Baroness Janke Portrait

Baroness Janke

Liberal Democrat - Life peer

Liberal Democrat Spokesperson (Work and Pensions)

(since August 2019)
1 APPG membership (as of 6 Oct 2021)
France
EU Home Affairs Sub-Committee
12th Jun 2015 - 2nd Jul 2019
Political Polling and Digital Media Committee
29th Jun 2017 - 20th Mar 2018


There are no upcoming events identified
Division Votes
Tuesday 12th October 2021
Skills and Post-16 Education Bill [HL]
voted Aye - in line with the party majority
One of 57 Liberal Democrat Aye votes vs 0 Liberal Democrat No votes
Tally: Ayes - 148 Noes - 129
Speeches
Wednesday 13th October 2021
Social Security (Up-rating of Benefits) Bill

My Lords, it is always a great pleasure to follow the noble Baroness, Lady Stroud, with all her knowledge and …

Written Answers
Monday 27th September 2021
Jerusalem: Palestinians
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of reports that Israeli authorities demolished a Palestinian kindergarten in …
Early Day Motions
None available
Bills
Thursday 30th January 2020
Devolution in England Bill [HL] 2019-21
A bill to require the Secretary of State to report on devolution in England.
Tweets
None available
MP Financial Interests
None available

Division Voting information

During the current Parliamentary Session, Baroness Janke has voted in 157 divisions, and never against the majority of their Party.
View All Baroness Janke Division Votes

Debates during the 2019 Parliament

Speeches made during Parliamentary debates are recorded in Hansard. For ease of browsing we have grouped debates into individual, departmental and legislative categories.

Sparring Partners
Baroness Stedman-Scott (Conservative)
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Work and Pensions)
(52 debate interactions)
Baroness Sherlock (Labour)
Shadow Spokesperson (Work and Pensions)
(22 debate interactions)
Baroness Scott of Bybrook (Conservative)
Baroness in Waiting (HM Household) (Whip)
(10 debate interactions)
View All Sparring Partners
Department Debates
Department for Work and Pensions
(54 debate contributions)
Leader of the House
(10 debate contributions)
Department for Education
(7 debate contributions)
Department of Health and Social Care
(3 debate contributions)
View All Department Debates
View all Baroness Janke's debates

Commons initiatives

These initiatives were driven by Baroness Janke, and are more likely to reflect personal policy preferences.

MPs who are act as Ministers or Shadow Ministers are generally restricted from performing Commons initiatives other than Urgent Questions.


Baroness Janke has not been granted any Urgent Questions

Baroness Janke has not been granted any Adjournment Debates

2 Bills introduced by Baroness Janke


A bill to require the Secretary of State to report on devolution in England.


Last Event - 1st Reading (Lords)
Thursday 30th January 2020
(Read Debate)

A bill to allow local authorities which have opted for a mayor and cabinet executive in a referendum to hold further referendums under Part 1A of the Local Government Act 2000.


Last Event - 1st Reading: House Of Lords
Monday 8th June 2015

Baroness Janke has not co-sponsored any Bills in the current parliamentary sitting


52 Written Questions in the current parliament

(View all written questions)
Written Questions can be tabled by MPs and Lords to request specific information information on the work, policy and activities of a Government Department
13th Sep 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they plan to take, if any, to protect Palestinians in the West Bank from attack by Israeli settlers and forces.

We condemn any incidence of violence by settlers against Palestinians. We welcome the efforts of Israeli authorities to address settler violence, and urge them to thoroughly investigate every instance to bring those responsible to justice. We continue to stress the importance of the Israeli security forces providing appropriate protection to the Palestinian civilian population.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
13th Sep 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of reports that Israeli authorities demolished a Palestinian kindergarten in Beit Safafa on 17 August under pretext of illegal building; and what steps they plan to take, if any, to prevent the future demolition of Palestinian homes and other buildings in Jerusalem.

The UK's opposition to demolition of Palestinian property, including schools, is long-standing and well known. The British Embassy regularly raises the issue of demolitions with the Government of Israel, most recently on 10 August. The former Foreign Secretary raised ongoing evictions, demolitions and settlement activity, including in East Jerusalem, with the Israeli Authorities during his visit to the region on 26 May.

We repeatedly call on Israel to abide by its obligations under international law and are clear that in all but the most exceptional of circumstances, demolitions are contrary to International Humanitarian Law.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
19th Jul 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what representations they have made to the government of Israel about that government’s ban on bringing construction raw materials into the Gaza Strip; and what assessment they have made of the impact of this ban on efforts to repair damage to Gaza’s water and sewage infrastructure caused by the conflict in May.

The UK welcomed the announcement of a ceasefire in Israel and Gaza on 20 May, which is an important step to ending the cycle of violence and loss of civilian life. The UK priority now is ensuring timely humanitarian access into and out of Gaza, including for essential health services. We are urging the Government of Israel to ensure this access is maintained. We have made clear our concern about the ongoing humanitarian situation in Gaza, including significant damage and destruction of civilian infrastructure including homes, schools, hospitals, and clinics.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
19th Jul 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to the Written Answer by the Minister for Middle East and North Africa on 15 June (UIN900776), what assessment they have made of whether British arms exported to Israel have been used in assaults on Palestinian (1) people, and (2) property, in the Occupied Palestinian Territories; and what assessment they have made of the implications of any such use for the UK’s export control responsibilities.

HM Government takes its export control responsibilities very seriously and operates one of the most robust arms export control regimes in the world. We consider all export applications thoroughly against a strict risk assessment framework and keep all licences under careful and continual review as standard. HM Government will not grant an export licence if to do so would be inconsistent with the Consolidated EU and National Arms Export Licensing Criteria. If extant licences are found to be no longer consistent with the Consolidated EU and National Arms Export Licensing Criteria, those licences will be revoked. HM Government publishes quarterly and annual statistics on all export licensing decisions, including details of export licences granted, refused and revoked. These can be accessed at: https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/strategic-export-controls-licensing-data.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
19th Jul 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the statement by the UN Resident Coordinator for the Occupied Palestinian Territory on 9 July that attempts by Israeli authorities to force the Palestinian community of Humsa Al Bqai’a to relocate to an alternative location raise "a serious risk of forcible transfer".

We are aware of these reports. The UK regularly raises the issue of demolitions and forced evictions of Palestinians from their homes with the Government of Israel, most recently on 12 July. The Foreign Secretary raised ongoing evictions, demolitions and settlement activity with the Israeli Authorities during his visit to the region on 26 May. We repeatedly call on Israel to abide by its obligations under international law and are clear that in all but the most exceptional of circumstances, evictions are contrary to International Humanitarian Law.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
13th Jul 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what discussions they have had with the government of Israel regarding the circumstances of the death of Mohammed Hassan in the village of Qusra in the West Bank in July; and in particular, the reports that (1) the Israeli army denied medical professionals access to Mr Hassan, and (2) Israeli authorities refused to release his body to his family.

Our Embassy in Tel Aviv regularly raises the importance of the Israel security force's adherence to the principles of necessity and proportionality when defending its legitimate security interest. We regularly raise the issue of the high numbers of Palestinians killed and injured by Israel Defense Forces in the West Bank and Gaza with the Israeli authorities, encouraging them to carry out transparent investigations into whether the use of live fire had been appropriate. The wounded or critically ill should be able to access the urgent medical care they need. We urge all sides to treat the dead with respect and return any bodies they are holding.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
13th Jul 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of reports that the Israel Defence Forces have used Ruger semi-automatic rifles against Palestinian protestors in the West Bank.

We are aware of these reports. We repeatedly call on Israel to abide by its obligations under international law and have a regular dialogue with Israel on legal issues relating to the occupation. We urge restraint in the use of live fire.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
13th Jul 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of reports of the destruction by the Israeli army of the Jenin Al-Tafawk children’s centre.

The UK opposes Israel's demolitions of Palestinian schools and we continue to urge Israel to cease such policies. The Foreign Secretary raised ongoing evictions, demolitions and settlement activity with the Israeli Authorities during his visit to the region on 26 May. The UK is clear that in all but the most exceptional of circumstances, demolitions are contrary to International Humanitarian Law.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
13th Jul 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the report by the United Nations Children and Armed Conflict, published on 6 May; and, in particular their finding of “grave violations against 340 Palestinian and 3 Israeli children” in the West Bank.

We are aware of the assessments made in the Annual Report of the Secretary-General on Children and Armed Conflict (CAAC) for 2020. We continue to stress the importance of the Israeli and Palestinian security forces providing appropriate protection to the civilian population, in particular the need to protect children, and urge restraint in the use of live fire. We remain concerned by the number of Palestinians, including children, killed and injured in the West Bank and Gaza.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
5th Jul 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the future of the Palestinian Authority, following the death of political activist Nizar Banat in police custody.

On 25 June Middle East Minister James Cleverly publicly expressed his sadness to hear of the death of activist and human rights defender Nizar Banat while in Palestinian police custody. Our thoughts are with his family. The Palestinian Authority investigation must be swift and transparent. We continue to have a regular dialogue with the Palestinian Authority, where we urge the them to respect human rights and to improve the performance of the security sector.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
5th Jul 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what representations they have made to the government of Israel, in response to the findings by a UN Working Group on 7 June that three Palestinian students from Birzeit University have been held in arbitrary detention.

We are aware of the findings by the UN Working Group on Arbitrary Detention, published 7 June, on Israel's continued detention of Layan Kayed, Elyaa Abu Hijla and Ruba Asi. The UK remains concerned about Israel's extensive use of administrative detention. According to international law, administrative detention should be used only when security makes it absolutely necessary rather than as routine practice and as a preventive rather than a punitive measure. We continue to call on the Israeli authorities to comply with their obligations under international law and either charge or release detainees.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
5th Jul 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of reports of authorities in Israel carrying out extra-judicial killings of Palestinians.

We remain concerned by the number of Palestinians killed in the West Bank and Gaza. In instances where there have been accusations of excessive use of force, we urge the Government of Israel to conduct swift and transparent investigations. We repeatedly call on Israel to abide by its obligations under international law and have a regular dialogue with Israel on legal issues relating to the occupation. We continue to stress the importance of the Israeli security forces providing appropriate protection to the Palestinian civilian population.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
28th Jun 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the statement by Amnesty International on 24 June that Israeli police target Palestinians with "discriminatory arrests, torture and unlawful force".

We remain committed to working with Israel to secure improvements to prison conditions and detention practices. In instances where there have been accusations of excessive use of force, we urge the Government of Israel to conduct swift and transparent investigations. We also continue to stress the importance of the Israeli security forces providing appropriate protection to the Palestinian civilian population.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
28th Jun 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the offer by the government of Israel to the Palestinian Authority of vaccines that were shortly due to expire in exchange for vaccines that had yet to be delivered.

Cooperation is key to tackling this Covid-19 and we continue to urge both parties to coordinate on vaccine access. We welcome initiatives for vaccine sharing which result in a greater number of Palestinians being vaccinated. We recognise that under International Humanitarian Law, Israel, as the occupying power, has a duty of ensuring and maintaining public health and hygiene, to the fullest extent of the means available to it, including in relation to combating the spread of contagious diseases and epidemics, in the Occupied Palestinian Territories (OPTs). We also recognise the Palestinian Authority's responsibilities for vaccinations under the Oslo Accords (under Article 17).

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
28th Jun 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to the Written Answer by Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon on 21 June (HL766), whether they will now answer the question put, namely, what assessment they have made of the proportionality of the government of Israel's recent military actions in Gaza.

We repeatedly call on Israel to abide by its obligations under international law and have a regular dialogue with Israel on legal issues relating to the occupation. All countries, including Israel, have a legitimate right to self-defence, and the right to defend their citizens from attack. In doing so, it is vital that all actions are proportionate, in line with International Humanitarian Law, and make every effort to avoid civilian casualties. We call on Israel to adhere to the principles of necessity and proportionality when defending its legitimate security interest.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
28th Jun 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the reported policy of the government of Israel of demolishing the homes of Palestinians, but not Israelis, accused of acts of violence.

The UK regularly raises the issue of demolitions and forced evictions of Palestinian families from their homes with the Government of Israel. The Foreign Secretary raised ongoing evictions, demolitions and settlement activity with the Israeli Authorities during his visit to the region on 26 May. The UK is clear that in all but the most exceptional of circumstances, demolitions are contrary to International Humanitarian Law.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
21st Jun 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what representations they are making to the government of Israel concerning that government's denial of permission for patients in Gaza to leave for medical treatment in Jerusalem or abroad.

The UK Embassy in Tel Aviv regularly raises the importance of access to healthcare with the Israeli authorities, most recently on 1 June.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
21st Jun 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the article by Derek Summerfield 'Is the international regulation of medical complicity with torture largely window dressing? The case of Israel and the lessons of a 12-year medical ethical appeal', published in the Journal of Medical Ethics on 15 June.

We have not made an assessment of this article. We repeatedly call on Israel to abide by its obligations under international law and have a regular dialogue with Israel on legal issues relating to the occupation.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
21st Jun 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the reported use of "skunk water" by Israeli forces as a means of crowd control in areas with Palestinian populations.

We repeatedly call on Israel to abide by its obligations under international law and have a regular dialogue with Israel on legal issues relating to the occupation. We also urge the Israeli Government to respect the fundamental rights and freedoms of peaceful, legal protestors. In instances where there have been accusations of excessive use of force, we continue to urge Israel to ensure that its investigations are transparent, swift and comprehensive. We also continue to stress the importance of the Israeli security forces providing appropriate protection to the Palestinian civilian population.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
14th Jun 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the statement by Defense for Children International–Palestine on 11 June that Israeli (1) forces, and (2) settlers, have killed at least 168 Palestinian children in the Occupied Palestinian Territories since 2013.

The UK Government strongly condemns all forms of violence and incitement to violence, including the use of racist, hateful or anti-Palestinian language and any actions that could stir up hatred and prejudice. We are concerned by the number of Palestinians, including children, killed in the West Bank and Gaza. In instances where there have been accusations of excessive use of force, we urge the Government of Israel to conduct swift and transparent investigations. We welcome the efforts of Israeli authorities to address settler violence, and urge them to thoroughly investigate every instance to bring those responsible to justice and end the culture of impunity. We continue to stress the importance of the Israeli security forces providing appropriate protection to the Palestinian civilian population.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
14th Jun 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made as to whether any of the weapons used by the government of Israel in its recent military activities in Gaza contain components manufactured in the UK.

HM Government takes its export control responsibilities very seriously and operates one of the most robust arms export control regimes in the world. We consider all export applications thoroughly against a strict risk assessment framework and keep all licences under careful and continual review as standard. HM Government will not grant an export licence if to do so would be inconsistent with the Consolidated EU and National Arms Export Licensing Criteria.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
14th Jun 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the risks posed to Palestinians in the Occupied Territories from armed Israeli settlers.

We condemn any incidence of violence by settlers against Palestinians. We welcome the efforts of Israeli authorities to address settler violence, and urge them to thoroughly investigate every instance to bring those responsible to justice. We continue to stress the importance of the Israeli security forces providing appropriate protection to the Palestinian civilian population.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
14th Jun 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they are taking, if any, to protect Palestinian homes in the neighbourhood adjacent to the Ibrahimi Mosque in Hebron from being demolished.

The UK regularly raises the issue of demolition of Palestinian property with the Government of Israel. We continue to urge Israel to cease such actions, which in all but the most exceptional cases are contrary to International Humanitarian Law. The Fourth Geneva Convention, which applies to all occupied territories, prohibits demolitions or forced evictions absent military necessity. The practice causes unnecessary suffering to Palestinians and is harmful to efforts to promote peace.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
7th Jun 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the proportionality of the government of Israel's recent military actions in Gaza.

The UK welcomed the announcement of a ceasefire in Israel and Gaza on 20 May, which is an important step to ending the cycle of violence and loss of civilian life. All countries, including Israel, have a legitimate right to self-defence, and the right to defend their citizens from attack. In doing so, it is vital that all actions are proportionate, in line with International Humanitarian Law, and make every effort to avoid civilian casualties.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
7th Jun 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what proportion of the Overseas Development Assistance budget supports the security of Israel; and what consideration they have given to requiring the government of Israel to comply with international law as a criteria for receiving any such aid.

Israel is not eligible for Overseas Development Assistance (ODA) as per the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) guidelines. The UK therefore provides no ODA to Israel.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
7th Jun 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they will take to protect Palestinians living in Sheik Jarrah from acts of violence reportedly perpetrated by Israeli forces.

On 8 May Minister Cleverly publicly expressed concern over tensions in Jerusalem linked to the threatened eviction of Palestinian families from their homes in Sheikh Jarrah. We continue to urge Israel to cease such actions permanently. UK Officials at the British Embassy in Tel Aviv continue to raise the issue regularly with the Israeli Authorities.

The UK also continues to urge the Israeli Government to respect the fundamental rights and freedoms of peaceful, legal protestors. In instances where there have been accusations of excessive use of force, we continue to urge Israel to ensure that its investigations are transparent, swift and comprehensive. We continue to stress the importance of the Israeli security forces providing appropriate protection to the Palestinian civilian population.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
7th Jun 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to the Written Answer by Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon on 2 June (HL351), what are the necessary criteria to meet their condition that they will recognise Palestine as a state when it "best serves the objective of peace" to do so.

Any decision to recognise a Palestinian state will rest on an assessment of the prospects for peace, and what best supports progress towards a two-state solution.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
18th May 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the importance of accountability for war crimes.

The UK is committed to the principle that there should be no impunity for those who perpetrate the most serious crimes of international concern, including war crimes. This commitment underpins our support for international criminal justice and accountability as a global Force for Good.

The UK has always been, and remains, a strong supporter of an effective International Criminal Court (ICC), alongside other international tribunals. In addition, we provide political, financial and practical support for accountability mechanisms such as the Independent Impartial Investigative Mechanism to assist in the investigation and prosecution of those responsible for the most serious crimes under international law committed in Syria since March 2011. We also provide support to the United Nations Investigative Team to promote accountability for crimes committed by Da'esh.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
18th May 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what are the criteria for economic sanctions to be imposed on a nation that is found to have broken (1) international law, and (2) human rights law.

There are no specific criteria which determine when the Government will or will not impose sanctions, but an appropriate Minister may make sanctions regulations for the purposes set out in Section 1 of the Sanctions and Anti- Money Laundering Act. We seek to achieve what have come to be known as 'smart' sanctions: sanctions that are carefully targeted to achieve their goals, while minimising potentially negative wider impacts.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
18th May 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of whether action needs to be taken to ensure that there is a cost to the government of Israel if it is found to have broken international law.

The UK is a steadfast supporter of international justice and does not hold back from voicing or raising concern about Israel's actions when warranted. However, Israel has a legitimate right to self-defence, and the right to defend its citizens from attack. In doing so, it is vital that all actions are proportionate, in line with International Humanitarian Law, and make every effort to avoid civilian casualties. We repeatedly call on Israel to abide by its obligations under international law and have a regular dialogue with Israel on legal issues relating to the occupation.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
18th May 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the possibility of independent (1) reporting, and (2) monitoring, of human rights during the current conflict in Israel and Palestine.

We have not made this assessment. However, the UK continues to engage with the Israeli government on human rights issues in the context of the occupation. Israel has a legitimate right to self-defence, and the right to defend its citizens from attack. In doing so, it is vital that all actions are proportionate, in line with International Humanitarian Law, and make every effort to avoid civilian casualties. The situation on the ground demonstrates the urgent need to make progress towards peace. We will continue to support human rights scrutiny in Israel and the OPTs, and support Palestinian self-determination.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
18th May 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what are the criteria necessary for them to recognise Palestine as a State.

The UK will recognise a Palestinian state at a time when it best serves the objective of peace. Bilateral recognition in itself cannot end the occupation. Without a negotiated settlement the occupation and the problems that come with it will continue. We continue to work closely with international partners to strongly advocate for a two-state solution and encourage a return to meaningful negotiations between both parties.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
11th May 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they will take to protect the livelihoods of Palestinians living in land occupied by Israel from Israeli settlers supported by Israeli forces.

We condemn any incidence of violence by settlers against Palestinians. We have repeatedly raised the issue of incidents of settler violence with the Israeli authorities. We continue to stress the importance of bringing those responsible to justice and of the Israeli security forces providing appropriate protection to the Palestinian civilian population and ensuring their livelihoods are not negatively impacted. We continue to raise this issue with the relevant Israeli authorities.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
11th May 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they will take to protect religious freedom in East Jerusalem.

The UK continues to be firmly committed to Freedom of Religion or Belief as a human rights priority. Our Embassy in Tel Aviv and Consulate General in Jerusalem regularly raise issues of religious freedom with the Israeli Government and the Palestinian Authority. The UK recognises that Jerusalem holds particular significance for many groups, especially the three Abrahamic faiths. We encourage all parties to maintain calm, avoid provocation and uphold the Status Quo to ensure the safety and the security of the Al Haram Al Sharif / Temple Mount and all who worship there.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
11th May 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the report by Human Rights Watch A Threshold Crossed, published on 27 April; and what plans they have to raise the issues in that report with the government of Israel.

We are aware of the Human Rights Watch report released on 27 April and will review the findings.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
26th Apr 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the restrictions placed on Palestinians in the Old City of Jerusalem during Ramadan.

It has not proved possible to respond to this question in the time available before Prorogation. The Minister will write directly to the Member with a response shortly.
Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
26th Apr 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the extent of religious freedom under the Israeli occupation of East Jerusalem.

It has not proved possible to respond to this question in the time available before Prorogation. The Minister will write directly to the Member with a response shortly.
Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
20th Apr 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the (1) physical, and (2) mental, health support available to Palestinians held in Israeli prisons; and what assessment they have made of the long-term health impact on Palestinians held for more than 10 years in Israeli prisons after their release.

We are aware of reports concerning Mansour Shahateet's detention. We repeatedly call on Israel to abide by its obligations under international law and have a regular dialogue with Israel on legal issues relating to the occupation, including the treatment of Palestinian prisoners. We remain committed to working with Israel to secure improvements to prison conditions and detention practices, including the provision of essential healthcare services upon release. In instances where there have been accusations of ill-treatment, we advocate swift, transparent investigation.

Lord Goldsmith of Richmond Park
Minister of State (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
20th Apr 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of reports that Mansour Shahateet spent 10 years in solitary confinement during 17 years’ incarceration in an Israeli prison; and what assessment they have made of the compatibility of long-periods of solitary confinement with human rights principles.

We are aware of reports concerning Mansour Shahateet's detention. We repeatedly call on Israel to abide by its obligations under international law and have a regular dialogue with Israel on legal issues relating to the occupation, including the treatment of Palestinian prisoners. We remain committed to working with Israel to secure improvements to prison conditions and detention practices, including the provision of essential healthcare services upon release. In instances where there have been accusations of ill-treatment, we advocate swift, transparent investigation.

Lord Goldsmith of Richmond Park
Minister of State (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
19th Apr 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the impact on the education of children in the West Bank of (1) restrictions on access to reliable (a) electricity, and (b) internet services, and (2) COVID-19 related restrictions on their physical attendance at schools.

It is essential to have a strong and thriving Palestinian education system to provide opportunities for the next generation. UK aid works to support the Palestinian education system; in financial year 2020/21 we provided £20m in funding to the Palestinian Authority to support the salaries of education workers in the West Bank. Our ongoing programme support to UNRWA also helps to provide education to children across the Occupied Palestinian Territories (OPTs), including virtually since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic. UK aid also works to address the barriers to economic development in the OPTs, including through work to improve the quality and reliability of energy. We will continue to monitor the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the education of children in the OPTs but have not made a formal assessment.

Lord Goldsmith of Richmond Park
Minister of State (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
12th Apr 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the reported decision by the government of Israel not to grant visas to EU delegates to monitor the forthcoming Palestinian elections because of restrictions in place to address the COVID-19 pandemic.

Independent election monitoring is vital for free and fair elections. We understand Covid-19 has prevented largescale international observation missions like those seen in 2006. However, we are also clear that the presence of international observers remains important to ensure elections are credible. We expect international observes to be granted visas where appropriate.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
12th Apr 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the statement by the Palestinian Returns Centre to the UNHRC on 9 March about reports that Palestinians in East Jerusalem and the West Bank have been arrested by Israeli authorities under the pretext of illegal communication with foreign enemies when contacting friends and family abroad.

We have not made such an assessment. However we remain concerned about Israel's extensive use of administrative detention which, according to international law, should be used only when security makes this absolutely necessary rather than as routine practice and as a preventive rather than a punitive measure. We continue to call on the Israeli authorities to comply with their obligations under international law and either charge or release detainees.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
12th Apr 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they are taking to protect children in the Palestinian Occupied Territories following reports that a child lost an eye after being hit by a rubber tipped steel bullet fired by Israeli Defence Forces on 9 April.

Whilst we have not made representations on this particular case, in instances where there have been accusations of excessive use of force, we continue to seek information from the Israeli authorities. We call on the Israeli security forces to provide appropriate protection to the Palestinian civilian population and urge restraint in the use of live fire. We repeatedly call on Israel to abide by its obligations under international law and have a regular dialogue with Israel on legal issues relating to the occupation, including the treatment of Palestinian children.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
23rd Mar 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of (1) the demolition of Palestinian homes in Al-Bustan, East Jerusalem, and (2) the displacement of Palestinian residents from that area.

The UK is supporting communities in Area C, whose homes have been demolished, to remain on their land. We continue to engage frequently with the Israeli authorities on issues affecting Palestinians, including demolitions. The UK urged the Government of Israel to end demolitions of property in the West Bank at the UN Security council on 25 February 2021. On the same day, the British Ambassador in Tel Aviv raised ongoing demolitions with the Israeli authorities in a meeting alongside like-minded partners. The Minister of State for the Middle East and North Africa called on Israel to stop demolitions on 5 February 2021 and raised his concerns about the demolitions of Palestinian homes and structures with the Israeli Ambassador on 29 October 2020.

UK officials from the British Consulate in Jerusalem have made regular visits to areas at risk of demolition and eviction to reiterate UK support for those communities. The UK is clear that in all but the most exceptional of circumstances, demolitions are contrary to International Humanitarian Law. The practice causes unnecessary suffering to Palestinians and is harmful to efforts to promote peace.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
23rd Mar 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the ability of Palestinians living in the Occupied Palestinian Territories to participate in the Palestinian elections scheduled for May; and what steps they will take to ensure that they are able to participate.

We have welcomed President Abbas' announcement of dates for legislative and Presidential elections in the Occupied Palestinian Territories for the first time since 2006. We encourage the Palestinian leadership to work toward strong, inclusive, accountable and democratic institutions, based on respect for the rule of law and human rights. Free and fair elections are an important and necessary step. The UK will work closely with the Palestinian Authority and international partners to support this, including encouraging the Government of Israel to allow elections in East Jerusalem, in keeping with the Oslo Accords.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
23rd Mar 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what representations they have made to the government of Israel concerning the death of Ahmad Dola in a house fire in Kafr Aqab, East Jerusalem, on 8 March; and in particular, concerning the reports of Palestinian fire engines being delayed at a checkpoint.

We are aware of the reports surrounding the death of Ahmad Dola. Free movement of essential personnel is vital to the effectiveness of care. Delays of essential services and permit delays can endanger the health and lives of everyday Palestinians. The UK will continue to raise the issue of freedom of movement and access into and out of the Occupied Palestinian Territories, including for emergency services, with the Israeli authorities and stress the impact that their restrictions on movement and access are doing to ordinary Palestinians who rely on these fundamental rights.

Lord Goldsmith of Richmond Park
Minister of State (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
17th Mar 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they will take to protect Palestinian children from being arbitrarily arrested by Israeli security forces.

We repeatedly call on Israel to abide by its obligations under international law and have a regular dialogue with Israel on legal issues relating to the occupation, including the treatment of Palestinian children. We remain concerned about Israel's extensive use of administrative detention which, according to international law, should be used only when security makes this absolutely necessary rather than as routine practice and as a preventive rather than a punitive measure. We continue to stress the importance of the Israeli security forces providing appropriate protection to the Palestinian civilian population, in particular the need to protect children.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
17th Mar 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what representations they are making to the government of Israel about reports of the (1) blocking of a road, and (2) destruction of a water line, serving two Palestinian villages in the South Hebron Hills.

We continue to engage frequently with the Israeli authorities on issues affecting Palestinians, including demolitions and restrictions on movement and access. Our Ambassador in Tel Aviv has raised ongoing demolitions with the Israeli Authorities, most recently in a meeting alongside like-minded partners on 25 February. The Minister of State for the Middle East and North Africa called on Israel to stop demolitions on 5 February 2021 and raised his concerns about the demolitions of Palestinian structures with the Israeli Ambassador on 29 October 2020. The UK has raised Israeli restrictions on freedom of movement and access into and out of the OPTs with the Israeli authorities and stressed the urgent need for Israel to take immediate and practical measures to ensure fair distribution of water in the West Bank.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
9th Mar 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what representations they are making to the government of Israel about their imprisonment of Palestinian politicians ahead of the Palestinian elections due to be held in May.

We welcome President Abbas' announcement of dates for legislative and Presidential elections in the Occupied Palestinian Territories for the first time since 2006. Elections are an important and necessary step towards democratic renewal and strong, inclusive and accountable Palestinian institutions, based on respect for the rule of law and human rights. We urge all parties, including all Palestinian political groups and the Israeli government, to play their part in delivering free, fair, credible and peaceful Palestinian elections.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
9th Mar 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the report by Defence for Children International Isolated and Alone, published in December 2020; and, in particular, the finding that Palestinian children are routinely detained in solitary confinement for an average of more than 14 days for interrogation purposes.

We are aware of the Defense for Children's report entitled, 'Isolated and Alone: Palestinian children held in solitary confinement by Israeli authorities for interrogation'. We remain committed to working with Israel to secure improvements to the practices surrounding children in detention and regularly raise this with the Israeli Ministry of Justice, most recently on 23 February 2021. Our Embassy in Tel Aviv will continue to have a regular dialogue with Israel on this issue. We also fund projects providing legal aid to assist children with legal representation and capacity building assistance to local lawyers. We continue to call on the Israeli authorities to comply with their obligations under international law.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)
21st Jun 2021
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of (1) Islamophobic, and (2) anti-Palestinian, rhetoric in the UK as part of expressions of support for Israel.

The Ministry of Housing Communities and Local Government maintains a dialogue with communities, stakeholders and key victim reporting and support centres such as Tell MAMA and the Community Security Trust during periods of heightened community tension. Our assessment of anti-Muslim and antisemitic hate crime in relation to recent events in the Middle East has been based on information regarding hate crime statistics, hate incidents and online sentiment released publicly by Tell MAMA and the Community Security Trust.

Lord Greenhalgh
Minister of State (Home Office)