Personal Independence Payment

(asked on 5th October 2020) - View Source

Question to the Department for Work and Pensions:

To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions, pursuant to the Answer of 24 September 2020 to Question 90092 on Personal Independence Payment, what were the recorded reasons for those 1,860 claimants' claims being disallowed at initial decision under normal rules.

Answered by
Justin Tomlinson Portrait
Justin Tomlinson
This question was answered on 13th October 2020

Personal Independence Payment (PIP) is claimed by people with a range of health conditions and disabilities, many of which are degenerative or life limiting and the Department treats the death of any claimant sympathetically. New Claims made under Special Rules for Terminal Illness (SRTI) are fast tracked and were being cleared in 4 working days on average in April 2020. This is compared to an average of 16 weeks for New Claims cleared under Normal Rules in April 2020, down by 62% from their peak of 42 weeks in July 2014.

The cause of death of claimants to PIP is not collated centrally by the Department. There is no evidence in this data to suggest someone’s reason for claiming PIP was the cause of their death and it would be misleading to suggest otherwise. People claim PIP for various reasons, the majority of which are non-life threatening.

There were 1,860 claimants who were disallowed at initial decision under Normal Rules who had registered a claim between April 2018 – October 2019 and died within 6 months of that registration. Table 1 below shows a breakdown of the disallowances broken by the disallowance type. Please note that the Department holds no further data on the reasons claimants are disallowed PIP.

Table 1: Breakdown of disallowance reasons for claimants cleared under Normal Rules who died within 6 months of registering a PIP claim

Outcome of PIP Claim

Number of claimants cleared under Normal Rules

Disallowed pre-referral to the Assessment Provider


Disallowed pre-referral to the Assessment Provider - due to non-return of Part 2 within the time limit


Disallowed post-referral to the Assessment Provider - Failed Assessment


Disallowed post-referral to the Assessment Provider – Failed to Attend Assessment


Total disallowances



Source: PIP ADS

  • PIP data includes normal rules claimants only, and is for both new claims and Disability Living Allowance reassessment claims.
  • The outcome is the first DWP decision recorded on the PIP Computer system (PIPCS). This does not take into account any mandatory reconsideration or Appeal action so some of these claimants may have subsequently been awarded PIP. Some cases do not have a decision recorded.
  • If a claimant dies before a decision is made on an outstanding claim, the Department establishes whether the claimant’s representative or next of kin wishes to proceed with the claim. If not, the claim is withdrawn.
  • The latest PIP Official Statistics, including data to 31st July 2020, were published on 15th September 2020. We have provided figures here as at 30th April 2020 for consistency with the original answer to PQ 90092 and PQ 81701.
  • This is unpublished data from the PIPCS’s management information. It should be used with caution and may be subject to future revision.
  • Data has been rounded to the nearest 10.
  • Components may not sum to the total due to rounding.
  • Figures cover PIP claims registered from April 2018 – October 2019, initial decisions made from April 2018 – April 2020, and deaths from April 2018 up to 30th April 2020 as recorded at 2nd October 2020. Data may be subject to retrospection.
  • GB Only.

Under the Social Security (Notification of Deaths) Regulations 2012 and s125 of Social Security Administration Act 1992 date of death is provided to the Department for all registered deaths. Additionally, next of kin also provide information on the date of death of an individual and this information is used appropriately in the administration of Departmental benefits.

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