engagement with the Saudi government.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
11th Mar 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the report by the Commission of Inquiry of the Syrian Arab Republic A decade of arbitrary detention and imprisonment, published on 1 March; and what action they intend to take as a result.

This latest UN report from the Commission of Inquiry shows further confirmation of a decade of appalling atrocities in Syria and is a shocking reminder of why Syria remains one of the worst human rights crises in the world.

The UK has repeatedly condemned a number of issues raised in the report, including the use of illegal detention by the Asad regime, affiliated militias and proscribed terrorist organisations. We have raised the plight of detainees at the UN Security Council, most recently during our national statement on 15 March and through our leadership at the Human Rights Council, where this month we are hosting a side event to discuss next steps for accountability. We will also shortly complete an information sharing agreement with the International, Independent and Impartial Mechanism for Syria (IIIM) to strengthen accountability for international crimes and human rights abuses committed in Syria.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
11th Mar 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the current political situation in Armenia; and, in particular, (1) the reports of an attempted military coup, and (2) the recent protests in the country.

The UK Government supports both the democratically elected Government in Armenia and the right of the Armenian people to protest peacefully. We followed closely the events surrounding public comments made by senior Armenian military figures, and have urged all parties to abide by democratic and constitutional processes in a calm and peaceful manner.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
4th Mar 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government why they are reducing the amount of humanitarian aid provided to Yemen.

The UK is facing the worst economic contraction in over 300 years, and a budget deficit of close to £400 billion. As announced last year, given the impact of this global pandemic on the economy and, as a result, the public finances, we will move to a target of spending 0.5% of Gross National Income as Official Development Assistance (ODA) in 2021.

On 1 March, the Minister of State for Middle East and North Africa announced that the UK will provide at least £87 million to Yemen over the course of our next financial year (2021/22), with the UK contributing over £1 billion since the conflict began. Our funding will feed an additional 240,000 of the most vulnerable Yemenis every month, support 400 healthcare clinics and provide clean water for 1.6 million people. We will also provide one-off cash support to 1.5 million of Yemen's poorest households to help them buy food and basic supplies.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
4th Mar 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to the postponement of presidential elections in Somalia, what assessment they have made of the (1) political, and (2) security, situation in that country.

Somalia is at a important stage in agreeing an electoral process, which will have broader implications for its political and security development. It is vital that talks resume and leaders come to an agreement on the implementation of an inclusive electoral process, to proceed as soon as possible. The UK, with its international partners, raised concerns over the violence around demonstrations in Mogadishu on 19 February, and called on all parties to maintain calm and exercise restraint to allow political dialogue to advance. We urge Somalia's leaders to reach agreement on the elections, in the interests of the people of Somalia and in order to cement progress towards long-term security and stability.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
11th Feb 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they are taking with other European countries (1) to secure lasting stability for Kosovo and Serbia, and (2) the revival of the Kosovo–Serbia dialogue process.

The UK strongly supports EU-facilitated Dialogue between Serbia and Kosovo as the best way of securing lasting stability in the region. We will continue to work with international partners to promote a comprehensive and sustainable normalisation agreement that benefits the peoples of both countries. The Minister for European Neighbourhood and the Americas has affirmed the UK's support for the Dialogue to EUSR Lajcak and in the last year has visited both countries where she reiterated this to Dialogue leads and senior political figures. We will continue to encourage renewed engagement from both sides following the recent Kosovan elections.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
11th Feb 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they are taking with international partners (1) to prevent a humanitarian crisis in Tigray, and (2) to deliver aid to those affected by starvation; and what discussions they have had with the UN about declaring a famine in that region.

The UK has been consistent in calling for the protection of civilians in Ethiopia, unfettered humanitarian access, and respect for human rights. The UK continues to liaise closely with a wide range of regional and international partners in support of these objectives. As a complement to the efforts of the region to find sustainable solutions to the humanitarian crisis, we will continue to press these messages with all relevant international partners, including at the UN Security Council (UNSC) where the UK chaired a closed UNSC discussion on the humanitarian situation in the Tigray region on 3 February.

We are concerned about the impact of the conflict on food security and nutrition in Tigray and we note recent assessments that there are still significant restrictions to access in Tigray. UK-funded aid agencies in Tigray are working hard to deliver support in challenging circumstances, including food, shelter, water and healthcare. In this context we welcome the recent visits to Ethiopia by senior UN officials and hope that they will deliver a sustained step-change in humanitarian access.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
11th Feb 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the security situation in the Sahel; and when they last held discussions with the government of France about international efforts to accelerate and expand stabilisation operations in that region.

The UK is deeply concerned about the deteriorating security situation in the Sahel. Over the years conflict has spread from the north of Mali to the centre, as well as into Burkina Faso and Niger. 2020 has registered more deaths by violence than any previous year in the past decade. Through our recent deployment to the UN peacekeeping mission in Mali (MINUSMA), and our support aimed at bolstering conflict resolution, the UK is committed to building long-term peace and stability.

In our engagement with G5 Sahel countries and international partners, including the French, the UK has raised concerns about escalating violence and emphasised the need for a more coordinated response based on mutual accountability between G5 governments and donors. The Foreign Secretary speaks to his French counterpart regularly. At the G5 Sahel Summit on 16 February, attended by France and other international partners, the Foreign Secretary set out the need to strengthen civil-military coordination, address impunity for human rights abuses and violations, and improve the stabilisation approach based on a shared understanding of conflict drivers.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
11th Feb 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they are taking to support (1) the South Sudan peace deal, and (2) a power-sharing political system in that country.

Ensuring full implementation of the 2018 Peace Agreement is a priority for UK engagement in South Sudan and is the best chance for a more stable and prosperous future. The Agreement sets out how the parties to the conflict must work together to bring an end to violence. This includes the formation of the Revitalized Transitional Government of National Unity and, in time, elections so the people of South Sudan can choose their own government.

As a permanent member of the UN Security Council and member of the Troika (with Norway and the US), the UK is at the forefront of international efforts to pressure South Sudan's leaders to deliver peace together. As the Minister for Africa made clear during a visit to South Sudan in October 2020, all parties must work together to ensure a lasting end to violence and address the worsening humanitarian crisis; key to this is building trust at all levels. More recently, the Foreign Secretary and the Minister for Africa discussed regional stability, including South Sudan, with President Kenyatta on 20 January during a visit to Kenya. The UK Special Representative for Sudan and South Sudan also discusses issues of peace and unity regularly with international and regional partners including with President Kenyatta in January and with President Museveni of Uganda in December 2020. In addition the UK provides technical support to the peace process including to civil society groups and mechanisms that implement the agreement, support mediation efforts, and monitor the ceasefire and security arrangements.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
11th Feb 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government when the Foreign Secretary last spoke to the Foreign Minister of Iran about (1) the conflict in Yemen, and (2) any plans for a political solution to that conflict that reflects the wishes of the Yemeni people.

The Foreign Secretary speaks regularly with Iranian Foreign Minister Zarif. He and his officials take every opportunity to discuss with Iran a wide range of issues, including regional stability and security.

While Iran has stated that it supports UN-led efforts to bring peace to Yemen, we urge Iran to ensure its actions are consistent with this commitment. Iran's provision of weapons to the Houthis is contrary to the relevant Security Council resolutions. It is important that Yemen is not used as a theatre in which to escalate conflict in the region.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
8th Feb 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of reports that the government of Syria is mounting an offensive in Idlib; and what steps they are taking in response to the remarks made by (1) the UN Special Envoy for Syria, and (2) the Under-Secretary-General Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator, at the meeting of the UN Security Council on 20 January.

UN Envoy Geir Pedersen has described a 'fragile calm' in Syria that could break down at any moment. The UK welcomes Turkey's efforts to uphold the ceasefire in Idlib and prevent a further regime offensive. We urge all parties to adhere to agreed ceasefires and their obligations under international law. We also fully support Geir Pedersen's efforts towards a political solution to the conflict in line with UN Security Council Resolution 2254. Tackling the humanitarian impact of the Syria crisis remains a priority for the UK as the Assad regime's policies devastate the Syrian economy and deny aid to the most vulnerable. We continue to use our position at the UN Security Council to push for greater aid access into Syria and we remain committed to supporting aid delivery, through all mechanisms, to those in need.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
4th Feb 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what discussions they have had with the government of China about the political situation in Myanmar since the UN Security Council statement condemning the military coup in Myanmar was not adopted.

The UK was pleased to secure a strong statement from the UN Security Council on the situation in Myanmar. This was the first such statement since 2008. China has an important role to play as a key regional partner for Myanmar. We welcome its agreement to such a strong statement, and have made it clear that there must be a coordinated response to ensure that the security situation does not further deteriorate. We will continue to work to ensure a strong response from the Council and urge China to live up to its international responsibilities.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
4th Feb 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what support they are currently providing to advance the peace process in the Middle East; and what discussions they have had with the Secretary-General  of the Arab League about this process since 31 December 2020.

The UK is committed to making progress towards a twostate solution. We believe that negotiations will only succeed when they are conducted between Israelis and Palestinians, supported by the international community. The UK is supportive of a regional approach to peace and we have actively encouraged the parties back to dialogue. The UK joined a UN Security Council session, attended by the Secretary-General of the League of Arab States on the 26 January. The Arab League and Arab states have a key role in the peace process and we are in close contact on this issue.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
4th Feb 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what action they are taking, if any, to increase support to Lebanese citizens following the recent protests in Lebanon.

The UK is a long-standing friend of Lebanon and the Lebanese people. Since 2011, the UK has allocated over £700 million in humanitarian and development funding to Lebanon. We were one of the biggest donors following the devastating Beirut Port explosion, providing a £27 million package of assistance to support the most vulnerable. The UK and other members of the International Support Group for Lebanon have consistently called for the swift formation of an effective government which reflects the aspirations of the Lebanese people, and stressed that the right of peaceful protest must continue to be respected. We stand ready to support the people of Lebanon but look to a new government to urgently demonstrate its commitment to reform.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
4th Feb 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the current situation in the Central African Republic; and what action they are taking to support the UN Secretary-General in his call for all parties in that country to cease hostilities ahead of the second round of legislative elections expected on 14 February.

The Government is concerned about the humanitarian and security situation in the Central African Republic (CAR) following presidential and legislative elections. Ahead of the second round of legislative elections on 14 February, we have repeatedly called on all parties to cease violence including through a UN Security Council (UNSC) statement and a tweet from the Minister for Africa, both of which were issued on 21 January. On 24 February the UK, as President of the UNSC for the month, will chair a meeting on CAR to re-assess the situation a month after its last discussion, renew its calls for a cessation of hostilities and consider any further action.

The UK supported election preparations in CAR through a £500,000 contribution to the UN Development Programme's basket fund for elections, to support procurement of critical election materials and greater participation of women and marginalised groups. The UK contributes approximately £40 million annually to the UN peacekeeping mission (MINUSCA) which continues to provide security across the country. The UK is also contributing £21.5 million towards the humanitarian effort in 2020/2021, delivering emergency health, nutrition, food security and livelihoods support to a million Central Africans.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
28th Jan 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what discussions they have had with the government of Russia about the detention of Alexei Navalny; what steps they will take in response to that detention; and whether they have considered imposing sanctions against Russian individuals in response.

The United Kingdom is appalled by the politically motivated detention of Alexei Navalny. We continue to call for a full and transparent criminal investigation into Mr Navalny's poisoning, and for his immediate and unconditional release. The Foreign Secretary has also condemned the indiscriminate and arbitrary arrests of peaceful protesters and journalists, and the Russian authorities' unacceptable use of violence against them. We have called on the Russian Government to respect its international commitments and release those detained during peaceful demonstrations.

The UK has galvanised the international community in condemnation of these deplorable detentions. As G7 President, the UK led a G7 Foreign Ministers' statement, issued on 26 January, emphasising our deep concern at these developments, and calling on Russia to adhere to its national and international obligations.

We raise Mr Navalny's case regularly with the Russian Government. On 15 January, immediately prior to his return to Russia, the UK's Ambassador to Moscow raised our concerns with the Russian Foreign Ministry. The Minister responsible for the European Neighbourhood and the Americas also raised Mr Navalny's case with her Russian counterpart in November 2020.

On 15 October 2020 the UK enforced asset freezes and travel bans against six individuals and an entity involved in the poisoning and attempted murder of Mr Navalny under the EU's chemical weapons sanctions regime. These listings include senior representatives of the Russian government and the Director of the FSB. Following the end of the Transition Period, these individuals and entity are now designated under the UK national sanctions regime on Chemical Weapons. We are considering all options for further action. We will continue to work with the OPCW and all of our international partners to uphold the Chemical Weapons Convention and to hold Russia to account.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
28th Jan 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they are taking (1) to support, and (2) to expedite, the global rollout of COVID-19 vaccines; and what consideration they have given to donating vaccine doses to countries that are unable to afford them.

The UK is committed to rapid equitable access to safe and effective vaccines. We are supporting the COVAX Facility as the best mechanism to deliver this, and have committed £548 million to its work, making the UK one of its largest donors. Through match funding, this commitment has encouraged other donors to commit $1 billion by the end of 2020. Our commitment will contribute to the supply of at least 1.3 billion doses of COVID-19 vaccines in 2021 for up to 92 countries in the global south.

The UK is also working closely with international partners such as Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance, the World Health Organisation (WHO), and UNICEF to support COVAX's preparations for vaccine rollout in countries in the global south. We expect deliveries of vaccines to begin by the end of February. It is too early to determine how many doses ordered by the UK will not be needed for domestic use. We are working through multilateral institutions, such as the UN and the G20, and with the WHO and international partners to support vaccine development, manufacturing scale-up, and distribution to meet both domestic and international needs now and in the future.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
28th Jan 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to the statement by General Zaw Min Tun that the Myanmar Army would “take action” if allegations of electoral fraud during the general election in Myanmar on 8 November were not investigated, what assessment they have made of the political situation in Myanmar.

Following unsubstantiated claims of electoral fraud in the November 2020 elections, Myanmar's armed forces took control of the country on 1st February, declaring a state of emergency. The country is now under effective control of the Commander in Chief and the military Vice President Myint Swe.

The UK condemns this military coup and the detention of members of the civilian Government and civil society, including State Counsellor Aung San Suu Kyi and President Win Myint. The UK calls for the peaceful reconvening of the elected National Assembly, and respect for the results of the November 2020 general election and expressed wishes of the people of Myanmar. We are considering UK actions in response to the coup.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
20th Jan 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what plans they have to prioritise seeking the reversal of the designation of the Houthi movement as a Foreign Terrorist Organisation by the government of the United States in their discussions with the new government of that country.

We share the concerns raised by the UN and NGOs about the impact of designation on what is already the world's worst humanitarian crisis. We have already engaged with the US to urge them to ensure that the vital humanitarian response, including food supplies, are not disrupted and aim to raise this urgently with the new administration.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
20th Jan 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the current (1) political, and (2) security, situation in Tunisia.

Ten years after the fall of President Ben Ali, Tunisia continues to consolidate its transition to democracy. The UK works closely with Tunisia to support political and economic reform, bolster democratic institutions, and build the country's resilience. The UK also has a strong partnership with Tunisia on security issues, which has helped strengthen our response to the shared challenges of terrorism and extremism, and to work together to address the conflict in Libya.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
20th Jan 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to the statement by the Minister for Africa on 16 January about the presidential elections in Uganda, what practical assistance they are offering to ensure that concerns about the political climate and the electoral process in Uganda are investigated and resolved appropriately; and what representations they have made to the government of Uganda about the need for that government to meet its international human rights commitments.

Our High Commission in Kampala has been consulting with the diplomatic community, civil society actors, other international observers, and the Government of Uganda, to ensure we have a comprehensive and accurate picture of the elections. We deployed 51 Election Observers across Uganda on election day, covering over 120 polling stations. Following analysis from the observer missions, we have raised our concerns with the appropriate authorities. Through our lobbying, including at senior levels of government and through our public messaging, we continue to urge the Government of Uganda to respond to any concerns raised and to meet their international human rights commitments. The treatment of opposition figures post-election, including Robert Kyagulanyi, has been unacceptable and the Minister for Africa expressed his concerns about this in his tweet on 19 January. The Minister for Africa welcomes the High Court of Uganda's decision of 25 January that the detention of Robert Kyagulanyi was unconstitutional and unlawful and that these restrictions are now lifted. This is a positive step towards removing the restrictions on political freedoms of Kyagulanyi and the UK will continue to raise these issues with the Government of Uganda

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
14th Jan 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what discussions they have had with (1) the government of Israel, and (2) international partners in the World Health Organization (WHO), about making COVID-19 vaccines doses available in the Occupied Palestinian Territories before the arrival in March of WHO vaccine supplies.

The British Embassy in Tel Aviv and the British Consulate-General in Jerusalem are in regular contact with the Israeli and Palestinian authorities respectively. We will continue to raise access to safe COVID-19 vaccines.

The UK supports World Health Organisation (WHO) leadership on the COVAX Facility. The UK will continue to liaise with the WHO on timescales for vaccine delivery in the OPTs in our capacity as a major contributor to COVAX Advance Market Commitment (AMC) and as a key international partner to the Palestinian Authority. We understand first vaccine deliveries are anticipated to begin in the first quarter of 2021.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
14th Jan 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government whether they have taken any urgent action in the UN Human Rights Council in response to reports of the government of China's treatment of pro-democracy leaders in Hong Kong; and if so, whether any such action includes (1) resolutions, or (2) emergency sessions.

The UK continues to work with international partners, including at the United Nations, to raise our deep concern about the situation in Hong Kong. On 9 January, the Foreign Secretary released a statement with his Australian, Canadian and US counterparts underscoring our serious concern at the arrest of 55 politicians and activists.

At the UN, on 6 October, alongside Germany we brought together a total of 39 countries to express grave concern at the situation in Xinjiang and Hong Kong in a joint statement at the General Assembly Third Committee.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
14th Jan 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government whether the Prime Minister has spoken to the Prime Minister of New Zealand about New Zealand's decision not to join the statement by the Foreign Ministers of Australia, Canada and the UK, and the United States Secretary of State on arrests in Hong Kong issued on 9 January 2020; and whether any ministerial discussions have taken place with the government of New Zealand about such arrests.

The Prime Minister and his New Zealand counterpart, Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern, last spoke on 10 December 2020, when they discussed a range of foreign policy matters, including Hong Kong. On 9 January, the Foreign Secretary and his New Zealand counterpart, Nanaia Mahuta, discussed developments on arrests in Hong Kong. We will continue to work closely with international partners to call on China to live up to its obligations and responsibilities as a leading member of the international community.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
7th Jan 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what action they are taking to ensure equitable global access to COVID-19 vaccines.

The UK is committed to rapid equitable access to safe and effective vaccines. The UK has committed up to £548 million to the COVAX Advance Market Commitment (AMC), which is the international initiative to support global equitable access to vaccines. This makes the UK one of the COVAX AMC's largest bilateral donors. Our commitment will support access to COVID-19 vaccines for up to 92 developing countries through contributing to the supply of 1 billion doses in 2021, and vaccinations for up to 500 million people.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
7th Jan 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what rights to consular assistance British citizens have if they are falsely accused or imprisoned abroad.

Our consular staff endeavour to give appropriate and tailored support to British nationals overseas and their families in the UK, 24 hours a day, seven days a week and 365 days a year. What we can and cannot do is set out in our guide on gov.uk. We help around 30,000 British nationals abroad every year. Cases range from supporting those who have lost their passports, been victims of crimes or had accidents while in another country, through to complicated, long-running consular cases such as people detained overseas. The UK is a party to the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations (VCCR), which is a multilateral agreement setting out how States will cooperate in the support of their nationals in distress overseas including for example granting access to detained nationals The Government's ability to provide consular assistance remains at all times dependent on other states respecting the VCCR and must be done in accordance with the laws of that country.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
7th Jan 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to reports that violence prevented people from voting in elections in the Central African Republic, what assessment they have made of the current (1) political, and (2) security, situation in that country.

The UK Government is concerned by the current security situation in the Central African Republic (CAR) and reports of violence during the electoral period. We have repeatedly called on all parties to cease violence and allow the Central African people to exercise their right to vote in peaceful, free and fair conditions. The UN and CAR authorities are working together to ensure a successful second round of legislative elections in February. We have noted the preliminary Presidential election results announced by the National Elections Authority on 4 January, which will be confirmed by the Constitutional Court on 19 January.

We support the UN's call for the Government of CAR and all parties to favour an inclusive, open, constructive and credible political dialogue to promote national stability. The UK supported election preparations in CAR through a £500,000 contribution to the UN Development Programme's basket fund for elections, which enabled the procurement of critical election materials and greater participation of women and marginalised groups. The UK also contributes approximately £40 million annually to the UN peacekeeping mission (MINUSCA) which continues to provide security and patrol areas across the country.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
9th Dec 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what discussions they have had with the government of the United States about (1) their decision to designate the Yemeni Houthis as a Foreign Terrorist Organisation, and (2) the impact of such a designation on the ability of aid agencies to deliver humanitarian supplies in that region.

The Government has discussed this matter with the United States Government. We share the concerns about Iran's Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corp destabilising activity in Yemen and condemn the ongoing Houthi cross-border attacks. However, Yemen is one of the world's worst humanitarian crises and our main priority is to support the UN's peace process and ensure life-saving humanitarian aid can reach the millions of Yemenis in need. We are not considering proscribing at this time. We keep the use of sanctions under review.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
9th Dec 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification’s assessment of the Food Insecurity Situation in Yemen that (1) 16,500 Yemeni’s are facing a “catastrophic, famine-like situation”, and (2) that this number could increase to 47,000 by June 2021; and what plans they have to increase aid spending in Yemen.

The UK is extremely concerned about increased levels of food insecurity and risk of famine in Yemen, with thousands of people already in famine conditions and 13.5 million Yemeni people at risk of starving or struggling to get enough food to feed their families according to the latest Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) data. We have been sounding the alarm on Yemen since September, when we announced an additional £30.8 million in UK aid specifically for famine prevention.

On 3 December, in response to the release of the IPC data, the Foreign Secretary announced an additional £14 million in UK aid to Yemen. This new funding will help 1.5 million households access food and medicines, and takes the UK's commitment to £214 million this financial year (2020/21). We continue to urge the international community to step up, including though urgently disbursing humanitarian funding, supporting the economy and encouraging the parties to engage in new peace talks led by UN Special Envoy Martin Griffiths.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
9th Dec 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what action they are taking to support the statement by the Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office on 6 December (1) that they do not recognise the result of the illegitimate Venezuelan National Assembly election held on 6 December, and (2) calling for democracy to be restored in Venezuela.

The UK does not recognise the legitimacy of the Venezuelan legislative elections held on 6 December. Electoral conditions were neither free nor fair, and did not reach international democratic standards. We welcome the strong international condemnation of the elections by the International Contact Group (ICG) on Venezuela, the Organisation of American States, the European Union, and others. Staff at our Embassy in Caracas, and in London talk regularly with opposition leaders. We are discussing next steps with like-minded partners in both Europe and the Americas.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
9th Dec 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they are taking (1) to address any shortfall in funding for the World Health Organization-led Access to COVID-19 Tools Accelerator, and (2) to ensure global equitable access (a) to tests, (b) to treatments, and (c) to vaccines, to prevent economic damage to low and lower middle income countries; and what representations they have made to international partners to address any such shortfall in funding.

The UK is committed to rapid, equitable access to safe and effective vaccines, treatments, and tests. This is demonstrated by our strong support for the Access to COVID-19 Tools (ACT) Accelerator. The UK is its largest bilateral donor, contributing up to £813 million to the ACT-Accelerator partners. This includes up to £548 million for the COVAX Advance Market Commitment (AMC), which is the international initiative to support global equitable access to vaccines as well as other important medical technologies.

The UK recognises that there are critical ACT-Accelerator funding gaps. We continue to encourage international partners to actively work together to mobilise the resources needed, both bilaterally and in international fora.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
9th Dec 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what discussions they have had with the incoming US presidential administration about the future of the 2015 Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action between Iran, Germany and the UN Security Council permanent members.

President-elect Biden has said that if Iran returns to compliance with the deal, the US would re-enter the agreement and seek to both strengthen it and extend it. This is an important opportunity to restart engagement between Iran and the US, and to realise the objectives of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, which we support. We look forward to engaging with the new administration as soon as possible.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
9th Dec 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what representations they have made to the government of Israel about (1) the reported killing of a Palestinian child near Ramallah on 4 December, and (2) reports that the child was shot by the Israel Defence Force.

The Government is very concerned at the high numbers of Palestinians, including children, killed by Israel Defence Forces in the West Bank and Gaza. The UK Minister for the Middle East and North Africa expressed the UK's sadness to hear of the death of Palestinian child Ali Ayman Abu Alaya, following clashes between the Israeli Defence Forces and Palestinian civilians. We have urged Israel to ensure that its investigation is swift and comprehensive. We continue to stress the importance of the Israeli security forces providing appropriate protection to the Palestinian civilian population, in particular the need to protect children, and urge restraint in the use of live fire. In instances where there have been accusations of excessive use of force, we advocate transparent investigations.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
2nd Dec 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they have taken to support (1) Nigeria, and (2) neighbouring countries, to address any threat to regional stability by (a) Boko Haram, and (b) the Islamic State in West Africa (ISWA), in the last 18 months; and how many people they estimate have been displaced in that period as a result of the actions by (1) Boko Haram, and (2) ISWA.

The UK Government is supporting Nigeria and its neighbours in the fight against Boko Haram and Islamic State West Africa (ISWA). These terrorist groups have caused immense suffering to local communities in North East Nigeria and the wider Lake Chad Basin region. We are providing a comprehensive package of assistance in support of efforts to bring stability to this region. For example, we help fund the Lake Chad Basin Regional Stabilisation Facility, implemented by the UN Development Programme, to strengthen community security, provide basic services and support livelihoods. Our contribution was £2 million in the financial year 2019-20. Additionally, we have provided funding and operational support for the Multinational Joint Task Force, a regional force coordinating military efforts for regional security.

Over two million people have been displaced as a result of the ongoing conflict in North East Nigeria and 10.6 million are in need of humanitarian assistance. We work closely with the UN and international partners to provide life-saving assistance to people affected by the conflict.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
2nd Dec 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what information they have, if any, on who is responsible for the killing of Mohsen Fakhrizadeh on 27 November 2020.

The circumstances of Fakhrizadeh's death remain unclear and we will not speculate when we do not have the full facts. To date no State or non-State actors have claimed responsibility, but the UK repeatedly and consistently condemns extrajudicial killings wherever these take place. We are concerned about the situation in Iran and the wider region. We continue to urge all sides to show restraint and avoid any actions which might escalate tensions in the region.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
2nd Dec 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what discussions they have had with the governments of (1) China, and (2) Hong Kong, about (1) the detention of Joshua Wong in December 2020, and (2) the treatment of those in Hong Kong who oppose those governments.

As the Foreign Secretary made clear in his statement of 2 December following the sentencing of Joshua Wong, Agnes Chow and Ivan Lam, prosecution decisions must be fair and impartial, and the rights and freedoms guaranteed to the people of Hong Kong under the Joint Declaration must be upheld.

We have raised our concerns about Joshua Wong's and other cases with senior members of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Government and the Beijing authorities and will continue to do so. We urge the Hong Kong and Beijing authorities to bring an end to their apparent campaign to stifle legitimate opposition and reconsider their current course.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
26th Nov 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government how much bilateral aid China has received from the UK in the form of development assistance since 2015; when this was last reviewed; and when it will next be reviewed.

The UK ended traditional bilateral aid programmes to China in 2011. China's size, rising economic power and influence make it an important partner in tackling global challenges. We now offer expertise and skills to help tackle global issues like climate change, which is firmly in the national interest. Bilateral Official Development Assistance (ODA) spend for 2009-2019 as categorised by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) can be found here: https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/920048/Table-A4b.od. This includes ODA spend on activity such as British scientists and researchers working with Chinese counterparts, Chinese Chevening scholars, the British Council's ODA eligible activity in China and, for 2015 and 2019, the ODA eligible portion of costs related to UK diplomatic staff in China (in 2016-2018 these costs were presented regionally).

ODA programmes, including those relevant to China, were reviewed in July 2020 as part of the ODA reprioritisation exercise due to the reduction in Gross National Income (GNI) during the early stages of the Covid-19 crisis. Following the Chancellor of the Exchequer's announcement in the Spending Review that ODA will be reduced to 0.5% of GNI until the fiscal situation allows a return to 0.7%, the Foreign Secretary will run a short cross-government process to review, appraise and finalise ODA allocations across all departments.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
26th Nov 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the (1) political, and (2) security, situation in Libya.

We remain deeply concerned by ongoing instability in Libya. However, we welcome recent positive developments and the commitment shown by Libyans to engage constructively in the UN-led political process. The comprehensive ceasefire, and roadmap to elections in December 2021, both brokered by the UN, are important steps towards achieving a sustainable and inclusive political settlement for all Libyans. The UK is actively engaged in international diplomatic efforts, in support of the UN, to help Libyans to find solutions to the issues they face.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
26th Nov 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to the statement by the Chancellor of the Exchequer on 25 November that they will be “spending the equivalent of 0.5 per cent of our national income on overseas aid in 2021” (HC Deb, col 830), which 20 countries have been the biggest recipients of UK bilateral aid since 2015; and what criteria will be used to determine reductions in (1) multilateral, and (2) bilateral, aid.

The top twenty recipients of UK bilateral aid between 2015 and 2019 are:

Pakistan

Democratic Republic of Congo

Ethiopia

Kenya

Nigeria

Sierra Leone

Syria

Uganda

Afghanistan

Lebanon

Bangladesh

India

Somalia

Jordan

South Sudan

Burma

Tanzania

Zimbabwe

Yemen

Nepal

The Government is introducing a new strategic approach which will allow us to drive greater impact from our ODA spending around a set of strategic objectives. First, tackling climate change, protecting biodiversity and financing low-carbon and climate-resilient technologies in poor and emerging economies. Second, tackling COVID-19, and promoting wider international health security. Third, prioritising girls' education. Fourth, resolving conflict, alleviating humanitarian crises, defending open societies, and promoting trade and investment, including by increasing UK partnerships in science research and technology. Finally, improving delivery of aid in order to increase the impact that we have on the ground, in the countries and the communities that they are designed to benefit and help. We will do this by strengthening accountability, value for money and in-house capability.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
26th Nov 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government how they are prioritising global access to vaccines for poorer countries; what estimate they have made of the number of agreements for early vaccine access which the government of China has signed with developing nations, including the loan provision to buy Chinese vaccines; and how that compares to the progress made by the WHO-led COVAX programme.

The UK will deliver on its commitment to global equitable access to safe and effective COVID-19 vaccines through our commitment to the COVAX Advance Market Commitment (AMC). The UK is the largest funder to the COVAX AMC with a commitment of up to £548 million. This will contribute to 1 billion doses of COVID-19 vaccines for 92 developing countries in 2021, and immunisation for up to 500 million people (subject to vaccines successfully securing stringent regulatory approvals). The COVAX AMC has achieved its 2020 funding target for $2 billion to secure vaccine supply for 92 developing countries. It has announced agreements with several companies. Negotiations with additional companies are ongoing.

At least 4 vaccines developed by Chinese companies are in phase 3 efficacy trials. Results are not yet available. Other vaccines are in earlier stages of development. Several countries have announced bilateral agreements to support clinical trials, manufacturing and for future procurement. China has joined the COVAX Facility for self-financing countries to access vaccines for its domestic use. We continue to promote the COVAX AMC as the best mechanism to support equitable and rapid global access to safe and effective vaccines for low- and middle-income countries.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
26th Nov 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what discussions they have had with the government of Egypt about that government co-operating fully with the Italian investigations into the Egyptian security officials suspected of torturing and killing Giulio Regeni in February 2016, including extradition to Italy for trial.

We have the deepest sympathy for Giulio Regeni's family and their quest for justice for his appalling murder. As Mr Regeni was an Italian citizen, the Italian Government is taking the lead role on his case. We continue to follow the investigation into his death and to work closely with the Italian Government. We last discussed this at an official level with the Italian authorities on 23 November. We have also raised with the Egyptian authorities at a senior level the need for a transparent and impartial investigation, in full co-operation with Italy, so that Mr Regeni's killers can be brought to justice.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
26th Nov 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they have taken (1) to call for the release of three members of the Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights organisation who were arrested by the government of Egypt following a meeting with European diplomats on 3 November, and (2) to communicate any concerns to the government of Egypt about civil rights in that country.

The UK is deeply concerned about the arrest of Gasser Abdel Razek, Mohammed Basheer and Karim Ennarah. We continue to raise our concerns with the Egyptian authorities both in London and in Cairo. All human rights defenders should be able to work without fear of arrest or reprisals. The Foreign Secretary raised the issue directly with his Egyptian counterpart on 19 November. We are working closely with partners in the international community who share our concerns.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
19th Nov 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to the conflict in the Tigray Region, what assessment they have made of the security situation in Ethiopia.

The UK is concerned by the ongoing violence between federal and regional forces in the Tigray region and the risk it poses to civilians, and by reports of ethnically-motivated attacks both within Tigray and elsewhere in Ethiopia. We are gravely concerned at Amnesty International's report of killings of civilians on 9 November; we call for transparency and accountability to be delivered for such incidents. We are also concerned about the risk these events pose to Ethiopia's overall political stability and its democratic transition of which the UK has been supportive. The Foreign Secretary called Prime Minister Abiy on 10 November to raise our concerns and stress the urgent need to prioritise the protection of civilian lives, restore services (including banks and telecommunications) and enable humanitarian access. He also urged de-escalation swift moves to political dialogue. The Minister for Africa reiterated our concerns when he spoke to the Ethiopian Ambassador in London on 18 November. We will continue to track the situation and to raise with the Government of Ethiopia and regional leaders these concerns, our concerns about civilian deaths and casualties, and the importance of respect for human rights.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
19th Nov 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the risk posed to the lives of NATO troops in (1) Afghanistan, and (2) Iraq, as a result of the proposed drawdown of United States troops in those countries by 15 January 2021, as announced on 17 November; and what discussions they have had with the government of the United States about such drawdowns.

The safety and security of all our personnel is of paramount importance. The Ministry of Defence keeps operational risk for both Afghanistan and Iraq under constant review, and we adjust our force protection arrangements in accordance with the circumstances. We have regular discussions with the US and other Allies about our approach to both countries, which we do not discuss publicly.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
19th Nov 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government, as part of their coordinated international efforts to address climate change, when they last discussed with the government of Indonesia (1) the issue of increased deforestation in Papua, and (2) allegations of illegal and deliberate fire setting by commercial interests in Papua’s rainforests in order to clear the land for palm oil production.

As part of our coordinated international efforts to address climate change, the UK Government works closely with the Government of Indonesia on shared objectives to reduce and avoid deforestation and improve the sustainability of Indonesia's palm oil sector, including through regular bilateral engagement. Our partnership incorporates UK support for a number of programmes designed to reduce and avoid deforestation in key forested provinces, including Papua and West Papua, as well as thematic programmes to promote the Government of Indonesia's initiatives on palm oil sustainability and better governance of the forest and land-use sector.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
19th Nov 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what representations, if any, they have made to the government of Turkey following the visit by President Erdogan to the reopened area of Varosha in Famagusta on 14 November about the potential impact of his comments on efforts to achieve a comprehensive settlement for the reunification of Cyprus on the basis of the principles laid out in the UN framework.

The UK continues to follow the situation in Varosha with concern. Prior to the visit of President Erdogan to the island, we made representations to Turkey through our Embassy in Ankara. The Foreign Secretary raised the issue of Varosha during his call with the Turkish Foreign Minister Cavusolgu on 19 November.

The UK continues to strongly support the numerous Security Council Resolutions covering the issue of Varosha, notably 550 (1984) and 789 (1992). The issue underlines the importance of reaching a comprehensive Cyprus Settlement as a matter of urgency.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
19th Nov 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what discussions they have had with the government of Qatar about the impact of the Israel–United Arab Emirates normalisation agreement, signed on 15 September, on a two-state solution for Israel and Palestine.

We warmly welcome the agreements between Israel and Bahrain, and Israel and the United Arab Emirates. We welcome both the decision to normalise relations, as well as the suspension of plans for annexation - a move the UK has opposed - as it would have been counterproductive to securing peace in the region. The changing regional context and converging Arab and Israeli interests presents an opening to make progress on the Israel-Palestine issue. The UK is committed to making progress towards a two-state solution, and supports a regional approach to peace. The UK welcomed therefore the announcement on 19 November that the Palestinian Authority and Government of Israel have agreed to restore cooperation. Restoring cooperation is an important and constructive step towards peace, and shows both sides are willing to put the needs and security of both Israelis and Palestinians first. We need to build on this momentum through further dialogue and compromise to move towards a lasting solution to the conflict.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
19th Nov 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government, what assessment they have made of the statement by the Norwegian Refugee Council on 9 November that the government of Iraq’s decision to close displacement camps could leave more than 100,000 people homeless; and what assistance they have offered to prevent a humanitarian crisis for displaced Iraqis.

The UK is concerned by the recent short-notice closures of displacement camps in Iraq, which has affected 26,300 people to date out of a total population of 110,000 in federal Iraq. The speed of camp closures and lack of coordination with the UN, NGOs and donors risks forcing vulnerable people to return to areas without adequate shelter, infrastructure, or services. The UK is coordinating advocacy efforts with international partners to slow the rate of unplanned camp closures.

Since 2014 the UK has provided £272 million in humanitarian support to millions of vulnerable Iraqis displaced by the Daesh conflict including providing food to over 500,000 people and life saving healthcare services to 4.3 million people. The UK will continue to work with the Government of Iraq, UN and partners to ensure that the conditions for voluntary and safe returns are met.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
12th Nov 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to their declaration that the government of China’s decision to disqualify elected Hong Kong legislators constitutes a clear breach of the 1984 Sino-British Joint Declaration, what immediate steps they are taking to hold that government to its international obligations.

The imposition of new rules to disqualify elected legislators in Hong Kong constitutes a clear breach of the legally binding Sino-British Joint Declaration. We have raised our concerns directly with the Beijing authorities, including by summoning the Chinese Ambassador on 13 November. The UK will continue to stand up for the people of Hong Kong, working with our international partners to hold China to the obligations it freely assumed under international law.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
12th Nov 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government whether the Prime Minister has discussed the government of China’s decision to disqualify elected Hong Kong legislators with the President of China; and if not, when he plans to do so.

The imposition of new rules to disqualify elected legislators in Hong Kong constitutes a clear breach of the legally binding Sino-British Joint Declaration. We have raised our concerns directly with the Beijing authorities, including by summoning the Chinese Ambassador on 13 November. The UK will continue to stand up for the people of Hong Kong, working with our international partners to hold China to the obligations it freely assumed under international law.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
12th Nov 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to the ceasefire brokered by the government of Russia in the Nagorno-Karabakh region, what steps they are taking, together with international partners, to ensure a sustainable peace agreement is put in place.

The United Kingdom welcomes the fact that the leaders of Armenia and Azerbaijan have agreed to end the fighting in and around Nagorno-Karabakh. The Minister for the European Neighbourhood spoke to the Azerbaijani Foreign Minister on 13 November welcoming the news of the ceasefire and urging engagement with the OSCE Minsk Group. The UK Government continues to support the role of the Minsk Group and the Co-Chairs in ensuring a sustainable and peaceful settlement.

12th Nov 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what is their current assessment of the risk to diplomats and foreign non-governmental organisation staff in Afghanistan from IS attacks.

The security situation in Afghanistan remains of serious concern. The FCDO advises against all travel to many parts of Afghanistan. Violence across many parts of the country remains high, principally due to the actions of non-government armed groups, including Daesh-affiliate Islamic State Khorasan Province. Whilst details cannot be provided for operational security reasons, we take necessary measures to mitigate the risks to our service personnel and staff. International NGOs are responsible for their own security provisions, and we make it clear that they must withdraw from any area they cannot operate safely in.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
3rd Nov 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the political situation in the Ivory Coast following the election of President Alassane Ouattara.

The UK Government has noted the provisional election results published by the Independent Electoral Commission in Côte d'Ivoire. In his statement of 30 October ahead of the election, the Minister for Africa was concerned by the violence in the run up to elections and urged the Ivoirian authorities to ensure that all deaths and election-related violent incidents were properly investigated. In his statement on 5 November, the Minister for Africa condemned the violence and incendiary rhetoric during the electoral period in Côte d'Ivoire, and expressed his condolences to the families of those who died. The UK Government notes the varied voter participation around the country, whether through choice or disenfranchisement. The lack of consensus on the electoral process has divided communities, but creating parallel structures is not a resolution. We urge all parties to exercise restraint and abstain from declarations which may inflame the situation further. We encourage all parties to respect the constitutional order and democratic process and to re-establish a genuine political dialogue to resolve their differences.

The UK stands with the people of Côte d'Ivoire at this important moment, and reiterates its commitment to working with all stakeholders in a peaceful way. We continue to follow developments closely.

3rd Nov 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what discussions they have had with (1) the government of Pakistan, and (2) the government of India, about the announcement by the Prime Minister of Pakistan on 1 November of his decision to grant provisional provincial status to Gilgit-Baltistan.

The UK has regular contact with the Governments of Pakistan and of India, including about regional issues and regional stability. We encourage both sides to engage in dialogue. The UK's long-standing position is that it is for India and Pakistan to find a lasting resolution to the situation in Kashmir, taking into account the wishes of the Kashmiri people.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
3rd Nov 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the statement by Ban Ki-Moon at the IBA 2020 Virtually Together Conference on 2 November about attacks on, and harassment of, lawyers globally; and what steps they are taking, with international partners, to ensure that the rule of law is not undermined at nation state level.

We share Ban Ki-Moon's concern about the attacks on, and harassment of, lawyers globally. This Government is absolutely clear that any form of violence or abuse against lawyers is utterly unacceptable. The implementation of rule of law by national governments is central to securing the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms. The independence of the judiciary, legislature, and executive helps ensure that each institution is able to hold the others to account, thereby protecting individual citizens. The UK is part of the Rule of Law Core Group at the UN Human Rights Council; ensuring that the rule of law remains prominent on the Council's agenda. The UK also supports a range of resolutions at the UN Human Rights Council that seek to promote the importance of the rule of law and democracy. In March 2019, the Permanent Representative of the UK Mission to the United Nations, Julian Braithwaite, delivered a statement to the Human Rights Council on behalf of the Rule of Law Core Group, highlighting why the implementation of the rule of law is particularly important for the protection and empowerment of citizens throughout the world.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
3rd Nov 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what discussions they have had with the government of Afghanistan about the IS attack at Kabul University on 2 November; and what assistance they have offered to help to end IS attacks on education centres in Afghanistan.

I spoke to Afghanistan's Acting Foreign Minister on 3 November. I expressed the UK's profound condolences for the loss of life caused by the attack in Kabul and noted the particular tragedy of targeting young Afghans in a place of education.

Acting Foreign Minister Atmar and I agreed on the need for a reduction in violence levels and for the Afghan National Defence and Security Forces to receive continued international support. The UK has committed up to £70 million to the Afghan National Defence and Security Forces for 2021. This funding will help ensure those forces are better able protect the Afghan people. Tuesday 3 November was a day of National Mourning in Afghanistan and the British Embassy flew the flag at half-mast in solidarity with the people of Afghanistan.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
29th Oct 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the Syrian refugee camps in Idlib; and what action they are taking to prevent a humanitarian crisis amongst the inhabitants in those camps.

Refugees and other forcibly displaced people are amongst the most vulnerable to the COVID-19 pandemic. Over 1.2 million people in Idlib live in overcrowded camps and unable to practice social distancing or access proper healthcare or shelter.

The UK has pledged at least £300 million to the Syria Crisis for 2020, to support refugees and host communities in the region as well as humanitarian needs in Syria, including specific activities to help tackle Coronavirus in North West Syria. Funding through UN and INGO partners has already provided over 375,000 IDPs daily access to 35 litres of clean water, access to safe sanitation across 38 camps and distributed over 23,000 family hygiene kits. Our funding also includes cash assistance for refugees and IDPs. The UK is monitoring the situation in Idlib and across the whole of Syria closely, working with the UN and our humanitarian partners to respond to the outbreak and to sustain life-saving services.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
29th Oct 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of reports that the Russian military is using the Krasukha electronic warfare system on Azerbaijan’s TB-2 Bayraktar drones in the Nagorno-Karabakh region.

The UK Government has made no such assessment. We are clear that there can be no military solution to the current conflict and continue to urge Armenia and Azerbaijan to undertake substantive negotiations under the auspices of the OSCE Minsk Group.

29th Oct 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government whether they are pursuing any new approaches to mediation in order (1) to make diplomatic progress, and (2) to end the civil war, in Yemen.

The UK continues to provide diplomatic and programmatic support to the UN Special Envoy to help achieve the necessary political progress to end the conflict in Yemen. Alongside our diplomacy, we are championing and supporting the important role that women, youth and civil society can play in ending the conflict. For example, we are currently funding the Senior Gender Advisor and Senior Inclusion Advisor positions in the office of the UN Special Envoy. We will continue to support Yemeni women, youth and civil society at all levels to help create the conditions for an inclusive and durable peace in Yemen.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
29th Oct 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government further to the Prime Minister’s meeting with the Prime Minister of Iraq on 22 October, whether they have raised concerns over the competing influence of the governments of Iran and the United States in Iraq with the governments of those countries.

The UK remains committed to Iraq's sovereignty and ensuring that Iraq is able to govern effectively in the interests of its people. The Prime Minister underlined this support during his meeting with Prime Minister Kadhimi on 22 October. The UK regularly engages with all partners of Iraq, including Iran and the United States, in order to support stability in Iraq and the wider region.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
29th Oct 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of reports that the government of the United States is considering (1) declaring a number of humanitarian organisations who have criticised the government of Israel over its policies toward Palestinians anti-Semitic, and (2) discouraging governments from supporting those organisations' work; and what representations they have received from any potentially affected human rights group about that issue.

The UK is committed to combatting the rise of anti-Semitism in all its forms, and we have a regular, frank and open dialogue with international partners on this issue. The UK also respects the rights and freedoms of human rights defenders and organisations. They must be able to operate freely, including in Israel and the Occupied Palestinian Territories.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
29th Oct 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what action they have taken in response to reports that Nazanin Zaghari-Ratcliffe will face new charges in court on 2 November; whether they have secured consular access to her; and what assessment they have made of any correlation between her summons and the postponement of the hearing on a financial dispute between the UK and Iran by six months.

It is indefensible that Iran has brought new charges against Mrs Zaghari-Ratcliffe. We made a formal request to the Iran Government for the UK Government to attend her hearing. We have consistently called for her full and permanent release and continue to raise her case at the most senior levels. The Foreign Secretary has done so repeatedly with Foreign Minister Zarif. Senior FCDO officials summoned the Iranian Ambassador to London on 29 October to raise concerns over her treatment. The Iranian Ministry of Defence requested the adjournment of the November hearings. It would be inappropriate to comment further on ongoing legal proceedings, but we continue to explore all options to resolve this dispute.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
22nd Oct 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to the annulment of the outcome of the 4 October Parliamentary elections by the Central Election Committee of Kyrgyzstan, what assessment they have made of the political situation in Kyrgyzstan; and what discussions they have held, if any, with the government of Kyrgyzstan to support the safeguarding of the democratic process.

Parliamentary elections on 4 October were marred by allegations of widespread electoral malpractice. There was significant political and social unrest and violence in the immediate days following the Parliamentary elections and the situation remains fragile.

It is for the people of Kyrgyzstan to choose their leaders in free and fair elections consistent with the constitution of the Kyrgyz Republic. The UK continues to call for an inclusive, legal and democratic resolution. We have delivered messages through Ministers and at the OSCE urging for peace and calling for the constitutional and democratic processes to be followed, and in support of the UN's work in this area. These messages have been reinforced by Her Majesty's Ambassador in Bishkek.

22nd Oct 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to the recent pro-democracy protests in Thailand, what is their assessment of the current political situation in that country.

We are following the protests in Thailand closely. The UK believes that the right to peaceful protest is a fundamental freedom that should be guaranteed in democratic societies. We continue to urge restraint and proportionality in any response to peaceful protest, encourage all sides to respect the rule of law and basic freedoms, and refrain from violence. It is vital that political space in Thailand can be maintained so that a peaceful and productive dialogue can take place.

To that extent, we welcomed the lifting of the Declaration of the Serious Emergency Situation in Bangkok on 22 October, and the announcement of a dedicated Parliamentary session on 26 and 27 October. We hope that these will meaningfully address the concerns of the protesters.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
22nd Oct 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to the remarks by the US National Security Adviser Robert O’Brien to the Aspen Security Forum on 16 October, what is their strategic assessment of the prospects of offensive action by the government of China against Taiwan.

We are concerned by any action which raises tensions in the Taiwan Strait and risks destabilising the status quo. Her Majesty's Government continues to monitor the situation closely, and considers the Taiwan issue one to be settled by the people on both sides of the Taiwan Strait through constructive dialogue.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
22nd Oct 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government whether they have raised objections to the approval of new settlement homes in the West Bank with the government of Israel; what assessment they have made, if any, of the number of new settlement homes that have been advanced in the West Bank this year; and what is their assessment of the impact of the increase in new settlement building on prospects for a two-state solution between Israel and Palestine.

We consistently call for an immediate end to all actions that undermine the viability of the two-state solution, including settlement expansion within the West Bank. As the UK made clear on 16 October, in a joint statement alongside France, Germany, Italy and Spain, we are deeply concerned by the recent decision taken by the Israeli authorities to advance more than 4,900 settlement building units in the Occupied Palestinian Territories. Our Embassy in Tel Aviv raised our concern with the Government of Israel on 13 October, alongside European partners. The UK's position on settlements is clear. They are illegal under international law, present an obstacle to peace, and threaten the physical viability of a two-state solution. Settlement expansion is also a counterproductive move in light of the positive developments of normalisation agreements reached between Israel, United Arab Emirates, Bahrain and Sudan. We urge Israel to halt settlement expansion immediately. We are encouraging both sides to maintain calm and avoid taking actions which make peace more difficult to achieve.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
22nd Oct 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what are the implications of the decision to conduct a one-year spending review for the Integrated Review of Security, Defence, Development and Foreign Policy.

In light of the decision to move to a one-year spending review, the Government is considering the implications for the completion of the Integrated Review and will provide an update in due course.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
22nd Oct 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what is their assessment of the implications of the Iran-China Comprehensive Strategic Partnership for (1) the UK, and (2) the future of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action.

We understand that the media reporting that the Iran-China Comprehensive Strategic Partnership has been finalised is premature. Until final details of the deal become public, we are unable to make a full assessment of the implications. Our priority remains to prevent Iran from acquiring a nuclear weapons capability. We remain committed to the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPoA) however Iran's continued reduction in compliance has seriously undermined the non-proliferation benefits of the deal. To preserve it Iran must engage with the JCPoA's Joint Commission and Dispute Resolution Mechanism (which we triggered with E3 partners on 14 January) and return to compliance.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
7th Oct 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the situation in the Taiwan Strait, following increased tensions and Chinese military activity during the visit of the United States Under Secretary of State for Economic Growth, Energy, and the Environment on 17–19 September.

We are concerned by any action which raises tensions in the Taiwan Strait and risks destabilising the status quo. Her Majesty's Government considers the Taiwan issue one to be settled by the people on both sides of the Taiwan Strait through constructive dialogue.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
7th Oct 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the statement made by the International Crisis Group on 2 October that it intends to cover developments in the United States ahead of the presidential election on 3 November, following their identification of risk factors for potential election-related violence; what plans, if any, they have made in response to that statement; and what assessment they have made of the possibility of such violence in that country.

We are aware of the 2 October statement by the International Crisis Group. However, we will not speculate on the outcome of the US election, which is a matter for the US people.

7th Oct 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what discussions they plan to have with Canada's Minister of Foreign Affairs during his proposed visit to Europe to discuss developments in Eastern Europe and the Caucasus, particularly in Nagorno-Karabakh, following the government of Canada’s decision to suspend export licences for drone technology equipment to Turkey while allegations of its use by Azerbaijan against Armenia are investigated; and what assessment they have made of the provision of UK defence export licences to Turkey in view of those allegations.

We continue to monitor developments in the region of Nagorno-Karabakh closely. We have issued a number of joint statements with Canada, and we will continue to work closely with all partners to help facilitate a peaceful end to this conflict.

We consider all our export licence applications against a strict assessment framework, and keep all licences under careful and continual review. We comply with the OSCE arms embargo relating to the Nagorno-Karabakh region, which is considered a part of our export licensing process.

7th Oct 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the potential impact on Israeli–Palestinian relations of the Israel–United Arab Emirates normalisation agreement, signed on 15 September.

We warmly welcome the agreement between Israel, Bahrain and the United Arab Emirates. We welcome both the decision to normalise relations, as well as the suspension of plans for annexation - a move the UK has opposed as it would have been counterproductive to securing peace in the region. We profoundly hope that this moment can be used as a step towards direct talks between Israel and the Palestinians, as there can be no substitute in order to reach a two-state solution and a lasting peace. The Foreign Secretary visited Israel and the Occupied Palestinian Territories on 24-25 August and encouraged the leaders of Israel and the Palestinians to build on this momentum. We urge the Palestinian Authority to resume co-operation with Israel, which is in the interests of the Palestinian people. We also call on both parties to make constructive and open steps towards a return to dialogue.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
30th Sep 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to reports that the government of Turkey has sent mercenaries to the Nagorno-Karabakh region, what discussions they have had with that government, either bilaterally or together with international partners, about that government's involvement in the conflict in the region.

The Minister for the European Neighbourhood and the Americas spoke to the Armenian and Azerbaijani Foreign Ministers on 28 September. She raised UK concerns over civilian casualties and fatalities, urged immediate de-escalation and reinforced the importance of returning to negotiations within the framework of the OSCE Minsk Group. The UK continues to engage actively with international partners in support of these objectives. The Prime Minister discussed the situation in Nagorno Karabakh with President Erdogan on 28 September, and Minister Morton raised this with Deputy Foreign Minister Onal on 2 October. And, following a request from the UK and its European partners, the issue was discussed at the UN Security Council on 29 September.

30th Sep 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of reports of possible war crimes committed by coalition forces in Yemen after an airstrike on a home in Washah near the Yemeni–Saudi border killed six children.

We are deeply concerned by reports of civilian deaths in Washah. Whenever the UK receives reports of alleged violations of International Humanitarian Law, we routinely seek information from all credible sources, including from NGOs and international organisations. We use every opportunity to raise the importance of complying with IHL with the Saudi Arabian Government and other members of the Coalition, including requesting investigations into alleged incidents of concern. The UK continues to call on all parties to the conflict in Yemen to exercise restraint, comply fully with IHL and engage constructively with the peace process led by the UN Special Envoy, which is the only way to end the cycle of violence.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
30th Sep 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government when the Prime Minister last spoke to the President of Russia; whether he raised with the government of Russia (1) the attempted assassination of Alexei Navalny and (2) the crisis in Belarus; and if so, (a) when, and (b) with whom.

The Prime Minister last spoke by telephone to President Putin of the Russian Federation on 8 May 2020 when they discussed the 75th anniversary of VE Day and the importance of global cooperation on COVID-19. The UK Government will continue to raise our serious concerns about the poisoning of Mr Navalny and the current situation in Belarus with the Russian Government. Most recently, the Foreign Secretary also raised these issues in a letter to Foreign Minister Lavrov on 25 September 2020. On 23 September 2020, the Minister for European Neighbourhood and the Americas raised these issues in a telephone call with Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Titov. On 7 September, the FCDO summoned the Russian Ambassador to the UK to express our grave concern about Mr Navalny's poisoning. In addition, the British Embassy in Moscow will continue to raise these issues, including at Ambassadorial level with the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

30th Sep 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government further to the combat mission in Afghanistan, and the UK's continued presence as part of NATO’s non-combat mission, what role they have in the Afghan peace talks, which began in Doha on 12 September.

The UK strongly supports the beginning of negotiations between the Afghan Government and the Taliban, currently taking place in Doha. I attended the virtual opening ceremony for the Afghan Peace Negotiations on 12 September and delivered remarks behalf of the UK. We hope this historic opportunity leads to progress, including an inclusive political settlement and an end to the violence in Afghanistan.

We are actively supporting the negotiations through diplomatic engagement in Doha, as well as in the region. Through the Conflict, Stability and Security Fund (CSSF), the UK's Afghanistan Peace and Reconciliation Programme provides capacity building support to the Afghan Government, in partnership with the European Institute of Peace and the UN Development Programme.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
30th Sep 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the situation in Lebanon following the resignation of Prime Minister Mustapha Adib.

The collapse of government negotiations following the resignation of Prime Minister-designate Mustapha Adib is disappointing, as well as damaging for the long-suffering people of Lebanon. Lebanon's leaders must act in the national interest and urgently form a new government and implement reforms. The UK will continue to support the Lebanese people.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
30th Sep 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what are their priorities at the G20 leaders’ summit to be hosted by Saudi Arabia in November; and what plans they have to use the occasion to reiterate to Saudi Arabia the statement before the UN Human Rights Council on 15 September, which called for "full accountability and transparent prosecution of those involved in the killing of Jamal Khashoggi".

The G20 Leaders' Summit is an opportunity to address issues of global importance, and is particularly important in the context of COVID-19. The UK sees agreements on health, the economy, and climate as the priority. We want agreements to cover vaccine access, funding and debt financing for developing and middle income countries, and commitments on the Paris Agreement. These should be supported by continued commitments on free trade as the basis for a strong and sustainable recovery. Our close relationship with Saudi Arabia allows us to raise our concerns about human right in private and in public. The UN Human Rights Council statement on 15 September is an example of this, and ministerial colleagues and I regularly raise human rights with the Saudi authorities. The UK has always been clear that Khashoggi's murder was a terrible crime, and that Saudi Arabia must ensure such an atrocity can never happen again. The Foreign Secretary raised the issue during his visit to Riyadh in March this year. The UK has sanctioned twenty Saudi nationals involved in the murder under global human rights regime.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
24th Sep 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government whether the Prime Minister has spoken to the Prime Minister of Japan since his appointment; and if so, whether they discussed the implications of the current tensions between the governments of the United States and China for the global economy.

The Prime Minister spoke to newly appointed Japanese Prime Minister Suga on 23 September. They discussed economic and trade issues, including the UK-Japan Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement and reform of the World Trade Organisation. The UK is concerned by the impacts of the current trade dispute between the governments of the US and China, and is clear that nobody benefits from trade wars. We continue to raise our concerns about the trade dispute with both parties, and to work closely with them on our bilateral trade and investment relationships.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
24th Sep 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the political situation on the border of China and India; and what, if any, representations they have made (1) to support the agreement between the governments of China and India to disengage troops from the border and to avoid provocative actions, and (2) to bring about a permanent easing of tensions in the region, in particular in relation to Tibet.

The Prime Minister expressed his concern at increased tensions between China and India in the House on 24 June. We welcome recent progress between China and India to manage tensions along their disputed border and the meeting of Foreign Ministers Wang Yi and Jaishankar on 10 September. Both sides agreed a five-point plan to ease tensions, we encourage them to maintain dialogue and continue to monitor the situation closely.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
24th Sep 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the security and humanitarian situation in Cameroon.

We are deeply concerned about the situation in the North-West and South-West (Anglophone) regions of Cameroon. These regions are suffering from high levels of violence, which has driven almost 740,000 people from their homes. 2.3 million people are in need of humanitarian support. Last month the Government announced £4.5 million in additional funding to humanitarian efforts in Cameroon, bringing our total support to £13.5 million this year.

The Minister for Africa regularly discusses the situation in Cameroon with the British High Commissioner in Yaoundé, and did so most recently in September. In May, the Minister for Africa spoke to the Prime Minister of Cameroon and stressed the need for a peaceful resolution to the crisis in the Anglophone regions. He has committed to visiting Cameroon soon and will raise HMG's concerns directly with the Government of Cameroon.

Reports of human rights violations and abuses by security forces and armed separatists are extremely disturbing and violence and intimidation aimed at humanitarian workers is unacceptable. We continue to call for protection of civilians and unhindered humanitarian access to those affected by the crisis. All those responsible for human rights violations and abuses must be held accountable. The Government strongly condemns the appalling terrorist attacks on innocent civilians, including women and children, in Cameroon's Far North region.

24th Sep 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what representations they have made to the government of the United States since 21 September to discuss that government's (1) policy towards, and (2) sanctions on, Iran.

The UK regularly discusses with the US a variety of issues related to Iran, including our shared concerns about Iran's nuclear programme, Iran's destabilising activities in the region and the various sanctions programmes targeting Iran. These discussions take place at all levels of government, including recently during the Foreign Secretary's visit to Washington in early September.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
24th Sep 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what representations they have made to the government of (1) Turkey, and (2) Greece, (a) to de-escalate the dispute over maritime rights in the eastern Mediterranean Sea, and (b) to enable exploratory talks to resume between the two on the demarcation of Maritime Zones.

The UK is in regular contact with Turkish and Greek partners with regard to the ongoing tensions in the Eastern Mediterranean and we welcome the announcement that Greece and Turkey will resume exploratory talks. The Prime Minister discussed this with Turkish President Erdogan on 28 September. The Defence Secretary discussed this with the Turkish Defence Minister on 28 August. The Foreign Secretary also raised the matter with the Turkish Foreign Minister on 8 July. The Minister for European Neighbourhood and the Americas has spoken to both her Turkish and Greek counterparts in recent weeks. Officials continue to raise the issue with the parties concerned. We believe it is critical for stability in the Eastern Mediterranean and for the integrity of the rules-based international system that tensions be reduced and disputes resolved through dialogue and in accordance with international law, including the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS).

16th Sep 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government when the Foreign Secretary last spoke directly to the Foreign Minister of Iran about the case of Nazanin Zaghari-Ratcliffe; and whether any such discussions included representations on (1) making her furlough from prison permanent, and (2) permitting her to return to the UK.

It is positive that Mrs Zaghari-Ratcliffe remains on furlough, but we continue to urge the Iranian Government to make her release permanent so she can return to her family in the UK. Iran bringing these new charges against Mrs Nazanin Zaghari-Ratcliffe is unacceptable. We welcome the deferral of this groundless court hearing. We have been consistently clear that she must not be returned to prison. We continue to raise her case at the most senior levels, and discuss it at every opportunity with our Iranian counterparts. The Foreign Secretary spoke twice with Foreign Minister Zarif in August. We raised her case again with the Iranian Ambassador to London on 22 September. Our Ambassador in Tehran consistently discusses all of our British dual-national detainees with the Iranian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
16th Sep 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what urgent action they are taking, together with international partners, to mitigate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on global efforts to address (1) HIV and AIDS, (2) tuberculosis, and (3) malaria.

COVID-19 threatens to reverse hard-won gains in HIV, TB and malaria. This Government is working hard with international partners to mitigate the impact of the pandemic on global efforts to address these diseases.

Many of our partners are taking urgent action on all three diseases, including the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria. The UK is the second biggest donor to the Global Fund's fifth and sixth replenishments. To date, the Global Fund has provided up to US $1 billion to help countries adapt HIV, TB and malaria programmes in the face of COVID-19, ensuring essential services such as testing, treatment and access to medicines can continue and also to strengthen health systems more broadly.

The UK is also supporting marginalised groups at risk of HIV - such as LGBT+ people, sex workers, mothers and young children - to advocate for their needs and rights in the pandemic. And we continue to invest in research and product development, working with partners to provide tools that are urgently needed to fight all three diseases. For example, UK support to Unitaid is enabling developing countries to access pioneering technology for HIV, TB and malaria.

16th Sep 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government when they expect to receive a response from the government of India to their standing request for UK diplomats to visit Jammu and Kashmir; and whether they sought any clarification on why the UK was not included in the delegation of foreign envoys invited to visit that region in January.

The UK did not participate in the foreign envoys' visits to Indian-administered Kashmir in January. We continue to make clear to the Government of India that we wish to conduct independent visits to Indian-administered Kashmir once COVID-19 allows, and regularly raise our request with the appropriate authorities.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
3rd Sep 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the current political situation in Belarus.

The Foreign Secretary has been clear that the UK does not accept the results of the fraudulent Presidential elections in Belarus of 9th August. The UK is calling for a thorough independent investigation by the Organisation of Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) into the conduct of the elections and the violent crackdown that followed. The Government supports the call for constructive political dialogue between the regime in Belarus and opposition leaders to find a way forward that is supported by the Belarusian people. The Government is concerned by the continued reports of intimidation, harassment and arrest of opposition figures in Belarus, which only undermines the prospects for dialogue.

3rd Sep 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government, what discussions they have had with the government of the United States to find a way forward on agreeing a draft resolution aimed at advancing measures to prosecute, rehabilitate and reintegrate foreign terrorist fighters.

We regret the recent UN Security Council resolution on Prosecution, Rehabilitation and Reintegration was not adopted. We are working closely with international partners to reduce the risk posed to us collectively by foreign fighters. The US and UK remain committed to working together to seek to address the issues posed by foreign fighters and Daesh affiliates.

3rd Sep 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government whether the Prime Minister has spoken to the prime minister-designate of Lebanon, Mustapha Adib, since his appointment; and if so, (1) when, and (2)  whether concrete British assistance to rebuild the country was discussed.

The UK is a long-standing friend of Lebanon and the Lebanese people. In the aftermath of the terrible explosion in Beirut, the UK has been one of the biggest donors to the crisis, committing £25 million overall in UK aid. In August we sent HMS Enterprise to survey damage to Beirut Port so that reconstruction work can urgently begin. The Foreign Secretary spoke to then PM Hassan Diab on 5 August to discuss UK assistance, and the Prime Minister spoke to President Aoun on 8 August. We engage regularly with the full range of Lebanese leaders and will maintain a regular dialogue with Prime Minister-designate Mustapha Adib.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
3rd Sep 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government, following the military coup on 18 August in Mali, what assessment they have made of (1) the current political situation in that country, and (2) the progress of talks to resolve the crisis between mediators from the Economic Community of West African States and the coup leaders.

The UK is concerned about the current political crisis in Mali, which is creating uncertainty at a time when the country is facing multiple security, humanitarian and health challenges. In his statement on 19 August, the Minister for Africa condemned the coup and urged all actors to exercise restraint, respect human rights and the rule of law and engage constructively in efforts to find a resolution. It is vital that the current crisis does not undermine efforts to respond to the deeply troubling humanitarian situation, drive forward development and build stability in Mali. The coup leaders' stated commitment to their international partnerships and the Malian peace process is welcome, as is their decision to enter into dialogue with a wide range of Malian actors to determine the shape of transition.

We support the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) in their efforts to encourage a successful transition and to ensure the release of detainees. We are working with international partners to encourage a transition that can deliver a legitimate, civilian government that meets the needs and aspirations of the Malian people. The UK hopes that a successful transition can help Mali to respond better to the complex governance challenges that have driven instability and impeded development in recent years.

22nd Jul 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to recent fighting between Armenian and Azerbaijani soldiers, what assessment they have made of the current security situation on the Armenia–Azerbaijan state border; and what discussions they have had with international partners on ways to prevent further escalation.

The Government is deeply concerned by the recent ceasefire violations on the international border between Armenia and Azerbaijan and regrets the loss of life. We continue to monitor the situation closely. The Government supports the negotiations facilitated by the Co-Chairs of the OSCE Minsk Group aimed at securing a peaceful settlement to the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict. The Foreign and Commonwealth Office statement of 14 July called for both sides to respect the ceasefire, engage in dialogue and refrain from rhetoric that could increase tensions. In our conversations with both governments we will continue to stress the need for a return to substantive talks and the importance of building confidence in the peacebuilding process.

22nd Jul 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to recent violent street protests against the government of Mali, what assessment they have made of the current security situation in Mali; what representations they have received from the government of the United States about a decision on the status of US armed forces in West Africa since January; and whether they have further reviewed the impact of any possible withdrawal of US armed forces on UK armed forces deployed in West Africa.

The UK is deeply concerned about the deteriorating security situation across the Sahel, including in Mali. The current political crisis in Mali adds another layer of complexity to an already fragile situation. We urge all actors to exercise restraint, respect human rights and the rule of law and engage constructively in efforts to find a peaceful resolution. We welcome swift engagement by the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) to encourage progress.

The current situation further underlines the need to address the underlying drivers of conflict in Mali and the broader region. The UK is contributing to international efforts to do this. The Minister for Africa attended the first meeting of the Sahel Alliance General Assembly and the sixth Summit of the G5 Leaders (Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger) in Mauritania on 25 February and the virtual ministerial meeting of the Coalition for the Sahel on 12 June. At the meetings, he reaffirmed the UK's efforts to improve security and encourage development in the Sahel. The UK is due to deploy to the UN peacekeeping mission in Mali (MINUSMA) at the end of the year and provides non-combat assistance to the French-led counter-terrorism mission Operation BARKHANE, in the form of three CH47 chinook helicopters. Our aid provides life-saving assistance to those most in need, helps ensure the protection of civilians, and contributes to improving governance and stability in the region.

We closely coordinate with our key partners, including the US and France. No decisions on the status of US forces in West Africa have been formally communicated to the UK Government by the US Government. We assess that any possible withdrawal of US forces would have a minimal impact on our deployed forces, but we will keep this under close review.

22nd Jul 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the current security situation in the Gedo region of southern Somalia; and what discussions they have had at the UN with the governments of Ethiopia and Kenya in view of their respective support for the Federal Government of Somalia and the Jubaland regional state.

The UK is concerned by the instability in Gedo, where clashes between forces of the Federal Government of Somalia (FGS) and the Somali Federal Member State (FMS) of Jubaland in February and March reportedly displaced 56,000 people and killed at least ten, including civilians. We have consistently underlined the need for urgent political dialogue between the FGS and FMS (including Jubaland) to build consensus and longer-term stability; and for Somalia's regional neighbours to engage constructively with the FGS and FMS to pursue their common goal of long-term stability. We raised this issue at UN Security Council meetings on 24 February and 21 May.

22nd Jul 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the comment by the Foreign Minister of Israel on 5 July that in regard to Iran "we take actions that are better left unsaid"; and when they last discussed with the government of Israel their policy towards the government of Iran.

The UK and Israel share a strong partnership, and we regularly discuss regional issues with the Government of Israel, including their policy towards Iran. We continue to urge de-escalation and dialogue in the region.

15th Jul 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government when the Prime Minister last discussed with the President of Brazil (1) the consequences for the global environment, and (2) the level, of deforestation in the Amazon.

The UK is committed to encouraging and contributing to international action to address the problem of deforestation in the Amazon region. The Prime Minister spoke to President Bolsonaro on 15 January and they discussed the environment and the need for Brazil and the UK to work together to tackle climate change. The Prime Minister invited President Bolsonaro to attend COP26. The UK has been working with the Brazilian authorities to help them address the issue of deforestation in Brazil for a long time. Since 2012, the UK has invested £259 million in a number of International Climate Finance programmes in Brazil aimed at supporting small landowners to increase their productivity through low-carbon farming, the acceleration of sustainable business in the forest economy, preventing forest fires, and implementing the Forest Code. The UK has committed an additional £100 million for 2021-2025.

15th Jul 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they have taken in response to the statement by the Syrian Democratic Forces in May requesting that the international community to take full responsibility for the numbers of ISIS prisoners in Syria and to set up international courts, under UN jurisdiction, and try them in North East Syria.

The UK Government is clear that those individuals who have fought for, or supported Daesh, whatever their nationality, should face justice through a fair trial in the most appropriate jurisdiction. Any decision in relation to the continued detention, transfer or prosecution of detainees is ultimately a matter for authorities under whose jurisdiction the individuals are detained. The UK will continue to work with international partners, as well as partners in the region in seeking to secure the prosecution of individuals who have committed crimes in the name of Daesh. Any such justice mechanism must respect human rights and the rule of law, as well as ensure fair trials and due process.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
9th Jul 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the causes of the incident at the Natanz nuclear facility in Iran on 2 July.

Following an explosion on 2 July in a building at the Natanz facility, Iran's Supreme National Security Council said they knew the cause but due to "security concerns" further details would be released at an "appropriate time". We will continue to monitor Iran's response to this explosion. The IAEA have confirmed that the location where the incident occurred did not contain nuclear materials.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
9th Jul 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to the postponement by the Somalia National independent and Elections Commission of parliamentary and presidential elections from November 2020 to August 2021, what assessment they have made of the current political situation in Somalia.

The UK supports inclusive, one-person-one-vote (OPOV) elections in Somalia in 2021, in line with Somali commitments and mutual goals of building longer-term stability. We have consistently underlined the need for urgent, constructive political dialogue between the Federal Government and the Federal Member States to build consensus, and for accelerated progress on technical preparations to deliver timely OPOV elections.

29th Jun 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government when the Prime Minister last spoke to the current President of Egypt; and what discussions they have had about military tensions with Libya and the reported remarks made by President al-Sisi on 22 June to the Egyptian military that it should be ready to carry out missions in Libya.

We are in regular contact with Egypt on the need for all sides in Libya to engage in the UN led political process. The Foreign Secretary raised this with his Egyptian counterpart, most recently on 8 June. Since President Sisi's announcement, we have spoken to senior Egyptian officials to reiterate the need for a political solution and that any intervention would exacerbate the conflict.

We remain deeply concerned by the situation in Libya and the risks to wider regional stability. The UK is actively engaged in diplomatic efforts to end the conflict. We continue to call on all Libyan parties, and their external backers, to de-escalate, commit to a lasting ceasefire and return to UN-led political talks. We welcome the recent resumption by the Government of National Accord and the Libyan National Army of talks on the framework for a ceasefire. It is essential that both sides engage constructively with this process.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
29th Jun 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to the International Atomic Energy Agency’s announcement on 19 June that for the first time Iran is not cooperating with its inspectors at two nuclear sites, what new political initiatives they are undertaking within the E3 to ensure that the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action does not collapse.

On 25 June, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)'s Board of Governors adopted a resolution tabled by the E3 in response to Iran's denial of IAEA access to two sites, and its failure to engage in substantive discussions with the IAEA on questions relating to possible undeclared material and activities. In denying access, Iran is not adhering to its legally binding safeguards obligations and the IAEA cannot verify the completeness and correctness of Iran's nuclear accountancy. The resolution reinforced the mandate of the IAEA Director General to continue his investigation, and sent a clear message to Iran that it should cooperate fully with the IAEA.

The Foreign Secretary made clear in his E3 statement on 19 June that we remain committed to ensuring that Iran never develops a nuclear weapon. Iran's reductions in nuclear compliance raise serious proliferation concerns, which is why the UK, with France and Germany, triggered the JCPoA's Dispute Resolution Mechanism (DRM) on 14 January 2020. We are clear that we want to use the DRM to resolve these concerns, and bring Iran back into full compliance with the JCPoA. The UK continues to work closely with all JCPoA parties, including Iran, to find a diplomatic way forward.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
29th Jun 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they are taking through the UN Security Council negotiations on the UN peacekeeping mission in Mali to refresh the international community’s support for the Agreement for Peace and Reconciliation in Mali in order for the social and political reforms contained within it to be delivered.

On 29 June the UN Security Council adopted resolution 2531, renewing the mandate of UN peacekeeping mission in Mali (MINUSMA) until June 2021. The UK worked with partners to secure a mandate that ensures that the mission helps drive forward the implementation of Mali's 2015 Agreement on Peace and Reconciliation as a priority. Lord (Tariq) Ahmad of Wimbledon, Minister of State responsible for the UN, participated in the UN Security Council Debate on MINUSMA on 11 June and stressed the importance of fully implementing all requirements of the peace agreement. Our deployment of 250 troops to MINUSMA, planned for later this year, will also increase the Mission's capacity to fulfil its peacekeeping and civilian tasks, helping it to perform its role in support of the peace process.

29th Jun 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they are taking, together with international partners, to support the resumption of negotiations under the Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement in Myanmar.

The Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement (NCA) remains an important mechanism to prevent conflict across the country that disproportionately affects civilian communities. It is vital that all parties engage in good faith. The UK provides support to Myanmar's Peace Process through the multi-donor Joint Peace Fund. This fund provides support to mechanisms established within both the NCA and bilateral ceasefire agreements, as well as providing specific technical support to conflict management mechanisms and negotiation groups involved in the process ahead of formal dialogues. Through the fund we can provide the direct support needed for coordination and the development of common positions in order to enable negotiations.

We welcome the announcement of the intention to hold a Union Peace Conference this summer. However, we are concerned that the formal process is not inclusive of all groups so will have a limited impact on conflict in large parts of Myanmar. We acknowledge the Government's recent attempts to resume talks with non-signatories digitally. Outside of the NCA, the Tatmadaw's recent unilateral ceasefire was welcome but excluded large parts of the country.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
29th Jun 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assistance they are providing to religious and ethnic minorities in northern Iraq (1) to allow them to return to their homes in Nineveh province, and (2) to prevent any resurgence of ISIS in northern Iraq.

We remain committed to supporting displaced Iraqis, including religious and ethnic minorities, to return to their homes, such as in Nineveh province. UK humanitarian and stabilisation assistance, totalling £382 million since 2014, has contributed to helping more than 4 million to return to their homes. Our support includes £28 million to the UNDP Funding Facility for Stabilisation (FFS), which has completed over 490 projects in the Ninewa plains helping to restore vital infrastructure and basic services. We also remain committed to supporting Iraq to prevent Daesh resurgence, as the Foreign Secretary reaffirmed to new Iraqi Foreign Minister Fouad Hussein on 25 June. As part of our leading role in the Global Coalition against Daesh, UK forces have trained over 110,000 members of the Iraqi Security Forces and 21,000 Kurdish Peshmerga.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
18th Jun 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of (1) the current security situation in Kirkuk, and (2) the prospects for an eventual settlement of Kirkuk’s status.

The security situation in Kirkuk remains fragile - we are concerned by reports of increased terror attacks in Kirkuk and across the disputed territories over the last few months. The resuming of talks under UN supervision to settle the status of Kirkuk are a welcome sign, and we continue to encourage all sides to work towards resolving their issues. The ongoing priority must remain the defeat of Daesh in order to build stability in the disputed territories.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
18th Jun 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they have taken to call for restraint and a de-escalation of tensions on the Korean peninsula, further to the destruction of the Inter-Korean Joint Liaison Office near Kaesong on 16 June.

The UK is concerned by North Korea's unprovoked demolition of the Kaesong Liaison Office and by their recent inflammatory remarks criticising South Korea. We are in contact with international partners and support South Korea in its efforts to maintain calm and stability. The UK is committed to securing peace on the Korean peninsula and the complete, verifiable and irreversible denuclearisation of North Korea.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
18th Jun 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government whether they have any evidence that al-Qaeda is attempting to exploit the protests which have followed George Floyd’s death in the United States for their own propaganda purposes, further to the latest edition of their online magazine, One Ummah; and if so, how.

On 8 June, al-Qaeda (AQ) issued a multi-page article in its English-language magazine, One Ummah, focusing on the death of George Floyd and subsequent protests. There have been no references to the protests in AQ's central media since, though AQ and Daesh on-line followers continue to discuss and celebrate the ongoing situation in the USA.

18th Jun 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they have taken to (1) support the UN Secretary-General’s appeal on 23 March and reiterated on 3 April for a global ceasefire in response to COVID-19, and (2) ensure that appeal does not lose momentum, given the current overall levels of violence worldwide.

The UK supports the UN Secretary-General's call for an immediate global ceasefire in armed conflicts. We have made that support clear at the UN Security Council, and in joint statements with other UN member states as part of the Groups of Friends of Women, Peace and Security and Children and Armed Conflict on 30 March, and the Protection of Civilians on 27 May.

The UK recognises the necessary role of counter terrorism operations, to protect civilian populations and prevent terror groups from using the Covid-19 pandemic to their advantage. We are deeply concerned about the impact that Covid-19 will have on vulnerable countries, particularly those tackling extreme poverty. We continue to work within the UN Security Council to promote initiatives which will build on the global ceasefire and marshal support for UN efforts to take forward peace processes and mitigate risks of conflict escalation.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
11th Jun 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the current situation between the Chinese and Indian military along the Line of Actual Control; and what discussions they have had with the governments of India and China about de-escalation.

We are aware of the recent reports of increased tensions between China and India and reports that 20 Indian soldiers were killed in an incident in the Galwan Valley on 15 June. We encourage the two sides to engage in dialogue on issues relating to the border. We are closely monitoring the situation.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
11th Jun 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what discussions they have had with the government of Chad in relation to security in the Sahel region; and what assessment they have made of the impact of instability in the Sahel region on the UK.

The UK engages directly with Chad through our non-resident ambassador and our office in N'Djamena. The ambassador last spoke to Foreign Minister Cherif on 9 June to discuss the impacts of COVID-19, the security situation, plans for elections and other elements of UK-Chad cooperation.

The UK is deeply concerned about the deteriorating security situation in the Sahel and is clear that long-term peace and stability in this region will support UK interests, including in wider West Africa. The UK is committed to working with all partners, including the G5 Sahel countries, to support those most in need and tackle the long-term drivers of instability in the region. The Minister for Africa, James Duddridge, attended the first meeting of the Sahel Alliance General Assembly and the sixth Summit of the G5 Leaders (Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger) in Mauritania on 25 February. He also attended the virtual ministerial meeting of the Coalition for the Sahel on 12 June. At both meetings, he reaffirmed the UK's efforts to improve security and encourage development in the Sahel.

The UK is supporting the security response across the Sahel region, including in Chad, through three CH47 Chinook helicopters and support personnel in a non-combat role with the French-led counter-terrorism mission Operation BARKHANE. The UK is committed to helping the G5 Sahel Joint Force reach full operational capability, and has provided bilateral funding towards the provision of non-lethal military equipment and support for the human rights compliance framework. The UK is also supporting efforts to improve security in the Lake Chad Basin. The UK contributes military personnel to the P3 Cellule de Coordination et Liaison in N'Djamena, which gives the Multi-National Joint Task Force technical and strategic support. The UK is also supporting Chad by providing life-saving humanitarian assistance to those affected by the crisis, while investing in longer-term resilience through programmes that help widen access to social protection and enable households to adapt to the changing climate. Between 2015 and 2019, the UK provided over £91.2 million to Chad in bilateral humanitarian and development aid.

11th Jun 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what discussions they have had with the government of Israel about the death of Iyad Halaq in East Jerusalem on 30 May.

As the UK Consul General in Jerusalem and the UK Ambassador in Tel Aviv stated on 31 May, we are deeply saddened to hear about the death of Iyad Khairi Hallaq after he was shot by Israeli police in East Jerusalem. Our heartfelt condolences go out to his family. We urge restraint in the use of live fire by the Israel Defense Forces. In instances where there have been accusations of excessive use of force, we have advocated swift, transparent investigations and if wrongdoing is found, that those responsible be held to account. The perpetual cycle of violence must end.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
11th Jun 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the plan submitted by the Palestinian Prime Minister to the United States, Russia, EU and United Nations on 9 June; and, following the remarks by the Minister for the Middle East and North Africa on 11 May (HC Deb, col 20), what steps they are taking to prevent the annexation by the government of Israel of parts of the West Bank.

We welcome the proposals that the Palestinian Authority has made for renewed dialogue. We urge the parties to find a means of restarting negotiations, and avoiding unilateral action. The Foreign Secretary made clear our concerns about reports that the new Israeli Government coalition has reached an agreement, which may pave the way for annexation of parts of the West Bank, during a call with the Israeli Alternate Prime Minister Gantz on 20 May and Foreign Minister Ashkenazi on 2 June. We also reiterated our concerns at the UN Security Council remote meeting on the Middle East Peace Process on 20 May. The UK position is clear: any unilateral moves towards annexation of parts of the West Bank by Israel would be damaging to efforts to restart peace negotiations and contrary to international law. We will continue to press Israel and the Palestinians strongly on the need to return to negotiations to achieve peace and the realist action of a two state solution.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
11th Jun 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the situation between government-controlled and Arakan Army forces in Rakhine State in Myanmar; and what discussions they have had at the United Nations in relation to the conflict.

The British Government is deeply concerned by fighting between the Myanmar military and the Arakan Army. We call on all sides to resolve their differences peacefully. The security situation must not be used as an excuse for further restrictions on the Rohingya and other minorities in Rakhine. On 14 May, the United Kingdom convened the UN Security Council to discuss the situation in Rakhine and Chin States and called for a cessation of hostilities, greater humanitarian access and lifting of the internet shutdown to facilitate the Covid 19 response.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
4th Jun 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what progress they have made on the formation of an international alliance to coordinate a joint response to the China-Hong Kong crisis, in order to protect the freedoms guaranteed by the Basic Law and the commitment to the one country, two systems principle.

The Foreign Secretary is engaging actively with a range of international partners to explain our position and impress on them the gravity of situation. We want to build up a groundswell of those who share our commitment to international law. We believe that is the most effective means of getting China to live up to its obligations and responsibilities as a leading member of the international community. We will also work within international institutions such as the UN Human Rights Council to ensure that China upholds the commitments they made as co-signatory to the Joint Declaration. The UK?and the US raised the issue at the UN Security Council on 28 May.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
4th Jun 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what further information they have on the current political situation in Sri Lanka in view of fears of a constitutional crisis, further to the government of Sri Lanka’s announcement of its intention to rule without parliamentary oversight.

The parliament of Sri Lanka was dissolved on 2 March ahead of a planned general election. As a result of the coronavirus pandemic the general election was postponed. The Sri Lankan Government has made clear that they want to see the election take place as soon as practicable. The UK has taken note of the decision made by the Supreme Court in Sri Lanka on 2 June to dismiss seven petitions related to elections and reconvening parliament. We understand that the Elections Commission of Sri Lanka is due to convene shortly to announce a date for the next general election, and that a range of practical preparations are underway. We will continue to follow the situation closely.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
4th Jun 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government how many British journalists and camera crews covering the recent protests in the United States have been affected by the United States security forces’ use of force; and (1) whether, (2) when, and (3) to whom in the United States authorities, they have made it clear that the use of force, including tear gas, rubber bullets and pepper spray, against all journalists is an unacceptable violation of press freedom.

We are aware of a small number of British journalists and camera crews being affected by the US police response to the unrest. Our Embassy in Washington has raised the issue with the US Administration.

Journalists all around the world must be free to do their job and to hold authorities to account without fear of arrest or violence.

4th Jun 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what representations they have made to the government of Israel following the statement made by that government’s Defence Minister on 1 June, that he had ordered Israel’s military to prepare for the annexation of parts of the West Bank in accordance with the peace plan announced by the President of the United States on 28 January.

The Foreign Secretary made clear our concerns about reports that the new Israeli Government coalition has reached an agreement which may pave the way for annexation of parts of the West Bank during a call with the Israeli Foreign Minister on 2 June. We also made clear our concerns at the UN Security Council remote meeting on the Middle East Peace Process on 20 May. The UK position is clear: any unilateral moves towards annexation of parts of the West Bank by Israel would be damaging to efforts to restart peace negotiations and contrary to international law. The UK is committed to making progress towards a two-state solution. We will continue to press Israel and the Palestinians strongly on the need to refrain from taking actions which make peace more difficult.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
21st May 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the report by Amnesty International Syria: 'Nowhere Is Safe For Us’: Unlawful Attacks And Mass Displacement In North-West Syria, published on 11 May, which states that Russia and Syria have deliberately hit hospitals on the UN ‘do not target’ list and that there is “strong evidence of Russia’s direct involvement in unlawful air strike”.

We assess that Amnesty International's report provides useful further evidence of unlawful attacks by the Assad regime and Russia on civilian targets in Idlib. It therefore complements recent reports by the UN Commission of Inquiry and the UN Board of Inquiry. It is inexcusable that hospitals have been attacked despite their coordinates being provided to Russia and others by the UN deconfliction mechanism. The UK continues to call for accountability for these crimes and for all parties, including the Assad regime and Russia, to respect the ceasefire in Idlib and to abide by International Humanitarian Law. We also continue to support those displaced by the recent offensive, as documented in the Amnesty International report.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
21st May 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government whether they are currently providing any security assistance and advice to the military in Tunisia.

The UK works closely with the Government of Tunisia on security and related issues, including counter-terrorism capacity building, border security and countering violent extremism. The UK also supports work to address drivers of instability in Tunisia, including in the areas of economic and public sector reform, transparency and anti-corruption.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
21st May 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of (1) the current political situation in Burundi, following the presidential elections on 20 May, and (2) how the COVID-19 pandemic is affecting Burundi.

The UK welcomes the broadly peaceful conduct of the elections in Burundi on 20 May, and takes note of the provisional presidential and parliamentary results announced by the Independent National Electoral Commission on 25 May. We are, however, concerned by reports of violence against political party members during the electoral period. In advance of elections, the UK called on all parties to resolve electoral disputes through legal mechanisms and to ensure a peaceful post-electoral environment, through a joint statement with Germany, Belgium, Canada, France, the Netherlands, Switzerland, the EU and the United Nations Country Team. We are continuing to follow developments closely.

The Burundi elections took place against the challenging context of the COVID19 pandemic. We have called on the Government to ensure necessary measures are implemented to limit the transmission of COVID-19. A Department for International Development humanitarian affairs officer is working with United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) to support preparedness and contingency planning for COVID-19 in Burundi.

6th May 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what representations they have made to the government of Iran about the launching of a satellite by the Revolutionary Guard on 22 April; what information they have on the carrier used to launch the satellite; and what information they have sought from that government about the purpose of the satellite.

We are aware of reports concerning the recent launch of a military satellite by the Islamic Revolution Guard Corps (IRGC). The launch - using ballistic missile technology - is of significant concern and inconsistent with UN Security Council Resolution 2231. The UN has called upon Iran not to undertake any activity related to ballistic missiles designed to be capable of delivering nuclear weapons. Iran must abide by this. We remain concerned about the activities of the IRGC and the revelation it has developed an independent military space launch capability, and call on Iran urgently to cease all forms of destabilising activity.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
6th May 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the current situation in southern Yemen, following the declaration on 25 April by Aydarous al-Zubaidi of the establishment of self-rule in Aden and other southern provinces in that country.

The announcement of self-rule by the Southern Transitional Council is a dangerous move which risks prolonging the conflict. The UK supports the Saudi-brokered Riyadh Agreement between the Government of Yemen and the Southern Transitional Council. The Riyadh Agreement is the best means of restoring security and stability to Southern Yemen and the UK urges the parties to resume their efforts towards implementation. We are encouraging the parties to refrain from unconstructive acts and statements, and we are working with them to agree a way forward. This is more important than ever after the heavy flooding in the South and the recent confirmation of deaths in Yemen from COVID-19.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
6th May 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of reports that the armed forces of North Korea and South Korea exchanged gunfire in the Demilitarised Zone on 3 May.

On 3 May, gunshots fired from the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) side of the Demilitarised Zone (DMZ) hit a guard post on the Republic of Korea (ROK) side. The ROK military discharged two volleys of warning fire towards a designated, unmanned area in response, in line with its established protocols. There was no escalation or any casualties. The United Nations Command Military Armistice Commission (UNCMAC) is still investigating but the ROK Joint Chiefs of Staff publicly said it assesses the DPRK shots were accidental.

We continue to urge the DPRK to return to the talks with the United States and deliver on its denuclearisation commitments.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
6th May 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the current situation in Libya, further to the speech by Field Marshal Khalifa Haftar on 27 April rejecting the 2015 UN-mediated Libyan Political Agreement and seeking to empower the General Command of the Arab Libyan Armed Force to take charge of that country’s governing institutions.

The Government is deeply concerned by the continuing fighting in Libya and actively engaged in international diplomatic efforts to bring it to an end. All the signs are that, despite calls for a humanitarian truce, hostilities are continuing on all sides. We are calling on all the parties, including Khalifa Haftar, to de-escalate, support a ceasefire, ensure humanitarian access, and return to UN-led political talks. The Libyan institutions set up by the 2015 Libyan Political Agreement remain central to that process.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
6th May 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what discussions they have had with the government of the United States about the absence of United States representation at the virtual Coronavirus Global Response International Pledging Conference on 4 May 2020; whether the Prime Minister has personally spoken to the President of the United States on this issue; whether the United States will be represented at the Global Vaccine Summit on 4 June; and if so, by whom.

The UK is in regular contact at the highest levels with our US partners on our joint response to the global COVID-19 pandemic. We will continue to work with all of our international partners - including the US - ahead of the Global Vaccine Summit on 4 June, to ensure new vaccines, treatments and tests will be accessible to everyone, as quickly as possible, to end this pandemic

6th May 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what progress has been made towards the establishment of an independent international investigation into the origin of the COVID-19 pandemic.

The UK has always been clear that, at the right time, there will need to be a full and independent review into the pandemic. Our immediate focus remains stopping the spread of the virus through international action. The World Health Assembly resolution on COVID-19, which the UK is co-sponsoring, calls on the WHO to initiate an independent and comprehensive evaluation. This will be an important step in learning the lessons of this pandemic.

30th Apr 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the current political situation in Iraq and the efforts of its new prime minister-designate to form a new cabinet; and whether they have offered any support to the government of Iraq to assist in that respect.

We consider it important that an Iraqi Government is in place to address the significant economic, security and health challenges Iraq faces. The UK maintains frequent engagement with Iraqi political leaders and parties. The Minister for Middle East and North Africa discussed the current situation in Iraq with the Iraqi Ambassador to London on 16 March and with Foreign Minister Hakim on 1 April. The Iraqi Parliament is due to vote on 6 May the proposed Iraqi Government under Prime Minister designate Mustafa Khademi.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
30th Apr 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what progress has been made in ensuring a sustainable peace plan in Ukraine; and what discussions they have had with the government of Russia about European security, including regional arms control.

The UK is committed to supporting Ukraine's sovereignty and territorial integrity, and to ensuring the people of Ukraine are able to define their own future. We welcome President Zelensky's clear commitment to ending the conflict in eastern Ukraine. The Ukrainian people deserve peace. We have been clear on the importance of finding a diplomatic solution and continue to support the Minsk agreements and the work of Germany and France within the Normandy Format. We welcomed the withdrawal of forces in three zones last year. Since the December Normandy Format summit, there have been two limited prisoner exchanges, but there has been little progress on further disengagement or a ceasefire. The renewed commitment to a ceasefire in the 30 April telephone call between the Normandy Four Foreign Ministers was a further positive step. Continued discussions are a fundamental step in further progress towards peace.

We continue to call on Russia to play its part to end the conflict by immediately ceasing its support for the separatists and fulfilling its obligations under the Minsk agreements. We have repeatedly raised with Russia the need to use its influence on the separatists to provide unrestricted access to the OSCE Special Monitoring Mission and humanitarian organisations.

The UK last had discussions on arms control with the Russian Federation at the meeting of the five Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) nuclear weapon states, or 'P5', which took place in London on 12-13 February. At that meeting, all five states underlined the importance of reducing nuclear risk and promoting stability, and agreed that dialogue on strategic risk reduction should continue. We also engage regularly with Russia through OSCE conventional arms control instruments and confidence building measures.

30th Apr 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to the widespread global lockdowns to prevent the spread of COVID-19, what assessment they have made of reports that some governments, particularly those in North Africa and the Middle East, are using the opportunity to prevent freedom of expression, crackdown on dissent and curb civil society; how they are monitoring such reports and in which countries; and what steps they intend to take in response.

We are concerned by reports that some governments are using the current crisis to curb freedom of expression and civil society. The UK supports freedom of expression as a fundamental human right, which must be respected at all times. We are closely monitoring the human rights situation in Middle East and North African countries. On 9 April, the UK participated in the UN Human Rights Council's first ever virtual conversation with the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights. Discussion focused on the human rights implications of the COVID-19 crisis which included concerns about restrictions being imposed on freedom of expression. In his statement to the Council, our Ambassador to the UN in Geneva stressed the importance of ensuring that parliaments, media and civil society all play their role to scrutinise the actions of governments and international agencies, and that we make use of the international human rights frameworks. The British Government remains committed to standing up for human rights and the rule of law in all circumstances.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
30th Apr 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what progress they have made in concluding a comprehensive and inclusive peace agreement in Yemen.

The UK welcomes the unilateral ceasefire announced by Saudi Arabia on 8 April following the call on 25 March by UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres for a cease to hostilities in Yemen. To ensure the success of this ceasefire, it must be underpinned by a political deal between the conflict parties. We fully support the efforts of the Secretary-General and the UN Special Envoy Martin Griffiths's call for all parties to engage in urgent political talks and de-escalate the conflict. Now that the Saudi unilateral ceasefire has been extended it is more important than ever that both the Houthis and the Government of Yemen seize this opportunity for progress in Yemen. A permanent ceasefire and co-operation with the UN-led political process is the best defence we have against a potentially devastating outbreak of COVID-19.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
23rd Apr 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what representations they have made to the government of Iran to secure the permanent release of Nazanin Zaghari-Ratcliffe, following the extension of her temporary release to 20 May.

We are relieved that Mrs Zaghari-Ratcliffe was temporarily released on March 17. While her further extension is a welcome step, we continue to urge the Iranian Government to immediately release her - and all UK dual nationals arbitrarily detained in Iran - to enable them to return to their families in the UK. The Foreign Secretary raised this with Foreign Minister Zarif on 16 March and Minister of State for the Middle East with the Iranian Ambassador on 26 March. Our Ambassador in Tehran consistently raises all of our dual national detainees with the Iranian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
23rd Apr 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government when the Prime Minister, or his representatives, last spoke to the President of China.

The Prime Minister spoke to President Xi about the coronavirus pandemic on 23 March. A summary of this call is available on gov.uk.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
23rd Apr 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what further information they can provide on reports that Turkey flew F16 fighter jets over the Libyan coast in April; and what assessment they have made of the impact of any such intervention by Turkey in Libya’s civil war.

We are aware of recent reports of Turkish fighter jets flying over the Libyan coast. We remain concerned by Turkish military involvement in Libya, which risks further aggravating the conflict. We have expressed these concerns to the Turkish Government, as we have done to other external actors whose activity continues to fuel the conflict. We continue to call on sides to de-escalate, support a ceasefire and a return to UN-led political talks. The UK is clear that lasting peace and stability in Libya will come only through an inclusive political settlement.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
23rd Apr 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of figures from Amnesty International which indicate that Saudi Arabia executed 184 people in 2019; and what representations they have made to the government of Saudi Arabia about the increased use of the death penalty in that country.

We regularly make clear, using a range of Ministerial and diplomatic channels, that the British Government opposes the death penalty in all circumstances and in every country, as a matter of principle. We note Amnesty International's report highlighting an increased number of executions in Saudi Arabia in 2019. As a Human Rights Priority Country, Saudi Arabia will be reviewed in the Annual Foreign and Commonwealth Office 2019 Human Rights and Democracy Report (to be published during 2020).

The former Minister for the Middle East and North Africa raised our concerns about the death penalty with Deputy Justice Minister HE Abdullah Al Sulaimi on 11 February. The Foreign Secretary also raised our human rights concerns with Saudi Arabia during his visit in March this year. We will continue to raise our concerns with the Government of Saudi Arabia.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
10th Mar 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government when they last discussed with the government of India plans to address call centre scammers based in India.

The Government takes fraud very seriously and is committed to combating it. We recognise victims can suffer both serious financial and emotional harm.

The City of London Police, the lead force for Tackling Economic Crime, has partnered with law enforcement and industry to combat call centre fraud from India and other jurisdictions. In partnership with the National Crime Agency the City of London Police have sought to align the interests of the United Kingdom with those of the United States, Canada and a number of European Countries.

Individual cases are an operational matter for the police and the Government of India. The UK authorities work with their Indian counterparts on a case-by-case basis to target fraudsters responsible for duping members of the public and businesses.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
10th Mar 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the resignation of Ghassan Salamé, the UN Special Representative and Head of the United Nations Support Mission in Libya, and of the impact of that resignation on the prospects for a ceasefire in Libya.

The UK was saddened to hear that the UN Special Representative for Libya, Ghassan Salamé, resigned for health reasons. We thank him for his tireless efforts to bring peace and stability to Libya. The UK continues to support the UN's work to secure a lasting ceasefire and facilitate a Libyan-led and Libyan-owned political process, as set out in UN Security Council Resolution 2510, drafted by the UK. We will continue to work closely with UNSMIL following Salamé's departure to maintain the momentum of political and military talks. We look forward to working with his successor, once appointed.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
10th Mar 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what is the current state of bilateral relations with the United Arab Emirates.

The UK has a longstanding close relationship with the UAE, based on historically strong people, historic and economic links. We cooperate on a number of issues from trade, defence and regional security issues to cultural cooperation, climate change and girls' education.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
10th Mar 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what are their objectives for the forthcoming deployment of 250 UK personnel to Gao in Eastern Mali in support of the UN Peacekeeping Operation; how the deployment will help to address the increasing instability in the region; and how they intend to ensure that British personnel do not become a target or exacerbate the situation.

The UK's deployment to the UN peacekeeping mission in Mali, MINUSMA, is part of our strategic approach to the increasing instability in the Sahel region, which brings together our development, diplomacy and defence expertise to help tackle the underlying causes of poverty and conflict in the region. Our objectives are fully aligned with the UN mission's mandate. UK troops will deliver a long-range reconnaissance capability. This will provide greater awareness of possible threats, contributing primarily to the protection of civilians but also supporting the safety and security of UN peacekeepers. UK personnel will be thoroughly prepared and given the right training and equipment to conduct their tasks.

10th Mar 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what recent discussions they have had with the government of Myanmar about their treatment of the Rohingya, following the International Court of Justice ruling on 23 January.

The UK continues to make representations to the Government of Myanmar for the voluntary, safe and dignified return of Rohingya refugees. In a statement on 23 January 2020, the former Minister for Asia and the Pacific encouraged the Government of Myanmar to abide by the International Court of Justice's provisional measures and implement the recommendations of the Independent Commission of Enquiry in order to protect the Rohingya and to bring the perpetrators of atrocities to justice. The British Ambassador to Myanmar reinforced these points with the Myanmar Minister for International Co-operation, Kyaw Tin and continues to raise this through engagement with the government.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
2nd Mar 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what criteria they set for appointment to the Integrated Review of Security, Defence, Development and Foreign Policy; and what are their recruitment processes.

The review is being coordinated by a team of civil servants in the Cabinet Office, originally recruited through fair and open competition. A team in No10 comprises individuals with a range of expertise including a Special Adviser and, where appropriate, contractors.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
2nd Mar 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government whether, during his current visit to Saudi Arabia, the Foreign Secretary will raise with the government of that country (1) reports of the involvement of Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman in the murder of Jamal Khashoggi, and (2) the need for Saudi Arabia to (a) hold all those responsible to account and (b) ensure similar such crimes do not happen again.

The UK and Saudi Arabia have a longstanding bilateral relationship, based on a number of pillars including trade, investment, defence, security, energy and shared concerns about regional issues.

The Foreign Secretary will raise and discuss human rights concerns in his first official visit to the region.

We have been clear that Mr Khashoggi's killing was a terrible crime, and that his family deserve to see justice done. Saudi Arabia must hold all those responsible to account and ensure such an atrocity can never happen again. We have consistently set out our grave concerns - both publicly and privately - and will continue to do so.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
2nd Mar 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the situation in Burkina Faso, following reports of an increased jihadist presence and worsening violence in that country.

The UK is deeply concerned by the scale of violence in Burkina Faso. In recent months we have seen a number of horrific attacks with tragic consequences for people in the region. More than 700,000 people were registered as displaced in February 2020. The UK condemns these attacks and is committed to working with all partners, including the G5 Sahel countries, to tackle the long-term drivers of instability in the region.

The UK is committed to working with the G5 Sahel countries, including the Burkinabe government, to help address instability in the region. Last week, James Duddridge (Minister for Africa) attended the first meeting of the Sahel Alliance General Assembly and G5 Leaders' Summit, where he reaffirmed the UK's commitment to improved security and increased development in the Sahel. The UK is currently supporting Burkina Faso by providing emergency life-saving assistance to those affected by the conflict crisis. The UK is also providing non-combat assistance to the French-led counter terror mission Operation BARKHANE in the form of three CH47 chinook helicopters; this includes support to operations in Burkina Faso.

2nd Mar 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they are taking to help to secure an immediate ceasefire between all warring parties in Idlib province in Syria.

We are actively pressing for an immediate and lasting ceasefire to the crisis in Idlib. The Foreign Secretary discussed Idlib with the US Secretary of State Pompeo on 1 March and travelled to Turkey on 3-4 March to support Turkish efforts to achieve a cessation of hostilities. We have repeatedly raised the issue at the UN Security Council and called for an emergency Council session to discuss the urgent situation in Idlib on 28 February. We have also made clear the urgent need for a ceasefire in our contacts with the Russian Government.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
24th Feb 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what UK representation at senior ministerial or official level was present at (1) the World Economic Forum Annual Meeting Davos 2020, and (2) the Munich Security Conference 2020.

The 2020 Annual Meetings of the World Economic Forum took place from 21 to 24 January in Davos. The Chancellor of the Exchequer was the only UK minister to attend this year. He was accompanied by two special advisers and two officials. The Prime Minister's Chief Strategic Adviser and the Permanent Secretary at the Department for International Trade also attended. The FCO-DFID Minister of State for the Middle East and North Africa led the UK delegation to the 2020 Munich Security Conference. Senior UK officials present included the Cabinet Secretary, the MOD Director-General for Strategy and International, the FCO Political Director and the UK Ambassador to NATO.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
24th Feb 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to the adoption of Resolution 2510 (2020) by the UN Security Council on 12 February, what practical next steps they are taking to implement the resolution; and in particular "the need for a lasting ceasefire in Libya at the earliest opportunity, without pre-conditions".

The UK is clear that lasting peace and stability in Libya will come only through an inclusive political settlement. On 16 February the Minister of State for Middle East and North Africa represented the UK at the first meeting of the International Follow Up Committee to the Berlin Conference, briefing fellow participants on UNSCR 2510. The resolution demands full compliance with the UN arms embargo and an end to foreign military interference in Libya, and makes clear that individuals or entities who breach the arms embargo or an eventual ceasefire may be sanctioned with travel bans and asset freezes. The UK has also continued to urge both the Libyan parties and the key international players to engage fully with the efforts of the former UN Envoy Ghassan Salamé, including the 5+5 military dialogue which has convened in Geneva and is working towards a lasting ceasefire.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
5th Feb 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they are taking, together with international partners, to help to ensure a stable security environment in Ethiopia ahead of the parliamentary elections scheduled for August and to support the democratic process in Ethiopia.

The UK is working closely with Ethiopian and international partners to support preparations for the August elections. Our Embassy is leading international donor coordination around the election in Addis Ababa, and the UK has contributed £15.5m to the UN's "Supporting Elections for Ethiopia's Democracy Strengthening" programme. In 2019, the British Government hosted the chair of the National Election Board of Ethiopia (NEBE), and two NEBE Commissioners observed the UK General Election in December 2019, meeting with elections experts from the UK Electoral Commission, the British Government and local authorities.

We will continue to work closely with the Ethiopian authorities, our international partners, multilateral bodies and local stakeholders to promote free, fair and safe elections.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
5th Feb 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what discussions they have had with the Palestinian Authority following President Mahmoud Abbas’ rejection of the government of the United States' plan for a comprehensive peace agreement between Israel and the Palestinians and his announcement of the cutting of ties, including security ties, with the United States and Israel.

We are aware of President Abbas' comments. We encourage President Abbas to engage with the US and explore what options there might be for addressing his concerns. The Foreign Secretary called President Abbas on 27 January, before release of the plan. He emphasised the UK hope that the plan would permit a return to negotiations. Our Consul General in Jerusalem has been in regular discussion with the Palestinian Authority following release of the plan.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
5th Feb 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what information they have on the security situation in the Central African Republic following recent violence in the east of the country; and how they are supporting the peace deal signed in February 2019 in order to create a stable security environment ahead of the presidential and parliamentary elections scheduled for December 2020.

We are concerned by reports of violence and human rights abuses in Central African Republic (CAR) including in the east of the country. The UK supports efforts to bring lasting peace and stability to the country, including as a major contributor (£42 million per year) to UN peacekeeping mission MINUSCA. MINUSCA is mandated to support elections in December in addition to its vital protection of civilians. The UK also finances the EU Training Mission to build the capacity of CAR security forces, helping to improve security in the country. This includes support to the formation of mixed units from military and armed groups, as part of the 2019 peace agreement. More broadly, in 2019 the UK provided around £20 million in humanitarian and development assistance to support vulnerable people in CAR.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
5th Feb 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government how they are working to help to reach an agreement on a UN Security Council resolution on the use of UN assessed contributions to co-finance African Union peace support operations.

The UK welcomes the efforts of the African Union to prevent, mediate and settle conflicts in Africa and supports the principle of the AU accessing UN assessed contributions for future AU-led peace support operations on a case-by-case basis, subject to the conditions previously agreed in UNSCR 2320 (2016). Proposals for a UN Security Council Resolution (UNSCR) on the use of UN assessed contributions to co-finance African Union (AU) led peace support operations have been under discussion for several years. A text was most recently proposed by South Africa, on behalf of the three African members of the Security Council, in October 2019. This was then withdrawn pending further discussion between AU members, including at the AU Summit on 9-10 February 2020.We await further clarification from the AU on how the AU would part-fund such an initiative before the matter can be brought back to the UNSC.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
29th Jan 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government when they first had the opportunity to read the President of the USA's proposal Peace To Prosperity: A Vision To Improve The Lives Of The Palestinian And Israeli People, published on 28 January; and what assessment they have made of the political framework proposals contained therein.

The US Administration shared details of their proposals with us in advance. However, this is an American plan. We were not involved in its formulation. The US are aware of our position on the Middle East Peace Process. This is clearly a serious proposal, reflecting extensive time and effort. But only Israeli and Palestinian leaders can determine whether these proposals can meet the needs and aspirations of the people they represent. We encourage them to give these plans genuine and fair consideration, and explore whether they might prove a first step on the road back to negotiations.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
29th Jan 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the current situation in Yemen, following the briefing by the UN Special Envoy for Yemen, Martin Griffiths, to an emergency session of the UN Security Council on 28 January, in which he warned that the ongoing military escalation "had to end" and that efforts to support de-escalation and confidence-building in the country were in jeopardy; and what action they are taking to support the peace process in Yemen.

We are concerned about recent heavy clashes in the Nehm and Al-Jawf regions and fully support the UN Special Envoy’s statement of 22 January calling on the parties to adhere to their commitments and avoid further escalation. The Minister for the Middle East and North Africa issued a statement condemning the increased fighting and met with the UN Special Envoy on 27 January. The UK requested the emergency session of the UN Security Council on 28 January to discuss with international partners how to respond to this development. We are engaging with the parties to appeal for calm. We urge all sides to refrain from destabilising military activity, return to de-escalation efforts, and work with the UN Special Envoy towards a political solution.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
29th Jan 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what information they collect on incidences of misogynistic hate speech against women in public life; what assessment they have made of whether misogynistic hate speech is increasing; and what action they are taking to encourage women to (1) enter, and (2) remain, in public life.

Misogyny is not a hate crime in law, therefore no data is held about specific incidences. The Government has heard concerns about existing legislation and asked the Law Commission to undertake a full review of hate crime legislation, which will report in early 2021.

The Government is committed to ensuring that women are able to participate fully in public life. Our Public Appointments Diversity Action plan, published in June 2019, sets out the actions we are taking to ensure that, by 2022, 50% of public appointees are women. Additionally, projects funded by our £5 million Women's Suffrage Centenary Fund included an AskHerToStand event for 350 women giving them invaluable help to get on the first rung of a political career.

We have more women MPs and councillors than ever before and there are now 220 women MPs (34%), up from 22% in 2010. I am pleased this is the most gender balanced parliament on record.

Baroness Williams of Trafford
Minister of State (Home Office)
29th Jan 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to the proposal by Agnes Callamard, the UN Special Rapporteur on Summary Executions and Extrajudicial Killings, and David Kaye, the UN Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Expression, on 22 January for a full investigation into the government of Saudi Arabia’s alleged involvement in the hacking of Jeff Bezos’ phone, what support they are offering to facilitate any such investigation.

Whilst any allegation of phone hacking is a concern, the alleged hacking is not a matter for the British Government.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
29th Jan 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government whether during his meeting with the Foreign Minister of Saudi Arabia on 20 January 2020, the Foreign Secretary raised (1) the alleged involvement of the government of Saudi Arabia in the hacking of Jeff Bezos’ phone; (2) the use of digital spyware and targeted surveillance more broadly; and (3) any ongoing evaluation of claims over the involvement of Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman in the murder of Jamal Khashoggi.

The Foreign Secretary raised a number of bilateral issues during his meeting with HH Prince Faisal bin Farhan Al Saud, including on human rights.

The verdicts in the trial of Jamal Khashoggi’s killers was released on 23 December 2019. The Foreign Secretary released a statement at the time reiterating that Mr Khashoggi’s killing was a terrible crime, and that his family deserve to see justice done. Saudi Arabia must hold all those responsible to account and ensure such an atrocity can never happen again. We have consistently set out our grave concerns - both publicly and privately - and will continue to do so.

Any allegation of phone hacking is a concern. The alleged hacking of Jeff Bezos’s phone is not a matter for the British Government.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
16th Jan 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government, following the killing of General Qassem Soleimani on 3 January and the President of the United States' subsequent statement on Twitter on 13 January that it "doesn’t really matter...because of his horrible past" whether an imminent attack was planned by General Soleimani, what assessment they have made of the case for a review of the international legal framework in relation to (1) the conduct of targeted assassinations, and (2) strikes by unmanned aerial vehicles.

Article 51 of the UN Charter recognises that all States have an inherent right of self-defence. Any use of force must be in accordance with the requirements of applicable international law.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
16th Jan 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what meetings they have held since October 2019 to discuss the unity and stability of Lebanon in view of the continuing protests and violence throughout that country.

The Minister for the Middle East and North Africa spoke to the Lebanese Ambassador to the UK on 24 October 2019. He also spoke with former Lebanese Prime Minister Hariri on 9 December 2019 about the situation. Members of the International Support Group for Lebanon – including the UK – met in December 2019. The group reiterated its support to Lebanon and was unified in calling for the swift formation of a Government capable of meeting the aspirations expressed by Lebanese and capable of delivering the urgently required economic reform; it also reiterated that the right for peaceful protest must continue to be respected. The UK's Defence Senior Advisor to the Middle East and North Africa visited Lebanon on 12 December 2019 and met with senior Lebanese authorities, including President Aoun, to discuss the current situation.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
16th Jan 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of (1) the decision in December 2019 of the panel of international experts to stand aside from the Independent Police Complaints Council investigation into allegations of police brutality in response to the pro-democracy demonstrations in Hong Kong, and (2) the implications of that decision on the objectivity of the investigation.

We continue to call for a robust, credible and independent investigation into events in Hong Kong. We note the decision of the independent panel of international experts to step down from the Independent Police Complaints Council (IPCC) investigation. The IPCC’s report has not yet been published. However, as we have made clear repeatedly, any inquiry must be impartial, credible, and transparent. That is the only way to rebuild trust and help to resolve the current tensions.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
16th Jan 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to His Majesty King Abdullah of Jordan’s interview with France 24 on 12 January, in which he warned of the re-establishment and rise of IS in southern eastern Syria and western Iraq, what assessment they have made of the re-emergence of IS and in particular, those IS fighters who have travelled from Idlib in Syria to Libya; and what discussions they have had with the government of Jordan and other partners in that region about the development of a strategy to combat that re-emergence.

We remain concerned at the risk of Daesh resurgence in parts of Syria and Iraq. We have been clear that, despite their loss of territory, Daesh still pose a threat to the security of both countries, and the region. For this reason we continue to work with the Global Coalition and our partners to tackle Daesh in Syria and Iraq and to prevent Daesh fighters from travelling from there to other countries. We have close and frequent dialogue with the Jordanian government on regional security issues, both bilaterally and as part of the Global Coalition Against Daesh and Small Group on Syria.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
7th Jan 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what is their understanding of the current situation in Hong Kong.

We remain seriously concerned at the situation in Hong Kong. We condemn the minority of protestors who insist on using violence. It must stop. As I stated on 15 January 2020 it is essential that protests are conducted peacefully, within the law, and that the authorities respond proportionately. We have consistently called for a robust, credible and independent investigation into events in Hong Kong. The UK is fully committed to upholding Hong Kong's high degree of autonomy and rights and freedoms under the "One Country, Two Systems" framework, which is guaranteed by the legally binding Joint Declaration. As the Foreign Secretary stated on 19 December 2019 the only way to guarantee Hong Kong's future success and stability is by respecting these and addressing the legitimate concerns of the people of Hong Kong through meaningful political dialogue. The commitments made by China in the Joint Declaration, including the right to freedom of speech and an independent judiciary, are essential to Hong Kong's prosperity and way of life. We expect China to live up to its obligations under the Joint Declaration and to its wider international human rights law obligations, as a responsible and law abiding member of the international community.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
7th Jan 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government when they last made representations to the government of Iran about the case of Nazanin Zaghari-Ratcliffe; when the Prime Minister last did so directly; whether they have done so since 3 January; and in all such cases, what response they received.

The Foreign Secretary raised his concerns about dual national detentions with Iranian Foreign Minister Zarif on 6 January. The Prime Minister raised his concerns with Iranian President Rouhani on 9 January. The Minister for the Middle East and North Africa called for their release in his call with Deputy Foreign Minister Araghchi on 12 January. We remain extremely concerned about the welfare of all British-Iranian dual nationals detained in Iran, including Mrs Zaghari-Ratcliffe. We have made clear to Iran that we expect them to ensure she is treated humanely and in line with international standards. We continue to request immediate consular access.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
7th Jan 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government when the government of the United States of America first informed them of their military operation on 3 January which killed General Qasem Soleimani.

We became aware of the operation as it happened. We do not comment on our allies' operational decisions.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
14th Oct 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government (1) what assessment they have made of the number of refugees expected to flee Afghanistan in the next six months, and (2) what steps are they taking, domestically and with international partners, to manage the arrival of Afghan refugees to the UK and Europe.

The Afghan Citizens Resettlement Scheme (ACRS) will welcome 5,000 people at risk in the first year, and up to 20,000 in the coming years.

Work is underway across the whole of Government to ensure families who were evacuated from Afghanistan are supported, as they rebuild their lives in the UK. The support provided is similar to the commitments in the Syrian Resettlement Programme, providing people with the vital access to accommodation, health care, education and support into employment they need to fully integrate into society.

The Government will continue to work closely with other government departments, non-governmental organisations, international organisations, charities, local authorities and other partners in the development and implementation of the ACRS.

Further details of the Government’s approach can be found in the policy statement published on 13 September:

https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/afghanistan-resettlement-and-immigration-policy-statement/afghanistan-resettlement-and-immigration-policy-statement-accessible-version

Baroness Williams of Trafford
Minister of State (Home Office)
10th Jun 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government how many additional Border Force staff have been mobilised since 17 May to reduce the queueing time at passport control in Heathrow Airport; and what is the average queueing time at passport control on arrival at Heathrow.

Border Force is ensuring that it has the right level of resources to check that passengers are compliant with our border health measures to minimise wait times at the border whilst ensuring we maintain border security and public health.

We have taken steps to make sure that there is the maximum number of additional Border Force officers possible to carry out those crucial checks, ensuring compliance with health measures, while minimizing wait time.

Since January 2020 to May 2021 Border Force overall workforce has grown by over 290 to a figure of around 9,300 FTE.

This is in addition to the return of staff from detached duty and the return of critically vulnerable staff to the front line, as well the capability to deploy resources flexibly across the United Kingdom to deal with any increase on demand.

As the Director General of Border Force stated at the Public Account Committee session on the 10th June, the average time this year for anyone travelling through Heathrow has been under 30 minutes.

Baroness Williams of Trafford
Minister of State (Home Office)
27th May 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what percentage of crime in England is categorised as online fraud; what percentage of policing resource is dedicated to combatting online fraud; and what plans they have to increase the level of police resource allocated to tackling digital crime.

The Government is aware that fraudsters continue to exploit technology and the internet to commit their crimes. Recent ONS estimates suggest that around 53% of all fraud is online enabled (Crime Survey of England and Wales data covering personal incidents of fraud and not fraud against businesses: Nature of crime: fraud and computer misuse - Office for National Statistics (ons.gov.uk). This Government is determined to drive down the number of these frauds and to protect the public from their harm.

Decisions on the allocation of funding received by Police Forces are determined at a local level in line with the priorities set by each Police and Crime Commissioner as part of their Police and Crime Plan. The Government continues to fund fraud capability to tackle these crimes. As part of the 2020 Spending Review, the Government committed a further £63m to the Home Office to tackle economic crime, including fraud. This is in addition to the £10m funding that the Home Office commits each year to the City of London Police to run the existing Action Fraud and National Fraud Intelligence Bureau services.

However, we will continue to explore all opportunities to go further on fraud and online, digital crime, including through the upcoming Spending Review.

Baroness Williams of Trafford
Minister of State (Home Office)
4th Mar 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they are taking to improve security co-operation with the EU.

The safety and security of our citizens is the Government’s top priority.

The UK-EU Trade and Cooperation Agreement delivers a comprehensive package of capabilities which ensures we can work with counterparts across Europe to tackle serious crime and terrorism – protecting the public and bringing criminals to justice.

We also have excellent bilateral cooperation with Member States across the EU on a wide range of law enforcement and criminal justice issues and we will continue to consider ways to strengthen these bilateral relationships.

More widely, we continue to enhance our support to - and work closely with - international organisations such as Interpol to improve and develop law enforcement technology and tools that have a global reach.

The UK will continue to be a global leader on security and one of the safest countries in the world.

Baroness Williams of Trafford
Minister of State (Home Office)
7th Jan 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the impact on cross-border security of the loss of real-time access to the Schengen Information System; and how many requests for information from that System have been made by the UK since 31 December 2020.

In the absence of UK participation in the 2nd generation Schengen Information System (SIS II), although there will be a mutual loss of capability, the Government is clear that cooperation with EU partners through pre-existing bilateral channels is unaffected, and that Interpol provides a tried and tested mechanism for exchanging law enforcement alert information. Interpol was the primary means by which the UK exchanged warnings alerts with EU Member States as recently as 2015. It remains the primary means by which EU Member States share information with partners who do not have access to SIS II. Our assessment is that the UK was a safe country before joining SIS II in 2015 and we will continue to be one of the safest countries in the world.

The UK disconnected from the SIS II system at 2300 on the 31st December. There have, therefore, been no searches against SIS II by the UK since the 31st December.

Baroness Williams of Trafford
Minister of State (Home Office)
2nd Mar 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government how many new jobs have been created in the UK since April 2018 as a result of awarding the contract to supply British passports to Gemalto.

Following the award of the contract to design, manufacture, and personalise British passports in April 2018, Thales (formerly known as Gemalto UK Ltd) have increased their UK workforce by 97 posts.

Baroness Williams of Trafford
Minister of State (Home Office)
16th Jan 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to the report by Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Constabulary and Fire and Rescue Services Both Sides Of The Coin: The Police And National Crime Agency’s Response To Vulnerable People In ‘County Lines’ Drug Offending, published in January, what plans, if any, they have to review the methods by which pay as you go mobile phones can be purchased.

The Government is committed to tackling drugs supply and reducing the viability of the county lines business model.

We welcome the report by Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Constabulary and Fire and Rescue Services and are considering its recommendations and our response.

Baroness Williams of Trafford
Minister of State (Home Office)
28th Oct 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of reports that the government of China is developing a new nuclear weapon delivery system.

China is continuing to undertake a significant modernisation of its nuclear forces. We keep under review all global nuclear risks to the UK, our interests and our allies. The UK will continue to work with international partners to prevent proliferation and make progress on multilateral nuclear disarmament so we can take tangible steps toward a safer and more stable world.

Baroness Goldie
Minister of State (Ministry of Defence)
18th Aug 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what has been the total cost of British military operations in Afghanistan since 2001.

The total cost of British military operations in Afghanistan since 2001 (up to and including financial year 2019-20) was £22.7 billion.

Details of expenditure for financial year 2020-21 will be included in the MOD's Annual Report and Accounts that will be published later this year.

Baroness Goldie
Minister of State (Ministry of Defence)
10th Jun 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to reports of design flaws in the Ajax armoured fighting vehicles, what is the timetable for delivery of the Ajax Armoured Vehicle programme; and what assessment they have made of whether the programme will be delivered (1) on time, and (2) in budget.

The current forecast Initial Operating Capability, or IOC, is 30 June 2021, with a 50% confidence, and a 90% confidence for September 2021. To be clear the Department will not take the programme into IOC until we are confident that we have achieved what we need to achieve at this stage of the vehicle’s development.

The contract with General Dynamics Land Systems UK is a firm price contract to deliver the requirement in a set budget.

Baroness Goldie
Minister of State (Ministry of Defence)
25th Mar 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government when the Prime Minister last spoke to (1) the President of Russia, and (2) the President of China, about the military presence of those countries within the Arctic Circle; and what discussions they have had with (a) the government of Russia, and (b) the government of China, at any ministerial level about that issue.

The UK's primary objective in the Arctic is to maintain the region as one characterised by high levels of international cooperation and low tensions. We support the Arctic Council and continue to play an active role in its work as a state observer, and are committed to working with our partners to ensure that increasing access to the region and its resources is managed safely, sustainably and responsibly. Russia and China's military presence in the Arctic has not been part of any recent Prime Ministerial or Ministerial discussions.

Baroness Goldie
Minister of State (Ministry of Defence)
4th Mar 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the request of sanctuary in the UK from the eight Iraqi interpreters employed by TBW Global to interpret for UK forces at Camp Taji; and what steps they are taking to support those interpreters.

The Ministry of Defence (MOD) takes all claims of intimidation or threats to locally recruited workers (LRWs) very seriously and as such has responded to these allegations, directly engaging with the interpreters in question. MOD has set contracting standards which require that people must be as safe and secure as reasonably possible when working in our support. We continue to hold our contractors to these high standards.

As part of the MOD's own investigation a specialist investigator interviewed all eight of the LRWs. Individual risk assessments were completed, and bespoke security advice was given pertaining to their situation. Further work will now be undertaken to decide if subsequent interventions are required, however it is unlikely that the situation would warrant relocation to the UK. The contractor has also offered advice and support.

Baroness Goldie
Minister of State (Ministry of Defence)
11th Jun 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the need for a military-to-military channel of communication between the United States of America and Iran, particularly in relation to naval incidents in the Persian Gulf.

The UK continues to seek a de-escalation of tensions in the Gulf, and urges restraint from all parties. Specific channels of communication are a matter for the US and Iran.

Baroness Goldie
Minister of State (Ministry of Defence)
23rd Apr 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the maritime incident involving Iranian vessels and United States naval forces on 15 April in the Arabian Gulf; and what discussions they have had with the governments of Iran and the United States, in particular with regard to each of those governments’ differing versions of events.

We are aware of an interaction between US and Iranian vessels in the international waters of the northern Gulf on 15 April. Reports of IRGC harassment are concerning. It is important that all mariners uphold the highest standards of conduct at sea, and that states are able to safely undertake legitimate naval activity in International Waters. We are regularly in contact with US and some Iranian counterparts to discuss bilateral issues and to urge de-escalation on all sides.

Baroness Goldie
Minister of State (Ministry of Defence)
7th Jan 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the current situation in Mali and the wider Sahel region; what discussions they have had with the government of the United States about the number of US troops in West Africa further to reports that that government is considering a full or partial withdrawal; and what assessment they have made of the impact of any such withdrawal on the operational ability of UK military personnel in that region.

Her Majesty's Government is concerned about the security situation in Mali and the spread of insecurity across the region. We remain in close contact with our key partners, including the US and France, to share assessments and coordinate activity. No decisions on the status of US forces in West Africa have been formally communicated by the US Government to HMG. We assess that any possible withdrawal of US forces will have a minimal impact on our deployed forces, but we will keep this under close review.

Baroness Goldie
Minister of State (Ministry of Defence)
7th Jan 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made as to whether the government of the United States' drone strike on 3 January constituted defensive action under international law.

Article 51 of the UN Charter recognises that all States have an inherent right of self-defence. It is for the United States to say how the criteria for self-defence are met. The Government of the United States has now set out its case for self-defence in a letter to the UN Security Council dated 8 January.

Baroness Goldie
Minister of State (Ministry of Defence)
27th May 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government how many anti-Semitic attacks were reported during May in (1) England, and (2) London; and what steps they are taking to address such abuse.

There is no place in our society for antisemitism. The Home office do not release monthly statistics – these will be published in due course. However, the recent figures from the Community Security Trust have recorded 267 antisemitic incidents between the 8th and the 24th of May. Of those, 115 were registered in London specifically.

This Government takes hate crime against any community very seriously and are clear that victims should be supported and the individuals who carry out these heinous crimes must be brought to justice. We are providing £14 million this year to the protective security grant to protect Jewish schools and community buildings. We were also the first country to take the important step of adopting the international holocaust remembrance alliance (IHRA) working definition of antisemitism in 2016; and, following our encouragement, over 3/4s of local councils have adopted the definition, along with many other organisations, including the Premier League and over 80 Universities– demonstrating their willingness to support the Jewish community.

Lord Greenhalgh
Minister of State (Home Office)
28th Jan 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government how many rough sleepers there are in England; and what plans they have to deliver the same level of support as the ‘Everyone In’ campaign, launched on 26 March 2020 for the duration for which restrictions are in place to address the COVID-19 pandemic.

We have taken unprecedented steps to protect rough sleepers during the pandemic. This work has not stopped, and through Everyone In, by November we had supported around 33,000 people with nearly 10,000 in emergency accommodation and over 23,000 already moved on into longer-term accommodation.

Given the new variant of COVID-19, and the current national lockdown, we are redoubling our efforts to ensure that people who sleep rough are kept as safe as possible and that we do everything we can to protect the NHS. This is backed by £10 million to protect rough sleepers and ensure their wider health needs are addressed.

We have written to all local authorities, to ensure that even more rough sleepers are safely accommodated, and to ask that this opportunity is actively used to make sure that all rough sleepers are registered with a GP where they are not already and are factored into local area vaccination plans, in line with JCVI prioritisation for COVID-19 vaccinations.

The most recent national statistics on rough sleeping are the Autumn 2019 annual statistics, which showed a total figure of 4,266 rough sleepers on any given night. The next rough sleeping snapshot statistics for Autumn 2020 will be published later this month.

We continue to work with the homelessness sector, local authorities and health and care partners, to ensure the needs of those experiencing homelessness can be met during the pandemic.

Lord Greenhalgh
Minister of State (Home Office)
20th Jan 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government how many households have been made homeless during the COVID-19 pandemic; and what additional support they have offered to those households, in particular to families, which have been made homeless as a result of the pandemic.

The Government is clear that no one should be without a roof over their head.

The Government is spending over £700 million to tackle homelessness and rough sleeping this financial year, demonstrating the Government’s commitment to end rough sleeping and fully enforce the Homelessness Reduction Act. This includes £263 million to local authorities to fulfil their statutory homelessness duties which includes activity to prevent homelessness and providing temporary accommodation for those who are in priority need, unintentionally homeless and eligible for assistance.

In addition, the Government has taken significant action to keep people in their homes. Landlords are required to provide 6-months' notice before seeking repossession except in the most serious cases such as anti-social behaviour, fraud and egregious rent arrears. This means that most renters served notice today will not have to leave until July, with time to find alternative support or accommodation. We have also taken steps in England to ensure bailiffs do not enforce evictions, except in the most serious circumstances. This legislation will be in place until at least to the end of 21 February when it will be reviewed.

This is on top of the unprecedented resources already committed to councils since the start of the pandemic, including over £4.6 billion in un-ringfenced grants, the Contain Outbreak Management Fund and additional funding for authorities to support care homes, high streets and the most vulnerable in their communities.

Relevant data for the period April – June 2020 can be found (attached) here: https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/statutory-homelessness-in-england-april-to-june-2020

Lord Greenhalgh
Minister of State (Home Office)
3rd Nov 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what is the average waiting time for cases to come to trial in England; and what action they are taking to speed up the process.

Data relating to the waiting time in weeks for cases at the Crown Court in England and Wales can be found in Tables C6 (by case type), C7 (by plea) and C8 (by remand status) of the published National Statistics series ‘Criminal Court Statistics Quarterly’ (latest to June 2020) https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/criminal-court-statistics

Waiting times for England alone require a further breakdown from the published data and are provided in the table attached with this response.

On Monday 7 September, the Crime Recovery Plan was published which sets out our comprehensive plan to tackle the impact of the coronavirus pandemic on the justice system by boosting capacity across criminal courts.

As one of the first among other comparable jurisdictions globally to resume jury trials, our Crown Courts are currently listing over 200 jury trials and conducting thousands of other hearings every week. The magistrates’ courts have been completing more cases than they receive, dealing with over 21,000 cases each week and tackling the backlog.

We have also installed plexiglass screens into over 200 courtrooms and over 100 jury retiring rooms enabling us to safely open 255 Crown Court rooms for jury trials, roughly the number that were hearing jury trials before Covid.

We’re also investing record amounts - the biggest single investment in court estate maintenance for more than 20 years – and have unlocked vital capacity by opening 16 Nightingale Courts to provide 29 additional court rooms.

Baroness Scott of Bybrook
Baroness in Waiting (HM Household) (Whip)
21st May 2020
To ask Her Majesty's Government what plans they have to review their decision to reject Reading Council’s bid to convert HM Prison Reading into an art centre; and what consideration they gave to the preservation of the building as an arts venue.

Marketing of the former prison at Reading has completed and a preferred bidder selected. We have no plans to review our decision not to progress with any of the other bids for the site. A range of factors were considered in assessing which bid represented the best value for the department and the taxpayer.

11th Mar 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government whether the position set out in the Joint Declaration 1993, that they have “no selfish strategic or economic interest in Northern Ireland”, is their current policy.

This Government has always been clear about the importance it places on the Union and Northern Ireland’s integral place within it.

Our commitment to promoting the positives of the Union for Northern Ireland does not negate the principles of the Belfast Agreement, including the Principle of Consent providing that any change in Northern Ireland's position in the Union, will only come about based on the consent of a majority of its people.

The joint declaration in 1993 was an important part of the architecture that led to the Belfast Agreement in 1998 and of the peace process which has brought huge benefit to the people of Northern Ireland and we remain committed to the principles it espoused, the Agreement itself and the institutions it established.

Viscount Younger of Leckie
Lord in Waiting (HM Household) (Whip)