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Written Question
Asylum: Rwanda
Friday 17th June 2022

Asked by: Claudia Webbe (Independent - Leicester East)

Question to the Home Office:

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, with reference to the plans to offshore refugees to Rwanda, whether people arriving in the UK to join family members will be considered eligible to be sent to Rwanda.

Answered by Tom Pursglove - Parliamentary Under Secretary of State (Ministry of Justice) (jointly with Home Office)

With the exception of unaccompanied children, any individual who has arrived in the UK since 1 January 2022 by unnecessary and dangerous means from safe countries – including those arriving by small boats, hidden in the back of lorries - may be considered for relocation to Rwanda.

An individualised assessment of each suitable person’s circumstances will be undertaken prior to any decision to relocate them to Rwanda. We would not relocate someone where it would be unsafe or inappropriate to do so. More details are set out in our inadmissibility policy guidance on. GOV.UK.

For those with family links in the UK, who want to be considered for entry to the UK, they should seek to do so via legal and safe routes. Nobody should put their lives into the hands of criminal people smuggling gangs by making dangerous and irregular journeys.


Written Question
Asylum: Rwanda
Friday 17th June 2022

Asked by: Claudia Webbe (Independent - Leicester East)

Question to the Home Office:

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, whether she plans to publish guidelines that protect LGBT+ refugees in relation to her proposals to offshore refugees to Rwanda.

Answered by Tom Pursglove - Parliamentary Under Secretary of State (Ministry of Justice) (jointly with Home Office)

There are currently no plans to publish any LGBT+ specific guidance for individuals considered for relocation to Rwanda as part of the Migration and Economic Development Partnership.

The Home Office published a Country Policy and Information Note (CPIN) for Rwanda on 9 May 2022, which provides an assessment on the Rwandan asylum system and various human rights aspects. It supports decision-makers as they consider relocating an individual to Rwanda. In the CPIN, it states that ‘there are not substantial grounds for believing that a person, if relocated, would face a real risk of being subjected to treatment that is likely to be contrary to Article 3 ECHR by virtue of their sexual orientation or gender identity/expression.’ However, it acknowledges that this may be different for trans individuals.

The decision to relocate an individual to Rwanda will be taken on a case-by-case basis and no one will be relocated if it is unsafe to do so.


Written Question
Asylum: Rwanda
Friday 17th June 2022

Asked by: Claudia Webbe (Independent - Leicester East)

Question to the Home Office:

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, with reference to the Memorandum of Understanding between the UK and Rwanda published on 14 April 2022, when the monitoring group will be established; and whether the findings and recommendations of that group will be published.

Answered by Tom Pursglove - Parliamentary Under Secretary of State (Ministry of Justice) (jointly with Home Office)

An independent Monitoring Committee will monitor the entire relocation process and compliance with assurances in the Memorandum of Understanding, including the processing of asylum claims and provision of support in Rwanda.

The Monitoring Committee is due to become operational in the coming months. More details on this will be set out in due course.


Written Question
Asylum: Rwanda
Friday 17th June 2022

Asked by: Claudia Webbe (Independent - Leicester East)

Question to the Home Office:

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, what assessment her Department has made of the potential effect of her proposals to offshore refugees to Rwanda on refugee (a) women and (b) children.

Answered by Tom Pursglove - Parliamentary Under Secretary of State (Ministry of Justice) (jointly with Home Office)

With the exception of unaccompanied children, any individual who has arrived in the UK since 1 January 2022 by unnecessary and dangerous means from safe countries – including those arriving by small boats, hidden in the back of lorries - may be considered for relocation to Rwanda

An individualised assessment of each suitable person’s circumstances will be undertaken prior to any decision to relocate them to Rwanda. Any vulnerabilities will be taken into consideration and every individual who is suitable for relocation under this policy will be able to make representations where they are concerned the country in question would not be safe for them. We would not relocate someone where it would be unsafe or inappropriate to do so. More details are set out in our inadmissibility policy guidance on GOV.UK.

Our assessment is that Rwanda is a safe and secure country with respect for the rule of law.  Our Country Policy Information Note, published on 9 May on GOV.UK, provides further information on the basis by which we have determined that Rwanda is a safe place for refugees.

In a case where someone is claiming to be under 18 years old, they would not be relocated until the appropriate age assessment process has been completed. Where an individual has no credible evidence of their age and where there continues to be doubt, a thorough age assessment process will be followed. They will be treated as though they are a child until a decision on their age has been made.


Written Question
Asylum: Rwanda
Friday 17th June 2022

Asked by: Claudia Webbe (Independent - Leicester East)

Question to the Home Office:

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, whether her proposals to offshore refugees to Rwanda will only apply to single men.

Answered by Tom Pursglove - Parliamentary Under Secretary of State (Ministry of Justice) (jointly with Home Office)

With the exception of unaccompanied children, any individual who has arrived in the UK since 1 January 2022 by unnecessary and dangerous means from safe countries – including those arriving by small boats, hidden in the back of lorries - may be considered for relocation to Rwanda

An individualised assessment of each suitable person’s circumstances will be undertaken prior to any decision to relocate them to Rwanda. Any vulnerabilities will be taken into consideration and every individual who is suitable for relocation under this policy will be able to make representations where they are concerned the country in question would not be safe for them. We would not relocate someone where it would be unsafe or inappropriate to do so. More details are set out in our inadmissibility policy guidance on GOV.UK.

Our assessment is that Rwanda is a safe and secure country with respect for the rule of law.  Our Country Policy Information Note, published on 9 May on GOV.UK, provides further information on the basis by which we have determined that Rwanda is a safe place for refugees.

In a case where someone is claiming to be under 18 years old, they would not be relocated until the appropriate age assessment process has been completed. Where an individual has no credible evidence of their age and where there continues to be doubt, a thorough age assessment process will be followed. They will be treated as though they are a child until a decision on their age has been made.


Written Question
Asylum: Rwanda
Friday 17th June 2022

Asked by: Claudia Webbe (Independent - Leicester East)

Question to the Home Office:

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, what steps she is taking to help ensure that children who are mistakenly assessed as adults are not sent to Rwanda during the pilot stage of the Government's offshoring agreement with that country.

Answered by Tom Pursglove - Parliamentary Under Secretary of State (Ministry of Justice) (jointly with Home Office)

With the exception of unaccompanied children, any individual who has arrived in the UK since 1 January 2022 by unnecessary and dangerous means from safe countries – including those arriving by small boats, hidden in the back of lorries - may be considered for relocation to Rwanda

An individualised assessment of each suitable person’s circumstances will be undertaken prior to any decision to relocate them to Rwanda. Any vulnerabilities will be taken into consideration and every individual who is suitable for relocation under this policy will be able to make representations where they are concerned the country in question would not be safe for them. We would not relocate someone where it would be unsafe or inappropriate to do so. More details are set out in our inadmissibility policy guidance on GOV.UK.

Our assessment is that Rwanda is a safe and secure country with respect for the rule of law.  Our Country Policy Information Note, published on 9 May on GOV.UK, provides further information on the basis by which we have determined that Rwanda is a safe place for refugees.

In a case where someone is claiming to be under 18 years old, they would not be relocated until the appropriate age assessment process has been completed. Where an individual has no credible evidence of their age and where there continues to be doubt, a thorough age assessment process will be followed. They will be treated as though they are a child until a decision on their age has been made.


Written Question
Asylum: Rwanda
Friday 17th June 2022

Asked by: Claudia Webbe (Independent - Leicester East)

Question to the Home Office:

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, if she will ensure that (a) women and (b) people who are assessed to be vulnerable will not be offshored under the Government's plans to offshore refugees to Rwanda.

Answered by Tom Pursglove - Parliamentary Under Secretary of State (Ministry of Justice) (jointly with Home Office)

With the exception of unaccompanied children, any individual who has arrived in the UK since 1 January 2022 by unnecessary and dangerous means from safe countries – including those arriving by small boats, hidden in the back of lorries - may be considered for relocation to Rwanda

An individualised assessment of each suitable person’s circumstances will be undertaken prior to any decision to relocate them to Rwanda. Any vulnerabilities will be taken into consideration and every individual who is suitable for relocation under this policy will be able to make representations where they are concerned the country in question would not be safe for them. We would not relocate someone where it would be unsafe or inappropriate to do so. More details are set out in our inadmissibility policy guidance on GOV.UK.

Our assessment is that Rwanda is a safe and secure country with respect for the rule of law.  Our Country Policy Information Note, published on 9 May on GOV.UK, provides further information on the basis by which we have determined that Rwanda is a safe place for refugees.

In a case where someone is claiming to be under 18 years old, they would not be relocated until the appropriate age assessment process has been completed. Where an individual has no credible evidence of their age and where there continues to be doubt, a thorough age assessment process will be followed. They will be treated as though they are a child until a decision on their age has been made.


Written Question
Rwanda: Humanitarian Aid
Friday 17th June 2022

Asked by: Claudia Webbe (Independent - Leicester East)

Question to the Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office:

To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, how much humanitarian aid has been provided to Rwanda in each of the last ten years prior to the agreement to enter into an offshoring refugee partnership.

Answered by Vicky Ford - Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)

The UK is a longstanding partner to Rwanda, having provided Official Development Assistance (ODA) to support Rwanda's social and economic development for over a decade. The UK's annual bilateral assistance to Rwanda from 2009-2020 is available via our Statistics on International Development publication, and 2020-21 final audited spend in the FCDO Annual Report and Accounts.


Written Question
Asylum: Rwanda
Friday 17th June 2022

Asked by: Claudia Webbe (Independent - Leicester East)

Question to the Home Office:

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, whether her Department made an assessment of the human rights situation in Rwanda prior to the partnership agreement on the hosting of refugees in Rwanda.

Answered by Tom Pursglove - Parliamentary Under Secretary of State (Ministry of Justice) (jointly with Home Office)

Our own assessment carried out prior to the agreement of the Migration and Economic Development Partnership found Rwanda to be a safe and secure country. Our Country Policy and Information Notes on Rwanda provide a robust report that demonstrates our commitment to fully evaluating whether Rwanda would be suitable for each potentially eligible person to be relocated. These notes are published and can found on gov.uk: Rwanda: country policy and information notes - GOV.UK (www.gov.uk)

We would only ever work with countries that we know are safe and will treat asylum seekers in accordance with relevant international human rights laws.


Written Question
Asylum: Rwanda
Friday 17th June 2022

Asked by: Claudia Webbe (Independent - Leicester East)

Question to the Home Office:

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, whether she has made an assessment of whether Rwanda is a safe country to which to send LGBT+ refugees.

Answered by Tom Pursglove - Parliamentary Under Secretary of State (Ministry of Justice) (jointly with Home Office)

There are currently no plans to publish any LGBT+ specific guidance for individuals considered for relocation to Rwanda as part of the Migration and Economic Development Partnership.

The Home Office published a Country Policy and Information Note (CPIN) for Rwanda on 9 May 2022, which provides an assessment on the Rwandan asylum system and various human rights aspects. It supports decision-makers as they consider relocating an individual to Rwanda. In the CPIN, it states that ‘there are not substantial grounds for believing that a person, if relocated, would face a real risk of being subjected to treatment that is likely to be contrary to Article 3 ECHR by virtue of their sexual orientation or gender identity/expression.’ However, it acknowledges that this may be different for trans individuals.

The decision to relocate an individual to Rwanda will be taken on a case-by-case basis and no one will be relocated if it is unsafe to do so.